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Tag: "combat" at biology news

Enzyme, lost in most mammals, is shown to protect against UV-induced skin cancer

...s may besuccessfully employed as a genetic tool to combat UV-induced skincancer....

Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use

...dingto the small arsenal of drugs that effectively combat addiction. Derivedfrom a West African shrub, Ibogaine has been championed for years by acadre of clinicians and drug treatment advocates impressed with itsability to reverse withdrawal symptoms and craving for alcohol andvarious drugs of abuse. It h...

Gene Therapy For Parkinson's Disease Moves Forward In Animals

...as in some of the animals, suggesting a new way to combat the flailing movements produced by a widely used drug treatment for Parkinson's disease. Levodopa, considered the gold standard of current treatment, enables the brain to replenish its dwindling supply of dopamine, sidetracking the destructive course...

Studies reveal methods viruses use to sidestep immune system

...st immune defenses will aid in drug development to combat disease, he said. In the Virology paper, Dr. Gale and his research group found that a specific mutation in the gene RIG-I conferred permissiveness to HCV, allowing it to replicate "like gangbusters" in those cells with the mutation, Dr. Gale said. H...

Why do insects stop 'breathing'? To avoid damage from too much oxygen, say researchers

... many anti-oxidative creams flooding the market to combat aging. The concentration of oxygen in the air we breathe is toxic to us. Indeed, fruit flies, which have been studied closely for decades, die sooner from aging in a high-oxygen environment." Insects take in oxygen through spiracles -- tubes connect...

Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease moves forward in animals

...as in some of the animals, suggesting a new way to combat the flailing movements produced by a widely used drug treatment for Parkinson's disease. Levodopa, considered the gold standard of current treatment, enables the brain to replenish its dwindling supply of dopamine, sidetracking the destructive course...

International HapMap consortium expands mapping effort

...hat will provide a major new tool in the effort to combat human disease through an understanding of its genetic components." Researchers around the globe can quickly access the HapMap data through free public databases, such as the HapMap Data Coordination Center (http://www.hapmap.org), the NIH-funded Nat...

Yale researchers identify molecule for detecting parasitic infection in humans

...ding the way for development of future vaccines to combat these infections. Published in the April 28 issue... should lead to development of novel strategies to combat these infections," he said. "In particular, an understanding of the parasite components that trigger...

Nanoscale Diagnostic Sets Sights on Alzheimer's

...rs before symptoms develop, doctors may be able to combat the illness in its nascent form when treatments may be most effective. In the first steps of the BCA process, unique microparticles latch onto the biomarker targets ?in this study, the ADDLs. The particles are magnetic, a property that aids collecti...

New Drugs For Bad Bugs: UF Approach Could Bolster Antibiotic Arsenal

...ded the alarm: There simply aren’t enough drugs to combat bad bugs. Bacteria are increasingly adept at outwitting the traditional antibiotic arsenal. Yet designing and testing new antibiotics can be a maddeningly slow and costly process ?if pharmaceutical companies even bother, says Hartmut Derendorf, chai...

Light therapy may combat fungal infections, new evidence suggests

...rug treatments, might offer an effective method to combat a variety of fungal infections, particularly those of the skin or nails, said HHMI investigator Joseph Heitman, M.D., James B. Duke professor of molecular genetics and microbiology and medicine at Duke. Light therapy is now used for medical conditio...

Canadian youth 4th highest in international obesity study

...vity rather than food intake as the primary way to combat overweight and obesity, the researcher emphasizes. "The adolescent obesity epidemic is a global issue," concludes the paper, which appears in the May issue of Obesity Reviews, a journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. "Inc...

Shutting down the HIV assembly line

...hed March 11 in Cell, could lead to new drugs that combat HIV infection by shutting down the virus's assembl...could be a target for a new generation of drugs to combat the virus. No existing anti-HIV drugs disrupt particle assembly or the movement of Gag in the cell. ...

Roots Engage in Underground Chemical Warfare

... project. The work paves the way to understand and combat crop diseases." The program manager for Ausubel's award, Michael Mishkind said, "The puzzle of why so few bacterial species are pathogens remains a fascinating problem. The simple, yet elegant experimental approaches used by this team uncovered a cr...

Undesirable expatriates: Preventing the spread of invasive animals

... ecological and economic damages. "The best way to combat invasive species is to prevent them from being introduced. As global trade increases, precautions like port inspection and exotic wildlife regulations are essential. Consumers also need to be educated; many exotic animals that are legal as pets could...

Multiple-drug resistant gene expression pattern predicts treatment outcome for pediatric leukemia

...ely to facilitate development of new strategies to combat drug resistance and treatment failure for children with ALL. Nearly 80% of children with ALL are cured following chemotherapeutic treatment. However, the remaining 20% often exhibit drug resistance and treatment failure that is poorly understood. In...

MUHC researchers make cancer target breakthrough

...(MUHC), in Montreal, have identified a new gene to combat cancer. In a new study, published in the on-line edition of the journal Clinical Cancer Research this week, the researchers document a reduction in the growth of both colon and lung cancer tumors with inhibition of the gene. The new target gene is c...

Symbiotic bacteria protect hunting wasps from fungal infestation

...ibiotic resistance in our own species's efforts to combat harmful microbes. ### Martin Kaltenpoth, Wolfgang Göttler, Gudrun Herzner, and Erhard Strohm: "Symbiotic Bacteria Protect Wasp Larvae from Fungal Infestation" The other members of the research team include Martin Kaltenpoth, Wolfgang Göttler, Gudr...

AIDS Public Awareness Campaign Expands Following Report Of Rapidly Progressive HIV

...DS Public Awareness and Education campaign to help combat the potential spread of HIV and further protect New Yorkers from the virus that causes AIDS. Dr. Novello said, "In light of recent reports of a drug-resistant, rapidly progressive strain of HIV in New York City, we must continue to reinforce critica...

Ancient immune defense mechanism is no match for HIV-1

...iscovered that HIV-1 has an intriguing strategy to combat this cellular defense. The HIV-1 protein Tat, well known as a transcriptional activator, also can function as a suppressor of RNA silencing (SRS). Tat helps HIV-1 to elude the cell's natural RNAi defense by interfering with the ability of Dicer to pr...

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