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Tag: "chief" at biology news

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...ions such as eczema,” says Robert A. Salata, M.D., chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and UHCMC. The new vaccine, IMVAMUNE®, is different from Dryvax® in that it contains a more weakened form of the live-virus within the vaccine. “Beca...

Threats to wild tigers growing

...itat loss and fragmentation, is believed to be the chief reason for the losses. The assessment, by Eric Dinerstein of the World Wildlife Fund and 15 coauthors, describes the wild tiger's population trajectory as "catastrophic" and urges international cooperation to ensure the animal's continued existence i...

Brain holds clues to bipolar disorder

...first study, presented by Husseini K. Manji, M.D., chief of the Laboratory of Molecular Pathophysiology at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), suggests that bipolar disorder arises from abnormalities in neuronal plasticity cascades – the complex machinery inside of nerve cells that regulates nu...

New study finds genetically engineered crops could play a role in sustainable agriculture

...e of sustainable agriculture,” said Peter Kareiva, chief scientist of The Nature Conservancy. According to lead author, Michele Marvier, of Santa Clara University, “We can now answer the question: Do Bt crops have effects on beneficial insects and worms" The answer is that it depends to a large degree ...

AAAS decries latest stem cell veto

...ing avenue of research," said Alan I. Leshner, the chief executive officer of AAAS and executive publisher of the journal Science . The president vetoed a similar bill that passed the Senate and House of Representatives last year. This year's measure won strong bi-partisan support in the U.S. House and...

Gene expression patterns predict rapid decline in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients

...tial therapies," added Talmadge E. King Jr., M.D., chief of medicine at San Francisco General Hospital and an internationally renowned expert in research and management of pulmonary fibrosis....

Simple home spit test to spot deadly pre-eclampsia

...scope for "user error", according to Michael Rich, chief executive of APEC. In addition, high blood pressure can be caused by a variety of factors other than pre-eclampsia, and even when a woman develops pre-eclampsia, problems with high blood pressure may not occur until the latter stages. The new tes...

Anthrax paralyzes immune cells with lethal toxin, UF research shows

... protect you," said Fred Southwick, M.D., division chief of infectious diseases at the UF College of Medicine and the study's lead author. But exactly how the anthrax toxin wards off neutrophils has puzzled scientists for years. Immune cells rely on rod-shaped filaments called actin to propel them towar...

Gene thought to assist chemo may help cancer thrive

...ald, chair of Georgia Tech’s School of Biology and chief research scientist at the Ovarian Cancer Institute. When a cell is malfunctioning or injured, the gene p53 is called into action and tries to repair the cell. If the cell can't be repaired, p53 starts a process known as apoptosis that kills the ce...

UCLA study uncovers clues for why Graves' disease attacks the eyes

...edicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine and chief of molecular medicine at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center. "The antibody provokes the receptor to signal the T-cell to grow and multiply ?long after the cell was programmed to die," he explained. "After two or three generations of this process, we su...

Transfusion expert urges wider use of filtered blood

...they believed to be flawed data in some cases. The chief problem, Blumberg's group discovered, was that some studies included hundreds of patients who never received blood transfusions. These patients would have been irrelevant to a study assessing the risks and/or benefits of certain types of transfusions...

Brain's reward circuit activity ebbs and flows with a woman's hormonal cycle

...course in schizophrenia," said Karen Berman, M.D., chief of the NIMH Section on Integrative Neuroimaging. "The study may also shed light on why women are more vulnerable to addictive drugs during the pre-ovulation phase of the cycle." Berman, Drs. Jean-Claude Dreher, Peter Schmidt and colleagues in the ...

Glucose triggers brain cell death in rats after hypoglycemic coma

...ays principal investigator Raymond A. Swanson, MD, chief of the neurology and rehabilitation service at SFVAMC. Furthermore, says Swanson, he and his fellow researchers have identified the cause of the damage: the sudden return of glucose to the brain activates the enzyme NADPH oxidase, which in turn i...

Row over study puts Korea's scientific community under scrutiny again

...e US. But the BMJ has learnt that the editor in chief of Fertility and Sterility has been threatened with legal action by Dr Cha, and that one of Dr Cha's co-authors on the disputed paper, Dr Sook Hwan Lee, has been charged with criminal copyright infringement. Dr Kim told the BMJ that the paper had ...

Researchers identify gene involved in dog size

... study’s senior author Elaine A. Ostrander, Ph.D., chief of NHGRI’s Cancer Genetics Branch. “Nearly all of what we learn from studying body structure, behavior and disease susceptibility in dogs helps us understand some aspect of human health and biology.? In addition to Ostrander and her colleagues at N...

Power-boosting signal in muscle declines with age

...of 2-year-old rats relative to 3-month-old rats. A chief regulator of whole-body energy balance, AMPK in skeletal muscle stimulates the oxidation of fatty acids and the production, or biogenesis, of power-producing mitochondria that burn fat and fuel cells, according to the researchers. The new findings...

MIT model helps researchers 'see' brain development

...rom 11 developing brains, provided by Ellen Grant, chief of pediatric radiology at MGH and the Martinos Center. Of the subjects scanned, eight were newborn, mostly premature babies ranging from about 30 to 40 weeks of gestational age, and three were from children aged two, three and seven years. Grant scan...

New details on how the immune system recognizes influenza

... go," says project director Stephen Wilson, Ph.D., chief technology officer at LIAI. "Hundreds of flu epitopes have already been published and are now in the database, but critical gaps become apparent when one looks for human antibody targets." Plans for the future include adding data on epitopes that a...

LIAI completes world's most comprehensive analysis on influenza virus data

...influenza virus," said Stephen Wilson, Ph.D., LIAI chief technology officer and project director of the database. "It also highlights those critical areas where we need to look further. The fact that we don't have a comprehensive vaccine for flu shows we have more work to do. This study shows us where we ...

ConocoPhillips establishes $22.5M biofuels research program at Iowa State

...x of energy sources," said Jim Mulva, chairman and chief executive officer of ConocoPhillips. "ConocoPhillips is developing long-term relationships with respected academic institutions such as Iowa State to research extensions of traditional energy sources that ultimately will benefit consumers." "We ar...

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