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Tag: "chest" at biology news

Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer

...adiation therapy (radiation to the lymph nodes and chest wall) to a course of chemotherapy after radical mastectomy in premenopausal women with lymph node–positive breast cancer. Between 1979 and 1986, 318 patients were randomly assigned to receive no radiation therapy or to receive radiation. A 15-year fo...

Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down

...adiation therapy (radiation to the lymph nodes and chest wall) to a course of chemotherapy after radical mastectomy in premenopausal women with lymph node–positive breast cancer. Between 1979 and 1986, 318 patients were randomly assigned to receive no radiation therapy or to receive radiation. A 15-year fo...

Rush Physicians Using Gene Therapy For Heart Patients With Moderate To Severe Chest Pains Who Do Not Benefit From Other Treatments

Individuals with moderate to severe chest pains (angina) who have not found relief from medi...patient's leg or arteries taken from the patient's chest wall or arm to "bypass" the blocked blood vessels. While both of these treatments have been shown t...

Morphine for Chest Pain Increases Death Risk

...ck have long been treated with morphine to relieve chest pain, an analysis by researchers from the Duke Cli...in order." Morphine was first used to relieve the chest pain associated with heart attacks in 1912 and has been used regularly ever since. Nitroglycerin has...

Men Estimate Men's Risks Of Common Disorders Higher Than Women Do, And Vice Versa

...e UK. (One study found that 30 year old women with chest pain were much less likely than 30 year old men to be given a cardiac diagnosis, much more likely to be given a psychiatric diagnosis, and around seven times more likely to be considered not to need medical treatment). The University of Glasgow stud...

Study: Predatory dinosaurs had bird-like pulmonary system

...em invades the skeleton in areas such as the neck, chest and hips, finds similarities between the vertebral column of dinosaurs and birds that point to a common soft tissue system as the culprit. Though probably not identical to living birds, "it's nothing like the crocodile system as we know it," O'Connor...

Women feel more pain than men, research shows

...of 150 patients referred to a hospital clinic with chest pain, researchers discovered that the factors that...na and heart attacks, so it is understandable that chest pain is a cause of great anxiety for patients and that anxiety has an important role in the experien...

Gene therapy reverses genetic mutation responsible for heart failure in muscular dystrophy

...swollen lungs and a severe buildup of fluid in the chest and peritoneal cavities. Perhaps even more impressive was the improvement in endurance and lifespan of the treated versus the untreated hamsters. The AAV-8-treated hamsters were able to run the same distance as normal hamsters before tiring and for ...

Customized gene chip provides rapid detection of genetic changes in children's cancer

...tem, often appearing as a solid tumor in a child's chest or abdomen. Some types of neuroblastoma are low risk, resolving after surgeons remove the tumor, while others are much more aggressive. Identifying the correct risk level allows doctors to treat aggressive cancers appropriately, while not subjecting ...

Cells from amniotic fluid used to tissue-engineer a new trachea

...tomach and other visceral organs can end up in the chest cavity, crowding the lungs and stunting their growth. Using mesenchymal stem cells from amniotic fluid, Fauza's team engineered a tendon patch for the diaphragm; a year later, the lambs' diaphragms showed good healing. The FDA is now reviewing Fauz...

Implantable pumps extend lives of patients too sick for transplant

Pumps implanted into the chest to maintain circulation can significantly extend the lives of the sickest patients in end-stage heart failure who are not candidates for heart transplantation, according to the results of a clinical trial led by Duke University Medical Center cardiol...

3D ultrasound device poised to advance minimally invasive surgery

...t surgeons can insert directly into the abdomen or chest through small incisions. "With our scanner, doctors could see the target lesion or a portion of an organ in a real-time three-dimensional scan," Smith said. "They would have the option of viewing the tissue in three perpendicular cross-sectional sli...

Rare Tibetan antelope listed as endangered

...t surgeons can insert directly into the abdomen or chest through small incisions. "With our scanner, doctors could see the target lesion or a portion of an organ in a real-time three-dimensional scan," Smith said. "They would have the option of viewing the tissue in three perpendicular cross-sectional sli...

For one Stanford doctor, the beat goes on during open-heart surgery

...ions the beating heart while it's still inside the chest of a 78-year-old man undergoing triple bypass surgery. The surgeon reached into the chest, lifted the beating heart out, then craned his neck to the side, just so, searching for the right spot on the back of the heart to attach the next vessel. Ihnk...

Study: Paramedics save more lives when they don't follow the rules

...patient's heart rhythm, but started fast, forceful chest compressions. "Intubating the patient and waiting...ep the blood moving through the body by continuous chest compressions," said Dr. Ewy, who pioneered the CPR Research Group at the Sarver Heart Center. "Stopp...

Radiation-armed robot rapidly destroys human lung tumors

...e using external markers attached to the patient's chest or abdomen to follow tumors in real time with a few millimeters of accuracy. The researchers also applied Synchrony to treating tumors in the thorax and abdomen, which can move as much as 4 cm during respiration. ...

Coming soon: 3-D imaging that flies 'through' and 'around' cancer

...ude other tracers and anatomic regions besides the chest and colon. "'Flying Through'" and 'Flying Around' a PET/CT Scan: Pilot Study and Development of 3-D Integrated 18F-FDG PET/CT for Virtual Bronchoscopy and Colonoscopy," appears in the July issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, which is publish...

Clot-busting drug helps revive cardiac arrest patients

...s with cardiac arrest because of concerns that the chest compressions used during CPR could cause bleeding complications. Several small studies, however, have suggested that clot-busting medications, in combination with CPR, may improve overall survival. Bozeman's study is the first in the United States t...

Gene therapy for hereditary lung disease advances

...s of breath, wheezing, chronic cough and recurring chest colds are signs of the disease. It is important that alpha-1 patients avoid cigarette smoke, said Mark Brantly, M.D., a professor of medicine and molecular genetics and microbiology at UF's College of Medicine who develops clinical research progra...

Human stem cells delay start of Lou Gehrig's disease in rats

...d muscles above the waist, especially those in the chest responsible for breathing, were not helped by these transplanted stem cells." The research team used so-called SOD-1 rats, animals engineered to carry a mutated human gene for an inherited form of ALS. As in human ALS, the rats experience slow n...

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