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Tag: "brand" at biology news

Study finds antibiotic resistance in poultry even when antibiotics were not used

...nistration banned the use of the drug Baytril ?the brand name for enrofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic ?in poultry, citing concerns that it could lead to resistance in human antibiotics such as Cipro, also a fluoroquinolone. Several advocacy groups are pushing for a more comprehensive animal anti...

New cigarette designs don't offer lower predicted cancer risks

...tobacco company's description of its new cigarette brand seems to promise a lot. "May present less risk of cancer associated with smoking," the company boasts on its Web site, making it a natural choice "for smokers who have decided not to quit, but who are interested in a cigarette that responds to concer...

Re-analysis of cigarettes confirms tobacco companies increased addictive nicotine 11 percent

A reanalysis of nicotine yield from major brand name cigarettes sold in Massachusetts from 1997 to 2005 has confirmed that manufacturers have steadily increased the levels of this agent in cigarettes. This independent analysis, based on data submitted to the Massachusetts Department of Public Heal...

Widely used hepatitis B drug spurs HIV drug resistance

... Squibb, which makes and sells entecavir under the brand name Baraclude. "The alert should go out to co-infected people to consult with their physicians immediately about entecavir to see if it is the right drug to treat their hepatitis B in the first place and to evaluate alternative therapies," says ...

A new target for painkillers

A brand new approach to treating severe nerve pain ?by aiming drugs at a previously unrecognized molecular target ?has been discovered by University of Utah scientists who study the venoms of deadly, sea-dwelling cone snails. "We found a new way to treat ...

Study supports 'urgent' need for worldwide ban on lead-based paint

...onsumer products," says Clark. Although American brand paints were not available for purchase in this study, several U.S. multinational paint companies are among the top in Asia and some Asian paint companies have arrangements with U.S. companies. "American companies need to take a stand and encourage ...

Researchers identify human DNA on the fast track

...nd configuration of some of these helices. "It's a brand new structure, unique," said Salama. "The downside is that we don't have many good clues as to how it functions." Haussler's team is now following up on the clues that they do have. Other DNA regions produce stable RNA structures that have a variet...

Ritalin packs punch by elevating norepinephrine, suppressing nerve signal transmissions

...or activity. Methylphenidate, prescribed under the brand name Ritalin, has been used for more than 20 years, mostly in children, to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD). The drug can also help people who don't suffer either disorder to attend better to ...

Anti-inflammatory drug's potentially deadly side effect found to be rare

...ssue of The New England Journal of Medicine. The brand name of natalizumab, which was jointly developed by Biogen and Elan Pharmaceuticals, is Tysabri. The drug is a monoclonal antibody that binds to inflammatory immune T cells and prevents them from crossing membranes that protect the brain and the cent...

New method for identifying microbes

...van der Lelie, "then the tag probably identifies a brand new species, which is also very interesting!" In another test with possible applications for identifying agents used in bioterror attacks, the technique also clearly discriminated between closely related strains of Bacillus cereus, a pathogenic soil...

Nano-particles effective in killing cancer with one-two punch of chemotherapeutics

...rugs, paclitaxel, the leading cancer drug known by brand names such as Taxol, and doxorubicin directly to tumors implanted in mice. Their findings, presented online in the journal Molecular Pharamaceutics, illustrate the broad clinical potential of polymersomes. "The system provides a number of advant...

Dogs keep dying: Many owners unaware of toxic dog food

...ven though Diamond, Country Value and Professional brand dog foods have been recalled for containing highly toxic aflatoxins, they have caused at least 100 dog deaths in recent weeks, say Cornell University veterinarians, who are growing increasingly alarmed. Some kennels and consumers around the nation an...

Georgia Tech accelerates drug discovery with new IBM supercomputing cluster

...igh-performance computing capabilities to create a brand new supercomputer. The new supercomputing cluster running Linux will be among the fastest in the world, and one of the most powerful among research universities in the Southeastern United States. The cluster is hosted by BellSouth's world-class facil...

Low-cost drug gaining favor for use in HIV-infected children in poor countries

...on the preventive use of Bactrim -- one of several brand names for the generic medicine cotrimoxazole -- for children to ward off common infections that can be deadly to a person whose immune system is weakened by HIV. Dr. Kate Grimwade, with the Heart of England National Health Service foundation trust ...

Phenolic compounds may explain Mediterranean diet benefits

...nds (400 parts per million) and once with the same brand of olive oil that had been processed to remove most of the phenolic compounds (80 parts per million remaining). "We think, looking at our results, that the reduction in oxidative stress and the increase in the nitric oxide bioavailability are behind...

UF study first to quantify validity of DNA I.D. tool using marine snails

...fy the likelihood of a particular specimen being a brand new species vs. being distantly related to an exis...goose," he said. "Thus, it's helpful to know which brand of shredded tweet went through the combine." And because the technology also can identify eggs or o...

More animals join the learning circle

...ls in Ontario, Canada. An inventive male devised a brand new way to catch birds, and passed the strategy on to his tank-mates. The 4-year-old orca lures gulls into his tank by spitting regurgitated fish onto the water's surface. He waits below for a gull to grab the fish, then lunges at it with open jaws. ...

Newly Discovered 'Branding' Process Helps Immune System Cells Pick Their Fights

...ked. Researchers showed that the immune system can brand foreign proteins by chemically modifying their structure, and that these modifications increased the chances that cells known as lymphocytes would recognize the trespassers and attack them. "Now that we know that some T cells need to see these types...

Affymetrix Licenses Microfluidics Technology From Caliper Life Sciences

...se extends to the manufacture and sale of GeneChip brand products in all areas of application, including research, diagnostics and applied genomics applications. In exchange for the license, Affymetrix will pay upfront licensing fees and royalties on future products covered under the agreement. Further fin...

Robot-based system developed at Carnegie Mellon detects life in Chile's Atacama desert

... experiments conducted in 2004 and in 2005. Zoë, a brand new robot, was developed in response to what was learned in 2003. In the final year of the project, plans call for Zoë, equipped with a full array of scientific instruments, to operate autonomously as it travels 50 kilometers over a two-month period....

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