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Tag: "bowel" at biology news

Immune system's distress signal tells bacteria when to strike back

...ickly transform them from benign passengers in the bowel into deadly blood-stream invaders. "Most of the t...ts and drinking fountains. It is often a long-term bowel tenant, colonizing the intestines of about three percent of healthy people. In the bowel this germ ...

Seaweed could make junk food healthier

...y, diabetes and heart disease and diseases such as bowel cancer. The research paper examines the propertie... can help reduce the incidence of diseases such as bowel cancer. Good sources of fibre are fruit and vegetables, brown bread and cereals like bran flakes. ...

UQ scientists break new ground in fight against infection & chronic disease

...ions such as bird flu, arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease, by using a mechanism that gives the human...matory diseases such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. They are also behind the muscle wasting experienced by patients with cancer. Chronic infl...

Living anti-HIV gel shows early promise

... used in the United States as a live treatment for bowel disorders such as Crohn's disease. Berger points out, however, that the possibility of genes transferring from the GM bacteria to other microbes in the body carries a potential medical risk that must be assessed. Although the approach has produced ...

New Rotavirus vaccine joins routine infant immunization schedule

...ased risk of intussusception, a telescoping of the bowel that had been associated with a previous, discontinued rotavirus vaccine produced by another manufacturer in the 1990s. Currently the only vaccine available in the U.S. to prevent rotavirus gastroenteritis, the new vaccine will be delivered by mouth...

Junk DNA may not be so junky after all

...lon, is a relatively common birth defect marked by bowel obstruction. MEN2 is an inherited predisposition to neuroendocrine cancers. The notion that mutations in enhancers play a role in human disease progression has been difficult to confirm because usually enhancers are located in the 98 percent of the ...

Infused spleen cells found not to impact islet recovery and reversal of type 1 diabetes in mice

...lon, is a relatively common birth defect marked by bowel obstruction. MEN2 is an inherited predisposition to neuroendocrine cancers. The notion that mutations in enhancers play a role in human disease progression has been difficult to confirm because usually enhancers are located in the 98 percent of the ...

Gut protein found to protect against infection and intestinal breakdown

...nditions such as obstructive jaundice or irritable bowel syndrome, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered. "What we've identified is one of the mechanisms for how the body keeps the number of bacteria low in the small intestine, and how it prevents them from getting into other orga...

UCLA paper examines how one disease may prevent another

...ude kidney failure, type-II diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and morbid obesity. Overall, Stiehm proposed that new evidence can be found for using certain viruses to treat diseases such as HIV, which do not respond to other medications. "There have been several studies indicating that HIV patients c...

A Jekyll and Hyde of cytokines: IL-25 both promotes and limits inflammatory diseases

...iated with debilitating diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and multiple sclerosis, accordi...cells commonly found in diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and MS." IL-25 can be considered a "good" cytokine by limiting chronic inflammat...

New vaccine for condition that kills 500,000 children a year

...as pulled from the market because it caused a rare bowel obstruction called intussusception at a rate of on...000 patients. Intussusception takes place when the bowel folds in on itself, causing an intestinal blockage. Because the bowel obstruction was so rare, and ...

Anti-inflammatory drug's potentially deadly side effect found to be rare

...eat patients with Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel disorder. "Our analysis suggests about one in every1,000 people who took natalizumab contracted this disease; however, there weren't enough patients exposed to the drug to allow us to precisely estimate the risk, which could be as low as one in 5,00...

Parasitic worms used to fight bowel disease

...e that parasites can play in treating inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD, in humans. Her research is part ...eveloped world may be responsible for inflammatory bowel disease, as well as a whole range of autoimmune disorders. According to this "hygiene hypothesis," i...

Research reveals control of potent immune regulator

...tiful and autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease can occur. "Our findings explain the yin and yang of the system that controls NK cells," says first author Jianhua Yu, a post-doctoral student in Caligiuri's laboratory. "When NK cells are called into action, the body not only turns up the ...

New GI technologies improve internal organ visualization

...s opposed to CE, DBE did not read the entire small bowel in a single procedure, but it did detect abnormali...nown sources of intestinal bleeding or other small bowel problems, and should be used to help evaluate a patient's health," said Shahab Mehdizadeh, M.D., of ...

Finding paves way for better treatment of autoimmune disease

...egulatory T cells to a mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease, the symptoms, including dramatic weight loss, went away. Animals showed no classic signs of inflammation, just a significant increase in regulatory cells. MCG researchers have obtained funding from the Arthritis Foundation and the Juvenile...

Prevention is the best option: fighting autoimmune diseases

...ara Fazekas de St. Groth, a leader in inflammatory bowel disease research, has demonstrated for the firstti...tive colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and 43 healthy controls, Assoc Prof Fazekas and colleagues found that healthy individ...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

...including gastrointestinal problems like irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, oral diseases like tooth decay and periodontal disease, and various other infections, inclu...

OHSU study says stem cell 'fusion' occurs in tumors

...ce can be examined in mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease, where, like humans, epithelial damage and...ccurs. "Ten percent of patients with inflammatory bowel disease go on to get colorectal cancer," Wong said. "We think that the bone marrow cells aid in repa...

Gut reaction: Researchers define the colon's genome

...m and development of diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease." As in studies of other animals, the scientists began by collecting droppings. They collected fecal samples from two anonymous, healthy adults who'd gone without antibiotics or other medications for a year prior to the study. The researche...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... director of the Physical Biosciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley ... recognized as a leading authority on the evolutionary design ... to systems and synthetic biology, has been named one ... Award by U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz. The E.O. ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... Researchers from LSTM have called for more research ... coinfection in children in sub-Saharan Africa. In a ... LSTM,s Professor Russell Stothard, working with colleagues in ... Western Reserve University, in Cleveland Ohio, University of ... previous research into the joint burden of HIV/AIDS ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... , DOWNERS GROVE, Ill. April 16, 2014 ... of surveillance colonoscopy in average-risk patients with one to ... about 90 percent of cases. This may be an ... multicenter endoscopic database study to quantify adherence to guidelines ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... by the RECIST Working Group published in the European ... more refined categorization of tumor response or various aspects of ... database. They found that modeling target lesion tumor growth ... beyond that of the other components of progression. The RECIST ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... USA The International and American Associations for Dental ... Diseases and Their Dental, Oral, and Craniofacial Manifestations." The ... Burke, Alison M. Boyce, Michael Collins, Brian L. Foster, ... Martha J. Somerman and J. Timothy Wright is published ...
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