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Tag: "bovine" at biology news

Cellular message movement captured on video

These time-lapse images of a bovine aortic endothelial cell reveal the motion toward t...ged with red and green fluorescence markers to the bovine aortic endothelial cells, grew them in tissue culture, and filmed them while they passed fluid acros...

Cow protein aids in treatment of gastrointestinal disorder

...n Journal of Gastroenterology, finds that adding a bovine protein called lactoferrin to the existing treatment may yield more effective results, with fewer of the side effects associated with common antibiotic treatment. Lactoferrin has previously been found to be effective at inhibiting the growth of micr...

Synthetic peptide targets latent papilloma virus infections

... layers of tissue. Previous work showed that the bovine papilloma virus hitchhikes by throwing out a thumb - in actuality, a protein called E2 - that latches onto a cellular protein that, in turn, attaches to histone proteins that envelop the chromosome, tethering the plasmid to the chromosomes. The new...

How badger culling creates conditions for spread of bovine TB

...le social structure may help control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (TB) among badgers, ecologists have f... badger culling as part of the strategy to control bovine TB in the UK. According to the authors from the Central Science Laboratory and the Instituto de Inv...

Swell gel could bring relief to back pain sufferers

...research team injected the material into a damaged bovine intervertebral disc and increased the pH to biological levels by injecting an alkaline solution. Professor Freemont, who works in the Division of Regenerative Medicine in the School of Medicine, said: "This research was motivated by the urgent nee...

Innovative method for creating a human cytomegalovirus vaccine outlined

...ements from several human rotavirus strains into a bovine rotavirus backbone. The vaccine that resulted take...mmunological characteristics of both the human and bovine viruses. This approach is conceptually similar to Maul's strategy for developing a CMV vaccine, alth...

Prion find points way to test for human 'mad cow' disease

...responsible for such brain-destroying disorders as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle and vCJD in humans--in the blood of the hamsters in as few as 20 days after the animals had been infected. That discovery occurred about three months before the hamsters began showing clinical symptoms of the...

Federal testing for mad cow disease a failure, law review editor says

...lar writes. Eating meat from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease, can cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a fatal human brain-wasting disorder. More than 160 deaths in Britain were attributed to eating BSE-infected beef, and the disease spread to Europe and Asia before th...

Completed genome set to transform the cow

...ncluding CSIRO and AgResearch New Zealand, the new bovine sequence contains 2.9 billion DNA base pairs and i...ional farming." Cattle geneticists will use the bovine genome as a template to highlight genetic variation within and between cattle breeds, and between ca...

Microscopic scaffolding offers a 'simple' solution to treating skin injuries

...on the body to cover the damaged areas. Currently, bovine collagen** or skin from human donors is used in these cases, but these approaches have potential health and rejection risks. "Simplicity is the key," says Professor Tony Ryan, who is leading the team. "Previous attempts to find better ways of en...

Brittle prions are more infectious

...akob disease and kuru, and in the animal diseases, bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow" disease) and scrapie. Yeast and mammalian prions are proteins that transmit their unique characteristics via interactions in which an abnormally shaped prion protein influences a normal protein to assume an abnor...

Wisconsin scientists grow two new stem cell lines in animal cell-free culture

...ectively removes remaining animal products such as bovine serum and replaces them with products of human ori... original embryonic stem cell cultures depended on bovine serum products. The two new Wisconsin stem cell lines were derived from five blastocysts, embryos l...

Wisconsin scientists find a way to make human collagen in the lab

...l settings, human collagen would be preferred over bovine collagen because the material now gleaned from cows can prompt an unwanted immune response in patients and it can harbor animal pathogens that might infect humans. The Wisconsin team discovered a way to make the long, slender collagen molecules, in ...

Protein translation in sperm

...rs. Gur and Breitbart demonstrate that human, rat, bovine and mouse sperm all incorporate labeled amino acids into polypeptides during the capacitation phase. They identify that mitochondrial translation machinery (as opposed to cytoplasmic) directs translation of nuclear-encoded genes in sperm, and that it...

Testes to incubate stem cells

... The research team were delighted to find abundant bovine spermatogonial stem cells thriving in the mouse te...ouse testes. Despite the foreign surroundings, the bovine cells survived for long periods, up to three months, although they failed to fully develop into sper...

Successful cell engineering may lead to mad cow prevention, say researchers

...n other animals, even those genes that might cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as Mad Cow Disease. Researchers Mark Westhusin and Charles Long in Texas A&M's College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, working with fellow scientists Greg Hannon, Michael Golding ...

Retinal scans eyed for New Mexico show cattle

...attern of veins in the eye." Each retina, whether bovine or human, is unique and a scan is considered one of the most accurate forms of identification, he said. The NMSU evaluations are part of an accelerating effort by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to implement a National Animal Identification Syste...

Researchers learn how blood vessel cells cope with their pressure-packed job

... which they are being pulled. However, the healthy bovine aorta endothelial cells did not behave that way in...he researchers isolated endothelial cells from the bovine aorta, grew the cells in culture flasks, and seeded them onto the silicone membranes. After the cell...

Controlling wildlife trade key to preventing health crises, study says

...aged trading system, livestock diseases, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, foot-and-mouth disease, avian influenza, swine flu and others have cost global economies some $80 billion, the authors of the study say. The results from the poorly regulated trade in wildlife could be even more deadly and ...

A probe, not an echo

...n imaging animal tissue, notably sheep kidneys and bovine liver. The most critical feature of the HUTT imaging technology is its potential to reliably differentiate types of tissue based on their multi-band signatures caused by their varying attenuation patterns. This promises to allow non-invasive detecti...

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