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Tag: "biofuels" at biology news

Fuel from fiber -- Pretreatment can put corn stalks, trees in your car's tank

...replace gasoline and diesel with cellulose-derived biofuels that are cheaper, better for the environment and much better for national security than petroleum-derived fuels," Dale said....

Super-fermenting fungus genome sequenced

On the road to making biofuels more economically competitive with fossil fuels, t...tegrate Dr. Jeffries?findings into its large-scale biofuels production processes. Pichia joins white rot fungus in the growing portfolio of bioenergy-relevan...

ConocoPhillips establishes $22.5M biofuels research program at Iowa State

...rn starch and biodiesel from soybean oil. Advanced biofuels are expected to be made from fibrous biomass such ...e well positioned to put science to work advancing biofuels technologies." Robert C. Brown, the Iowa Farm Bureau Director of Iowa State's Office of Biorenewa...

Shedding new light on proteorhodopsin

...veral different sources may be better at producing biofuels than microbes that can only utilize a single energy source. The results of this study appear in a paper published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), entitled: Light-powering Escherichia coli with proteorhodopsin. Co-au...

New biofuels process promises to meet all US transportation needs

...g it possible to produce three times the volume of biofuels from the same quantity of biomass, said Rakesh Agr... needs using the conventional method for producing biofuels would require a land area 25 percent to 55 percent the size of the United States, compared with abou...

Custom-made cancer cell attacks

...ng the president's target of 35 billion gallons of biofuels annually would require putting far fewer acres of ...hich compensates for the CO2 that is released when biofuels burn. Environmental costs Some environmentalists criticize the use of biofuels by arguing th...

Cellulosic ethanol: Fuel of the future?

...ng the president's target of 35 billion gallons of biofuels annually would require putting far fewer acres of ...hich compensates for the CO2 that is released when biofuels burn. Environmental costs Some environmentalists criticize the use of biofuels by arguing th...

Biodiesel won't drive down global warming

... Biofuels Directive aims to increase the levels of biofuels to 5.75% of all transport fuels by 2010, up from roughly 2% currently. This will be further increased to a 10% share in 2010, the Commission announced in January this year. Transportation currently accounts for more than a fifth of all greenhouse...

Meeting the ethanol challenge: Scientists use supercomputer to target cellulose bottleneck

...ional oil supplies is driving a surge in renewable biofuels such as ethanol, with worldwide ethanol production more than doubling between 2000 and 2005. To date, corn has been the favorite ethanol source. While good news for farmers, corn prices have doubled in the past two years, and consumers worldwide are ...

With cellulosic ethanol, there is no food vs. fuel debate according to MSU scientist

...modeling, to study the sustainability of producing biofuels ?fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel that are made from renewable resources. Dale will present his findings today at the American Chemical Society annual meeting in Chicago. "We grow animal feed, not human food in the United States," Dale said....

Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production

...y of ethanol production, a key component to making biofuels a significant part of the U.S. energy supply. Currently used as a fuel additive to improve gasoline combustibility, ethanol is often touted as a potential solution to the growing oil-driven energy crisis. But there are significant obstacles to produ...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

...es as an ideal "feedstock" for a new generation of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol. The research is the re...nce Dr. Raymond L. Orbach. "Fine-tuning plants for biofuels production is one of the keys to making biofuels economically viable and cost-effective. This resea...

Genomic comparison of lactic acid bacteria published

...r development of additional production schemes for biofuels and other important chemicals." The publication is the culmination of a multiyear effort by the Lactic Acid Bacteria Genome Consortium, a group of at least a dozen academic organizations formed in 2001. Paul Richardson, DOE JGI Genomic Technologies...

DOE publishes research roadmap for developing cleaner fuels

...rcent of 2004 transportation fuel consumption with biofuels by 2030. This goal was set in response to the President's Advanced Energy Initiative. The roadmap identifies the research required for overcoming challenges to the large-scale production of cellulosic ethanol to help meet this goal, including maxim...

Biofuels researcher searches for new sources

...re investigating Montana's potential for producing biofuels using "biomass," which refers to all biologically produced materials like grains, straw, hay, trees and fruits. He and his collaborators are working on a project to evaluate the ethanol production potential of various straws, hays, and silages in Mon...

Scientific issues associated with carbon-neutral energy sources such as cellulosic ethanol

...costs and multiply current levels of production of biofuels from plant cellulose (biomass). Somerville presented his talk, "Bioenergy: The 21st Century Challenge to Plant Biologists" at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) today (4:30 p.m. Eastern Time August 5) in Boston's H...

Biodiversity key to sustainable biofuel according to University of Minn. researcher's findings

... Biomass from diverse prairies can be used to make biofuels without the need for annual tilling, fertilizers a...e environment. High diversity allows us to produce biofuels with low inputs, and this means that we can get more energy from an acre of land, year after year, w...

Biofuels can replace about 30 percent of fuel needs with significant research and policy effort

...plan aimed at increasing the practicality of using biofuels and biomaterials as a supplement to petroleum. The... and correcting them with genomic tools. To make biofuels a truly practical alternative to petroleum, the group says there will need to be significant improve...

Formation of cellulose fibers tracked for the first time

...is also a favored target of renewable, plant-based biofuels research. Despite overwhelming interest, scientists know relatively little about how plant cells synthesize individual cellulose fibers. However, recent work from the Carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology and Stanford University describ...

University of Arizona plant scientists to unravel maize genome

...ng novel compounds, such as industrial feedstocks, biofuels and medicinal products. Wing's group provides the framework for the project: a so-called physical map that covers about 95 percent of the maize genome. Using the map, the scientists will then generate a draft sequence to reveal the locations of the...

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