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Tag: "behind" at biology news

Man and mouse share genome structures

...may have implications for understanding mechanisms behind certain cancers, Bernstein believes. For example, proteins that place methyl groups on histones can, when mutated, cause leukemia. Bernstein hopes to apply the new technology to characterize chromatin structure in leukemic cells and gain insight into...

Genes In The Interferon System Important In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

...help it will be possible todiscover the mechanisms behind the disease SLE, and maybe otherautoimmune disease... the body'sdefense against viruses, etc., was also behind the autoimmune diseaseSLE. Since then they have shown the importance of the interferon systemin a nu...

Ecological destruction fuels emerging diseases

...l that management," says Dr. Brooks. "We're always behind the curve, because we don't know where these things are coming from." In fact, while parasites like malaria are well known, we may have identified only a fraction of the total number of the world's parasites, and the prospect of cataloguing them pos...

ASU researchers finds novel chemistry at work to provide parrot's vibrant red colors

... University researcher has uncovered the chemistry behind the colors of parrots, describing on a molecular level what is responsible for their bright red feathers. The work casts a new light on what is chemically responsible for the colors of birds, and defies previous assumptions and explanations for colo...

Transport System Smuggles Medicines Into Brain

... University researcher has uncovered the chemistry behind the colors of parrots, describing on a molecular level what is responsible for their bright red feathers. The work casts a new light on what is chemically responsible for the colors of birds, and defies previous assumptions and explanations for colo...

Jumping gene helps explain immune system's abilities

...hasfound the first clear evidence that the process behind the human immunesystem's remarkable ability to recognize and respond to a milliondifferent proteins might have originated from a family of genes whoseonly apparent function is to jump around in genetic material. "Jumping genes" essentially cut themse...

UCSD Discovery Shows How Embryonic Stem Cells Perform 'Quality Control' Inspections

...hasfound the first clear evidence that the process behind the human immunesystem's remarkable ability to recognize and respond to a milliondifferent proteins might have originated from a family of genes whoseonly apparent function is to jump around in genetic material. "Jumping genes" essentially cut themse...

New therapy for HIV/AIDS eliminates needles and excessive toxicity

...hasfound the first clear evidence that the process behind the human immunesystem's remarkable ability to recognize and respond to a milliondifferent proteins might have originated from a family of genes whoseonly apparent function is to jump around in genetic material. "Jumping genes" essentially cut themse...

Gene sequencing explains bioremediation 'bug'

...hasfound the first clear evidence that the process behind the human immunesystem's remarkable ability to recognize and respond to a milliondifferent proteins might have originated from a family of genes whoseonly apparent function is to jump around in genetic material. "Jumping genes" essentially cut themse...

NC State scientist finds soft tissue in T. rex bones

...he T. rex femur fragment. The removal process left behind stretchy bone matrix material that, when examined microscopically, seemed to show blood vessels, osteocytes, or bone building cells, and other recognizable organic features. Since current data indicates that living birds are more closely related to ...

Circles Of DNA Might Help Predict Success Of Stem Cell Transplantation

...come T cells. The thymus is an immune system organ behind the breastbone that processes immature "precursor" immune cells into specialized T cells. T lymphocytes are specialized immune cells carrying proteins called receptors on their surface. The target that a T cell recognizes and attacks depends on the ...

Falling ants glide back to trunk to avoid dangers of forest floor

... think is the major evolutionary driving mechanism behind the behavior," he said. "In Amazon forests, you really don't want to fall out of your tree and in the water, because then you're definitely dead." After capturing some quick video snippets with his digital still camera, Yanoviak contacted UC Berkele...

Scientists discover that host cell lipids facilitate bacterial movement

...ists provide insight into the molecular mechanisms behind this infection technique. The research appears as the "Paper of the Week" in the March 25 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, an American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology journal. Listeria causes a variety of diseases, the m...

Cricket's finicky mating behavior boosts biodiversity

...ky mating behavior appears to be the driving force behind the speedy speciation of the Laupala cricket, the scientists wrote in the Jan. 27 issue of Nature magazine. Females in the Laupala genus detect tiny differences in the pulse rates of male courtship songs, which differ from one Laupala species to the...

Discovery Promises Simpler Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease

...ough the release of nitric oxide is a major factor behind the disease's primary symptoms -- including oxygen deprivation and blocked vessels that can lead to pain, clots and stroke. Thus, therapies that restore nitric oxide to blood cells might serve as a useful method for treating the disease, said HHMI re...

Fibril Shape Is The Basis Of Prion Strains And Cross-species Prion Infection

New research on prions, the infectious proteins behind "mad cow" disease and Creutzfeld-Jakob disease in humans, suggests that the ability of prions in one species to infect other species depends on the shape of the toxic threadlike fibers produced by the prion. Two studies on the topic appear in the 8 A...

Genetic defects give the immune system the green light to attack the pancreas

...hout the body and wreak havoc. This is the process behind many autoimmune, or “self-immune,?diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and others. To understand what happens in type 1 diabetes, the researchers combined a unique set of cutting-edge technologies, using culture...

Bioelectronic ‘signatures?hold key to DNA mutations

.../p> Among the keys to unearthing the mysteries behind individual genetic variation and diseases like cancer are fine differences ?single nucleotide polymorphisms, or “SNPs??buried within the 3 billion chemical bases of DNA comprising the human genome. Not every SNP found will necessarily cause a mutatio...

Duke engineers develop new 3-D cardiac imaging probe

...ls inserting a probe down the patient's throat and behind the heart to capture ultrasound heart images. The images can reveal the condition of the heart chambers, valves, major blood vessels and heart tissue. TEE is a safe and fast diagnostic technique. However, current TEE systems can quickly generate onl...

FDA Works To Speed The Advent Of New, More Effective Personalized Medicines

...l public the opportunity to hear about the science behind personalized medicine, an issue of critical importance to both consumers and FDA. Presentations will be from experts in the field and there will be time for questions. For more information ; for public session . ...

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