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Tag: "barley" at biology news

Tamed 11,400 years ago, figs were likely first domesticated crop

...tyle grounded in the growing of wild crops such as barley and wheat marked a dramatic change from 2.5 million years of human history as mobile hunter-gatherers." The researchers found nine small figs and 313 fig drupelets (a small part of an aggregate fruit such as a fig) at Gilgal I, a village in the Lowe...

Biologists find regions of rice domestication

...ontrast to rice, other staple crops such as wheat, barley and corn appear to have been domesticated just once in history. Rice is the largest staple crop for human consumption, supplying 20 percent of caloric content for the world. By finding the geographic origins of rice, researchers can consider ways ...

Biofuels researcher searches for new sources

...Montana farms produce 10 million tons of wheat and barley straw that are typically left in the field. An additional five million tons of hay are produced annually," said Dave Wichman, superintendent of the Central Ag Research Center "The advantage of using annual farm crops for ethanol production is that fa...

Growing crops to cope with climate change

...nnes Centre in Norwich have identified the gene in barley that controls how the plant responds to seasonal c...esearchers have discovered that the Ppd-H1 gene in barley controls the timing of the activity of another gene called CO. When the length of the day is long en...

The brain is broadly wired for reproduction

...irst engineered mice in which GnRH neurons produce barley lectin (BL), a tracer molecule that travels upstream and downstream to connected neurons, and green fluorescent protein (GFP), to mark the producing cells. By visualizing the locations of BL, GFP, and GnRH neurons and their axons, the researchers wer...

Genetic defenders protect crops from fungal disease

...e than 9,000 species, including many crops such as barley and wheat, and horticultural plants such as roses and cucumbers. The researchers, including Shauna Somerville and Mónica Stein of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology, are the first to document how these defense genes team up in pla...

Whisky fans can drink to crop research

Research into the genetics of barley could lead to improved varieties of the crop most ... control the specific characteristics of different barley varieties. The research, being carried out at the Scottish Crop Research Institute, Birmingham Univ...

Organic farms produce same yields as conventional farms

...pete effectively in growing corn, soybeans, wheat, barley and other grains, Pimentel said, but it might not be as favorable for growing such crops as grapes, apples, cherries and potatoes, which have greater pest problems. ...

New winter hulless barley has high protein

...rains Breeding Program is developing a new type of barley that lacks the fibrous covering. This new hulless barley offers producers an alternative grain for both traditional and new markets, including food, feed, an...

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