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Tag: "babies" at biology news

Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

...or having trouble falling asleep. Surprisingly, babies born to mothers classified as anxious or depressed while pregnant dozed just as long as their unstressed-pregnancy counterparts about 12 hours. However, this sleep was less sweet; children born to mothers who were depressed or anxious during preg...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...em to develop and fine tune new movements, whether babies trying to walk or stroke patients re-connecting brain-body muscle links. In their report this week in Nature Neuroscience, the team says their new tool could make it possible to predict the best ways to teach new movements and help design physica...

Children of smokers have more than 5 times higher levels of a nicotine toxin

...ken from infants aged 12 weeks. Seventy one of the babies had at least one parent that smoked and the parent...33 were non-smokers. The authors say: ‘Smoking babies tend to come from poorer homes, which may have smaller rooms and inadequate heating. ‘Higher cot...

Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows

...esdropping. When it comes to research about how babies learn language, most work has focused on interactions between a parent and an infant, but infants may learn language in part by eavesdropping on conversations between their parents or a sibling, Beecher said. "Do kids learn from parents talking ...

Simple home spit test to spot deadly pre-eclampsia

... be symptomless in the early stages but kills 1000 babies in the UK every year. The test is expected to be more reliable than the traditional blood pressure and urine tests conducted in GPs' offices and hospitals. Pre-eclampsia is also a leading cause of maternal mortality, killing one woman globally ever...

100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta

...ciation of the characteristics of parents, newborn babies and childbirth with exposure to pesticides found in the mothers?placenta. Among the aspects associated with a higher presence of pesticides we find an older age, higher body mass index, less weight gained during pregnancy, lower educational level, hi...

Thymus transplants gives hope to babies with fatal immune disease

"My baby is doing what other babies her age are doing -- she's feeding herself, puttin... in the journal Blood, show that 75 percent of the babies who received a thymus transplant were alive after one year. The recipient of the first transplant, i...

MIT model helps researchers 'see' brain development

...ects scanned, eight were newborn, mostly premature babies ranging from about 30 to 40 weeks of gestational age, and three were from children aged two, three and seven years. Grant scanned these infants and children to assess possible brain injury and found no neural defects. Later, she also consulted with F...

Why aren't humans furry? Stone-Age moms could be the answer

...lution. If Stone Age people believed that hairless babies were more attractive than hairy ones, this could explain why humans are the only apes lacking a coat of fur. Harris suggests that Neanderthals must have been furry in order to survive the Ice Age. Our species would have seen them as "animals" and po...

Birth rate, competition are major players in hominid extinctions

...ably happy that they typically have one, maybe two babies at a time, but for early hominids, low birth numbers combined with competition often spelled extinction. "The lineages of primates have some traits that make it hard for them to respond to rapid perturbations in the environment," says Dr. Nina G. Ja...

Like salty food? Chances are you had low blood sodium when you were born

A new study concludes that low birthweight babies born with low sodium (salt) in their blood serum will likely consume large quantities of dietary sodium later in life. In the study, researchers also found that newborns with the most severe cases of low sodium blood serum consumed ~1700 mg more sod...

Experimental vaccine given during pregnancy reduces stillbirths from common virus

...tion Disorders. Every year, 0.5 to 2.5 percent of babies born in the United States are infected with CMV. ...Dr. Schleiss said that 10 percent to 15 percent of babies with congenital CMV have a long-term disability such as mental retardation, cerebral palsy, and hear...

Baby fish 'smell their way home'

...or implications for how reefs are managed. "The babies of many coral fish species are swept off their hom...smell was probably the dominant factor leading the babies home. "Every reef gives off its own unique chemical signature, a rich mixture of the proteins and...

A revolution in the monitoring of unborn babies

...device has the potential to benefit 70,000 at risk babies a year in the UK alone. Statistics show that as many as 10 babies a day are stillborn in the UK and 10 per cent of all pregnancies each year are high risk. The monito...

Plastic that degrades in seawater could be boon for cruise industry and others

...almost $2 billion a year to take care of premature babies and their medical complications. Given the immeasurable societal and family costs associated with preterm birth and having a sick baby or child, treatment with nitroglycerin may result in major cost saving and longer-term health benefits for these ba...

Improving outcomes in premature births

...almost $2 billion a year to take care of premature babies and their medical complications. Given the immeasurable societal and family costs associated with preterm birth and having a sick baby or child, treatment with nitroglycerin may result in major cost saving and longer-term health benefits for these ba...

Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy

...r their newborns ?92.4 percent of African-American babies and 66.1 percent of white infants were found to have insufficient vitamin D at birth." A vitamin closely associated with bone health, vitamin D deficiency early in life is associated with rickets ?a disorder characterized by soft bones and thought...

A potential biological cause for sudden infant death syndrome

...athing, blood pressure, body heat, and arousal ?in babies who died from SIDS. SIDS is the leading cause o... identified risk factors for SIDS, such as putting babies to sleep on their stomachs, and protective factors like pacifier use, there has been little understa...

U of MN researchers turn cord blood into lung cells

... future, we may be able to examine cord blood from babies who have lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, t... in fetal development, which is why some premature babies are born with underdeveloped lungs. The cells and the air sacs as a whole continue to mature and de...

Low levels of neurotransmitter serotonin may perpetuate child abuse across generations

...aughters. "We didn't know if the reason that the babies grew up to be abusive was that they watched how th... emotions. We also noticed that about half of the babies exposed to abuse became abusive parents, whereas the other half did not. This is also the case in hu...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... 2014The development of stem cell therapies to cure a ... stem cell populations based on cell surface markers. Researchers ... marker that is highly expressed in a type of ... they describe in an article in BioResearch Open ... Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... cartridge developed at Sandia National Laboratories and recently licensed ... and cheaper. , Bacillus anthracis , the ... all over the world and can cause serious, and ... bacteria can survive in harsh conditions for decades. In ... through skin contact, inhalation of spores or eating contaminated ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... to produce hydrogen sulfide in order to properly multiply ... from the Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology at the ... Songtao Shi, principal investigator on the project, said the ... the flow of calcium ions. The essential ions activate ... or the creation of new bone tissue, and keeps ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... chronic inflammation in non-cancerous prostate tissue may have nearly ... those with no inflammation, according to results of a ... Kimmel Cancer Center. , The link between persistent inflammation ... high-grade prostate cancer those with a Gleason score ... the most aggressive and rapidly growing prostate cancers. , ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... vaccine brands for children may not be the most ... factors when choosing vaccines, driving the market toward what ... new study by University of Illinois researchers. , "The ... numerous factors," says Sheldon H. Jacobson, a co-author of ... of mathematics at the U. of I. "In an ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... at the University of California, San Diego School of ... who have suffered a recent major loss are more ... adults. , The study is published in this month,s ... . , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better ... offer insights into ways to improve the outcomes of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, was recently invited ... of Nature Reviews Microbiology , one of ... a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of ... Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and ... 1968 pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... MAYWOOD, Il. (April 17, 2014) Doctors who ... disease called lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) can face an agonizing ... progression of the disease and help relieve shortness ... lung transplants, and sirolimus can cause potentially fatal ... said pulmonologist Dr. Daniel Dilling, medical director of ...
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