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Tag: "autism" at biology news

Researchers reveal structure of protein altered in autism

...the structure of the protein complex implicated in autism spectrum disorders, a research team led by scienti... and communication. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, interpersonal relationships, and...

A frown or a smile? Children with autism can't discern

...researchers from UCLA will show that children with autism can’t do this. They hear and they see, of course, ...formation. That may be why children diagnosed with autism have varying degrees of impairment in communication skills and social interactions and display restr...

Gene found for rare disorder may reveal new pathway in mental retardation

...in development, in mental retardation and possibly autism as well." ...

MIT model helps researchers 'see' brain development

...e can detect abnormal development in diseases like autism by looking at folding differences,?said Fischl. This tool may also be used to shed light on other neurological diseases such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. ...

Newborn brains grow vision and movement regions first

...neurons, or nerve cells, may have implications for autism research, Gilmore said. Children with autism have larger brains and more gray matter than average. The study suggests that in autistic children, ...

Autism gene identified by researchers at Yale working with a global research consortium

Yale School of Medicine autism experts Fred Volkmar, M.D. and Ami Klin are part o...gene and a region of a chromosome that may lead to autism in children. The findings are published online today in Nature Genetics and also will be published ...

Using brain scans, researchers find evidence for a two-stage model of human perceptual learning

...-up and top-down information in the brain, such as autism or schizophrenia, Riesenhuber said. It also suggests how the learning of visual skills can be enhanced by directly monitoring neuronal activity. "This could be useful, for instance, to speed up learning to detect targets in unfamiliar imaging modalit...

Largest genomic search finds genes that may contribute to autism

... organization dedicated to increasing awareness of autism and raising money to fund autism research, and the National Institutes of Health. The consortium scientists utilized statistical pow...

Experimental vaccine given during pregnancy reduces stillbirths from common virus

...lly cause other developmental disabilities such as autism or attention deficit disorder. The virus can also damage the placenta, leading to pregnancy loss. CMV is present in bodily secretions and is spread through close personal contact, such as kissing or sharing eating utensils. For example, an infan...

New protein implicated in autism

... lacking CADPS2, which is encoded by a gene in the autism susceptibility region of human chromosome 7, had i...PS2 protein) was detected in some individuals with autism and was never detected in their healthy immediate relatives, leading to the suggestion that defects ...

Army research mission focused on autism

.... About 10 percent of individuals with ASD develop autism secondary to a known genetic disorder. The cause o...Reynolds of Unlocking Autism. "What makes treating autism difficult is that each combination to unlock each person affected is so unique." As a result of a...

'The eyes have it' -- Autism research yields surprising results

...s findings show that children and adolescents with autism may have difficulty reading mental states from fac...re accurate measure of the abilities of those with autism can be obtained through the use of sophisticated digital imaging techniques with animated facial exp...

Older fathers more likely to have autistic children

...lder have a significantly increased risk of having autism spectrum disorders compared with those whose fathe...tism and related conditions, known collectively as autism spectrum disorders, have become increasingly common, affecting 50 in every 10,000 children as compar...

Brain regions do not communicate efficiently in adults with autism

A novel look at the brains of adults with autism has provided new evidence that various brain regio...the study. "Our findings indicate adults with autism show differences in coordinated neural activity," said Murias, "which implies poor internal communic...

Humpback whales have brain cells also found in humans

...ase and other debilitating brain disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. Spindle neurons were also found in the same location in toothed whales with the largest brains, which suggests that they may be related to brain size. The authors note that spindle neurons probably first appeared in the common a...

Study offers window into human behavior, brain disease

...emporal dementia, and, possibly, disorders such as autism and schizophrenia, the researchers say. In addition, because the disease erodes aspects of social behavior and emotions ?self awareness, moral reasoning and empathy ?that are highly developed in humans, the finding suggests that the cells may play...

When nerve cells can't make contact

... have examined the effects of mutations that cause autism in humans. These are mutations in the genes which ...the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine could cause autism in small children has no scientific basis at all. Today, it is clear that genetic factors are the ma...

Mutant mice show key autism traits

While the causes of autism remain complex and mysterious, researchers are steadily adding pieces to its intricate puzzle. In what they believe to be a significant new approach to understanding "autism spectrum disorders" (ASD), researchers have developed a mouse that shows abn...

Mice learn tasks that may help treat human psychiatric disorders

... new treatments and cures for human disorders like autism and Parkinson's disease. For the first time, a ps... to another, a skill often impaired in people with autism and similar illnesses. "Without a measure of cognitive deficit in mice that is relevant to such di...

Carnegie Mellon researchers discover key deficiencies in brains of people with autism

...rences that characterize the brains of people with autism are related to the way those brains process inform.... The researchers have also found that people with autism rely heavily on the parts of the brain that deal with imagery, even when completing tasks that would...

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