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Tag: "assessing" at biology news

Oops! Researchers publish new findings on the brain's response to costly mistakes

...RP to study brain responses to various situations, assessing changes in electrical activity through sensors arranged on a mesh cap that is placed on the head. The method is similar to techniques used to study the brains of people with epilepsy or sleep problems, but the electrical signal from the brain is proc...

U of MN researchers develop way to visualize synchronized interactions of nerve cells in the brain

...isease, and to monitor the effect of treatment, by assessing the status of the brain networks over time," Georgopoulos said. All behavior and cognition in the brain involves networks of nerves continuously interacting--these interactions occur on a millisecond by millisecond basis. Because the interactions ...

Researchers test new way to quit smoking

... is regarded as a critical make-or-break date when assessing quitting success." Findings from the research will provide useful information about more effective use of nicotine patches and gum for people who want to quit smoking, estimated to number about 430,000 people in New Zealand alone. There are several...

New book on rain forests, slash-and-burn agriculture

...hen Vosti is co-editor and co-author of a new book assessing the environmental, economic and social impacts of farming in tropical rain forests. "Slash-and-Burn Agriculture: The Search for Alternatives" details the causes and consequences of the annual destruction of 80,000 square miles of rain forest. The fo...

Seaweed yields new compounds with pharmaceutical potential

...bacteria or cancer cells -- to an extract and then assessing cell death compared to cells that were not exposed to extracts. Georgia Tech scientists then prioritized further study of extracts that had strong effects on these disease-causing cells. The Callophycus red seaweed was one of the first five specie...

War on terror meets war on cancer

...ea where our results could prove very useful is in assessing metabolic activity," Hegg says. "Being able to accurately measure this number is often important in obesity research and understanding eating disorders. The greater the metabolic activity of a cell, the bigger the difference between the 'inside' wate...

Many smokers fail to quit after cancer diagnosis

... and pharmacotherapy, but only a few studies exist assessing their efficacy. Another shortfall is that these studies, with one exception, target smokers with smoking-related cancers. The common finding was that the healthcare provider has a significant impact on smoking cessation rates. Interventions may have ...

Minimally Invasive Cancer Treatments Highlighted

... of tumor recurrences. (Author, Lencioni) ?A study assessing survival in patients with small solitary colorecta...tions. (Author, Callstrom) ?A study of 75 patients assessing the combination of radiofrequency ablation and cementoplasty (reinforcing load-bearing bone with inj...

FDA approves child-friendly AIDS medicine

...ation System will provide valuable information for assessing environmental hazards caused by Hurricane Katrina....ps.niehs.nih.gov/katrina , provides information on assessing and evaluating hundreds of potentially hazardous environmental pollutants that may pose a risk to hu...

NIEHS launches website with information for assessing environmental hazards from Hurricane Katrina

...ation System will provide valuable information for assessing environmental hazards caused by Hurricane Katrina....ps.niehs.nih.gov/katrina , provides information on assessing and evaluating hundreds of potentially hazardous environmental pollutants that may pose a risk to hu...

Using the genomic shortcut to predict bacterial behavior

...ent more fossil energy than the fuel produced. In assessing inputs, the researchers considered such factors as the energy used in producing the crop (including production of pesticides and fertilizer, running farm machinery and irrigating, grinding and transporting the crop) and in fermenting/distilling the e...

Ethanol and biodiesel from crops not worth the energy

...ent more fossil energy than the fuel produced. In assessing inputs, the researchers considered such factors as the energy used in producing the crop (including production of pesticides and fertilizer, running farm machinery and irrigating, grinding and transporting the crop) and in fermenting/distilling the e...

Environment, not genes, key in family relationships

...es - six measuring adolescent adjustment and three assessing family relationships, and then further divided them into genetic and environmental components to explore the connections between them. The adolescent variables were antisocial behavior, autonomy, classroom engagement and success, depressive symptom...

MERIS monitoring tracks planetary photosynthesis levels

...al plant cover, identifying areas under stress and assessing damage from drought or fires. An algorithm developed by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC) in Ispra, Italy is the basis for global monthly photosynthesis maps derived from MERIS imagery. Their production represents a demanding ...

Laboratory professionals in Africa receive training under AIDS Relief Plan

... year, 14 ASCP volunteer members have played roles assessing the situation in Africa, serving as trainers, and participating in Work Groups developing training materials. Estimates are that some 40 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in developing nations. In Zambia, for instance, some 1.2 million peopl...

Gambling monkeys give insight into neural machinery of risk

...would reveal insights into the brain mechanism for assessing risk, the researchers next explored the neural cir...is by any means the only area that's important for assessing risk, for deciding what's valuable and for actually making a choice based on that valuation," said P...

New Scripps Oceanography project to study sediments and ecosystem restoration in Venice lagoon

...ovide decision makers with further information for assessing geochemical and microbial processes involved in sediment movement--whether natural or manmade--and their effects in such a sensitive ecosystem. "SIOSED is an exciting and important new project that clearly emphasizes the value of interdisciplinary s...

Looks matter to female barn swallows

...ive them an edge over rival males. "If females are assessing mates on a day-to-day basis, it explains why males continue to maintain costly ornaments even when they might appear to have served their purpose," said co-author Irby Lovette, assistant professor and director of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's Evol...

Measuring hidden parasites in falciparum malaria

...chnique for measuring hidden malaria parasites and assessing severity of disease is described in a paper publis...ts' parasite loads and may also provide one way of assessing the severity of a patient's disease. ...

When it comes to cell entry, being average has its advantages

...developing gene and drug delivery tools as well as assessing the safety of nanotubes ?infinitesimal bits of carbon and other materials used in everything from cameras to clothing. "If you know how viruses get into cells, you know how to better design drugs to keep them out," said L.B. Freund, professor of eng...

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(Date:9/1/2014)... The week-long discussions and decisions of the Nomenclature Section ... Melbourne, Australia in July 2011. This meeting is held ... premier experts on the rules for naming algae, fungi ... rule book for naming the organisms they study. This ... Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, which ...
(Date:8/31/2014)... and accurate tool to diagnose tuberculosis in children, ... test (TAM-TB assay) is the first reliable immunodiagnostic ... test features excellent specificity, a similar sensitivity as ... blood test. The promising findings are a major ... particularly in tuberculosis-endemic regions. , The study has ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Week-long meeting on naming algae, fungi, and plants recorded for posterity 2New tuberculosis blood test in children is reliable and highly specific 2A new synthetic amino acid for an emerging class of drugs 2A new synthetic amino acid for an emerging class of drugs 3
(Date:9/2/2014)... be a new salve to dominate medicine cabinets of the ... Salamanders may not be the cuddliest of animals, but they ... damaged body parts. Now, a new report published in the ... , identifies a small protein (called a "peptide") from the ... the secret of this amazing wound healing trick in humans. ...
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(Date:9/2/2014)... that the key to more youthful immune function might ... published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology ... of old mice had different responses to Mycobacterium ... changes were reversed by ibuprofen. , "Inflammation in old ... Joanne Turner, Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work ...
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