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Tag: "assessing" at biology news

Art and music for the birds

...we may find that birds have their own criteria for assessing our music. So, to see it they might prefer Miles Davis to the Dixie Chicks – you should come see for yourself.”...

Clot-dissolving agent may be beneficial in treatment of severe frostbite

... our findings and to determine the best methods of assessing tissue damage and administering thrombolytics [anti-clotting drugs] in terms of timing, duration and route,” they conclude....

New host species for avian influenza identified

...rovided on influenza A virus should assist both in assessing the risk of the virus spread by wild birds and with the design of new surveillance studies for high and low pathogenic avian influenza in migratory birds. ...

DNA-damage test could aid drug development

...d Institute have developed a cell culture test for assessing a compound's genetic toxicity that may prove dramatically cheaper than existing animal tests. This assay would allow genetic toxicity to be examined far earlier in the drug development process, making it much more efficient. Like the current FDA-app...

Transfusion expert urges wider use of filtered blood

...ese patients would have been irrelevant to a study assessing the risks and/or benefits of certain types of transfusions, because they couldn't have benefited nor could they have been harmed by a transfusion. Furthermore, some studies used data that did not reflect actual investigative results, Blumberg said. ...

Soft-cell approach cuts animal tests

...uman body without using animals. For example, when assessing the toxicity of formaldehyde, which is known to have a toxic effect on the liver, liver type cells such as hepatocytes can be chosen. The in vitro technique is cheap and portable, so scientists can measure immediate toxicity events, rather than w...

Insomnia drug can improve brain function

... state, "To our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the impact of zolpidem of post-anoxic brain injury using the modern methodological standards of clinical pharmacology." The authors demonstrated increased brain activity in the frontal cortex, which is associated with higher cognitive performances, w...

Termites get the vibe on what tastes good

...ct of the vibrations termites are responding to in assessing food. "If we understand how they use vibrations to assess their food, we might be able to exploit this to manipulate their feeding habits, and address the very significant problem of termite damage in buildings and other structures," Mr Inta says. ...

Tiny clue reveals new path toward heart disease

.... "Our discovery could lead to a clinical tool for assessing a person's risk of coronary artery disease, so that physicians can try to prevent the disease from progressing." The team, which includes researchers from several universities in the United States and the United Kingdom, reports its findings in th...

Lower carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fueled power plants possible with technology development

...f carbon dioxide absorption into the solution, and assessing the overall capture process using computer models. Actual tests of the carbon capture process will be run on a small, pilot plant at the J.J. Pickle Research Campus. Rochelle is an expert on reducing industrial emissions. For these studies, he wil...

Reminding doctors which antibiotics to prescribe cuts C. difficile infection rates

...imilar interventions. "Nearly all previous studies assessing interventions to improve prescribing were poor quality unplanned studies with no control groups or outcomes and inadequate statistical analysis," explains Dr Stone. The authors suggest that wider use of this method to study interventions in other ...

Chromosomal microarray analysis proves accurate

...sis used here is essentially a gene chip method of assessing the makeup of chromosomes in a particular part of the human genome (genetic blueprint). In areas of the genome, there are portions of the genetic material that show imbalances because they are duplicated or deleted abnormally with gains and losses...

Monitoring poisons in the environment -- a woolly matter

...versity) will present the results of a pilot study assessing the use of upland sheep wool as a bio-monitoring device for natural levels of heavy metals in the Lake District and Wales at the Society for Experimental Biology’s Annual Meeting in Glasgow (31st March ?2nd April). Significant correlations were fou...

End-of-life care can be improved

...ast decade and represents the state of the art for assessing and improving end-of-life care in the ICU," comments guest co-editor Mitchell Levy, M.D., professor of medicine at Brown University School of Medicine in Providence, R.I. Quality End-of-Life Palliative Care A paper by Ira Byock, M.D., a professo...

New technology to speed up research into Huntington's disease

...by Cambridge scientists provides a simple means of assessing cognition, in a way that requires minimal movement on the part of the mouse. The mouse makes its response by touching its nose to the touch-sensitive screen. This means that the HD mice can complete the task, despite motor problems. Other benefit...

Researchers create mouse lacking key inflammation gene

...ITAF-deficient animals opens new opportunities for assessing the role of LITAF in inflammation in hopes of designing anti-LITAF drugs for major inflammatory diseases," says Dr. Salomon Amar of Boston University, the lead author of the paper. Amar discovered the LITAF transcription factor in 1999. Researchers...

First biomarker for human sleepiness identified in fruit flies

...nicians with valuable new tools for diagnosing and assessing treatment efficacy in patients with sleep disorders." According to Shaw, sleepiness biomarkers will also prove useful to studies of sleep in animals. "Cetaceans like killer whales, for example, are known to go for extended periods of time witho...

Hope for a more effective and less toxic cancer drug

...ms from WEHI's cancer research divisions have been assessing the potential of a new compound, ABT-737, that was developed by US-based healthcare company, Abbott. Under normal circumstances, human cells have a limited lifespan. They die when they are damaged, worn out or no longer needed by the body. When t...

Cardiologist's 'living chip' changes science of disease monitoring

...igh Tech Rochester Incubator, who took the lead in assessing Physiologic Communication's success potential and mentoring the researchers in the complicated art of business. All the resources necessary are found regionally, a fact that excites Rosero. "We don't have to venture farther than our own back yard t...

Living laboratory found on shoreline statues

...e the barnacles have travelled from in addition to assessing the factors which led to choosing where on the statues they fixed themselves. The study will end in November, when the Gormley statues will be uprooted and moved to a new home in New York. Before transit they will be cleaned of all trace of th...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... researchers have detected new early-warning signs of the potential ... have far-reaching implications for the diagnosis and treatment of ... million Americans. , "We had not expected to see ... stages," said Ann Elsner, professor and associate dean in ... the study. "We set out to study the early ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... full of wild animals and plant life, but there,s ... churning away in the soil, decomposing organic matter and ... role these fungi play in ecological systems, their identities ... scientists has generated a genetic map of more than ... was published this week in the Proceedings of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Modern View of Domestication," a special feature of ... Sciences ( PNAS ) published April 29, raises ... our deep history that most of us take for ... people in many spots around the globe shifted from ... livestock and plants. , It seems so straightforward and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 2New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 3Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 4
(Date:4/17/2014)... estimated that as many as 10 million older Americans ... loneliness and isolation. , However, new research a ... older Americans for six years found that Internet ... depression by more than 30 percent. , "That,s a ... University professor of telecommunication, information studies and media who ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... CHICAGO, IL, April 17, 2014-- Colic affects about one ... accounts for numerous pediatric visits during the first several ... of colic symptoms was showing promise; however, the April ... (BMJ2014;348:g2107; Sung, Valerie) reported on a study, "Probiotics ... probiotic L reuteri for infant colic ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure drug ezogabine, ... findings, reported in the American Journal of ... more effective treatments for alcoholism. , Excessive consumption ... of illness and death in the U.S. and ... productivity of workers and necessitating huge health care ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... researchers at UC Davis has shown that the cyclin ... cell division, also boosts the mitochondrial activity to power ... has been shown to perform both jobs. This newfound ... control cellular energy production, potentially advancing cancer care and ... the journal Developmental Cell . , "These proteins ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... international research team led by Cesar A. Arias, M.D., ... at Houston (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug that ... report appeared in the April 17 issue of ... new superbug is part of a class of highly-resistant ... MRSA, which is a major cause of hospital and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Internet use can help ward off depression among elderly 2Health News:New study says probiotic use for infant colic is not effective in reducing symptoms 2Health News:BUSM researchers find anti-seizure drug may reduce alcohol consumption 2Health News:Dual role: Key cell division proteins also power up mitochondria 2Health News:New MRSA superbug emerges in Brazil 2
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