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Tag: "aspirin" at biology news

Defenseless plants arm themselves with metals

... and the active ingredient in pharmaceuticals like aspirin and acne medications - governs this pathway. When faced with a fungus or bacteria, most plants turn up their production of salicylic acid, which then interacts with other molecules in the plant, eventually turning on the genes that produce the prote...

While on trail of dioxin, scientists pinpoint cancer target of green tea

...fits of the substance salicin ?they simply take an aspirin –the current research opens the door to extending the health benefits first discovered in green tea to people who never touch the beverage. Isolating the chemicals that protect against cancer would also sidestep questions such as how to take into acc...

Function of new cancer genes discovered

...ute and a clinical study into the effectiveness of aspirin ointment in the treatment of cylindromatosis is currently being carried out at the Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital. Fanconi anaemia The researcher also investigated another form of inherited cancer, Fanconi anaemia. P...

Drugs from the deep blue

...cer. Many pharmaceutical drugs on the market, from aspirin to cholesterol-lowering "statins," are derived from natural products such as plants or bacteria. Molinski says modern developments in analytical chemistry, including highly sensitive instrumentation, sophisticated screening capabilities and discoveri...

Cyberkinetics, Case to develop system to help restore extremity function

...or is a tiny silicon chip about the size of a baby aspirin with one hundred electrodes, each thinner than a human hair, that can detect the electrical activity of neurons. The sensor is implanted on the surface of the area of the brain responsible for movement, the motor cortex. A small wire connects the sen...

Access to existing medical treatments could save more lives than spending to improve the treatments

...n care had been rectified. For example, getting aspirin to all eligible patients would have prevented more strokes than were prevented by developing more potent and more expensive antiplatelet drugs, Woolf said. In another example, Woolf and Johnson estimate that for every heart attack death prevented by...

Aspirin reduces cardiovascular risks in men and women -- but differently

...isk reduction differed between the sexes. For men, aspirin lowered the risk of a heart attack, while in women, aspirin reduced the risk of a stroke. The use of aspirin, however, also carries an increased risk of bleedi...

Therapeutic prospects beyond Vioxx

... the impact of either COX-2 inhibitors or low-dose aspirin and compared them with treating healthy mice with ...gators also addressed the likely benefit of adding aspirin to diminish this effect of the inhibitors. Surprisingly, this appeared to reduce not only the clotti...

One in 14 men having a heart attack drive themselves to hospital

...also waited longer to be assessed and treated with aspirin and to receive reperfusion therapy, which restores blood flow to the heart. Approximately 120 nurses working across the six coronary care units in Dublin, Southern Ireland, took part in the study, completing a 25-item questionnaire for each pati...

Inflammation and drugs to control this activity studied in a variety of tumors sites

...teroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen to treat conditions like arthritis, ...ues. "The combined results of 20 human studies of aspirin and ibuprofen reflect an approximate 30 percent reduction in the risk for breast cancer, and animal ...

COX-2 inhibitors significantly reduce risk of cancer

...ociated with a 64 percent reduction, while regular aspirin offered a 51 percent reduction in risk of the dise...egligible effect upon COX-2 activity, and low-dose aspirin provided no significant change in the risk of breast cancer. "The COX-2 signaling pathway is impo...

UCLA study finds same genes act differently in males and females

...o the same drug," noted Lusis. "Studies show that aspirin is more effective at preventing heart attack in men than women. One gender may metabolize the drug faster, leaving too little of the medication in the system to produce an effect." "At the genetic level, the only difference between the genders is t...

Mayo Clinic collaboration mining of ancient herbal text leads to potential new anti-bacterial drug

...s of healing agents -- consider, for example, that aspirin derived originally from willow bark, and the molecular basis of the anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agent Taxol TM was derived from the bark of the Pacific yew tree. So it's not so far-fetched to think that the contributions of an ancient text and insi...

UCSD researchers create roadmap to integrin activation

...p contrast, drugs such as clopidogrel (Plavix) and aspirin are two examples of antithrombotics that work well... are widely used for this purpose. "Drugs such as aspirin and clopidogrel work in large part by blocking the activation of GPIIb-IIIa. These drugs don't work...

New research shows that flu is a trigger of heart attacks

...stabilising agents such as statins, beta-blockers, aspirin and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors should offer additional protection during an influenza outbreak," he said. Prof Madjid said that a number of new vaccines were being developed against avian flu virus (the most likely cause of the next ...

Aspirin discovery may improve cancer treatments

...ed to prevent diseases such as cancer, but the way aspirin works is not yet fully understood. In a paper pu...rin was shown to activate PERK. Moreover, although aspirin inhibited protein synthesis in normal cells, this did not occur significantly in cells deficient in ...

Old memory traces in brain may trigger chronic pain

...d scientists. Traditional analgesic drugs, such as aspirin and morphine derivatives, haven’t worked very well. A Northwestern University researcher has found a key source of chronic pain appears to be an old memory trace that essentially gets stuck in the prefrontal cortex, the site of emotion and learni...

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