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Tag: "archaeal" at biology news

From hot springs to rice farms, scientists reveal new insights into the secret lives of archaea

...just now beginning to focus on the large number of archaeal species that inhabit more mundane environments, in...d a type of lipid, or oily compound, found only in archaeal cell membranes. This finding indicates that an archaean community may have inhabited the region more...

Gut reaction: Researchers define the colon's genome

...ms: a bacterium, Bifidobacterium longum , and the archaeal microbe M. smithii . These known organisms showed...iple strains of B. longum , and a majority of its archaeal species is related M. smithii. How many unique bacterial genera or species exist in the colon commu...

Gut microbes' partnership helps body extract energy from food, store it as fat

...sor. "As adults, the number of these bacterial and archaeal microbial cells exceeds the number of our human cells by tenfold. The genes present in this community of 10-100 trillion bugs vastly outnumber our own genes and are a key part of our genetic landscape, providing us with attributes we have not had to ...

Ammonia-loving archaea win landslide majority

...hleper. The tally suggested that copies of the archaeal gene in the soil samples were up to 3,000 times more abundant than copies of the bacterial gene. High amounts of lipids specific to crenarchaeota confirmed the organism's presence. At Penn State, Schuster used a novel technique to directly sequen...

The structure of a virus infecting bacteria resembles a human virus

...between a double-stranded DNA bacteriophage and an archaeal virus. ...

DOE JGI releases IMG 1.5 with curated archaeal genomes

...ources. Towards this goal, IMG 1.5 now contains 22 archaeal genomes with curated gene models and detailed documentation of the methodology and standards employed for achieving this goal. A separate IMG Curated Archaeal Genomes data mart ( http://img.jgi.doe.gov/archaeal_qa/ ) contains these genomes with thei...

A salty tale: New bacterial genome sequenced from ancient salterns

...parently also borrowed some genes from neighboring archaeal species, in an unusual example of cross-domain lat...d the other through lateral gene transfer from the archaeal species also living in the salterns." This study is the first to document bacteria adopting the arch...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... Current Biology on April 17 have discovered ... Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct but related species ... example of an animal with sex-reversed genitalia. , ... animals, Neotrogla is the only example in ... Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. , During copulation, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... is the process whereby the genetic information of ... as proteins, which have numerous different functions in ... important intermediary during gene expression, by relating the ... involved in manufacturing proteins. , By examining ... present in an organism at a given time, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Pine forests are chock full of wild animals and ... populations of fungi are churning away in the soil, ... , Despite the vital role these fungi play in ... A Stanford-led team of scientists has generated a genetic ... North America. The work was published this week in ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... non-cancerous prostate tissue may have nearly twice the risk ... inflammation, according to results of a new study led ... , The link between persistent inflammation and cancer was ... those with a Gleason score between 7 and ... and rapidly growing prostate cancers. , "What we,ve shown ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Experimental Biology and Medicine a ... and Paul Kenis in the Institute of Genomic ... of Illinois Urbana-Champaign describe their recent work on ... variety of cell functions including energy metabolism, signaling, ... in regulating normal cellular behavior, redox status has ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... created a new technology for modifying human cells ... body and selectively target cancer and other sites ... monitor and modify human physiology is a promising ... technology enabled bioengineers to build such devices that ... a customized fashion. , "The project addressed a ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... one in five infants in the United States annually ... several months after birth. Research into probiotic use for ... April 1, 2014 issue of the British Medical ... "Probiotics and Infant Colic," concluding that the use of ... did not reduce crying or fussing in infants ...
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