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Tag: "alcohol" at biology news

Technique monitors thousands of molecules simultaneously

...example, they have carried out the oxidation of an alcohol to form a carbonyl and then used the carbonyl to put a dye down. They placed a green dye at alternating electrodes in a checkerboard pattern, and then used the alternate set of electrodes to put down a red dye. The result was a red and green chip, Wa...

Cancer patients monitor fatigue in real time

...to monitor behaviors such as smoking cessation and alcohol use. The method is called "ecological momentary assessment" (often referred to as real-time assessment), which provides an instant measurement of patients' fatigue. Clinicians and researchers usually rely on a patient's memory to collect data o...

Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water

... of maternal age, race, education, marital status, alcohol or cigarette use, or whether the mother was an urban, suburban or rural resident. Pesticide and nitrate levels in surface water were also highest in May-June and lowest in August –September, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. For the past f...

Double the death rate from cirrhosis for 'blue collar' men

...omic groups appear to have increased their harmful alcohol consumption relative to middle and higher SES grou...lcohol," Professor Najman said. "In Australia, alcohol has become relatively cheaper and more available. "It is already known that socio-economic inequ...

Bats get the munchies too!

...vings for sweet food, after having overindulged in alcohol the night before. It appears that Egyptian fruit bats also crave particular types of sugar to reduce the effects of ethanol toxicity. Francisco Sanchez from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel) will present data demonstrating this on Sunda...

Pitt study notes decline in male births in the US and Japan

...clude the parents?weight, nutrition and the use of alcohol and drugs. In the study, Dr. Davis and her colleagues reported an overall decline of 17 males per 10,000 births in the U.S. and a decline of 37 males per 10,000 births in Japan since 1970. They also found that while fetal death rates have gener...

New compound prevents alcoholic behavior, relapse in animals by blocking stress response

...teins that bind CRF and make it active—in treating alcohol dependence in animals. CRF levels in the brain ris...tive in the long term in animals with a history of alcohol dependence, increasing the risk for relapse. Heilig and his team showed that MTIP blocked the ac...

It's OK for men with high blood pressure to have a drink or two, new study finds

...ch counts as one drink. Moderate consumption of alcohol is known to be linked to a lower risk of heart disease. But, since alcohol can increase blood pressure, would the same be true for men who have high blood pressure? The new...

Mailman School of Public Health researchers report blood DNA can be early predictor of liver cancer

...y findings, these factors coupled with smoking and alcohol status, and alterations found in this study in serum DNA, resulted in an overall predictive accuracy of 89% for detection of HCC. “These are extremely encouraging findings,?says Regina Santella, PhD, professor of Environmental Health Sciences at ...

Xylitol reduces risk of cavities

...sity in Sweden on February 23. Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that is produced by reduction of the sugar xylose, or wood sugar. Xylitol occurs naturally in fruits and berries, such as pears and strawberries. It is used in sugarless sweets, above all in chewing gum and lozenges. The dissertation studies what ...

Strawberry daiquiris -- the extra-healthy cocktail?

...d the US discovered that treating the berries with alcohol led to an increase in antioxidant capacity and free radical scavenging activity within the fruit. While such a boost helped the berries resist decay, the same compounds would also be expected to make the strawberries healthier to eat. Dr Korakot C...

New cigarette designs don't offer lower predicted cancer risks

...own toxins. An analogy might be someone who abuses alcohol by drinking 10 beers a day, but says they are going to cut down to 9." Such findings could lead to tightened restrictions on how tobacco companies market their products. Legislation is now being considered in Congress on whether and how the U.S. F...

Morphine makes lasting -- and surprising -- change in the brain

...urally rewarding experiences. Drugs of abuse, from alcohol to cocaine, also increase dopamine release. So the net effect of morphine and other opioids, Kauer found, is that they boost the brain’s reward response. "It’s as if a brake were removed and dopamine cells start firing," she explained. "That activ...

Smokers quit after damage to brain region

...henomenon could be "generalizable" with respect to alcohol abuse, overeating and other addictions. The discovery of the insula's role in addiction opens new directions for therapies, Bechara said, including possible drugs targeted to a region that "no one paid attention to." "There is a lot of potential ...

Drug treatment improves learning in mice with Down syndrome symptoms, Stanford/Packard study shows

...ntive and aware, and enhance learning. Conversely, alcohol or sedatives impair our ability to learn." But as any overenthusiastic college student can attest, too much caffeine can backfire. The same is true with high doses of PTZ, which can cause seizures. In fact, after some brief, inconclusive studies o...

New test helps identify hepatitis C patients at high risk of developing cirrhosis

... Doctors consider such factors as age, gender and alcohol consumption to predict such risk, but because of ...s superior to the known clinical factors, such as alcohol consumption, in predicting the risk of developing cirrhosis," said Cheung. "This test allows bot...

Genes and genius: Researchers confirm association between gene and intelligence

...lti-center study, people who have been treated for alcohol dependence and members of their families provide D...o researchers, who isolated DNA regions related to alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as a variety of other outcomes. Some of the participants in the stu...

Light wine intake is associated with longer life expectancy in men

Drinking a little alcohol every day, especially wine, may be associated with...ion. The researchers found that a light intake of alcohol (on average less than one glass per day) was associated with a lower rate of cardiovascular death an...

A potential biological cause for sudden infant death syndrome

...nd that prenatal insults like maternal smoking and alcohol use may adversely affect development of the brainstem serotonin system during this time. More research is needed to explain what causes the abnormalities and how they can be prevented. The findings also provide a biological explanation for why ...

Underweight women at greater risk of miscarriage

...nderstood. Many supposed risk factors, for example alcohol consumption, smoking and caffeine intake, remain c... example in relation to increased maternal age and alcohol consumption, but they also revealed a number of interesting new associations. They found that und...

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