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Tag: "agencies" at biology news

Prey not hard-wired to fear predators

...itical piece of knowledge as biologists and public agencies increase efforts to re-introduce large carnivores ...t so do the actions of conservationists and public agencies by restoring ecosystems to bring native carnivores back to where they once thrived.” said Dr. Berger...

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO

...ettings of armed conflict, and humanitarian health agencies should not wait until a conflict is over before launching HIV care programs, say a team from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in this week’s PLoS Medicine. Heather Culbert and colleagues report their results of three years’ experience of providing HIV...

Alien plants attack using 'resource conservation' as weapon, researchers say

...mine which species warrant action, some government agencies in several countries, including the U.S. National Park Service, maintain comprehensive lists of potential invaders, he said. Scientists look at a variety of factors to assess which plants should be included on the lists, but models for determining wh...

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

...ld smoking bans cannot be legislated, governmental agencies can increase their efforts in developing and testing effective interventions to promote household smoking policies. "By highlighting potential health benefits of promoting workplace legislation and voluntary household smoking restrictions, this rese...

A new portable biosensor detects traces of contaminants in food more quickly and cheaply

... and overground water. For this reason food safety agencies have established control measures to prevent these pesticides entering the food chain. Similarly, antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections in domestic animals, such as the case of sulphanilamides in cattle, and even those used to improve growth...

Massive coral death attributed to earthquake

...w is to work with local communities and government agencies to protect these reefs to ensure the recovery process continues," he says. The team found coral reefs ranging from highly diverse assemblages of branching corals in sheltered waters to vast areas of table corals inhabiting surf zones. The team also ...

FDA causes unnecessary scare about common painkillers

..."black box" warnings. "Decisions by regulatory agencies are expected to follow explicit regulations and should be evidence-based," said Furberg. "Scientific studies point to clinically important differences among the non-selective NSAIDs, which the FDA has not recognized. It's time for the FDA to set the ...

New science of metagenomics 'will transform modern microbiology'

...ch Council report was requested by several federal agencies interested in the potential of metagenomics and ho... will include scientists funded by many government agencies working on many different habitats. These scientists should be encouraged to work together to disse...

Vaccination with embryonic stem cells prevents lung cancer in mice

... Lung Cancer Research Program. US federal funding agencies such as the NIH ?notorious for funding predictable research ?have been quite disinterested." ...

Climate experts search for answers in the oceans

...ere has been a concerted effort by the world space agencies to share and develop satellite ocean temperature measurements together for the benefit of all, and we can expect improvements in operational weather and ocean predictions based on the application of these products," Dr Craig Donlon of the Met Office,...

Americans support free access to research

...s Act of 2006 (S.2695). The bill requires federal agencies that fund over $100 million in annual external research to make electronic manuscripts of peer-reviewed journal articles stemming from their research publicly available via the Internet. ATA supports this measure and provides information and materia...

Vaccine shown effective against chancroid

...lieve it is imperative that international and U.S. agencies address this opportunity in a timely manner," Elkins said. In addition to Afonina and Elkins, other UNC authors are postdoctoral research associate Dr. Isabelle Leduc and postdoctoral trainee Dr. Igor V Nepliouev, both of the Center for Infectious D...

Heal thyself: Systems biology model reveals how cells avoid becoming cancerous

... Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), one of the agencies which funded the study. "This new knowledge has great potential for the development of new therapeutic agents to combat a broad spectrum of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and premature aging." Researchers involved in the st...

Hopkins researchers develop new tool to watch real-time chemical activity in cells

...ion, while others are drugs approved by regulatory agencies in other countries or are other clinically relevant chemicals. "If we can find a new activity for a known drug, this may lead to a new use or a new way of thinking about that drug," says Zhang, who hopes to test the rest of the chemicals in the col...

Many cleaners, air fresheners may pose health risks when used indoors

...uideline values: that is, levels set by regulatory agencies as the maximum exposure levels believed to be safe. However, the authors pointed out, because formaldehyde is also released from other sources such as plywood and pressed wood products that are found in most buildings, any increase in formaldehyde em...

Scientists find Antarctic ozone hole to recover later than expected

Scientists from NASA and other agencies have concluded that the ozone hole over the Antarctic will recover around 2068, nearly 20 years later than previously believed. Researchers from NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Center for Atmospheric...

Study shows hope for ridding lakes of clawed invader

...hat has vexed scientists, anglers and conservation agencies alike for decades. "They pretty much wipe out all of the rooted aquatic plants, they eat fish eggs, they either eat or compete with native invertebrates and, in general, raise havoc with the near-shore community of a lake," says Stephen Carpenter, ...

Marrow-derived stem cells deliver new cytokine to kill brain tumor cells, offer protection

...and the researchers are now applying to regulatory agencies to translate their work into human clinical trials. Gliomas are highly invasive tumors with poorly defined borders that intermingle with healthy brain tissue, making complete surgical removal nearly impossible. Furthermore, cells separate from the m...

Computer scientist sorts out confusable drug names

...er, Kondrak noted, adding, "the FDA and other drug agencies need to balance this against confusing the names with existing ones--it's a serious problem." Kondrak co-authored a paper on this topic that was recently published in the journal Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. Earlier, he gave a presentation t...

Newly discovered killer cell fights cancer

...the same way that intelligence and law enforcement agencies can face deadly threats together instead of separately, this one cell combines the ability to kill foreign pathogens and distribute information about that experience," says Drew Pardoll, M.D., Ph.D., the Seraph Professor of Oncology at the Johns Hopk...

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