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Tag: "affecting" at biology news

Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

... to his or her growth, but the origins of problems affecting it remained unclear. Now, we have evidence that these patterns may be set early on, perhaps even before birth, said lead author Thomas OConnor, Ph.D., associate professor of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center. This is another pi...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

...can be used to suppress the itch sensation without affecting the pain sensation, according to Chen. And because pain can be an important protective cue that warns of danger, it may be a distinct advantage to have an anti-itch medication that doesn't compromise our pain-sensing capability. GRPR had been fairly...

Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

...eotide polymorphisms (SNPs), are single variations affecting only one nucleotide or base of the genomic sequence. Despite humans sharing 99.9% of the genome sequence, there are still 3 million genetic variations –which make us different from one another– 90% of which are due to SNPs. Hence, a good knowledge of...

Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes

...d had poorer survival. Other factors significantly affecting survival were high total bilirubin and HCV infection. “The present study has shown that a pre-chemotherapy viral load higher than 10(5.65) copies per milliliter is associated with poorer survival in HCC patients with chronic HBV infection, and thi...

Salty oceans provide early warning for climate change

...limate change, altering the hydrological cycle and affecting atmospheric circulation patterns too. Currently there is no large-scale salt monitoring system in place in the southern hemisphere oceans. Zahn thinks that regular measurements taken in the waters around South Africa and New Zealand could be usef...

Salk scientists hammer out a pathway that promotes muscle cell survival in mice

...de clues for improving cellular health in diseases affecting muscle and other cell types. "In addition to muscle, this regulatory circuit is present in brain and heart tissue, where it also seems to control cell survival," said Marc Montminy, M.D., Ph.D., professor in the Clayton Foundation Laboratories fo...

Climate change impacts stream life

...limate change is warming Welsh streams and rivers, affecting the number and variety of some of their smallest animals, a major Cardiff University study has found. Rivers and streams are key ecosystems for many aquatic species and form important links with surrounding habitats, yet little emphasis has been gi...

Targeting sugar on blood vessels may inhibit cancer growth

...developing small-molecule inhibitors of Ndst1. By affecting a broad array of molecules ?such as VEGF, fibroblast growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, or others that impact angiogenesis in a variety of carcinomas ?this therapy could be used to inhibit cancer growth and metastasis with fewer side effe...

Leeches ferry infection among newts

...ld also lead to a better understanding of diseases affecting humans, such as malaria, chagas disease and sleeping sickness. All these diseases are transmitted through a vector, an organism that spreads disease from one animal to another. The researchers found evidence for leech-borne transmission of a litt...

Study shows isolation of stem cells may lead to a treatment for hearing loss

...ring loss is going to become the next big epidemic affecting our younger generation though the effects won’t show until it is too late to treat. In addition to loud noise, certain cancer drugs or genetic factors can cause hearing loss in humans due to loss or faulty development of the sensory ‘microphones?(ha...

Major gene study uncovers secrets of leukemia

... ALL, but also many other cancers, including those affecting adults," said James Downing, M.D., scientific director and chair of the Pathology department at St. Jude. He is senior author of the paper. The study found that 40 percent of patients with ALL had deletions or mutations in one of three so-called ...

New compound prevents alcoholic behavior, relapse in animals by blocking stress response

...he activity of CRF in stressful situations without affecting its activity under ordinary circumstances. They studied rats that had been put through several cycles of heavy alcohol consumption and withdrawal to create dependency, as well as animals selectively bred to consume more alcohol. Injections of MTIP pr...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

...n scientific, social, economic and cultural issues affecting the human environment. Wiener said the Madison Declaration summarizes a year-long effort by many of the world's leading mercury scientists, assembled into four expert panels, to review and synthesize the major mercury science findings. Every mem...

Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning

...n scientific, social, economic and cultural issues affecting the human environment. Wiener said the Madison Declaration summarizes a year-long effort by many of the world's leading mercury scientists, assembled into four expert panels, to review and synthesize the major mercury science findings. Every mem...

Bisexual fruit flies show new role for neurochemical

...y specifically affects homosexual behavior without affecting heterosexual behavior," he said. "Trying to understand fly bisexuality sounds silly, but these behavioral changes are important evidence that ambient extracellular glutamate and xCT transport proteins play important, unsuspected roles in brain func...

Common gene version optimizes thinking -- but with a possible downside

...he way two key brain regions exchange information, affecting a range of functions from general intelligence to attention. Three fourths of subjects studied had at least one copy of the version that results in more efficient filtering of information processed by the brain's executive hub, the prefrontal cor...

New recommendations against a major opportunistic infection -- cryptococcosis

... in individuals infected by HIV, in some countries affecting up to 30% of them in the absence of access to antiretroviral drugs. It is now the first cause of meningitis among adults in Africa. A vast cohort study was performed on patients diagnosed with cryptococcosis between 1997 and 2001 in France by Fran...

New technologies coming too fast for Indian farmers

...-growing areas. There, Stone found several factors affecting farmers' ability to adjust to new developments by practical methods. Among them are the speed of change, the overwhelming number of choices in the seed market and the desire for novelty ?all of which lead to lack of proper seed testing by farmers. ...

Autism gene identified by researchers at Yale working with a global research consortium

...nosed in one in 150 children in the United States, affecting four times as many boys as girls. The diagnosis of autism has increased tenfold in the last decade. Phase Two of the Autism Genome Project was also announced to continue the effort to discover the genes that cause the disorder. This second phase r...

Researchers discover gene crucial for nerve cell insulation

...de important insight into the origins of disorders affecting myelin production." The study appears in the on...be able to investigate new therapies for disorders affecting myelin. "Our research has uncovered a whole new mechanism for regulating myelin genes," said Dr. ...

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