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Tag: "additional" at biology news

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...a series of future genome-wide studies to pinpoint additional targets for HIV vaccines. In the new analysis, pat...iscover even more polymorphisms that could provide additional clues how some patients are better able to control the virus than others," Goldstein. "This should u...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

...t mice still scratched a little suggests there are additional itch receptors," Chen says. "We know of some proteins that are similar to GRPR, so now we're trying to determine if there is functional redundancy in the itching pathway." GRPR knockout mice had normal reactions to painful stimuli, indicating that p...

Brain inflammation may be friend, not foe, for Alzheimer's patients

...cted by the disease – and followed the mice for an additional month, watching for effects in the brain regions that were awash in higher-than-normal levels of IL-1beta. It’s the first use of an organism where scientists can boost IL-1beta in select areas and then watch what happens as the process unfolds. Th...

Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene

... or genetic variations to characterize and confirm additional LOAD susceptibility genes. The search revealed GAB2. Based on the genetics of this and other neuroscientific findings, researchers suggest the healthy form of the GAB2 gene may protect brain cells from developing tangles, one of the hallmarks of A...

Dirty snow may warm Arctic as much as greenhouse gases

...es absorb sunlight more rapidly than snow, causing additional warming. This cycle causes temperatures in the polar regions to rise as much as 3 degrees Celsius during some seasons, the scientists say. “Once the snow is gone, the soot that caused the snow to melt continues to have an effect because the ground...

Salty oceans provide early warning for climate change

...of water becomes salty enough it sinks, drawing in additional water from surrounding areas, and initiates an ocean circulation loop called thermohaline overturning. The scientists discovered that a build up of salt in the waters off the coast of South Africa could help to speed up ocean circulation in the No...

Stroke study sheds light on left-right brain divide

... this research highlights, for the first time, the additional challenges that people with right frontal-lobe damage might face in everyday life.’ 23 people, each with frontal lobe damage, performed a ‘rule-switching’ task which involved learning rules linking the colour of a symbol on a computer screen with ...

Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again

...ith catalyst particles. If the crack reopens under additional stress, the healing cycle is repeated. “Ultimately, the ability to achieve further healing events is controlled by the availability of active catalyst,” said Kathleen S. Toohey, a U. of I. graduate student and lead author of the paper. “While we ca...

ASU research shows connection between testosterone, dietary antioxidants and bird coloration

...inked to testosterone levels. Birds who were given additional testosterone depleted their carotenoid levels and became healthier, as if they were combating testosterone directly with antioxidants. “These findings show that there are nutrient specific mechanisms by which animals can avoid the immune costs of ...

Plastic that grows on trees

...onvert the sugars to HMF. Ionic liquids provide an additional benefit: It is reusable, thus produces none of the wastewater in other methods that convert fructose to HMF. Metal chlorides belong to a class of ionic-liquid-soluble materials called halides, which “in general work well for converting fructose to...

454 sequencing identifies HIV drug resistance at early stage

...e testing methods that are used in the clinic. The additional low abundant resistant variants detected by Ultra Deep sequencing were found to be extremely important as it enabled the prediction of early antiretroviral treatment failure with strong statistical significance. “Current genotypic resistance technol...

Gene responsible for common hearing loss identified for first time

...option is an operation. However, there is often an additional component of hearing loss which can’t be restored by surgery. As the gene involved is a growth factor, and the disease manifests itself by the abnormal growth of bone in the middle ear, it may have a large potential for therapy”, she said. Improved u...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a general 'control switch' for protein activity

... and in the future the new technique may find many additional uses. The switch has a genetic component and a chemical component: Using genetic engineering, the scientists insert a short segment of amino acids into the amino acid sequence making up the protein. This segment is capable of binding strongly and...

Reconstructing the biology of extinct species: A new approach

...l taxonomic families. The study also included 119 additional species, most of which are mammals ranging in size from mouse to elephant, that habitually move in diverse ways in varied environments. The project is the first large-scale study to document the relationship of the dimensions of the semicircular c...

Restricting hospital-based services during SARS outbreak had modest impact

...ons would only offset one-quarter of the number of additional admissions expected in an influenza pandemic in Toronto. In a related Public Health commentary, Dr. Richard Schabas examines Canada’s new Quarantine Act and argues that it would be useful in only very limited circumstances....

CU study reveals why starling females cheat

...sing chicks from other family group members.) This additional male then also acquires food and tends to the nest...'s genetic diversity, even though it does not reap additional help. As yet, it is unknown how females detect the genetic similarities between themselves and their...

Antarctic icebergs -- Hotspots of ocean life

...ther climate change dynamics in complex ways, this additional role of removing carbon from the atmosphere may have implications for global climate models that need to be further studied,” added Smith. To understand the icebergs’ complex impacts, the multidisciplinary team of researchers carried out the most...

For many insects, winter survival is in the genes

... Denlinger and his colleagues found nearly a dozen additional heat-shock proteins that are activated during diap...sly discovered heat-shock proteins, Hsp70, in five additional insect species that aren't related to the flesh fly. Each insect is a fairly common agricultural pes...

Scientists discover 5 new species of sea slugs from the Tropical Eastern Pacific

... and naming of this animal awaits the discovery of additional specimens....

A cherry on top: Tart cherries may alter heart/diabetes factors

...ll clinical trial to start to find out. Meanwhile, additional research is being carried out in animals prone to both obesity and diabetes. The study's lead author is E. Mitchell Seymour, M.S., a U-M research associate and supervisor of the U-M Cardioprotection Research Laboratory, which studies the potentia...

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(Date:8/20/2014)... The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Oklahoma ... continue its research on anthrax and the bacteria,s effects ... Mark Coggeshall, Ph.D., and his colleagues have studied the ... NIH,s Cooperative Centers for Human Immunology. The original funding ... 17 on the heels of the terrorist attacks of ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... of sunscreen and seawater signals a relaxing trip to ... idyllic beach vacation comes with an environmental hitch. When ... sea, they can become toxic to some of the ... many other marine animals. Their study appears in the ... Antonio Tovar-Sanchez and David Snchez-Quiles point out that other ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... rugs and plastic bags could one day be made ... petroleum, scientists are now reporting. The novel process they ... deal with its agricultural and plastic waste problems, appear ... Athanassiou, Ilker S. Bayer and colleagues at the Italian ... constantly growing. In 2012, its production reached 288 million ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):$14.5 million grant awarded to continue anthrax studies 2
(Date:8/21/2014)... a low or very low birth weight may be ... The findings, which appear in Diabetes Care , ... 2 diabetes in African American populations, which has a ... Boston University,s Slone Epidemiology Center followed more than 21,000 ... the course of 16 years, analyzing characteristics such as ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... THURSDAY, Aug. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Not only is ... can save them hundreds of health-care dollars a year, a ... a professor of public health sciences at Wake Forest Baptist ... overweight and obese type 2 diabetes patients. ... randomly assigned to either an intensive "lifestyle change program" focused ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter ... combination of therapy and antidepressants appears to best help ... reports. Four out of five people suffering from ... recovery when treated with cognitive therapy plus antidepressant medication, ... didn,t work much better than drugs alone in helping ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... 2014 A new study published this ... in disability associated with speech problems from 2001-02 to ... 15% increase in disability associated with hearing problems. The ... numbers of children who are experiencing communication disorders, according ... , On a broader level, the new study, ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen ... Penn State medical and public health researchers. Rural ... limited resources if they seek help., "Rural health ... said Jennifer S. McCall-Hosenfeld, a primary care physician ... sciences, Penn State College of Medicine. "However, in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Low birth weight linked to higher incidence of type 2 diabetes in African American women 2Health News:Getting Healthier a Big Money-Saver for People With Diabetes 2Health News:Talk Therapy Plus Meds May Be Best for Severe Depression 2Health News:Talk Therapy Plus Meds May Be Best for Severe Depression 3Health News:New Pediatrics Study Reveals Dramatic Increase in Speech Problems in Children Over Past Decade 2Health News:New Pediatrics Study Reveals Dramatic Increase in Speech Problems in Children Over Past Decade 3Health News:Primary care physicians can be critical resource for abused women in rural areas 2
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