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Tag: "ability" at biology news

St. Jude study solves mystery of mammalian ears

... other mammals have such sensitive hearing and the ability to discriminate among frequencies. The work also h... strength of St. Jude is that researchers have the ability to ask some very basic questions about how the body works, and then use those answers to solve medic...

Common cancer gene sends death order to tiny killer

... called miR-34a that participates in p53's uncanny ability to kill cells likely to become malignant because of damaged genes in their nuclei. MicroRNAs are small chains of ribonucleic acid (RNA) made by the same machinery that produces other types of RNA in the cell, such as the messenger RNAs that carry the...

Cells re-energize to come back from the brink of death

...suggests that a drug that disrupts a cancer cell’s ability to block this backup program would allow that program to kill the cell. Such a specifically targeted drug might be more effective and less toxic than standard chemotherapy. A report on this work is in the June 1 issue of “Cell.” Apoptosis is trigg...

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...emoval of the tumor can severely impair a person’s ability to talk and to swallow,” said NIDCD Director, Jame...paring the patient’s voice, speech, and swallowing ability is an excellent example of the predictive, preemptive, and personalized approach to medicine that th...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...licates the results of experiments that tested the ability of monkeys to visually track rapid flashes of light. Experiments using such rapid eye movements, or saccades, are a staple in studying how the brain controls movement. Initially, the animal learner made large errors, but also stored the informatio...

Discovery in orange cauliflower may lead to more nutritious crops

.... While cauliflower and many staple crops have the ability to synthesize beta-carotene, they are limited part...netically modifying staple crops to increase their ability to store beta-carotene and increase nutritional content in staple crops." Other researchers have c...

How sneaky HIV escapes cells

...protein to get out of the cell in exosomes are the ability to clump together and attach to the cell’s membran...rane anchors and clumping domains Gag regained its ability to get out of cells in exosomes. Gould speculates that cells may have initially developed exosom...

Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease

... “Our data hopefully contribute to a clinician’s ability to effectively spot snoring in pre-school children in order to identify potentially more serious obstructive sleep apnoea.” ...

A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications

...is partially free of this constraint thanks to its ability to live in association with soil bacteria of the R...cial character confers on it the exceptional, rare ability to form nodules on the stems of its host-plant. The plant thus acquires the possibility of fixing mu...

Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene

...obust tools may eventually allow us to improve our ability to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease, even before it strikes” To date, the most significant gene found to predispose an individual to late onset Alzheimer’s (LOAD) has been APOE4. In this latest study, researchers from seven organizations contributed t...

Envisat captures first image of Sargassum from space

...n Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) aboard Envisat. The ability to monitor Sargassum globally will allow researche...aboard ESA’s environmental satellite, Envisat. The ability to monitor Sargassum globally will allow researchers to understand better the primary productivity o...

Loss of stem cells correlates with premature aging in animal study

...aging in these mice is that we’re exhausting their ability to renew tissues,” says Eric J. Brown, PhD, Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology. “We believe these findings may be helpful to the aging and oncology fields since premature aging syndromes and many cancers involve the loss of DNA repair genes.” W...

Pesticides choke pathway for nature to produce nitrogen for crops

... has shown that many pesticides interfere with the ability of legumes to recruit soil bacteria needed to provide a natural fertilizer to crops. Credit: University of Oregon Many farmers applying pesticides to boost crop yields may instead be contributing to growth problems, scientists report in a new study....

New bacterium discovered -- related to cause of trench fever

... how humans get infected with them, we improve our ability to diagnose, prevent and treat our patients,” Koehler notes. “This enables us to use our work in the laboratory to benefit patients in the clinics and hospital.” ...

Study shows big power of small RNAs, not just proteins, in halting cancer

... of this critical cancer fighting pathway and its ability to trigger the genetic death of cancer cells. “Our findings certainly lead to a deeper understanding of a critical tumor suppression mechanism but also may provide insight into how to best engage the p53 pathway to treat cancer by killing tumor cell...

In mice, drug protects against diabetes and atherosclerosis

...ective inhibitor of aP2" that blocks the protein's ability to bind with fatty acids -- the function that leads to inflammatory and metabolic havoc when a high-fat or high-cholesterol diet is consumed. The drug appears to have no effect on lean animals eating a normal diet, the scientists said, suggesting tha...

Dual-imaging technique useful before -- and during -- brain surgery

...of Cincinnati (UC) and University Hospital say the ability to incorporate—in real time—two high-tech imaging tools into the operating room can improve the functional abilities of patients who undergo brain surgery. Neuroradiologist James Leach, MD, and his UC colleagues are among the first in the United St...

Stroke study sheds light on left-right brain divide

...rsity of Exeter has highlighted differences in the ability of people to perform basic tasks, depending on whether the left or right sides of their brains have been damaged by a stroke. The research identified the role of the right side of the brain in noticing and correcting errors. The research focused on ...

Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again

... the healing cycle is repeated. “Ultimately, the ability to achieve further healing events is controlled by the availability of active catalyst,” said Kathleen S. Toohey, a U. of I. graduate student and lead author of the paper. “While we can pump more healing agent into the network, ‘scar tissue’ builds u...

Newly discovered antibody may be body's natural defense against Alzheimer's

... when they become these toxic aggregates." The ability of the antibodies to recognize toxic proteins based on their shape may have important implications for immune therapy of other neurologic disorders, the researchers explain. "We were able to confirm that the antibodies we found not only recognize...

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