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Tag: "vaginal" at biology news

Study shows dramatic increase in Caesarean sections

... In the most recent five year period, spontaneous vaginal births had dropped by 5 per cent, while forceps and vacuum assisted deliveries were down by 15 per cent. ...

Scientists sequence genome of parasite responsible for common sexually transmitted infection

...he vagina, resulting in heavy yellow-green or gray vaginal discharge, vaginal odor, discomfort during sexual intercourse and urination, irritation and itching of the genital area...

Researchers discover new details about HIV-1 entry and infection

...earchers separated and removed the outer lining of vaginal cells, which serves as the first barrier to the virus. The isolated preparation of intact, viable, vaginal epithelium permitted examination of immune cells that normally migrate out of the vaginal epithelium...

Anti-herpes treatment reduces HIV levels in women infected with both viruses

...urrently being investigated, including the role of vaginal microbicides, pre-exposure HIV prophylaxis, male circumcision, and - in the future - an HIV vaccine.' 'The results of the trial are striking', he adds. 'They show that valacyclovir significantly reduces the frequency and quantity of HIV detectable...

Common parasitic infection leads to increased risk for HIV infection

...lland. The study pointed to several reasons why vaginal trichomoniasis could possibly lead to an increased...gested that "comprehensive strategies for reducing vaginal infections and addressing potentially harmful intravaginal practices such as douching, washing, or p...

UCSF study will test new vaginal microbicide for herpes and HIV

...e in the first U.S. study of the safety of a new a vaginal gel designed to prevent herpes and HIV infection. ... Health Organization to support the development of vaginal microbicides," said Moscicki, who also is the director of Teen Clinics in the Division of Adolescent...

Study defines effective microbicide design for HIV/AIDS prevention

...bout twice as likely as men to contract HIV during vaginal intercourse, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In developing countries particularly, cultural and socioeconomic inequities between the sexes also can leave women more susceptible. "In many cases, women lack contro...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

...l disease, and various other infections, including vaginal infections and possibly skin infections. Probiotics could also conceivably be put to use in preventing disease or thwarting autoimmune disorders. A number of these possibilities are being explored in research labs and hospitals around the world," s...

Defense peptide found in primates may block some human HIV transmissions

...t retrocyclin can prevent HIV-1 infection of human vaginal tissue. Retrocyclin was still an effective inhibitor of HIV-1 even after 100 days of continuous exposure to human cells in a laboratory setting. Cole and his team are encouraged that only minimal resistance of the virus occurred during that time. H...

U of M researchers discover genetic key to treating deadly fungal infections

...herwise healthy people, it can cause mild oral and vaginal infections (candiasis or thrush) that are easily treated. But in people whose immune systems are suppressed (by AIDS, chemotherapy, or drugs for surgery or organ transplantation) it can produce deadly, systemic infections, causing death in 30 to 50 p...

Anti-HIV drug has potential to prevent transmission in women

...orally to treat HIV is also safe when applied as a vaginal microbicide gel. Microbicides are designed to prev...ally transmitted diseases and may be formulated as vaginal gels, foams, creams, or suppositories. "The results of this study may change the way the research ...

MUHC investigators search for the root of sexual pain in women

...n suffering from vaginismus seem to avoid and fear vaginal penetration more than women suffering from other genital pain disorders," noted Dr. Binik. "A better understanding of the specific features of both vaginismus and dyspareunia will undoubtedly lead to more appropriate and effective treatments." Patie...

Living anti-HIV gel shows early promise

...loping a 'living gel' that could be applied to the vaginal or intestinal tracts to protect against HIV/AIDS infection. The researchers genetically modified bacteria that are normally present in the body to make them produce a protein that stops the HIV virus from infecting cells. They say that allowing the...

Vaginal gel may provide a new approach to HIV prevention

... shown that three different anti-viral agents in a vaginal gel protect the animals against an HIV-like virus.... the compounds evaluated in the study as potential vaginal microbicides to protect women from HIV. Under the agreements, Merck and BMS each will grant the non...

'Patient-choice' C-section rate rises 36%: HealthGrades study

...d of the risks and benefits of this procedure over vaginal delivery." ...

Sleeping Sickness Epidemic Spreading in Uganda

...women in the misoprostol group were treated with 4 vaginal doses of misoprostol, each containing 200 mcg. of the drug. If the uterus had not expelled its contents by the end of three days, the women received a second misoprostol treatment. If, after 5 more days had passed, the uterine contents still had not ...

Drug Offers Alternative to Surgical Treatment After Miscarriage

...women in the misoprostol group were treated with 4 vaginal doses of misoprostol, each containing 200 mcg. of the drug. If the uterus had not expelled its contents by the end of three days, the women received a second misoprostol treatment. If, after 5 more days had passed, the uterine contents still had not ...

Friendly bacteria in humans may protect against HIV

...tobacillus, commonly found colonizing the oral and vaginal cavities of humans. They do not cause disease. The... mannose, Tao and his colleagues isolated oral and vaginal lactobacilli from healthy humans and tested the ability of different strains to bind to baker's yeas...

Harmful chemicals may reprogram gene response to estrogen

...trol (DES), a synthetic form of estrogen linked to vaginal cancer, the incidence of uterine tumors rises to a...es and preterm deliveries, infertility, and a rare vaginal and cervical cancer called clear-cell adenocarcinoma. Other research conducted by NIEHS scientists i...

MetaChip provides quick, efficient toxicity screening of potential drugs

...the presence of seminal fluid that neutralizes the vaginal environment. An acidic environment inactivates HIV as well as other pathogens. Each woman in the trial will be placed at random into one of four equally sized groups. One group will use BufferGel before each act of sexual intercourse, one group will...

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