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Virus Level could Predict Cervical Cancer Risk

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. If it is caught and treated early, it is curable in most cases.// The Pap smear is the standard screening method for the disease. It is used to detect unusual, precancerous changes in cervical cells. ....Two strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV) are associated with an increased chance of getting the cancer, but not all women who tes...

Developmental, neurologic problems common in extremely preterm infants

Extremely preterm infants born before 25 weeks' gestation often ..have severe neurologic and developmental disabilities, researchers report in the August 10th issue of The New England..Journal of Medicine.The EPICure Study Group identified 308 ..children born at the gestational age of 25 weeks or earlier in the UK and Ireland. Of these, 283 were assessed for neurologic function ..Based on their l...

Novel "CYCLOSPORINE CAPSULE FORMULATION" to be launched

Cyclosporine has revolutionised the transplantation scene in the last 20 years by helping with immunosuppresion. Novartis have so far had the patent for the drug and enjoyed the profits. The cost of the medicine is prohibitively expensive.However in the past few years other pharma companies have been allowed to manufacture the drug giving Novartis a competetion. The current tablet size are big an...

HIV infected patients can travel safely abroad

Many HIV infected patients, apart from suffering the social neglect and being unwanted even by near and dear ones have this major handicap - they just can’t travel like the other people - wherever they want and whenever they want. Some people just avoid having HIV infected co passengers. Others are just indifferent. Leaving the ethical issues aside, it is very difficult for these victims to trave...

Cancer drugs in development nearly doubled since 1995

The number of drugs being developed for the treatment of cancer has nearly..doubled during the past six years, according to a new survey of pharmaceutical..companies.....Currently, 170 pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms various Cancer..Institutes are investigating 402 compounds for the treatment of various..cancers, up from 215 in 1995. Many of the drugs are alternatives to standard..radiatio...

Development of AIDS vaccine -- Chiron Corp in talks with four Indian cos

A NOVEL research-cum-manufacturing agreement between Chiron Corp, the US-based vaccine major, and an Indian company for the development of a potential AIDS vaccine to halt the spread of the deadly disease in the country is in an advanced stage of finalisation. ....Two Hyderabad-based biotechnology/pharma companies -- Shanta Biotechnics and Biological E -- are reportedly the front-runners for the...

New antibiotic already developing resistance

An anti biotic, just a year old, which was developed to fight resistant bacteria, is already becoming stale as the bacteria are showing signs of resistance. ..The drug linezolid is used to treat Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) infections that are resistant to the old standby antibiotic vancomycin. The hope has been that the new drug would help tackle the growing problem of vancomycin-resistant...

“Don’t fear long haul flights!” Vascular surgeon tells travelrs

Dr. John Scurr, a vascular surgeon at London's Middlesex Hospital, advices passengers, who fly long haul flights, that there is nothing to fear. ..The death of a woman on board an airliner, while she was flying a long distance flight, has sparked off this sudden debate that long flights can be fatal to many people. ..Dr. Scurr says this fear is unfounded and that people are just over reacting...H...

Just spice it up!!!!! Anti bacterial effects of spices unraveled in the West

The West is now sitting up and taking in the aroma of Indian cuisine. The inseparable part of Indian kitchens, the spices are now the subjects of research by scientists at the Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas. Dr. Daniel Y. C. Fung and colleagues who conducted the study opine that cinnamon, apart from filling the air with its spicy aroma can also double up as an anti bacterial agent....

Unravelling the secrets of ‘Huntingtin’ Protein - towards the treatment of ‘Huntingtons’ Disase

Huntingtons disease is an inherited disease of the nervous system due to the progressive gradual deterioration of the same, initially causing symptoms such as involuntary movements and balance problems and later on leading to declination of functions of speech as well. ..All these days, until now, it was thought that this disease is due to a mutated form of the protein 'huntingtin' which is respo...

Unravelling the secrets of ‘Huntingtin’ Protein - towards the treatment of Huntingtins’ Disese

Huntingtons disease is an inherited disease of the nervous system due to the progressive gradual deterioration of the same, initially causing symptoms such as involuntary movements and balance problems and later on leading to declination of functions of speech as well. ..All these days, until now, it was thought that this disease is due to a mutated form of the protein 'huntingtin' which is respo...

Role of zinc in development

Researchers from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) discovered that children in South east Asia had better resistance to disease if they took extra zinc in addition to Vitamin A and iron supplements. ....In the past, zinc was largely ignored due to the difficulty in measuring zinc levels in the blood. Scientists now know that zinc deficiency leads to a reduction in the nu...

Low testosterone levels lead to eating disorders

The researchers suspect low testosterone levels in men suffering from eating disorders. Men who suffer from eating disorders can be affected more than women with the same problems, researchers say.// ....Eating disorders are associated with a weakening of the bones, which become dangerously thin and brittle. This is linked to severe weight loss and lack of essential nutrients, particularly cal...

Genetics and cholesterol levels

According to a twin study reveals that cholesterol levels are controlled by both genes and dietary factors. People with high blood cholesterol are often advised to go on a low-fat diet - or to take cholesterol-lowering drugs. It's known that reducing fat intake can reduce cholesterol levels. But there is also a genetic condition called familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) which leads to high chole...

Blood clots likely in long travel

A new study has found that the risk of developing a blood clot in the lung - called a pulmonary embolism - increased with the duration of air travel.Like deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolisms are blood clots that are believed to be associated with long-distance travel. ....Frederic Lapostolle and colleagues, from Avicenne Hospital in Bobigny near Paris, studied all cases of pulmonary e...

Long travel increase pulmonary embolism

According to researchers from France, the number of miles you fly affects your risk of pulmonary embolism. There's increasing concern that long haul travel could increase the risk of blood clotting in the veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT). If the clot breaks off, it may travel to the lungs, forming a pulmonary embolism (PE) which is a potentially life-threatening condition. .......

Decrease in testosterone levels lead to Alzheimer's

Suppression of testosterone levels in men with testicular cancer may inadvertently increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, warn US researchers.....A research team from North Carolina University has found that when circulating testosterone levels go down, a high rise in levels of amyloid – the protein implicated in Alzheimer’s disease – occurs. They suggest that this phenomenon might explain why...

Levels Of Blood Proteins May Help Heart Disease Care

Levels of blood proteins may help decide the course of treatment for people with coronary artery disease (CAD), according to the results of two preliminary studies. CAD occurs when fatty deposits narrow the arteries that supply blood to the heart, and can lead to chest pain and heart attack. ....In the first study, researchers identified interleukin-6 (IL-6)//, an immune system protein that pla...

Cardiac diseases develop early

Risk factors such as insulin resistance and high blood pressure begin to take their toll on the body as early as age 14, say researchers according to a recent study. The study was ..In adults, high blood pressure is linked to an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and kidney disease. Researchers wanted to determine if high blood pressure is related to other heart disease risk factors seen in a...

Risk Of Developing Arthritis

People starting the New Year with a resolution to get fit are urged to pursue their chosen sport with care. Exercising inappropriately could cause damage that leads to arthritis in later life.// People who severely damage the cartilage in their joints in their 20s and 30s are at greater risk of developing osteoarthritis, particularly in the knee, when they get older. The Arthritis Research Campai...

Particulate matter affects lung development

When children living under polluted, hazy skies move away to communities with cleaner air, their lungs begin to grow more quickly, according to a study by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.Preventive medicine researchers followed more than 100 children through their teen years and compared those who moved away to other communities in the West.Resulting changes in air pollution ex...

A novel augmentation

Scientists from Japan have augmented the cells of frog eyes and ears in a test tube, in the erstwhile step towards grow-your-own organs.The mode uses special cells taken from frog embryos called stem cells. These have the potential to develop into any specific type of cell in the frog's body - heart, skin, muscle and so on.// ....The major technique used by the team at Tokyo University is the us...

Fossil teeth and human development

An analysis of the growth patterns in fossil teeth has thrown new light on the recent origin of the extended growth and development pattern that sets human beings apart from their primate ancestors, according to an article in the issue of Nature.// ....Based on the analysis of the fossil teeth, researchers from University College, London and Penn State University determined that the relatively lo...

Smokers children likely to develop caries

Children whose parents smoke are more prone to develop dental caries, according to a study from the University of Rochester's Strong Children's Research Center.//"This study should serve as a pragmatic wake-up call to parents who still don't see the danger in smoking around their children," said pediatrician Andrew Aligne, M.D., .. .. 3,873 children participated in the survey. The children in th...

Periodontal disease may amass the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes

Study results from the Marquette University School of Dentistry suggest chronic periodontal disease may increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.//The research ties the incidence of diabetes in patients with periodontal disease to the release of bacteria into the bloodstream that triggers a reaction from the immune system. .. ..Immune system cells can release proteins called cytokines th...

Novel biopsy technique for prostate cancer

Recently a more extensive biopsy detecting technique for prostate cancers has been found out by researchers.// This is very effective than the traditional examination. In the traditional exam for prostate cancer, the doctor takes six tissue samples from the prostate gland. .. At Ohio State University, researchers said that it is better to take more samples. ..Dr.Robert Bahnson and his team, call...

Breast cancer risk doubles by high sex hormone levels

Postmenopausal women with relatively high serum concentrations of estrogen and testosterone have about twice the risk of developing breast cancer as women// with relatively low serum concentrations of these sex hormones. Associations between serum sex hormone levels and risk of developing breast cancer were not different in women who donated blood closer in time to diagnosis, indicating higher ho...

Elevated Ozone Levels Hurt Sperm Count

According to a new research, done one a huge men population, which evaluated more than 14,000 sperm samples, found that ozone can adversely affect a man's sperm, reducing their numbers as well as their crucial ability to move or "swim,". ...."Our most significant finding was that as the ozone level went up, the sperm concentration went down," said Dr. Rebecca Z. Sokol, a professor of medicine and...

Elevating Manganese Levels hold back HIV

According to researchers at the Hopkins University, working with yeast have made the unexpected discovery the metal manganese can block the replication of HIV inside cells, a finding that could lead to a whole new class of treatments for the virus that causes AIDS.//..A team of researchers at Hopkins University in Baltimore found that, human immunodeficiency virus depends on an enzyme called rev...

Developing HIV fighter

Researchers developed a form of RNA which silencesd the genes that play a role in HIV infection, potentially showing a new way to combat the virus that causes AIDS...The team used short forms of RNA - ribonucleic acid - that turn off genes vital for the production of proteins used by the virus to enter and infect cells. RNA carries the blueprint for constructing proteins.// ....Dr. Phillip Sharp...

High Levels of Protein Linked to Brain Shrinkage

Researchers say that high levels of the amino acid homocysteine may increase the risk of brain atrophy and blood vessel disease, researchers report. It is still too soon to be certain that lowering homocysteine levels will reduce the risk of Alzheimer's// and other types of dementia, but the approach is worth investigating. ....Prior research has shown that elevated levels of homocysteine may inc...

The hazards of domestic travel

Researchers are into a new study these days on the hazards faced during travel. People travelling in the US and Canada this year need to be wary of the risk posed by outdoor adventure. Many travel experts expect people to holiday at home this year, after the terror attacks of September 11. //An outdoor adventure holiday with lots of wildlife and sports appeals to many. ....Please be aware of th...

Novel computer model for breast cancer

A worldly-wise computer model can forecast which breast cancers will spread and so need aggressive treatment. Researchers at University of Hopkins, have developed a neural network system - where a computer is taught to spot patterns //- in combination with fuzzy logic, a way of modeling the uncertainty of natural language. The result is a model which can scrutinize images of breast cancer cells,...

Novel research on liver cancer

A new study contributes to the findings of liver cancer. Investigators at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine report findings on a potential new treatment for this ghastly cancer. In the study, researchers injected a compound called 3-bromopyruvate// directly into the artery that leads to the cancerous tumor. They say it did not adversely affect the healthy portion of the liver or surroun...

Fitness levels in Men Correale with risk of Cardiovascular disease

Being physically fit can dramatically reduce men's deaths from heart disease - even when their cholesterol rates are high, reports a research study.//The above finding holds good regardless of the cholesterol level in men. Infact, men can cut by half their risk of dying from cardiovascular disease if they are physically fit.....The study which analysed the variuos cause and effect relationship wi...

Scientists Developed Cheap Way To Assess Sleep

Scientists from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center had developed a novel way to assess sleep and diagnose sleep related problems in a very cost effective manner. They had reported in the journal Sleep that it is possible to use the information from the heartbeats// to develop the procedures that will successfully measure the quality of sleep of the problems associated with it. ....Known as a “s...

Novel Test For Early Detection Of Gullet Cancer

Detecting cancer of the esophagus could be as simple as swallowing a spongy pill with a string attached to it. Thanks to the fervent efforts of Cambridge University researchers // that can detect more than 7,000 such cancers that occur in UK every year. It is the ninth most commonly occurring tumor in the Britain. ....Once in the windpipe, the pill is pulled out, gently scraping cells from the g...

Novel Treatment to Cure People with Learning Disabilities

Wynford Dore a British millionaire currently living in Australia claims to have discovered a novel way of curing children suffering from the worst form of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). //This novel method, space-age technology is usually used for testing astronauts returning from space. But it can also be used by the doctors to cure ADHD patients by rebalancing their brains. .....

Novel Approach to Identify Protein Links with Genetic Disorder

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University and the Institute of Bioinformatics in Bangalore, India, created a database of more than 25,000 protein-protein interactions// . It is the first large-scale analysis of protein interactions in human cells. This has helped in the scientists to identify new genes that cause genetic diseases. ..This database is the most detailed human interactome developed so...

WHO Says Travelers Could Spread Avian Flu in NZ

Shigeru Omi, a senior World Health Organization’s (WHO) Western Pacific regional director said that overseas travelers could result// in an outbreak of the deadly H5N1 bird flu in New Zealand. ..He doubted any human pandemic of the disease would begin in New Zealand and that its arrival in the South Pacific country from migratory birds was not so likely. ..At a news conference in Wellington he...
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