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Tag: "transpla" at medical news

Infant receives first bloodless liver transplant

.. To avoid complications during the surgery doctors recycled the blood lost from the infant’s body back to his circulation. Also the infant was given drugs to stimul...

Liver donors can thrive after transplant

Contrary to belief that donating liver can injure the donor, it is now established without doubt that a living person can donate a part of his liver to a person needing it. And the good news is that the donor would continue to live well and thrive after donating part of his/her liver. ..Donation of a piece of the liver's right lobe from one adult to another is a relatively new procedure. It is in...

ATG useful in transplant patients as substitute for steroids

Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), a compound made from rabbit antibodies appears to be as effective as routine steroids in reducing rejection of transplanted organs without any of the side effects, according to Dr. James Eason of the Ochsner Multi-Organ Transplant Center in New Orleans. In the largest study on steroid-free treatment of liver transplants, Dr. Eason found patients treated with ATG had...

Stem cell transplantation of eye

In a significant breakthrough, a team of scientists have successfully transplanted cultured stem cells from the healthy eye to the diseased one, bringing light to the people who nearly lost their sight in accidents. ....Sustaining the current excitement about stem cells, in all 33 patients who suffered from conditions such as chemical burns, allergic reactions to drug and auto-immune diseases cau...

Woman gets cancer from transplanted kidney

For a person with failing kidneys, receiving a transplanted kidney can be a lifesaver. But in rare cases, the transplanted organ may pass on cancer to the recipient. Wisconsin researchers report that a transplant recipient whose donor had previously had lung cancer developed cancer herself several years after her transplant. // ....The woman has made a full recovery, but her case underscores t...

Parasite infections linked to organ transplants

Three transplant patients contracted a dangerous parasitic disease from their new organs in the United States.Two of the three women died, but only one recovered after antibiotic treatment.// A second study also released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention turned up 26 bacterial infections traced to tissue grafts that had come from cadavers in the United States. ....This shows that...

Vitamins enhances recuperation of organ transplant patients

Including vitamins C and E detains the progress of a catastrophic conditions in organ transplant patients, Doctor's suggest. About 62% of patients who undergo heart transplants develop hardened arteries, a condition// called arteriosclerosis, in the first three years after their surgery. ....A team from the Maryland's Women's Hospital, USA, found the condition was emanted among patients given t...

Vitamins suppress artery injury after transplant

According to a new study, Vitamin C and E supplements protect the coronary arteries from narrowing after heart transplant. Heart transplantation can be a life-saver// but, the vessels linking the new heart let the patient down by becoming blocked. If only a way could be found of blocking this process known clinically as arteriosclerosis. Now doctors at The Hopkins Hospital in Boston, US, believe...

Liver transplant oversight urged

Concerned about the increasing number of partial-liver transplants from living donors, some doctors are proposing an external regulator be appointed to certify hospital units to do the surgery.// According to a survey conducted at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, which was woefully inadequate post-surgical care, when a 57-year-old man died after donating 50 percent of his liver to his brothe...

Stem Cell Transplants May Be Effective For MS Patients

There’s a potential new treatment for people with severe cases of multiple sclerosis, according to a new research. The new treatment involves removing stem cells// from the patients’ blood, killing the cells that are working against the body’s immune system and then returning the healthy cells back to the body. The hope is that these stem cells will eventually reconstitute into healthy immune sys...

Cell transplants used to fend off Parkinson's symptoms

Doctors report they have had long-term success implanting cells into the brains of Parkinson's disease patients by passing a needle through the skull. Dr. Ray Watts, professor of //neurology at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, told that patients had improved motor function - movement of their arms and legs - by up to 60% using this procedure. ....Watts implanted retinal pigment epi...

Stem cell transplantation of eye

In a significant breakthrough, a team of scientists have successfully transplanted cultured stem cells from the healthy eye to the diseased one, bringing light to the people who nearly lost their sight in accidents.Sustaining the current excitement about stem cells, in all 33 patients who suffered from conditions such as chemical burns, allergic reactions// to drug and auto-immune diseases causin...

Bone marrow transplants for limbs

Scientists have observed that bone marrow cells can make new blood vessels, when transplanted into limbs with poor circulation. In peripheral arterial disease, circulation in the legs is severely restricted because the arteries are narrowed. //The result is pain and disability. In severe cases, the limb may even need amputation to avoid gangrene and death. ....Researchers in Osaka, Japan, have f...

Thawed Ovarian Transplant

When a woman is diagnosed with cancer, she often has to undergo chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This treatment can cause the ovaries to stop functioning // and leave the patient infertile. But doctors around the world have been working on ways to remove, freeze and restore a woman’s ovarian tissue. ..New advancement in the use of frozen ovarian tissue could prove to be very promising for women bei...

Hormone therapy for organ transplantation

Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital have found that patients undergoing organ transplants can be primed by using hormones which could recognize the new organ as self // and does not produce an immune response against it causing no immune rejection of the organ. Scientists feel that this priming would be better than immunosuppressive drugs as immune suppressive drugs leads to loss of i...

Cell transplants for stroke

According to new animal studies, the researchers have found that the bone marrow cell transplant improved functioning after stroke. Researchers in the US have been studying the ability of human bone marrow cells// - known as stromal cells - to restore function in brain-damaged rats. Animals were given injections of the cells, which came from healthy human volunteers. ....Compared to controls tha...

Useful drug for stem cell transplant problem

A new drug rescues patients suffering potentially fatal liver complications from cancer therapy. Generally high doses of chemotherapy are given before a stem cell transplant// such as a bone marrow transplant is used for cancer treatment. But chemotherapy causes five to 50 per cent of such patients to experience a potentially fatal complication called veno-occlusive disease (VOD), which damages c...

Pancreas transplant gives hope to type 2 diabetes

A new hope for patients with type 2 diabetes. According to a new survey, they showed that a few patients with type 2 diabetes have been selected for a pancreas transplant.// Obesity is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, the body develops a resistance to insulin, usually in the m...

Importance of type of sex in organ transplantation

Women do not fare as well as men when it comes to organ transplantation, both as donors and recipients. Researchers in Germany now confirm what has long been suspected - kidneys, hearts and livers from female donors are more likely to be rejected// by the recipients than those from males. Female recipients are also more likely to reject a donated organ. ....The study covered more than 114,000 ki...

Bridge to liver transplant looks encouraging

According to researchers a device that filters toxins from the blood can buy a patient time while waiting for a liver transplant. Liver failure is a relatively common problem and most often the only cure is a transplant.// But donated livers are in short supply and many patients die while waiting for one. Research on an artificial liver has been going on for many years now, but the liver is such...

Cholesterol lowering drugs aid people after heart transplant

According to a new study, there is a large survival benefit in taking cholesterol-lowering drugs after a heart transplant. Researchers in Munich have studied the effect of taking simvastatin soon after a heart transplant. //They looked at a group of 72 patients who had had heart transplants from 1992. Of these, 32 took the cholesterol-lowering drug simvastatin four days after treatment, while the...

More risks connected with live-donor liver transplants

A study published recently in the New England Journal of Medicine has reported that the risk of complications for the donor in a live-donor liver transplant is more than expected, while the risk of death for the donor is less than what doctors thought. The study indicated that donors in adult live-donor liver transplants had a 1-in-7 chance of serious complications for the donor. This type of tra...

Drugs Deter Heart Disease for Transplant Patients

Cholesterol-lowering drugs may help kidney transplant patients reduce their risk of heart attacks, shows a new international study. ....Drugs called statins have been shown to minimize cardiovascular disease in people with high cholesterol, and they also reduce the incidence in people with normal cholesterol levels who have other conditions that put them at higher risk for heart problems. Kidney...

Thymus transplant could save babies

Babies born without a thymus - an essential immune system component - can get a shot at life with surgery using tissue normally discarded during cardiac operations on other infants, researchers said on Thursday. Between five and 10 children are born in the United States each year without a thymus gland, and they always die because they cannot develop an immune system. ..The thymus is the organ t...

Baltimore doctors perform three simultaneous kidney transplants

BALTIMORE, Johns Hopkins University surgeons performed three simultaneous kidney transplants in a complex piece of medical choreography that had nurses rushing organs in labeled coolers among six operating rooms. .."We each have a piece of each other inside us," said one of the recipients...The six synchronized operations -- three to remove the kidneys, three to implant them -- became possible af...

Better Drug for Heart Transplant

A new study shows the drug everolimus is better at reducing problems in heart transplant patients than one of the currently used drugs. Specifically the drug reduced the incidence of a serious disorder that can cause deterioration of the graft known as coronary vasculopathy.// ....Previous studies have shown everolimus combined with another drug reduced the rejection and risk of infection in kidn...

Kidney Failure after Non-Kidney Transplants

Doctors have long known that kidney failure is a complication of organ transplantation. Now, they know more about //which types of transplants are most likely to lead to chronic kidney failure. Researchers from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, report patients who have intestine transplants are more likely to have kidney failure compared to those who receive heart-lung transplants. ....Docto...

Measles Risk in Transplant Patients

People with a compromised immune system who have undergone organ transplantation could be at a high risk of measles if they don’t receive the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in a timely manner.// ....Completion of MMR vaccination in southeast London is among the lowest in the United Kingdom. Just over 60 percent of children aged 2 years received a first dose of the vaccine by March 2003. (Data...

Transplants Help Liver Cancer Patients

New research shows cancer patients who undergo liver transplants have better survival rates than those who do not.// ....Researchers from Johns Hopkins reviewed data on more than 48,000 patients who underwent a liver transplant between 1987 and 2001. More than 900 of the patients underwent a liver transplant for liver cancer, and more than 33,000 of the patients underwent a liver transplant to tr...

Steroid-Free Liver Transplants

A new study out of Belgium suggests children undergoing liver transplants may fare better if they don't receive steroids...// ..Ever since organ transplants began, steroids have played a major role in helping recipients fend off rejection of their new organ. However, the treatment is not without side effects, especially in children. Steroids have been linked to infections, high blood pressure, e...

Pancreas Transplant for Diabetics

Pancreatic transplantation is done as a therapeutic option for patients with complicated type 1 diabetes, but whether this transplant is effective has been controversial. // ..The American Diabetic Association supports a pancreatic transplant for patients who have had or need a kidney transplant. However, in the absence of kidney failure, pancreas transplantation may be considered for diabetics...

Reducing The Risk Of Fractures After a Heart Transplant

People who undergo a heart transplant usually lose significant bone mass in the first year after the transplant, mainly due to // the powerful drugs that keep their bodies from rejecting the new organ. The bone loss greatly increases their risk for fractures. Studies suggest the prevalence of fractures among this group ranges from 22 percent to 44 percent. Preventing bone loss is a primary goal o...

A Urine Test Could Predict Rejection In Transplant Patients

Researchers now say that a simple urine test may help doctors determine who will experience kidney failure or organ rejection after transplant surgery.// ..In the study, researchers analyzed 34 urine samples from 32 kidney patients who had transplant surgery. Thirteen protein markers were present in most samples of patients who experienced organ rejection, but none appeared in samples of patients...

Recovery After Heart Transplantation

While still considered major surgery, heart transplantation has been around for almost 40 years. Most of the time, problems arise //after the person goes home. Some of those problems are fatal. Now a new drug on the horizon is helping transplant patients lead a normal life. ..Patients are at risk of two major problems after surgery -- rejection of the donor heart and a condition called cardiac va...

Umbilical Cord Blood Offers Hope For Patients Who Require Bone Marrow Transplants

Leukemia patients in need of a bone marrow transplant may have new hope, say researchers based on findings of a recent study // .Researchers say stem cell transplants from cord blood can be effective in people who don’t have a sibling to serve as a bone marrow donor or those who can’t find a suitable unrelated donor in bone marrow registries. ..For the study researchers looked at results of mor...

New Kidney Transplantation procedure

A transplantation procedure that will most likely help patients with renal failure to receive kidneys from unmatched donors has been implemented by a team of Chennai doctors.// ....The procedure which is called , `Splenic Radiation and Plasmapheresis,' enables patients with renal failure to accept kidneys from donors whose blood group does not match. "Through this technique we temporarily blind...

Rejection Rate for Liver Transplants Patient Reduced

The dawn of the New Year has brought with it a new lease of life for Organ transplant patients who have liver failure. For these //patients the uphill struggle doesn’t stop with finding a matching donor. In fact it would have just started. .. Research has shown that despite all high tech matching done for liver transplant patients, organ rejection is still a common phenomenon. Transplant surgeon...

Fetal Cell Transplant Found To Improve Movement In Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

Latest research shows that fetal cell transplantation for patients with Parkinson’s disease is helping some patients get rid of their medications altogether.// ..Parkinson’s disease is a chronic neurological disease that impairs mobility. Patients with Parkinson’s lack the chemical dopamine, which is necessary for movement. Fetal cell transplantation involves transplanting aborted human fetal ti...

Mouth wash samples to predict bone marrow transplant results

Taking a sample of the mouth rinse solution can be of help to decide how far the bone marrow// transplants are successful in patients. ....Oral mouth rinse of the patients of bone marrow transplant can be tested for neutrophils, which are the white blood cells that fight infection in the body. Patients of bone marrow transplant are routinely advised mouth washes to counteract the problem of mucos...

Transplanted heart made more acceptable by daclizumab

Daclizumab has been found to reduce the risk of cellular rejection after a heart transplant// when used on top of standard immunosuppression. ....The drug, a humanized monoclonal antibody, is directed against the interleukin-2 receptor, thereby inhibiting T-cell proliferation. ....Patients who were taken into the Study were either given daclizumab or a placebo. ....The primary endpoint was a comp...
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