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Is Diabetes the Leading Cause of Kidney Failure in India

No one knows the answer to this one as we do not have collective data, however diabetes is the number one cause of kidney failure in the United States, accounting for more than 40 percent of the new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD)each year. People with ESRD require regular dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. Almost 25% of patients suffering from diabetes will get kidney problem...

First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans

The first AIDS vaccine candidate designed specifically for Africa will enter human trials this summer. .. ..The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) announced on July 11 at the 13th International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, that the Medicines Control Agency (MCA) of the United Kingdom has approved Phase I testing of a DNA vaccine based on HIV subtype A, the most common strain...

Laboratory Testing Can Identify Risk of Pre-Term Labor and Delivery

A test for fetal fibronectin can predict whether a pregnant woman is at risk for early labor and delivery. Those at high risk for pre-term births are women with previous pre-term deliveries, those with multiple gestation pregnancy, and those who suffer from diabetes and/or hypertension. The current approach for finding whether a woman will go into premature labor is the use of a clinical scoring...

Long-Term Survival can be Predicted by a Simple Lung Test

Researchers have found a simple pulmonary test can predict overall long-term survival rates in both men and women. Their findings are presented in the September issue of Chest. .. ..Researchers studied survival rates based on a lung function test, called forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1).They performed the lung function test on a group of more than 550 men and more than 640 women who...

More Accurate "PROSTATE CANCER" Test can save Unnecessary Biopsies

Prostate cancer can effect men over the age of 40 years and is the second commonest cancer among men after lung cancer. Usually it goes undetected till it is advanced and beyond cure. However a lot of awareness has been created about this condition and now men over the age of 40 years can be screened regularly to detect the cancer... ..One of the most promising "tumour markers" in medicine was de...

Kidney Stones - Interesting New Research implicates bacteria as its cause

In India Kidney Stones are not uncommon problem due to the hot and often humid weather. Most of these stones are made up of Calcium, Oxalate and phosphates. The cause of stone disease is debatable, however it is well known that drinking less water is a risk factor for stone disease. .. ..New research by the National Kidney foundation suggests that the culprit is a tiny bacteria called Nano bac...

Abstain from sex- the latest mantra of American teens

The latest fad in the United States of America is surprisingly abstinence!!!!! Shockingly enough the teen crowd, particularly below 18 years, is taking the buzzword seriously...Last year there were many public abstinence pledges with many millionaire celebrities joining the jing bang. This pledge has been taken seriously, alteast for a certain period of time, according to some analysts who have s...

Doctors operate upon patients in candlelight- latest from the quake scene

The latest word from Gujarat is that doctors are being stretched to their limits working on cases for hours together without a break. At times they work in candlelight when the power fails, but the work goes on. Many caesarean sections to deliver babies were conducted in open verandahs. On Jan 27th nearly 1500 patients were operated upon without a break. Many fractures were fixed without x- rays....

Stem cell research- now Nobel Laureates join the debate

.. The bush administration is now in a sticky situation, as it has to de...

IMA wants members not to do sex determination tests during pregnancy

The Indian Medical Association has asked its members to refrain from conducting sex-determination tests and aiding female foeticide. No support would be extended to practitioners caught in the act, the IMA said on Sunday. "We as an organisation should warn our members against aiding in such heinous crimes", said Dr. Vinay Agarwal, joint secretary, IMA headquarters, New Delhi. ..He was speaking a...

Breast cancer treatment to be determined by gene test

Women newly diagnosed with breast cancer, may opt for mastectomy over breast-conserving lumpectomy if they test positive for a breast cancer gene mutation, researchers said California on Monday. ..About 5% to 10% of all breast cancers are caused by an inherited genetic susceptibility. The majority of these cancers are linked to mutations or alterations in two genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2. It is estimat...

Diabetic testing gets easier

Of all the problems associated with diabetes, the most painful and bothering one is the trauma of going through the daily blood tests. The worst part according to many diabetics is the finger stick. There are unfortunate patients who use the stick up to six times a day for more than ten to twenty years or so. The main obstacle of these tests is the pain and discomfort associated with them. But re...

Scientists plan human cloning clinic in the United States

An international group of reproductive scientists plan to launch a human cloning clinic, which will provide cloning services to infertile couples within 18 months, according to a US infertility specialist, Dr. Panayiotis Zavos. ..Dr. Zavos, a biologist at the Univeristy of Kentucky, is not medically qualified but holds a doctorate in reproductive physiology and is an owner and director of two USD...

Doctors advice early anemia tests

An estimated 12 to 30% of young children are affected by iron deficiency anemia throughout the world. This is one of the common problems in childhood leading on to problems in simple developmental skills such as standing and walking. Eight-month-old infants with low levels of hemoglobin are significantly more likely to have deformities of the motor system, according to a study conducted by Britis...

Diabetes and Depression often go hand-in-hand

An analysis of 25 years of data has revealed that diabetes and depression go hand in hand for many people. People with Diabetes are twice as likely as non-diabetics to suffer from depression, researchers say. The June issue of Diabetes Care carries the report of this study. Dr. Patrick Lustman of Washington University School of Medicine and the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in St....

Vitamin E, the latest warrior against diabetes

Scientists are assessing research that suggests high doses of vitamin E may help fight diabetes. Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world with many ravaging complications, affecting millions of people. Complications can lead to heart disease, eye damage, kidney failure, non healing ulcers all over the body and can also cause complications of the nervous system. ..Diabetes is c...

Test-tube babies show no emotional problems

Babies born with the help of fertility treatment grow into emotionally and socially well-adjusted children, according to new research. ..The world's first study that followed in-vitro, or test tube, babies to the brink of adolescence showed that youngsters who had been conceived through fertility treatments do not suffer any more psychological problems than other children. ..Since Louise Brown, t...

Thirty minutes of work up per day reduces the risk of Diabetes

Diabetes Prevention Program, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, showed that at-risk people who exercised at least 30 minutes per day reduced their risk of diabetes by 58%, even without medication. ....People who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes can sharply reduce the odds through a regular regimen of diet and exercise, according to data from the nation's first major clinical...

Tea drinkers have lower rates of heart disease

In comparison to coffee, tea drinkers have lower rates of heart disease and cancer, although few clinical studies have been done. Doctors are carrying out research into the effect of green tea in men with prostate cancer. They hope it will be just one of the many studies that will be done on the benefits of tea.// Generally tea drinkers are less likely to have heart disease or cancer, although t...

Antioxidants found in chocolates

All plant-derived substances contain some antioxidants, often as compounds known as flavonoids. It has been found in a study that chocolate contains higher levels of health-promoting flavonoids than apples or orange juice. Antioxidants block the action of harmful free radicals, which are produced when oxygen burns glucose in cells to release energy. ....Unchecked, free radicals damage cell compon...

Low testosterone levels lead to eating disorders

The researchers suspect low testosterone levels in men suffering from eating disorders. Men who suffer from eating disorders can be affected more than women with the same problems, researchers say.// ....Eating disorders are associated with a weakening of the bones, which become dangerously thin and brittle. This is linked to severe weight loss and lack of essential nutrients, particularly cal...

New test for heart attack

A new test really helps detect heart problems. A test for cardiac enzymes allows doctors to spot those people with chest pain who are really having a heart attack. Only 10 to 15 per cent of those who show up in the emergency room with chest pain are actually having a heart attack. Other causes of chest pain are gastrointestinal, kidney, rib or lung problems. But this test may take several hours a...

Cigerettes unsafe during pregnancy

One-third of SIDS deaths could be prevented if all pregnant women stopped smoking, say Australian researchers, arguing that healthcare providers need much more support and training in helping women quit.....They found that smoking doubles the risk of having a low birth weight baby, a miscarriage or a pre-term birth, and triples the rate of SIDS - and if women are not able to give up entirely, the...

Decrease in testosterone levels lead to Alzheimer's

Suppression of testosterone levels in men with testicular cancer may inadvertently increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, warn US researchers.....A research team from North Carolina University has found that when circulating testosterone levels go down, a high rise in levels of amyloid – the protein implicated in Alzheimer’s disease – occurs. They suggest that this phenomenon might explain why...

Gastrointestinal ills more common in diabetics

People with diabetes often have gastrointestinal symptoms such as incontinence and nausea, according to a report. But the frequent stomach and intestinal troubles may be a result of poor control of blood sugar rather than a side effect of diabetes medications, researchers suggest. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation have been thought...

Diabetes on the rise

The world's largest diabetes epidemic is threatening India, which is ill-equipped to cope, say experts. The amount of type II, or adult-onset diabetes in Indian cities is high, and rising, suggests health data. ....India has a population of more than a billion, and its citizens appear prone to developing diabetes later in life, and are certainly more vulnerable to its complications such as high b...

Nobel laureates in chemistry

Three scientists share this year's(2001) Nobel Prize in Chemistry: William S. Knowles, previously at Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Missouri, USA; Ryoji Noyori, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya, Japan and K. Barry Sharpless, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA. They were awarded the Prize for their development of catalytic asymmetric synthesis. The Laureates have developed c...

Irregular Periods Linked to Diabetes

Women who have irregular or very long menstrual cycles have a higher risk of developing diabetes. Women with such menstrual abnormalities needn't panic because the risk can be reduced markedly by lifestyle measures, most notably regular exercise and weight control. // ....Menstrual cycles 40 days or longer or irregular cycles appear to be markers for some sort of underlying metabolic abnormality...

Erythromycin and infants’ intestinal disorde

An Indiana University School of Medicine study, in the Journal of Pediatrics, has found a link between erythromycin, and subsequent development of pyloric stenosis, a condition that affects one in 500 newborns. ....Pyloric stenosis, which usually occurs in the first or second month of life, is a blockage of the outlet of the stomach that causes projectile vomiting//, leading to weight loss and de...

No vaccination - diabetes link

Common childhood vaccinations, including newer ones such as those for hepatitis B, do not cause children to develop diabetes. The conclusion came from a look at 768 diabetes-free children who were compared to 252 others who had juvenile diabetes. Those who had been vaccinated against hepatitis B, whooping cough, chickenpox and other diseases were no more likely to have developed diabetes than tho...

Cinnamon combats Diabetes

Scientists report that an extract of cinnamon could offer some protection against adult-onset diabetes...An expert behind the trials has even issued the recommendation that people could benefit now by adding the spice to their food.// ....Adult-onset, or type II diabetes is far more prevalent than insulin-dependent diabetes, which normally begins earlier in life and requires a regimen of blood t...

Good News For Women With Gestational Diabetes

When an expectant woman has diabetes during her pregnancy, the special form of the disease, called gestational diabetes, puts both mother and her baby at risk. Moms can develop high blood pressure or preeclampsia.// Their newborns are at risk for lung problems and occasionally die. To keep blood sugar under control, some women need to take a lot of insulin, especially if they are older or overwei...

Blood test may identify ovarian cancer

Some 23,300 American women are expected to be diagnosed with ovarian cancer every year, and the disease is expected to cause 13,900 deaths. It accounts for 4 percent of all cancers among women. A simple blood test may be able to identify ovarian cancer at its earliest stage. Currently, around three-quarters of women with ovarian cancer are diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease, when they ha...

Knowing how weight loss aids in diabetes

According to researchers at the Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Dallas, there is a new study which hopes to discover the impact that weight loss can make in decreasing the complications of diabetes.// Colleagues and the researchers are joining people into the first long-term study on how weight loss affects the outcome in type 2 diabetes. ..With about 30 per cent of the population now classif...

Depression elevates heart failure risk

A new study shows that women who are depressed are more likely to develop heart failure A connection between depression and heart disease has been shown by many research studies. Now researchers at Emory University School of Medicine in the US have shown that women who// are depressed are more likely to suffer from heart failure. ..The study included 2000 participants - 1000 men and 1500 women -...

Plague creates panic in India

Four people are confirmed dead from pneumonic plague in northern India. Doctors had feared an outbreak of the plague from a remote village of Himachal Pradesh state after several people suffered the symptoms of pneumonic plague. // ...."The sequence of tests collectively confirmed that the cases related to infection with yersinia pestis, commonly known as pneumonic plague," Federal Health Ministe...

NBE to conduct test for medical students from abroad

National Board of Examinations has decided to conduct tests for any Indian doctor having graduated abroad avid of starting a practice in the country, to ensure a higher standards amongst doctors, the government has made it compulsory from //the 15th of next month official sources said today. .... The new regulations, which were published in the Indian Gazzette yesterday, specify that student...

Less sleep increases mortality rates

According to sleep researchers people who sleep for more or less than seven hours a night have increased mortality rates. A study of over one million adults conducted over a six year time period// shows that the old advice that you need eight hours sleep a night might need modifying. Looking at the length of time people sleep and its relationship to life expectancy, researchers at the University...

A Blood test for suicide risk?

How do you know when someone who talks about suicide will actually go through with it? Even experts have difficulty deciding which depressed patients need protection.Now American scientists believe that// they have found a way to assess risk: a blood test that checks glands controlling the stress hormone cortisol. ..Overactive glands may be a corollary to the mental turmoil that leads people to...

Lifestyle variation can cut diabetes hazard

According to researchers reducing weight and increasing exercise cut the risk of diabetes by over half. People who have elevated blood sugar are known to be at increased risk of developing diabetes.// Given that diabetes has serious even life-threatening complications, it would be very useful if there was some way of helping 'at risk' individuals avoid the disease. ..Researchers for the Diabetes...
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