Tag: "synapses" at medical news
New Treatment Option For Alzheimer's Disease
...m works by modifying gene expression, making brain synapses
more resistant to the damage caused by accumulating beta amyloid. Results showed rolipram's protective benefit lasted at least two months after the drug course was stopped. The benefits of the treatment also were not limited to the early stages of A...
New Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease
...m works by modifying gene expression, making brain synapses
more resistant to the damage caused by accumulating beta amyloid. Results have shown that rolipram's protective benefit lasted for two months after the drug course was stopped. The benefits of the treatment also were not limited to the early stages ...
Brain cells by millions die during a stroke
...n neurons die, resulting in the loss of 14 billion synapses
(nerve junctions) and 7.5 miles of nerve fibers. The forebrain, the most common site of strokes, contains 22 billion neurons, on an average, says the study. Those statistics highlight the importance of immediate action when the first symptoms of a ...
Stroke Destroys Nearly 32, 000 Neurons In Just A Second!
... episode of stroke. In addition, nearly 14 billion synapses
(connections between nerve cells) and myelinated fibres approximating to 7.5 miles are lost in just a single minute following the attack. He has been conducting extensive research on brain imaging (helps quantify the size of a stroke), stroke treat...
microRNA And Its Role In Synaptic Regulation
...ion. Brain has the ability to make or break new synapses
thereby adapting itself to the changing environment. It helps in the strengthening the new synaptic junctions and breaking the old unnecessary ones. Greenberg experimented with animal models such as the rat said that miR-134 (microRNA) helps in alt...
So now here might come a memory molecule!!!
...essor of Pathology, "Changes in the morphology of synapses
could turn out to be very important in a whole host of diseases including neurodegenerative as well as psychiatric disorders." He has with colleagues, authored one of the papers. The protein works by either activating or actively repressing target ...
Sensory Input Necessary During "Critical Periods" Of Brain Development
...nput. These gene sets may work in concert to allow synapses
and neural circuits to respond to visual activity and shape the brain, reports the May issue of Nature Neuroscience. The investigators' identification of many distinct sets of activity-dependent genes follows a shift in neuroscience research toward...
Brain Septum Could Help In reducing Epileptic Seizures
...that excites the brain’s neurons and activates the synapses
between the neurons to produce status epilepticus, in which sustained seizures occur. The rats received diazepam three hours later to interrupt the seizures, but became chronically epileptic, experiencing 3-5 seizures weekly. The researchers then u...
Study Shows Tomosyn Plays an Important Role in Learning and Memory
... protein may lead to a better understanding of how synapses
get stronger or weaker, and how that, in turn, affects memory formation and loss, says Janet Richmond, associate professor of biological sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago. ‘It's amazing we remember things from as far back as our ea...
First Study to Show How Immune Cells 'Speak' to Each Other in Vivo
...nd functional significance of mature immunological synapses
in vivo during antiviral immune responses. The fin...nses in vivo. The mechanism of how immunological synapses
'speak' to each other in vivo has not been observed prior to this research. Although formal proof of...
Research Reveal A New Angle On Neural Circuits.
...istorically believed that regulation of excitatory synapses
is most critical to the development of neuronal ci...tation, this research demonstrates that inhibitory synapses
play a critical role in proper network wiring and ultimately in preserving – or disrupting - neurona...
NMNAT Protein Protects Against Nerve Cell Degeneration
...on of the nerve that grow into the brain) and make synapses
(the functional connection between a nerve axon and the target cell)," said Bellen. However, late in the development of the eye, the insects in the pupal stage begin to sense light. As the neurons become active, they degenerate rapidly. Within two ...
How Taste-buds Develop?
...ate, but they also express chemoreceptors and make synapses
with neurons," explains Millar. The group studied ...ment, neurons enter the tongue epithelium and make synapses
with taste bud cells. This study confirmed that taste buds produce signals that attract nerve fibers...
Herpes Simplex and Alzheimer’s Disease Linked to Single Gen
...e structure and function of the synapse. Damage to synapses
is one of the earliest signs of Alzheimer's disease. Another possibility is that the body's immune response against herpes somehow damages the brain, and that such damage is worse in people with the ApoE-4 copy of the gene. Earlier this year Federof...
Addictive Drugs Harms the Brain
...id that “What we have found is that the inhibitory synapses
can no longer be strengthened 24 hours after treat...in may be learning to crave drugs,” The excitatory synapses
are growing stronger over time with increased activity.Kauer says there are two kinds of neurons one...
How Morphine Affects Memory
... the brain, and connections between neurons called synapses
are strengthened with repeated stimulation. The study showed that the synapses
occurred between inhibitory neurons and dopamine neurons. The inhibitory cells in a healthy brain ...
Altered Protein Structure was Found in Autism Patients
... stickiness that enables them to associate so that synapses
form and have the capacity for neurotransmission, ...hen a mutant neuroligin fails to properly align at synapses
helps explain why the autism spectrum disorders are manifested in subtle behavioral abnormalities th...
Brain Cells Activity: New Treatment Target for Psychiatric Diseases
...rbB4, promote inhibition at the site of inhibitory synapses
in the brain by increasing release of GABA, a majo...s that problems with the excitatory and inhibitory synapses
regulated by neuregulin-1 result in other problems as well: Excess excitation results in mind-rattli...
Enriching Environment Stimulates Neurons: Hope For Fragile X Syndrome
...ntal cortex of Fragile X knockout mice, excitatory synapses
can show lasting increases in synaptic strength, but this requires increased neuronal activity to occur."...
Memory Loss Linked to Cognitive Disorders
...nstructed equipment and induced LTP by stimulating synapses
with a rhythm known to be critical to memory forma...oscopic methods were used to visualize and measure synapses
that had both antibodies attached. Researchers found with the images that the size and shape of sy...