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Tag: "sim" at medical news

Long-Term Survival can be Predicted by a Simple Lung Test

Researchers have found a simple pulmonary test can predict overall long-term survival rates in both men and women. Their findings are presented in the September issue of Chest. .. ..Researchers studied survival rates based on a lung function test, called forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1).They performed the lung function test on a group of more than 550 men and more than 640 women who...

Surgery made simple

A new device has now been developed, which makes the process of providing artificial respiration to critically ill and comatose patients almost risk-free. .. .. The device, called Percutaneous Tracheostomy Kit would be used in the precutaneous procedure which involves giving artificial respiration to critically ill patients.// .... In the operation an opening is made in the wall of the tra...

Simple Therapy

In an experiment once thought impossible, lab mice with full blown versions of of Type 1 Diabetes are regrowing their own islets, the cells responsible for producing insulin. .. .. In addition Denise Faustman and colleagues at the Massachusetts General Hospital have rid the mice of the immune cells that attack the pancreas and the islets in the first place.// .. .. Once the mutinous...

Simvastatin Plus Niacin May Lower Heart Risks

Treatment combining the cholesterol drug simvastatin with the B vitamin niacin lowers the risk of heart attack and other artery-disease complications by up to 90% in some patients. The study of 160 adults with clogged heart arteries and low HDL (good) cholesterol showed that 3 years of the combo treatment improved HDL levels, caused artery blockages to recede and significantly lowered heart compl...

Campaign aims to simplify OTC drug labels

Americans buy about five billion over-the-counter drugs each year to treat routine health problems. The number has increased as more and more drugs have made the switch from prescription to over-the-counter status. But many Americans, particularly senior citizens, misuse over-the-counter drugs because the lettering is too small. Consumers have also complained that words like "indications," and "p...

Gene variation simulates cholesterol response to oestrogen

According to a new study shows that women with a specific gene variant have a dramatic increase in 'good' cholesterol when they take oestrogen.// Previous research suggests that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) might protect women from heart disease. Now doctors at Forest University have discovered a strong genetic influence in how a woman's cholesterol profile responds to HRT. ....An analysis...

Stem Cells, Tumor Cells Share Similar Properties: Scope For Treatment and Prevention?

Stem cells are one of the fascinating areas for research in biology today. Vigorous research on stem cells is adding new information to the scientific body of knowledge everyday.// ..Researchers have now added key evidence to claims that some types of cancer originate with defects in stem cells. The study reveals that if molecules crucial to the functioning of these stem cells are not placed in t...

Colorectal Cancer Can Be Detected By a Simple Test

The immunochemical faecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a simpler way of identifying individuals who might have colorectal cancer, researchers claim in an article published online in The Lancet Oncology.// Conventionally, guaiac FOBT is used to screen individuals who might be having this cancer, but this new test "could decrease substantially the number of false positives in a screening programme f...

A simple way to do surgery

A new device has now been developed, which makes the process of providing artificial respiration to critically ill and comatose patients almost risk-free. The device, called Percutaneous Tracheostomy Kit would be used// in the precutaneous procedure which involves giving artificial respiration to critically ill patients. .... In the operation an opening is made in the wall of the trachea,the pa...

Similar diseases in married couples

People whose spouses have asthma, high blood pressure or depression are more likely to suffer from these conditions themselves. Researchers at the University of Texas,// have surveyed over 7,500 married couples between 30 and 65 years of age. They found that the partners of those with asthma, depression and peptic ulcers were 60 per cent more likely to have these problems themselves. There was al...

Hearing loss can be detected by simple screening

Researchers have studied evidence on hearing loss in older people and have found that 25 to 40 percent of those aged 60 and older are hearing impaired. Doctors while examining older patients must check for hearing loss, for this may be easily remedied. The condition can lead to depression, social isolation and decrease in functional ability. There are several reliable tests to detect hearing loss...

Simple Stroke Prevention is Best

Aspirin appears to be a better treatment than the antiplatelet drug ticlopidine for preventing recurrent strokes in black patients, according to new research in this week’s issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.....The study included 1,809 black men and women who recently had strokes that were not due to bleeding in the brain or to blockage of a blood vessel in the brain. Parti...

Baltimore doctors perform three simultaneous kidney transplants

BALTIMORE, Johns Hopkins University surgeons performed three simultaneous kidney transplants in a complex piece of medical choreography that had nurses rushing organs in labeled coolers among six operating rooms. .."We each have a piece of each other inside us," said one of the recipients...The six synchronized operations -- three to remove the kidneys, three to implant them -- became possible af...

Few Simple Steps to Lower The Incidence Of SIDS

The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS, could be significantly lowered by taking simple precautions // say researchers according to a recent study. ..Researchers conducted studies in 20 centers in Europe, looking at 60 variables from the medical records of 745 SIDS cases and 2,411 healthy infants to identify risks for SIDS. ..About 48 percent of all the SIDS cases were attributed...

A Simple Blood Test Can Predict Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. // New research shows a blood test can not only reveal the general health of patients but may also predict periodontal disease risk. ..Researchers from Japan studied more than 7,450 men and women. Participants received general blood tests that checked for 37 items, including cholesterol and...

A Simple Exercise Can Uncover Undiagnosed Asthma

Researchers from the Coalition of Health for Asthmatics in Sports and Exercise and the Center for Asthma and Allergy Care, gave an exercise test // to 127, 6- to 18-year olds who had at least one risk factor for asthma. Risk factors were determined by a 10-item questionnaire. The most common risk factor noted by children was a family member having allergies or asthma. For the exercise test, kid...

Simple Exercises Might Help Vertigo

The inner-ear form of vertigo affects about 64 people in every 100,000. It is most common in people over age 50 and occurs twice as often in women.// Simple exercises performed at home may help patients with vertigo find relief, say researchers according to a new study. ..Researchers studied 70 patients who had a form of vertigo caused by loose particles floating in the inner ear canal. Participa...

Simple Steps To Help Fight Asthma

An intervention program designed to educate parents about allergens and tobacco smoke could help reduce symptoms of asthma in children // say researchers .More than 900 children with asthma were studied. The children were allergic to at least one indoor environmental allergen and lived in low-income areas. Previous research shows children who live in these areas suffer from the disease at a dis...

Personality profiles of gamblers and substance abusers are similar

Individuals suffering from problem gambling behavior may share their personality// profiles with substance abusers like drug addicts and alcoholics. ....Researchers have been able to identify personality traits of problem gambling behavior in people and have found marked semblance with those of substance abusers. Researchers in their research have pointed out that people who seek help for their p...

Simple Urine Test Can Help To Monitor Disfiguring Birthmarks

Research from Children's Hospital Boston suggests that a urine test can help in both monitoring and predicting // vascular anomalies. The study also raises the possibility of treating these with anti-angiogenesis drugs ....The July issue of the journal - Pediatrics, has published an article about vascular anomalies in children. Vascular anomalies can be found in about 10% of newly born infants a...

Inherent similarities in identical twins may not be so strong

Identical twins may be more different from each other than that can be perceived//. The primary similarities they have may be lost over the time that can leave them very different form each other. ....Researchers have reported that this difference in identical twins is the direct result of their epigenome. Epigenome is the modifications that happen in the gene, not because of its genetic structur...

Revolutionary Simple Pregnancy Blood Test Can Save Both Mother And Child

Pre-eclampsia is a disease that causes high blood pressure in 20th week// of Pregnancy and is a major cause of death of mother and infant in the world. Now a simple test that measures HLA-G levels in blood can predict women who are likely to develop the problem. ....Researchers in Canada may have discovered this simple blood test. "We're really excited about this finding," said Clifford Librach,...

Diabetes and heart attack diagnosis now made simple with twin magic

Good things come in small packages. So are the twin electroneedles, which is targeted at diabetics and high-risk cardiac patients to confirm heart attack episodes. The two arrays of micron-sized needles operate similarly by penetrating painlessly into the skin. ....Good thing come in small packages. So are the twin electroneedles, which is targeted at diabetics and also said to benefit high-risk...

Simple Procedural Improvements Can Improve Care Of Stroke Patients

According to a study published in the August issue of Neurology, using standardized forms at the time stroke patients are admitted to and discharged from the hospital can improve care of the stroke patients significantly. ....Studies have shown that several treatments for stroke patients reduce// the amount of disability, complications and the risk of having another stroke. The treatments are for...

Risk of colon cancer to be assessed by simple blood test

Colon cancer is the second most common forms of cancer, and is associated with a significant mortality. There is no single cause for colon cancer. The presence of benign growths in the colon, family history// of colon cancer, and dietary factors are some of the factors that predispose to colon cancer. The disease is completely treatable if diagnosed early. ....Researchers are now trying to develo...

Protection against Alzheimer’s could be as simple as drinking green te

The role played by physiological levels free radicals and antioxidants in degenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s have been well established following our improved understanding of free radical biology. The area offers // potential scope because of the fact that confirmation of the cause and effect relationship would mean that treatment for such disorders can be made very simple and affordable by...

Down syndrome simulated in animal model after successful chromosome transplantation

The field of genetics has been undergoing a revolution with increasing importance being given to genetic mechanisms underlying common disorders and a huge amount of resources allocated to research in specific genetic disorders. // .. ..This has not only added motivation to scientists working in the field of genetics but also helped us replace the existing knowledge with those acquired new. One su...

Glucommander: A safe and simple method of glycemic control

Using intensive intravenous insulin therapy is the recommended method of diabetes management in critically ill persons in hospitals.// However, there is still want of an intravenous insulin protocol that is robust enough to control glucose levels in sick patients and simple enough to be used throughout the hospital without close expert supervision. ....A team from Atlanta Diabetes Associates, Geo...

Simplest therapeutic regimen found less effective against HIV

Antiretroviral therapy for treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection has improved steadily since the advent of combination therapy in 1996//. More recently, new drugs have been approved, offering added dosing convenience and improved safety profiles, while some previously popular drugs are being used less often as their drawbacks become better defined. Resistance testing...

Poisoning by fruits similar to blackberries

Coriaria myrtifolia has been recognized as one of the most neurotoxic plants in western Mediterranean area. Both the leaves and berries of C. myrtifolia are known to be neurotoxic.// This shrub produces a toxin, coriamyrtin, that is present in high concentrations in the berries. ..Ingestion of few fruits similar to blackberries may induce digestive and neurological manifestations including seizu...

Female Twins Have More To Share Than Just The Similarity: Risk Of Early Menopause

The birth of twins in a family is always a source of family interest and general curiosity. Twins occur in over 1 % of all pregnancies and also cause pregnancy related complications for their mothers //and are subject to ill health problems as newborns and infants. But this is not all, it has now been revealed that female twins are four times more likely to reach menopause early when compared to...

Simple Eye Movement Test For Early Detection Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Researchers from Queen’s University have found a new simple test that measures the eye movement of the child which would be helpful in early diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) which would be useful in early treatment of these children’s before appearance of the disease symptoms//. .."Having a set of tests that can be used as diagnostic tools for fetal alcohol syndrome and all of...

A Simple Test To Detect Heart Disease In Women Can Be Lifesaving

Did you know that heart disease is ranked as the first most common cause for death in women? Thanks to a new, simple test called dobutamine stress echocardiography that can help predict life-threatening heart problems in women. // .. ..The study has been conducted among a group of diabetic women aged between 49 and 75. The study participants underwent a certain type of stress test for suspected c...

A treatment for lung cancer: similar to Vitamin A but with few side effects.

The most logical treatment for cancer is a drug or substance that stops or prevents tumour growth, with no side effects and obliterating// or stopping cancer to spread. ..With the same thought in mind, Washington University School of Medicine researchers now report that a compound related to vitamin A is useful in this direction. ..It has been found effective in preventing or slowing tumour grow...

Simulated Heart Tissue Enhances Understanding of Arrhythmias And Defibrillator Failure

Cultured Heart cells that were induced to imitate characters of the heart have led researchers to discern possible reasons for irregular heart rhythms. Studies of // this engineered tissue have unraveled that while electric shocks akin to those produced by defibrillators normally stopped errant waves, in few cases caused them to advance and proliferate. ..These findings have been reported on Feb...

"Defensive Pessimism" Before Exam Results Not a Good Strategy

A new study by Margaret Marshall of Seattle Pacific University and Jonathon Brown of the University of Washington has found that the strategy// of expecting the worst results after an examination does not pay off in the long run and individuals who adopt such defensive pessimism are not better off than their normal counterparts. ..Reporting in the latest issue of the journal Cognition and Emotio...

Task Learning Made Simple By Taking Short Breaks

While attempting to learn a new task, taking short breaks can go a long way in making it sound simple and easy, according to a new study conducted by Massachusetts Institute researchers. // ....Scientists David Foster and Matthew Wilson, working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, found that rats' brains 'replay' their experiences in reverse when the animals pause briefly...

Why Are Some People More Depressed Than The Rest When Faced With Similar Situations?

Australian researchers suggest that the answer to the question may lie in one’s genetic make up. They said that some people are genetically predisposed to develop// depression when confronted with stressful life events such as a marriage breakup. The researchers found the influence of adverse life events on the onset of depression was significantly greater for those who inherited a short version...

Virtual Reality Simulation Could Help In Training Surgeons

At the Case Western Reserve University, virtual reality simulation tools are making dentists hone their art in a most innovative manner and if M. Cenk Cavusoglu has his // way, then this method can also train brain and heart surgeons to perform delicate surgeries in a risk-free manner. .."Simulation is a popular training tool because it reduces the learning time and allows students to learn inde...

A simple answer to teen weight loss: Reducing sugary drinks

According to a study published in March issue of Paediatrics, Children's Hospital Boston report that a novel intervention to limit consumption of sugary drinks –home deliveries of noncaloric beverages – had a beneficial effect on weight loss. // ....Cara Ebbeling, PhD, and David Ludwig, MD, PhD, in the hospital's Division of Endocrinology, led the randomized, controlled trial; enrolled 103 childr...
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