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Tag: "sequencing" at medical news

New Coffee Brand to Hit the Market by This Year-end

...CRI has also reportedly taken up the coffee genome sequencing project in collaboration with four other research institutes. The Department of Biotechnology (DBT)-funded project is currently being executed in collaboration with the Central Food Technology Research Institute, Mysore, The University of Agricultura...

Scientists Identify Previously Undetected Drug-resistant Forms of HIV

...School of Medicine, says that an innovative genome sequencing technology that quickly detects rare viral mutations was used during the study. We found that the fraction of HIV patients that harboured resistance mutations is at least twice as high as previously thought, said Dr. Kozal, who also directs the HIV...

Highly Effective Method for Screening Drug-resistant Forms of HIV Developed

...tified drug-resistant mutations by using a new DNA sequencing technique called pyrosequencing, which enables determination of millions of bases of a DNA sequence in a single one-day experiment. When the two methods were combined, the researchers were able to quantify and characterize hundreds of thousands of ...

Scientists Map Genome Sequence Dengue Mosquito

...ntrol yellow fever and dengue fever. The genome sequencing was done by researchers from 24 universities and o...ns of mosquito genes in the genome. In parallel to sequencing DNA in chromosomes, scientists have also sequenced large amounts of messenger RNAs collected from di...

New DNA Tests Advances Treatment of Lysosomal Storage Diseases

A new set of laboratory tests using gene sequencing is able to help confirm 24 lysosomal storage disea...roducts that damage organs and tissues. The gene sequencing tests, developed by scientists in Emory University's Genetics Laboratory, are available to clinician...

Persons With HIV and Alcohol Problems Co-infected With Hepatitis C

...important for understanding the optimal timing and sequencing of therapies for these infections," said lead author Debbie Cheng, ScD, an associate professor in the department of Biostatistics at BUSPH. According to senior author Jeffrey Samet, MD, professor of medicine at BUSM and chief of General Internal Me...

HIV Spreading Rapidly Among Gay Men in Hong Kong

...s revealed a cluster of cases with similar genetic sequencing which has risen from 34 to 53 cases since October last year. Department of Health expert Wong Ka-hing urged people with a history of unprotected sex to have HIV tests, saying the findings suggested "rapid local HIV transmission" among gay men in th...

Mouse Model Points to Strategy for Treating Rare Muscle Disease & Kidney Disorders

...ee how the tools and technologies generated by the sequencing of the human genome are being used to uncover new strategies for treating genetic human disease, said NHGRI Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. This work also underscores the value of animal models in learning more about the pathways involved in...

HIV Drug Resistance can Be Identified by Genome Sequencing

...r Michael Kozal, M.D., using an innovative genome sequencing technology that quickly detects rare viral mutations. Kozal, associate professor of medicine at Yale and senior author of the retrospective study that used samples from an earlier clinical trial, presented the findings today at the 16th Internation...

Researchers Identify New Genetic Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

...nks to the tools and technologies generated by the sequencing of the human genome and subsequent mapping of comm...chers often need to take additional steps, such as sequencing every DNA base pair in that particular region of the genome, to identify the exact genetic variant t...

Unknown Virus Takes the Life of Three Transplant Patients

...dead transplant patients employing the recent gene sequencing methods. The new virus was detected in all the samples from recipients but was absent in the donor’s tissue. Victoria State’s acting chief health officer Dr John Carnie says, “Organ transplant recipients are hit with a variety of drugs to suppres...

Discovery in Male Mice Gives Hope in Providing Clues to Find Infertility in Men

... infertility occurs in humans. "People have been sequencing genes in humans, including the Dmc1 gene, to try and associate changes in gene sequences with infertility," said Schimenti. "There have been occasional reports that in some patients, a sequence change in this or other meiosis genes might cause a domi...

Scientists Decode Genome of Oral Pathogen

... of Biological Complexity at VCU, who directed the sequencing and analysis. "This data opens a window into the inner workings of this bacterium. We now may be able to determine how and why these organisms cause disease." Source-Bio-Bio Technology/M...

Gene Study Offers Hope of Potent Anti-cancer Drugs

...mples of cancerous tissue, surveying 500 genes and sequencing more than 250 million letters of the DNA code. An international team of more than 60 scientists led by Michael Stratton of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge identified 158 mutations in 120 genes that they believe can be implicated in c...

Scientists Identify 120 New Cancer Genes

...inase genes linked to cell growth and division and sequencing more than 250 million letters of the DNA code. They identified 158 mutations in around 120 genes that they believe can be implicated in cancer development, the Nature magazine reported in its latest issue published Thursday. The number of mutation...

Irregular Heartbeat Linked to Genetic Mutation

...rt under stress was defective in this patient. The sequencing of KATP channel genes, using genomic DNA extracted from the patient's peripheral white blood cells, revealed a genetic mutation. The discovery of the genetic mutation's role in contributing to atrial fibrillation may ultimately improve physicians' ...

Human Skin Harbors Many More Types of Bacteria

...es-specific genetic regions in the bacteria. After sequencing those regions, the 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in each colony, she consulted 16S rDNA databases to determine the bacterial species present in each sample. Many bacteria in the database only exist as sequences and have nether been named or extensively st...

South Asians in US More Prone to Heart Disease

...ne whether each subject had dysfunctional HDL. DNA sequencing helped researchers look for mutations of Apo-A1 and a portable carotid Doppler machine measured the thickness of carotid arteries, an indicator of impending coronary artery disease. "Recent research has shown that thickening of the carotid arteries...

Research on Human Metabolic Disorders

... first-of-its-kind metabolic network builds on the sequencing of the human genome and contains more than 3,300 known human biochemical transformations that have been documented during 50 years of research worldwide. In a report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the UCSD researche...

Hong Kong - HIV Test Shock Sparks Warning

... both the clusters found to be having similar gene sequencing affecting both homosexual and heterosexuals, warning inaction could result in a wider outbreak. Wong Ka-Hing, a Consultant with the Department of Health’s Center for Health Protection said that the investigations have so far revealed that these cas...

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(Date:4/24/2014)... the relevance of palliation in advanced cancer are ... trials (RCTs). This is the result of an ... Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), which has now ... external experts, IQWiG analysed studies on four solid ... and pancreatic cancer. For this purpose, the research ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... has been awarded one of 30 grants from the ... Academic Participating Site in its new National Clinical ... select groups of investigators charged with distributing resources in ... NCTN grant system reflects recommendations from a 2010 ... achieve four goals:, Faster design, launch, and ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators may lead to ... a serious medical problem use of fecal material ... the Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) ... the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases , the researchers ... donors unrelated to patients was as successful in curing ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ... Ross Prize in Molecular Medicine, conferred by the Feinstein ... award will be given on June 9 at the ... scientific presentations by Dr. O,Shea and other prominent researchers. ... , The award, which includes a $50,000 prize from ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... identified an important enzyme pathway that helps prevent new ... a condition that has been directly linked to cancer ... biochemistry, found that near the end of cell division, ... any breaks in DNA are fully repaired before the ... cells. This process helps safeguard against some of the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Palliation is rarely a topic in studies on advanced cancer 2Health News:Palliation is rarely a topic in studies on advanced cancer 3Health News:Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network 2Health News:Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network 3Health News:Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection 2Health News:Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection 3Health News:NIH scientist to receive Ross Prize in Molecular Medicine 2Health News:Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects 2
(Date:4/24/2014)... International Glossina Genome Initiative (IGGI) has produced the first ... morsitans . The blood-sucking insect is the sole transmitter ... sub-Saharan Africa. The vast store of genetic data will ... and provide insights into the tsetse fly,s unique biology. ... insect world: it feeds exclusively on the blood of ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... Publishing recently introduced Clinical OMICs ... application of OMICs technologies in clinical settings. These ... to transform medical care just as they revolutionized ... , "GEN,s editors and reporters have written about ... etc. etc. for years," said John Sterling, editor-in-chief ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... research led by Alison Allan, PhD, a scientist at ... why breast cancer often spreads or metastasizes to the ... cancer and the number two cause of cancer-related deaths ... traditional chemotherapy and radiation have a high success rate, ... conventional treatments fail. In particular, the lung is one ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Genetic code of the deadly tsetse fly unraveled 2New study helps to explain why breast cancer often spreads to the lung 2
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