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Tag: "regulates" at medical news

Parkinsons Disease Mechanism Identified

...esearchers analyzed neurons to determine that Cdk5 regulates yet another enzyme called Prx2. This enzyme is known as a peroxidase and acts to render harmless the chemically active reactive oxygen species that are produced inside mitochondria in the process of generating energy for the cell. Specifically, the ...

FDAs Gesture for Firm Manufacturing Drug for Cushings Syndrome

...body. Another adrenal cortex hormone, aldosterone, regulates salt and water levels which affects blood volume and blood pressure. Small amounts of androgens (male hormones) are also normally produced in the adrenal cortex. Cortisol production is regulated by adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), made in the pit...

Parkinson's Targets Two Distinct Brain Networks, Finds Study

...hat Parkinson's attacks another brain network that regulates cognitive thought and the ability to perform everyday tasks. Eidelberg and his team measured and quantified this network of brain regions during a five-year study of newly diagnosed Parkinson's patients who agreed to be followed several times over ...

Belgian Doctor Restores Woman's Fertility With Ovary Graft

...es called the human leukocyte antigen (HLA), which regulates the immune response to transplanted tissue. "There was no rejection of the graft despite the absence of immuno-suppressors" and from six to 11 months after the operation normal menstrual bleeding resumed, the statement said. Following an attempt ...

Determining the Sex of the Baby in Wild West Way

...n Washington, D.C., note that no government agency regulates the tests, so there's no quality control. "These tests sort of shine a spotlight on inadequacies across the whole area of genetic tests," Hudson says. Jesse Reynolds, a policy analyst at the Center for Genetics and Society in Oakland, argues that...

New Genetic Clue to Type 1 Diabetes

...he pancreas that produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood glucose. It is also called "juvenile" or "childhood" diabetes, because it often emerges in a patient's early years. The research led by Hakon Hakonarson, of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, adds to the list of suspecte...

First Drug for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

...that initially encodes the troubling memories also regulates their extinction. In the current work, genetically engineered mice received mild foot shocks in a certain environment and were re-exposed to the same environment without the foot shock. Mice with increased levels of Cdk5 activity had more troubl...

Biology, Not Only Parents, Turns Sweet Kids into Delinquents

... a highly reactive autonomic nervous system, which regulates our cardiovascular, digestive and respiratory functions, paired with a stressful family environment leads to increased instances of maladaptive personality change. As a part of their study the researchers used a Skin Conductance Response (SCR) test...

UK Doctors Demand Overhauling of Fertility Regulatory Authority

...rs, said HFEA had lost the trust of the clinics it regulates following the high court victory of Mohamed Taranissi, a controversial IVF doctor who has the best success rates in the country. HFEA officials, accompanied by police, searched one of Taranissi's clinics in January on the eve of BBCs Panorama. Th...

British Scientists Discover New Protein to Treat Epilepsy and Schizophrenia

... research, said: "We have found one mechanism that regulates the flow of information between cells in the brain. "It is possible that increasing the amount of SUMO attached to kainate receptors - which would reduce communication between the cells - could be a way to treat epilepsy by preventing over-excitati...

Large Intake of Calcium from Dairy Food Linked to Dementia in Elders

...the effect might be compounded by vitamin D, which regulates calcium retention and activity. The brains of 79 men and 153 women, aged between 60 to 86, were scanned during the study. All the participants had at least a number of brain lesions, areas of tissue damage, which varied in size and included tiny on...

New Strategy Identified for Preventing Acute and Chronic Brain Disease

...inated. Tau is made normally by brain cells and regulates the stability of their internal skeleton. In AD, tau is altered in a way that makes it aggregate into clumps, called tangles. A lot of effort has been devoted to finding ways to specifically eliminate these abnormal forms of tau, but this has been di...

Viagra may Be Useful for Treating Jet Lag

... has a vital function in a signalling pathway that regulates the circadian cycle, the body's daily clock. Argentine researchers, Patricia Agostino and colleagues of the Universidad Nacional de Quilmes in Buenos Aires, injected hamsters with sildenafil and then exposed them to lights which were turned on and ...

UCLA Imaging Study Reveals How Pure Oxygen Harms the Brain

...ontrol blood pressure; the cingulate cortex, which regulates pain perception and blood pressure; and the insula...All this activity awakened the hypothalamus, which regulates heart rate and hormonal outflow. Activation of the hypothalamus triggered a cascade of harmful react...

Brain Cells Activity: New Treatment Target for Psychiatric Diseases

...mediates GABA release. Another key unknown is what regulates neuregulin-1....

FDA: New Drug for Advance Kidney Cancer

...a. The drug is an enzyme inhibitor, a protein that regulates cell production, cell growth and cell survival. 'We have made significant advances in the battle against kidney cancer,' said Steven Galson, M.D., M.P.H., director of the FDAs Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. 'Torisel is the third drug appr...

More Than 270 Medicines in Testing for Heart Disease and Stroke

...rming new heart muscle. A new anticoagulant that regulates clot formation to prevent stroke in atrial fibrillation. A vaccine that may be able to promote 'good' cholesterol by preventing the transfer of 'good' cholesterol to 'bad' cholesterol....

New Findings in Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein

...We are one of the first two labs to show that FMRP regulates gene expression at the mRNA stability level, Huang added. The idea is to find the mechanisms underlying the function of FMRP so in the future, we can develop more effective interventions. Huang said future studies will look more closely at how FMRP...

Novel Markers for the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

... the complex machinery inside of nerve cells that regulates numerous processes inside the body. Using animal and cellular models, Dr. Manji and colleagues at NIMH showed that disruptions in these pathways resulted in many of the core symptoms of bipolar disorder and explained many other observations about t...

Cannabinoids Regulate Inflammation Process

...gical abnormalities, he explains. By contrast, CB2 regulates the growth of bones, for example. Coincidence However, according to these most recent results, endocannabinoids also seem to play an important part in regulating inflammation processes. As is often the case with important discoveries, coincidence w...

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