Tag: "opioid" at medical news
Alcoholism Drug Fails To Prevent Drinking Relapses
..., acamprosate. Both medications act on the brain's opioid
receptors to make drinking less pleasurable. Earlier studies, including the work that led to its FDA approval, showed that when combined with counseling naltrexone could help control alcoholism by reducing drinking days and increasing days without ...
Back pain treated with Opioids
...pting for surgery in severe chronic back pain. The opioid
analgesics, such as morphine, fentanyl and oxycodone,// are strong pain-relievers most often used to relieve cancer pain. But a review of the evidence suggests they may also have a role in relieving chronic back pain. Doctors have observed from st...
Acupunture relieves pain and improves function in knee Osteoarthritis
...bitors, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioid
pain relievers. "For the first time, a clinical trial with sufficient rigor, size, and duration has shown that acupuncture reduces the pain and functional impairment of osteoarthritis of the knee," said Stephen E. Straus, M.D., NCCAM Director. "Thes...
Elderly people with chronic pain can use narcotics safely
...s health repercussions. The drugs in question are opioid
pain medications like morphine, methadone and oxycodone. Opioid drugs are used for treating pain due to nerve damage, fibromyalgia, arthritis and many such conditions. Physicians prescribing the medicine have shied away from these medicines as they f...
General Anesthesia For Heroin Detoxification Is No Good
...t 15 years, to ultra-rapid, or anesthesia-assisted opioid
detoxification, which involves administering an opioid
antagonist drug to neutralize the effects of heroin while the patient is unconscious from general an...
Ambiguous Efficacy Of Opioid Drugs In Chronic Inflammatory Joint Pain Relief
...ther peripheral administration of the endogenous - opioid
peptide endomorphin 1 could reduce knee joint pain, using animal models of acute and chronic arthritis. Researchers from the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada looked at the effect of endomorphin 1 on both acute and chronic arthrit...
Opioids And Abnormal Pain Perception
... hyperalgesia only subsequent to brief exposure to opioid
treatment. No reports of hyperalgesia following th...or test (CPT), several studies have suggested that opioid
addicts (OAs) may exhibit hyperalgesia as shown by their ability to maintain their hand in ice-cold ...
Morphine Withdrawal Complicates Hepatitis C Infection in Drug Abusers
... IFN-alpha treatment. These results suggest that opioid
abusers experiencing periods of drug abuse, follow...maintenance treatment as an additional benefit for opioid
Inhibition of morphine tolerance by spinal melanocortin receptor blockade
...ated with opiate treatment. Possible modulation of opioid
effects by melanocortin receptor ligands has been ...st that MC4-R may be involved in the mechanisms of opioid
tolerance and antagonists of this receptor may be a possible new target in the search for strategies...
Drug Use On The Decline Among US Youth
...edical use of prescription medications, especially opioid
painkillers. For example, in 2005, 9.5% of Class 12 students reported using Vicodin (a painkiller) in the past year, and 5.5% of them reported using OxyContin (a painkiller) in the past year. Long-term trends show a significant increase in the ab...
Alcoholism Drug Vivitrol Approved By FDA
...vitrol suppresses alcohol dependence by binding to opioid
receptors in the brain, resulting in the blockade ..."Vivitrol is contraindicated in patients receiving opioid
analgesics, with current physiologic dependence on opioids, in acute opioid
withdrawal or who have p...
Gender Difference In Pain Experience Explained By Brain Diversity
... compared to females. Additionally, morphine, an opioid
drug or narcotic was found to reduce the response ... to men and therefore require an increased dose of opioid
drugs or narcotics, (morphine) for achieving the same amount of pain relief. Clearly, more researc...
Transporter offers reliable clues for safer pain medicine
...llege of Georgia. Studies have shown, for example, opioid
peptide levels increase during childbirth. Many ...natural pain control system by directly activating opioid
peptide receptors. While pain control is effective, it comes at a price: potential addiction, immune...
Sudden Opioid Withdrawal Results in ‘Broken Heart Syndrome
...roceedings revealed a link existing between sudden opioid
withdrawal and cocaine use with the onset of cardi...rst report of broken heart syndrome resulting from opioid
withdrawal in an adult. Opioids such as OxyContin are becoming increasingly common for pain manage...
Even Normal Doses Of Tylenol Could Damage Liver
... had come across liver damage in patients who took opioid
hydrocodone plus acetaminophen. Previous assumption had been that it was hydrocodone that was the culprit for liver damage, but they were surprised to find that the damage was caused by acetaminophen. "This clearly showed, much to our jaw-dropping ...
Overdose of Opioid Painkillers Can Kill Pain and The Patient
...sponsible for deaths due to overdose happens to be opioid
painkillers which are procured illegally without a...rchers. According to the researchers, powerful opioid
drugs like oxycodone or fentanyl are now being frequently prescribed by Doctors, with a motive to re...
Insufficent Anti-inflammatoy Proteins Leads to Chronic Pain
...als arising through physiologic stimulation of the opioid
receptor system may be reduced in patients with lo...ncrease in pain perception and the common relative opioid
resistance seen in patients with chronic widespread pain," the authors note. In addition, genetic va...
Bitter Pill: Thrills That Kill
...e to contain the spread of diseases and the use of opioid
substitution therapy. 'Abstinence-Based' approaches also serve the purpose that entails an absolute abstinence from all addictive substances, encompassing licit, illicit, prescribed and unprescribed. The abstinence-based approach is what the medic...
Opioids Linked to Worse Outcomes After Back Injury
...on formal DSM-IV criteria to evaluate patients for opioid
dependence before enrollment in the rehabilitation... severe functional limitations. Those who became opioid
dependent one year after completing the program were burdened by substantial psychosocial and medica...
Women in the throes of depression portray differences in brain chemistry
...within the brain -- specifically in the endogenous opioid
system that is a central part of the brain's natur...hese differences in the response of the endogenous opioid
system. Some women, but not others, with major depression, showed exaggerated responses in this syst...