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Tag: "obstruction" at medical news

Premature Vascular and Bone Changes Occur in COPD Patients

...e United States and the world, involves persistent obstruction of the airways caused by emphysema or chronic bron... with COPD over a wide range of severity of airway obstruction and was greatest in those with osteoporosis, said Dr. Shale. Our findings indicate vascular changes ...

CE-US a Reliable Option to Diagnose Aftermath of Liver Transplant Complications

...ults. The incidence is higher in children. Biliary obstruction has several causes, such as anastomotic strictures...sis, non-anastomotic strictures, segmental biliary obstruction or bile leaks," he said. According to the study, complications were identified in 43.5% of patien...

Correlation Between Bile Duct Obstruction and Ductal Cancer Found

...of the total liver mass of the rats with bile duct obstruction became replaced by cancer cells within three weeks... to the gallbladder and small intestine. Bile duct obstruction has long been known to be present in both malignant and nonmalignant liver disease (jaundice, for ex...

Cancer Patient’s Life Improved With Anti-reflux Valv

...n patients with advanced cancers causing bile duct obstruction in whom life expectancy is limited, this difference may translate into fewer procedures to maintain bile duct patency. That means a better quality of life for these cancer patients,” says Dr. Dua. “Our next step is to do electron microscopic analys...

Asthma Incidence Shows a 50 Percent Increase in Fat People

...nd asthma symptoms, but not necessarily in airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness," said Dr. Sutherland. "It is also reasonable to believe that some of the patients with ‘asthma’ may have respiratory symptoms due to obesity but may not meet rigorous objective physiologic criteria for asthma." The a...

Higher Physical Activity Level Slows Lung Function Decline in Smokers

... lung diseases which frequently co-exist and cause obstruction to airflow that interferes with normal breathing. Smoking is the primary cause of COPD. Over the course of the 11-year study, 928 patients developed COPD. According to the authors, the reduction in COPD among smokers due to moderate to high levels ...

Long-term Marijuana Smoking Leads to Respiratory Complaints

...on between long-term marijuana smoking and airflow obstruction (emphysema). However, all 14 studies that assessed long-term marijuana smoking and respiratory complications noted an association with increased respiratory symptoms, suggesting obstructive lung disease. The authors noted several common limitations...

Surgery Can Improve Vision for People With Drooping Eyelids

...may be done to improve your ability to see without obstruction and your appearance. Insurers usually pay for the surgery if drooping eyelids are interfering with vision. For a drooping upper eyelid, an incision is typically made along its natural crease. Excess skin and fat may be removed through the incision...

Patients Dissatisfied Following Closed Reduction Of Nasal Fractures

...nd 1.54 following, and the average score for nasal obstruction was 2.03 before surgery and 1.36 after surgery. Fo...reasons, six (35 percent) wanted surgery for nasal obstruction alone and eight (47 percent) wanted surgery for aesthetic reasons alone.' Although many of the pat...

Bottleneck in Blood Supply Makes Brain Vulnerable to Strokes

...ificantly in a large region round the clot.” The obstruction of blood flow resulted in damage to the surrounding brain area, which the researchers report resembled damage seen in the brains of humans and thought to be the result of “silent strokes.” Silent strokes have attracted attention recently because magn...

Cough and Phlegm Cause Fourfold Increase in COPD Incidence

... lung diseases which frequently co-exist and cause obstruction to airflow that interferes with normal breathing. ...arch, we found that the progression toward airflow obstruction is a continuous and gradual process, where sudden changes are extremely unlikely.” Among the study...

Protein Essential for Kidney-to-Bladder Urine Transfer

...s disabled. When properly diagnosed, functional obstruction is normally treatable with surgery. But the study ... collaborate with geneticists to see if functional obstruction in humans can be linked to alterations in DLGH1, a possibility Swat calls "extremely likely." "Ver...

Fluid Displacement From Legs To Neck May Lead To Obstructive Sleep Apnea

...ne whether fluid displacement increases pharyngeal obstruction as a person moves from upright to a recumbent position, especially when the person does not have a predisposing condition. Source-Eurekalert SRI...

The Other Side of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

...such as mucostitis, infections, and liver vascular obstruction as well as the potential long-term complication of developing of a second, usually solid cancer. To estimate the risk and identify risk factors associated with this outcome, Genevieve Gallagher, M.D. and Donna L. Forrest, M.D. of the BC Cancer Agen...

Stem cell transplant recipients face significant risk of second cancer

...such as mucostitis, infections, and liver vascular obstruction as well as the potential long-term complication of developing of a second, usually solid cancer. To estimate the risk and identify risk factors associated with this outcome, Genevieve Gallagher, M.D. and Donna L. Forrest, M.D. of the BC Cancer Agenc...

Scientists Pursue New Treatment For Asthma Sufferers

... an important part in mucous production and airway obstruction in asthma, the researchers’ next goal was to deter...with the characteristics of asthma: mucous, airway obstruction and hyperactivity. “We took two of these models and looked at changes in gene expression in the ...

Allergy Drugs More Harmful Than Helpful for Chronic Ear Inflammation

...oretically could alleviate congestion and decrease obstruction of the Eustachian tube, allowing drainage of fluid. The reviewers pooled the results of 15 randomized controlled trials involving 1,516 children that compared antihistamines, decongestants or the combination to a placebo for otitis media with effus...

Nasal Plastic Surgery Improves Airway Function

...men, 14 women, average age 41.5) with severe nasal obstruction for at least one year who subsequently underwent f...res designed to assess the severity of their nasal obstruction and their quality of life. Patients were each given a score from zero to 100, with higher scores in...

Prevalence of Self-reported Snoring, Sleep-disordered Breathing in Military

... night time awakenings, and smoking and mechanical obstruction in the upper airway. Additional studies report tha...s during a single night. This is due to a complete obstruction of the airway. Excessive daytime sleepiness and obstructive sleep apnea are linked to cognitive imp...

Updated Sleep Apnea Screening Recommended for Commercial Drivers

... include those with repetitive partial or complete obstruction of upper airway tissues during sleep, resulting in sleep disruption, gas exchange abnormalities, and cardiovascular changes. In addition, sleep experts advise that the diagnosis and severity of sleep apnea be established using the apnea-hypopnea inde...

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