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Tag: "nerves" at medical news

Sea Snail Venom Paves Way for Potent New Painkiller

...t is expected to block the calcium channels of the nerves that transmit pain signals in the body. It targets a particular subgroup known as N-type calcium channels , which play a role in some kinds of pain. Prialt is 1,000 times more potent than morphine but, unlike that drug, is not addictive. The trea...

Fibrinogen may Inhibit Spinal Cord Regeneration

...provide ways to regenerate and connect the damaged nerves and initiate recovery from paralysis after spinal cord injury. Inhibiting the damaging effects of fibrinogen on neurons may potentially facilitate repair in the nervous system after injury said Akassoglou. A similar mechanism could be at work in o...

World's First Face Transplant Patient Feels She is Alive Again

... of sensations returning like "electricity" as her nerves grew back. "Over six months I recovered my facial mobility quite well. I still have a lot of exercises to do ... but what a victory," she said. She said she felt a "great responsibility" not just to the doctors who performed the unprecedented ope...

Miraculous Recovery for Australian Child Whose Throat was Speared

...arotid artery, oesophagus, windpipe, all the major nerves in his neck and throat and just stopping short of his brain. Doctors say the fall could have killed him instantly. Instead he was able to pull himself off the spike and scream for his mother, Priscilla Boswell, who was inside with her other child, ...

Mayo Clinic Physicians Have Adapted Real-time 3-D Ultrasound Imaging Devices

...a needle filled with anesthetic to numb individual nerves located inches under the skin. In this way, they...k placement -- the technique of disabling targeted nerves so that a patient doesnt feel pain from surgery. For example, their latest case study, reported in...

Sideeffects of Rosiglitazone in Type2 Diabetes Patients

... cause considerable damage especially to the eyes, nerves and kidneys. Rosiglitazone is one of a range of drugs that increase cells sensitivity to insulin and therefore may restore some of the normal function. Unfortunately, the published studies where people have taken rosiglitazone for at least 24 week...

Scottish Engineer Devises Versatile Hand

... thinks it is still there and sends signals to the nerves and severed muscles. These are intercepted by delicate sensors and used to move tiny motors hidden in the artificial fingers. While traditional prostheses have only one motor, allowing limited movement, the i-Limb has five, with one concealed b...

'Missing Link' Stem Cells may Shorten Path to Therapies

... become virtually any type of cell found in blood, nerves and individual organs. Another difficulty is identifying the molecular signals that trigger this transformation. Scientists have successfully grown mice embryo stem-cell lines in the laboratory for decades, and human ones since the late 1990s. ...

More and More American Women Go for Facelifts to Get Jobs

... blocks the transmission of acetylcholine from the nerves to the muscle. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter which sends a message to the muscle telling it to contract or tense up. With the flow of acetylcholine blocked or significantly reduced, the muscle can no longer retract and it relaxes. As a result...

When Smell Cells Fail They Call In Stem Cell Reserves

...ells that can repair the most severe damage to the nerves responsible for our sense of smell. These reservis...ed nerve cells, Reeds team exposed mouse olfactory nerves to a cloud of toxic methyl-bromide gas. Methyl bromide kills not only olfactory nerve cells but also...

Brains White Matter: More Talkative Than Once Thought

... scientists have discovered to their surprise that nerves in the mammalian brains white matter do more than...drocytes is to wrap themselves around and insulate nerves with a whitish coat of protective myelin. The immature cells simply hang around and divide very slow...

British Scientists Discover New Protein to Treat Epilepsy and Schizophrenia

... connections, called synapses, which link to other nerves cells. These connections chemically transmit information that control brain function via proteins called receptors. These processes are believed to be the basis of learning and memory. In a healthy brain, synapses can modify how efficiently they ...

Now a Green Agenda for Mental Health

...e serotonin is available to help the brain process nerves messages more efficiently and correctly. But unlike drugs, ecotherapy is low-cost, has no negative side effects and is available on most people's doorsteps. There is often little or no access to green space in many prisons, despite evidence that...

Patients Affected by Parkinsons may Be Benefited from Treadmill Exercise

... which is critical as a stimulator of motor system nerves in the body, the researchers looked at changes in dopamine levels. They observed that the subjects with cell loss had an effect on dopamine levels after they exercised, while normal subjects showed less of a difference in levels. "Our study show...

30-year-old Woman Survives 'internal Decapitation'

... column. The spinal cord carrying all the vital nerves between the brain and the rest of the body is often severed in severe neck injuries, causing paralysis and often leaving victims as quadriplegics who are unable to move at all, like the former Superman, the late Christopher Reeve. Miraculously her...

Nanomedicine Gives the Way for Nerve Cell Regeneration

...n results in lifelong disability. Since peripheral nerves relay signals between the brain and the rest of the body, injury to these nerves results in loss of sensory and motor function. Upper extremity paralysis alone affects more than 3...

Scientists Develop Toothpaste That Rebuilds Tooth Enamel

...scopic gaps in the enamel. The repair stops dental nerves from becoming exposed thereby preventing pain, reported online edition of Daily Mail. Dentist Graham Barnby, who tested the new product at his clinics in south England, said, "This is a unique product. Current toothpastes aimed at people with sensi...

Magnets to the rescue of Alzheimers patients

... cells - immature cells that go on to develop into nerves and other kinds of tissue - in a part of the brain called the dentate gyrus hippocampus. These cells divide throughout life and are believed to play a crucial role in memory and mood regulation. In particular they found one receptor in the cell...

Computer Mouse can Cause Arm Pain

...he first signs of overstressing of the tendons and nerves due to monotonous motion," explains Frank Bergmann, head of the German Association of Nerve Doctors (BVDN). "Constant clicking with the computer mouse and an unnatural hand position cause damage to the tissues that over the long term can lead to in...

Genome of Botulism Bacterium Revealed

...a are from each other." C. botulinum toxin stops nerves from working - the basis of its use in medicine to control tremors and in cosmetic treatments. For the prey of its opportunistic attacks, death is swift. Perhaps the most important tool it has to act out its stealth attacks is its ability to hibernat...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... first genetic variant specifically associated with the risk ... 10-15 per cent of all breast cancer cases. ... cancer sub-type, called invasive lobular carcinoma, gives researchers ... particular kind of breast cancer, which can be ... (Thursday) in the journal PloS Genetics , ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine ... have suffered a recent major loss are more likely ... , The study is published in this month,s issue ... , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better health ... insights into ways to improve the outcomes of individuals ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014U.S. military personnel who served in Iraq ... traumatic brain injury (TBI) were compared to military ... medical reasons. Differences in measures of overall disability, ... after injury are reported in an article in ... from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... a new mechanism that allows blood to enter the ... and the Salk Institute have opened the door to ... damage. , A complex and devastating neurological condition, stroke ... for disability in the U.S. The blood-brain barrier is ... into the brain, causing the permanent deficits in movement ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... international research team led by Cesar A. Arias, M.D., ... at Houston (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug that ... report appeared in the April 17 issue of ... new superbug is part of a class of highly-resistant ... MRSA, which is a major cause of hospital and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:First genetic link discovered to difficult-to-diagnose breast cancer sub-type 2Health News:First genetic link discovered to difficult-to-diagnose breast cancer sub-type 3Health News:The ilk of human kindness 2Health News:Long-term effects of battle-related 'blast plus impact' concussive TBI in US military 2Health News:Study IDs new cause of brain bleeding immediately after stroke 2Health News:New MRSA superbug emerges in Brazil 2
(Date:4/17/2014)... peptide inhibits RSV infection , Respiratory syncytial ... respiratory tract infections, generating life-threating illness in very ... therapies are limited. RSV enters host cells through ... six-helix fusogenic bundle. Small interfering peptides that prevent ... these peptides are highly susceptible to degradation. In ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014The development of stem cell therapies to ... to characterize stem cell populations based on cell surface ... a new marker that is highly expressed in a ... blood, which they describe in an article in ... Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... new modeling study suggests that fish consumption advisories ... exposure to long-lived contaminants like persistent organic pollutants ... team of researchers including University of Toronto Scarborough ... looks at how different levels of environmental contamination, ... of chemicals in the body influenced exposure in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 17, 2014 2JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 17, 2014 3JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 17, 2014 4JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 17, 2014 5JCI online ahead of print table of contents for April 17, 2014 6Fish consumption advisories fail to cover all types of contaminants 2
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