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Tag: "mel" at medical news

Developmental, neurologic problems common in extremely preterm infants

Extremely preterm infants born before 25 weeks' gestation often ..have severe neurologic and developmental disabilities, researchers report in the August 10th issue of The New England..Journal of Medicine.The EPICure Study Group identified 308 ..children born at the gestational age of 25 weeks or earlier in the UK and Ireland. Of these, 283 were assessed for neurologic function ..Based on their l...

UV Radiation induces Melanoma

Children who suffer sunburn very early in life are far more likely to suffer the most dangerous form of skin cancer, suggest researchers. In humans, melanocytes, the pigment-producing skin cells where melanoma develops, are on the surface of the skin. It is thought that some melanomas are the result of genetic damage caused when the UV radiation strikes these pigment cells. Babies and young child...

Women's strong sense of smell

Researchers suggest that women's ability to smell better is due to the boding of the hormone, estrogen.A US study shows that women who are of procreative age are far better in sensing the fragrance than men do. ....Tim Jacobs, Professor of Physiology at Cardiff University, said: "Some studies have shown that during ovulation, there's a surge of oestrogen which increases sensitivity.// The structu...

Nose plug-switch that stops smelling

Scientists from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have recently found that the brain’s ‘nose plug’ that is the switch in the brain that lets us stop smelling something, even though the odour is still there. ....Two papers published in a recent issue of the journal Science show that a protein called CNGA4 helps plug the ‘nose’ of odour receptor cells.//..The main job of these reurons...

Nose plug: switch that stops smelling

Scientists form Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have recently found that the brain's 'nose plug' that is the switch in the brain that lets us stop smelling something, even though the odour is still there.// ..Two papers published in a recent issue of the journal Science show that a protein called CNGA4 helps plug the ‘nose’ of odour receptor cells.The main job of these neurons is to d...

Grapes, Melons Implicated in Outbreaks

According to researchers , there is a new study on seedless green grapes which caused a salmonella outbreak that sickened 30 people across six Western states last summer and fall. Researchers were surprised to find that the outbreak of Salmonella serotype senftenberg// most often found in meats and poultry was outwardly spread to people through grapes. ....Dr.Alicia, at the International Conferen...

Reduction in melanoma death rate

In the last 25 years, in New York, there has been a declining trend in mortality from malignant melanoma, although its frequency has increased. Researchers at the University of Texas, have analysed data on malignant melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, between 1981 and 1999.// They find there has been a 200 per cent increase in cases among men - from 2.0 cases per 150,000 population to 12...

UN Fears Melting Of Ice Would Concentrate Toxins in the Chinese Water Supply

The explosion at the chemical plan in the month of November released toxic substances contaminating the Chinese drinking water supply. This has created havoc in Russia also as they share the same water resources. // ..But the recent report given by the United Nations includes the danger of concentration of these chemicals due to the melting of the ice. It also mentioned the need for a regular tes...

Latest device for identifying Melanomas

A research from Australian company has finalized development of a digital screening device it says will take the guesswork out of diagnosing melanomas, the third most common cancer in Australia. Victor Skladnev, managing director of Polartechnics said that in terms of its ability to diagnose melanomas, it matches top specialists.// ....Image analysis and computer-aided diagnostic software for Sol...

Specialist surgeon not imperative in melanoma

According to a new study it is observed that the background of the surgeon does not affect the outcome in melanoma. Researchers at the University of Glasgow have surveyed 4,139 melanoma patients who had their tumour removed between 1979 and 1999.// They found the outcomes to be similar, whether the operating surgeon had a background in dermatology, cosmetic work, or general surgery. This is in co...

Tumour marker for melanoma found

According to a recent study it is observed that a molecular marker is linked to prognosis in malignant melanoma. In cancer research today, there is increasing emphasis on looking for molecules// specific to that cancer which might aid in monitoring the progression of the disease. Scientists at New York University now report on a molecular marker called HDM2 which appears to be important in tracki...

Melanoma caused by low DNA repair capacity

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer and it has been shown through previous research studies that the risk is increased by exposure to sunlight, whose UV rays cause damage to DNA that triggers cancer. However, it has not been clear why some people are more prone than others to melanoma. Researchers have now found out through a study involving a group of 312 people with melanoma that thos...

Sense of smell impaired in alcoholics

A study published in the March issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research reported that alcohol abuse can dampen the sense of smell. Researchers from the University Clinics of Innsbruck studied the sense of smell in 30 alcoholics and 30 healthy people who were matched for age, gender and smoking status. They used "Sniffin' Sticks", which are pen-like devices that dispense...

Hope for First New Melanoma Treatment in Decades

A new research reveals for the first time one of the mechanisms by which malignant melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer, grows and spreads. This discovery may lead to another crucial weapon in the rather small arsenal of treatments available for this dangerous disease and offer the first hope for a new melanoma treatment target in decades. ..Study proves a role for an important gene call...

Homeless More Likely to Die Early

Homeless people are at greater risk of dying early than people in the general population...Researchers studied more than 750 homeless people staying in two hostels for the homeless in Copenhagen in 1991. The study subjects were interviewed about various aspects of their lives, including family background, upbringing, education and psychiatric treatment. ....The study found the death rate was high...

Death Among the Homeless

A new study shows death risks among homeless people are dramatically different than those in the general population. ....Researchers in Denmark followed more than 750 homeless people for 10 years. Participants were divided into two groups: a registration group and an interview group. Researchers studied the information provided in annual reports for the registration group. Those in the interview...

Lack of Smell And Its Potential Risks

An estimated 2.7 million people in the United States have an impaired or absent sense of smell, known as chronic olfactory dysfunction. // Head trauma, viral infection, nasal obstruction, septal deviation, neurological disorders, medications, hormonal disturbances, or normal aging can cause chronic olfactory dysfunction. ..If you’ve ever been sick and could not taste or smell, you know how differ...

Report on the Safety and Effectiveness of Melatonin supplements

The report on the scientific evidence to date for the benefits of melatonin supplements used for disorders due to sleep schedule alterations and primary and secondary sleep disorders were reviwed.// Disorders due to sleep schedule alterations can stem from flying across time zones or working night shifts. Primary sleep disorders, which include insomnia, can be caused by factors such as stress or...

Peppermint or cinnamon smell can make drivers more alert

A new study had said that the scents of peppermint or cinnamon could make the drivers of motor vehicles more //alert and refreshed. ....Driving for long stretches of time makes the drivers of the vehicle angry, fatigued and physically exhausted. The study had monitored drivers who participated in the study under the conditions of three different types of odors of peppermint, cinnamon and non-odor...

Prevention And Timely Medical Care Can Help With Bug Bites

It is a good sign if the bites of the insects are itchy and swollen, rather than being tender//. ....According to scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center, tenderness may be a sign the bug bite is becoming infected and deserves more medical attention. ....Other signs of possible infection are redness extending beyond the immediate bug bite, drainage of pus, or worsening, rather than improvem...

Turmeric Found To Slow Down Melanoma Growth

A new study shows that Curcumin- the yellow pigment found in the curry spice turmeric, inhibits melanoma// cell growth and kills tumor cells. It has already been demonstrated that the spice has an anti-cancer effect. .. ..Incidence of melanoma, or skin cancer, is increasing rapidly in many with more than 70,000 cases of melanoma and non-melanoma reported each year. In the present study, three mel...

Gene in Melanomas

Research in mice has drawn a direct link between a human gene and the risk of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.A team led by Professor Marco Polo from the National Centre of Investigative Oncology in Sweden found that genetically engineered mice with a mutation in the gene, known as Cdk4, were more likely to develop melanomas when exposed to cancer-causing agents. Their results appear...

Under Stress? All You Need Is A Chocolate To Melt In Your Mouth

You don’t have to spend time for meditation, yoga or even a trip to your favorite spot. Surprised? Yes stress relief comes so very compact these days. Thanks to the Chocolate-coated stress busters // that are likely to be marketed soon. ..The chocolate-like product comprises various nutraceutical herbs and has antioxidant, anti-stress and adaptogenic properties. It has been developed by National...

More About The Coffee Bean Than Just A Heavenly Taste and Smell

Most of the people in South India wake up to the lovely smell of homemade filter coffee. There is more reason to celebrate for these coffee lovers now, with firm evidence from recent research. // ..Coffee provides more than just a morning jolt and has been found to contain substances called as anti-oxidants, which are beneficial to the human body. Antioxidants in general have been linked to a nu...

Walnuts a source of the Anti –oxidant Hormone Melatoni

New research has shown that consumption of walnuts can boost blood levels of melatonin and antioxidants in rats. Melatonin is a hormone that is naturally produced in humans by the pineal gland. It is most commonly associated with // inducing and regulating sleep, since it is produced during the hours of darkness. ..Researchers investigated whether melatonin is present in walnuts, and whether ea...

Antigenics Pharmaceuticals plans for Phase III trial of its Melanoma vaccine

Antigenics Pharmaceuticals is to start its Phase III cancer vaccine trial against Melanoma which is a type of skin cancer. Oncophage is the new skin cancer vaccine developed by Antigenics.// The vaccine trial of Oncophage which was conducted in 322 patients failed to meet the required statistically significance results compared to prolongation in survival and the vaccine was not shown to have any...

Inhibition of morphine tolerance by spinal melanocortin receptor blockade

Recent research suggests that the melanocortin system is an important component influencing the changes in the spinal neuronal plasticity observed after chronic morphine administration//. ..The chronic use of morphine is accompanied by the development of morphine tolerance, which is one of the major problems associated with opiate treatment. Possible modulation of opioid effects by melanocortin r...

British Grandmother has timely bypass surgery in India

A British grandmother from Wolverhampton has returned to the UK after a successful bypass surgery in Delhi at a much lower cost, yet another testimony to India’s burgeoning medical tourism.// ..Mavis Childs, 67, waited for more than two years to have the surgery on the National Health Service (NHS). But she opted for India when the operation was cancelled, which meant a further six months of chro...

Homeless man refused help

Homeless man refused help, say paramedics ....The disabled, homeless man who died on East Hasting Street in Vancouver over the weekend// in sub-zero temperatures had refused the help of paramedics, say officials. ....According to BC ambulance Service sources, the paramedics on Saturday night did actually respond to the call. They did make contact with the patient, and the patient clearly refuse...

Skin Cancer History Puts Post-menopausal White Women At Risk For Melanoma

A new study appearing in the online journal Cancer says that elderly white women who have had non-melanoma skin cancer are more likely to develop full blown melanoma regardless of their exposure to the harmful rays of the sun. // ..The study found that women in the age group of 50 to 79, who had a previous history of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, had a two-fold inc...

Melbourne at cutting edge of fight to find bird flu vaccine

Australia will have enough medication by 2007 to treat half of the nation's population in the event of a bird flu outbreak//. ..Melbourne researchers will know by the end of the month if they have developed the world's first bird flu vaccine...Prof. Terry Nolan, head of the vaccine project, said a non-active strain of bird flu virus was used in the vaccine project, in which 400 volunteers receive...

Vaccines developed, to treat melanoma in dogs

University Wisconsin, Madison School of Veterinary Medicine has developed cancer vaccine for the treatment of melanoma in dogs. ..They have worked in collaboration with the oncologist from Arizona, California, and Michigan. This newly developed// anti-cancer vaccine is very efficient in preventing the death of the animal, but not all dogs with melanoma respond to this treatment. Ilene Kurzman,...

Poor Health of Homeless in New York

Unimaginable health deterioration among the homeless in New York has surprised even the doctors, according to the outcome of a widespread health examination conducted for the Homeless in the city. // ..According to the latest study, the deaths of the Homeless occur with more frequency than other New Yorkers- with AIDS and substance abuse accounting for one-third of the deaths. The report substan...

Experimental Therapy Effective Against Malignant Melanoma in Horses

Dr. John L. Robertson, a professor in the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech and director of the college's Center for Comparative // Oncology (CECO) has been studying the similarities of malignant melanoma in horses and humans and has devised an experimental treatment for it. ..At a presentation before the American Cancer Society in Roanoke, Va., he detail...

Homeless People More Prone To Substance Abuse

The homeless population among New Yorkers are more prone to go in for substance abuse when compared to other sections of the population. // Detox centers will be established at some of the shelters as deaths due to substance abuse are on the rise. Rapid HIV testing for women who are homeless and distribution of nicotine patches are also planned by the Health Department. ....A large number of de...

Link between position and sense of smell revealed

Researchers have found that one can smell better when one is upright than when he is reclining. ..Humans tend to pick up better sense of smell when they are sitting or standing. // .. ..Johan Lundstrom, a post-doctoral researcher at the Montreal Neurological Institute said that there is a significant difference in the sense of smell depending on one’s position. ..Researchers at the McGill Univ...

New Technique Could Revolutionize Melanoma Diagnosis and Treatment

Melanoma, a form of skin cancer is the most common tumor to be diagnosed. It has a 99% cure rate if detected early, say researchers from University Hospital of Navarra. // Sadly, the incidence melanoma has been increasing steadily over the recent years. It is the number one killer of women aged between 19 and 50 years. In the U.S., the number of new cases has risen from 6000 to 9000 in just 10 ye...

Tooth Enamel Eaten Away By Popular Drinks

The high acid content in popular drinks could just be sufficient enough to erode tooth enamel and cause dental damage, suggests a new study// conducted by researchers at University of Iowa. Soaking for just one day in Coke, Red Bull or Gatorade ate into the enamel surface, over the teeth, says the report. ....There is a general agreement that the high acidic levels of the popular beverages can...

Twin Treatment Could Be Used Increase Survival Rates In Advanced Melanoma

Patients with advanced metastatic melanoma could live longer if given peptide vaccines after surgery, a new study appearing in the March 15 issue of Cancer has found//. The average survival rate of such patients was 4 years, which was significantly more than seen in previous trials. .."Patients with resected Stage IV melanoma can do a lot better than we thought," said lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey...

Seattle, a hub for malignant melanoma? Time To Get Sunwise!

Despite all the rain, there seems to be enough shine, making Washington, a hot spot for sun-linked skin cancer malignant melanoma, according to the Environmental// Protection Agency. .. ..The EPA's has embarked on a SunWise Program enabling free kits to schools that comprise of 40 activity cards and a white Frisbee that changes color to purple when exposed to the sun's UV rays. .. ..Demonstra...
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