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Tag: "ism" at medical news

Antibiotics Helps Autism

There is new hope for children with autism. Antibiotcs seem to treat or prevent the symptoms of autism in some patients. ..One in every 150 children is affected by autism. Currently there are no treatments for this complex condition. Researchers from Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Hospital in Chicago found that a subset of patients with autism who experience a colonization of bacteria in the bowel...

Levothyroxine Thyroid Hormone Replacement, Approved for Hypothyroidism

The thyroid hormone replacement prescription drug, levothyroxine sodium (Unithroid) for hypothyroidism in adults and children has been approved for use in the United States by the FDA. .. ..The thyroid hormaone is involved in the regulation of a wide range of metabolic processes within the body in all age groups. In children thyroid hormones are essential for normal physical growth and intellec...

Long travel increase pulmonary embolism

According to researchers from France, the number of miles you fly affects your risk of pulmonary embolism. There's increasing concern that long haul travel could increase the risk of blood clotting in the veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT). If the clot breaks off, it may travel to the lungs, forming a pulmonary embolism (PE) which is a potentially life-threatening condition. .......

Collagen improves voice quality in Parkinsonism

According to surgeons, injecting collagen into the vocal cords improves voice problems in Parkinson's disease. One of the important symptoms of Parkinson's disease is the deterioration in voice quality experienced by some patients. This problem is known as hypophonia, and is caused by muscle rigidity and other abnormalities in the area of the voice box or larynx.// ....People with hypophonia sou...

Alcoholism Drug Fails To Prevent Drinking Relapses

The Food and Drug Administration approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcoholism in 1994. At that time, the only other drug therapy available was disulfiram, or Antabuse, which provokes a sickening reaction to alcohol.// A new study casts sobering doubts on earlier claims that an alcoholism drug can truly treat the addiction. ....The government is sponsoring a large trial comparing naltrexon...

Hypothyroidism can affect babies

Researchers from UK say that, babies of mother's with hypothyroidism are likely to have a low IQ. The thyroid gland secretes hormones which control metabolism, growth and development. Symptoms hypothyroidism include tiredness, dry skin and weight gain.// ....Children born with an underactive thyroid gland can suffer learning difficulties. Pregnant women with the condition are more prone to a pot...

No link between bad weather and rheumatism

People with some forms of rheumatism say that weather conditions can affect their disease symptoms, but new research suggests this is not the case.// The study focused on women with the chronic rheumatic condition fibromyalgia, which is characterised by pain and stiffness in the muscles, joints and tendons. It is not clear what exactly causes the condition, but many patients often report that cer...

Resurgence Of Botulism

The unfrozen ready-to-eat meals could lead to the resurgence of botulism as a major food poisoning hazard. Advances in freezing have made botulism a rare problem in modern society. But according to food scientists, a new generation of ready-to-eat foods// that are only refrigerated before sold could cause outbreaks of botulism. ....While most U.S. botulism cases involve mistakes in home canning o...

Bruxism linked to anxiety disorder

Bruxism is an oral habit characterized by rhythmic activity of the jawbone muscles that cause a forced contact between teeth surfaces during sleep. It has been linked to headaches, joint discomfort// and muscle aches, premature loss of teeth, and sleep disruption for both the person with bruxism as well as his or her bed partner. ....The study,was done in three European countries, aimed to colle...

Protection mechanism of fatty acids for Cancer

A recent study by researchers at the University of Texas, have found out how omega-3 fatty acids might protect against colon cancer.Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish oil, have long been known to protect against colon cancer.// They learned that the omega-3s block a molecule called protein kinase C beta II (PKCbII) - which is linked with abnormal cell division. ..In this study, genetic...

Latest discovery on Autism

Scientists have ruled out a possible connection to autism. A study in this week's issue of British Medical Journal shows children with autism are no more likely than those without it to have had gastrointestinal problems as infants. // ....Study investigators from Boston University identified 90 children with autism and compared them to children without autism. They reviewed the children's medica...

Link between athleticism and neurological disease

Neurological diseases seen in people who were student athletes and have always been slim are more likely to develop. Amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS)// is a rare and invariably fatal neurological condition. It's sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease, after the famous baseball player whose career was cut short by it. Oddly, researchers have now discovered a link between being athletic and deve...

Resolving Autism

According to a latest study it is shown that people with autism may suffer from deficiencies in a part of their brain responsible for handling spatial memory. Studies on autistic individuals have shown they often demonstrate// deficits in higher-order thinking abilities, including impairments involving language, working memory, and voluntary response inhibition. These problems lead to the typical...

Brain diseases an outcome of cannibalism

The main cause of deadly brain-wasting diseases might be just what the researchers have for long been prodding into - Cannibalism. Abnormal proteins called the prions resultantly cause a brain-wasting disease called Creutzfeld Jacob disease (CJD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease in humans. The presence of this protein causes other proteins to be clumped together. CJD is u...

Antipsychotic Drug Linked to Pulmonary Embolism

A case study published in the British Medical Journal suggests a common antipsychotic drug might have caused a pulmonary embolism in an otherwise healthy young man.// ..A pulmonary embolism results when a blood clot that developed elsewhere in the body travels to the lung. The result can be deadly. Antipsychotic drugs have been linked to an increased risk of blood clots in the past. Specifically...

Alcoholism Influenced By Both Genetics & Family Environment

In a study involving identical and non-identical twins, researchers conducted telephone interviews with 1,213 sets of male-male twins, average age 50.// The researchers’ goal was to better understand the hereditary and environmental effects on developing alcoholism -- not by studying the twins themselves, but by interviewing the twins’ children (ages 12 to 26) and the mothers of those children....

Studying The Causes Of Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by severe impairment in the ability to socialize and communicate with other people. Most people who have the // condition are diagnosed around the age of 3 or 4 when they fail to develop normal social and communication skills. ..Several studies have shown autism runs in families, leading researchers to believe the disease has a genetic basis. Othe...

Understanding The Link Between Movement And Metabolism

In a recent study researchers studied comparative energetics of both lean and obese adults to discover how everyday movements affect // metabolism. Results showed that NEAT -- non-exercise activity thermogenesis , creates a more effective metabolism than standard organized exercise. Researchers say calories people burn during everyday activities are more important than previously thought. They sa...

Mercury Pollution Linked To Rise In Autism

A recent study in the journal Health and Place says that mercury pollution in the state of Texas in US may be one of the reasons // of rise in number of autistic children. ....In US, mercury is released in the environment because of the power plants that consume coal. According to the researchers, on an average, for each 1000 pounds of mercury that’s released into the environment, there is a 61%...

Sleep cycles may be related to metabolism

US scientists have found out that mice with a mutation of a gene that controls the circadian clock tend to eat more and gain weight.// ....The circadian clock is a cellular mechanism that sets various rhythmic activities inside the organisms. It is this clock that sets the rhythm of sleep and wake patterns in all animals. ....In earlier studies, scientists had been able to find out that circadi...

Early identification of autism possible

Scientists of Canada have been able to successfully diagnose autism in infants below one years of age.//.. ....In a process to systematically document early signs of autism in children researchers had been able to diagnose high-risk infants and confirmed the diagnosis in a follow up study, till about the age of 24 months. The study had involved development of computerized visual orienting task, s...

Early diagnosis for autism from blood tests may be possible

Scientists from UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute had reported that the blood samples of autistic children have revealed altered proteins// and components of the immunity system. This may be the first test to be developed that can detect autism from the blood tests of children. ..Autism spectrum disorder is a range of disorders that can be seen in a mild to the most sever form. The characteristics of t...

Autism risks linked to birth factors

Scientists are attributing prenatal environmental factors and parental mental health to increased risk of autism// in children. ....Babies who were at breech position at the time of delivery, born prematurely by more than five weeks, or have a family history of schizophrenia have a greater risk of being autistic than other babies. Even a low Apgar score at birth also puts the baby at greater risk...

Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria

Scientists have discovered why some people are less prone to malaria//. The people with a specific type of hemoglobin — the oxygen-carrying molecule that gives red blood cells their color — are less prone to severe malaria. In a series of experiments, the researchers determined how hemoglobin type C impairs the ability of malaria parasites to cause disease symptoms. ....“This research gives us a...

Autism epidemic is a myth- says a new study

Recent rumor about the rising incidence in births of autistic children have led to a fear in the world community that // we may be heading towards an autistic epidemic. However a recent report, which was published in the journal Current Directions in Psychological Science, points out that this is not true. The report points out to certain facts that belie the fear of having an autistic epidemic.....

Ayurvedic Therapies Cashing In On Medical Tourism

Medical tourism is a growing business in Asia. Foreigners often come to this side of the content //to get therapies and treatment, which would be extremely expensive in their own countries. ..More and more Globetrotters are making a beeline for the state of Kerala in India during the monsoons. Why you may ask? Well it’s believed strongly that the best time to undergo natural Ayurveda healing ther...

Metabolism cycle of Kala-Azar parasite revealed

Researchers have found that Leishmania parasite utilizes mannose for their metabolism// and growth different from human metabolism which requires glucose. ....Associate Professor Malcolm McConville and his research team from Bio21 Institute at the University of Melbourne have found a break thorough to control the spread of the parasite Leishmania in the blood. Leishmania is found to utilize suga...

Scientists crack mechanism of Leptin-Obesity Hormone

A study in the May 24th issue of Nature reveals that the Obesity Hormone – Leptin, targets multiple nerve sites and affects the brain in more complex way than previously believed. This break through has opened up an avenue to develop drugs to treat Obesity and many nutrition related disorders like anorexia nervosa. Dr. Malcolm J. Low of Oregon Health Sciences University in Portland led t...

Treating Autism More Effectively

According to a recent study researchers say autistic boys with language problems might have a lot in common with boys suffering from a language-related disorder known as Specific Language Impairment (SLI) // and they feel that these findings could help specialists better understand autism and how to choose the best treatments for individual components of the condition. ..Researchers used MRI scan...

New Gene Silencing Mechanism To Prevent Cancer

The Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad has unraveled the mystery behind gene silencing, paving the way for detecting the mechanisms that prevent cancer in human beings//. ..Two scientists - Manika Pal Bhadra and Utpal Bhadra have been instrumental behind this novel finding to fight a disease, which has remained a global challenge for centuries. ..They hope that silencing...

Promoting Medical Tourism In India

Medical tourism focuses on treatment of acute illness, elective surgeries such as cardiology and cancer, among others. From October this year , the Government plans to start overseas marketing of India as a medical tourism destination. // Senior Government officials say that the formalities for marketing medical facilities to a global audience have already started and they hope to complete the pr...

Doctors May Not Be Ready To Tackle Bio-terrorism

A research report published in the latest issue of Archives of Internal Medicine said that doctors might not be ready to deal with the threat of bio-terrorism that may be caused by smallpox, anthrax, botulism and plague//. ....More than one-half of 631 physicians tested were unable to correctly diagnose diseases caused by agents most likely to be used by bio-terrorists. However, test scores impro...

Detrimental Effect Of Chronic Alcoholism On Male Fertility

Impotence, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, and loss of sexual interest have often been associated with alcoholism in men. Sexual disorders have been reported in men who are long-term alcohol users,// with the prevalence ranging from 8% to 58%. Use of ethanol might cause gonadal disorders, including structural testicular changes and a decrease in testicular and serum levels of T, which might be...

MMR Vaccination not linked to Autism

Professor Vittorio Demicheli an Italian epidemiologist as done a systematic review of various studies involving the use of Mumps, Measles and Rubella (MMR) vaccine.// The study is focused to find out the link between MMR vaccination and autism or bowel disease. As it is believed that use of MMR vaccine shots in children’s may cause Autism. This review looked at studies involving millions of child...

Smoking And Its Relation To Neurocognitive Deficits In Alcoholism

Impaired problem solving, visual spatial processing, memory, and cognitive proficiency are consequences of severe alcoholism. Smoking is much more prevalent among alcoholics than the general population,// yet the possible neurocognitive effects of cigarette smoking in alcoholism have not been studied, despite evidence that long-term smoking is associated with neurocognitive deficits. .....

Heavy alcoholism has adverse affects on sex life in healthy males

That alcohol is the culprit in many of the illnesses affecting man was generally known. It has now emerged that addiction to alcohol can adversely affect sex life and the sperm quality in healthy men as well. // ..A new study by Indian scientists led by Biochemist Koonakapalyam Ramasami Muthusami in Coimbatore has found that chronic alcoholism decreases the level of testosterone in men. Testoste...

Autism nothing more than an extreme form of male brain development

A recent research conducted on the brain pattern of autistic individuals has revealed that it is nothing more than an exaggeration of the normal male brain. The study has been conducted by researchers //at the Cambridge Autism Research Centre who believe that a deep insight into the above mentioned theory would help in better understanding of the disease process. ..Boys' brains grow more quickly...

Indian Psychiatrist in UK Accused of plagiarism

London. A well-known British Indian psychiatrist apparently has plagiarised the work of an American academic and published it off as his own in an article for a medical journal//. ....Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry appeared in February edition was written by Raj Persaud and went unnoticed outside the mental health community. ....The articulate Persaud is one of the youngest doctors to bec...

Researchers discover mechanism behind protein folding

Professor Ted Laurence, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are studying the biopolymer structural dynamics of proteins to understand the mechanism of protein folding. The new theory on protein folding unfolds the mystery of // how a protein is incorrectly folded which leads to diseases and the study is to be published in the Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. .. ..The re...

Proper Treatment of Hypothyroidism Found To Prevent Heart Diseases

Researches from the Cardiovascular Research Institute have now found out that heart disease can be reduced by effective treatment of disorders affecting the thyroid gland.// Aggressive treatment of hypothyroidism and borderline hypothyroidism is hoped to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases to a significant extent. ..The study has however been conducted in rats, the results of which ca...
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