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Tag: "infan" at medical news

Developmental, neurologic problems common in extremely preterm infants

Extremely preterm infants born before 25 weeks' gestation often ..have severe neurologic and developmental disabilities, researchers report in the August 10th issue of The New England..Journal of Medicine.The EPICure Study Group identified 308 ..children born at the gestational age of 25 weeks or earlier in the UK and Ireland. Of these, 283 were assessed for neurologic function ..Based on their l...

Infant receives first bloodless liver transplant

.. To avoid complications during the surgery doctors recycled the blood lost from the infant’s body back to his circulation. Also the infant was given drugs to stimul...

Exclusive breast-feeding advised for six months in infants recommends World Health Organization

A resolution put forward by Brazil, at the annual assembly of the world health organization is to be accepted advising exclusive breast-feeding for the first six months in all infants. The resolution was passed at the committee stage on Wednesday after 2 hours of debate where many national delegates and members of charitable organizations argued vehemently for breast-feeding. ..Nestle, a maker o...

CDC reveals relationship between prepregnant weight and heart defects in infants

Keeping fit and in to be in shape is not only good for the individuals themselves but also for their siblings. Over weight, which is of course the predisposer of majority of the illness such as diabetes, heart disease, hypertension etc., is now being studied in depth, the reason is to attain the destination of disease free environment, that are preventable.// ..Researchers from the US Centers for...

Erythromycin and infants’ intestinal disorde

An Indiana University School of Medicine study, in the Journal of Pediatrics, has found a link between erythromycin, and subsequent development of pyloric stenosis, a condition that affects one in 500 newborns. ....Pyloric stenosis, which usually occurs in the first or second month of life, is a blockage of the outlet of the stomach that causes projectile vomiting//, leading to weight loss and de...

Radiofrequency catheter ablation safe for infants

Treating a rapid heart beat by burning away small amounts of heart tissue is as safe for babies as it is for older children, according to new research.// The radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) treatment involves threading a catheter - with an electrode at its tip - into the area of the heart which is struggling with an uncontrolled heartbeat, known as tachycardia. ....A mild painless burst...

Smoking Linked To Low Infant Birth Weight

Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to bear an underweight child, but some women may carry a higher risk than others because of genetic susceptibility.// The finding could help medicine better determine the causes of low birth weight, though the researchers said they were not recommending at this point that women be screened for presence of the genes involved. ...."Our data demonstr...

Caffeine reduces infant blood flow

Researchers at the University of Texas has found that caffeine is often used to treat and prevent sleep apnea in preterm infants. Sleep apnea is a condition characterized by cessation in breathing and sometimes occurs in premature infants. However, there is a growing concern over caffeine's effects on a baby's circulatory system.// ....Researchers in Texas analyzed the effects of caffeine on card...

Risk of early neonatal death high in infants born in the night

Recent research has shown that infants born during night time have a higher risk of early infant death as compared to those born during day time. Previous studies have also shown that infants born at night and during weekends and holidays have an increased risk of death at birth, urging the need for additional skilled and experienced staff for better obstetric and neonatal care during the night....

Shorter infants have lower incomes in later life

British researchers have found evidence that male babies who grow slowly in their first year of life have lower incomes in later life. The results hold true regardless of the socioeconomic status of the child's family, suggesting that slow infant growth may be accompanied by hampered brain development. Biological processes linked to poor growth in infancy lead to lifelong impairment of cognitive...

Banning Smoking in the Home Helps Infants

Banning smoking in the home limits infants' exposure to tobacco smoke. Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, asthma, and other respiratory conditions. ..A recent study analyzed the urinary cotinine levels, a byproduct of nicotine, of 314 infants living in smoking households. Participating infants were between 4 weeks and 24 weeks old. R...

Low Birth Weight infants could have Problems in the Future

Advances in medical care have improved the survival of infants who are born weighing one or two pounds. //However, a new study shows these babies are at risk for school difficulties later in life. ..A number of studies now document the prevalence of neurological, behavioral and intellectual impairments of school age children who were born in the early era of neonatal intensive care. These studies...

Benefits of Nitric Oxide in the Treatment of Premature Infants

Chronic lung disease is a primary long-term complication among premature infants suffering from respiratory distress syndrome.// These infants are at greater risk for pulmonary hypertension and impaired growth, and they also have a sharply increased risk of developing neurological problems. ..A new study finds premature infants who have trouble breathing can benefit from treatment with inhaled...

New Technique to Study Infants Brain.

New research challenges the previously held belief that infants' brains don't divide into left-brain/right-brain dominance until puberty. A new study finds the brain's left hemisphere plays the leading role in processing most //language functions beginning almost immediately after birth. ..Researchers are using functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, to study infant brain activity in res...

Infant Fevers Found to Reduce Allergy Risk Later In Life

New research shows infants who have recurrent fevers are less likely to develop allergies later in childhood.// ..Researchers from the National Institutes of Health studied more than 830 children from birth to age 1 year and documented all fever-related episodes. Researchers defined fever as a temperature of 101 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. Half the children were evaluated again for allergies w...

Limiting Infants Exposure To Smoke At Home

Smoking in the home limits infants’ exposure to tobacco smoke. Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk // of sudden infant death syndrome, asthma, and other respiratory conditions. ..A recent study analyzed the urinary cotinine levels, a byproduct of nicotine, of 314 infants living in smoking households. Participating infants were between 4 weeks and 24 weeks old. Resear...

fMRI Offers Insight Into An Infants Brain

New research challenges the previously held belief that infants' brains don't divide into left-brain/right-brain dominance until puberty. // A new study finds the brain's left hemisphere plays the leading role in processing most language functions beginning almost immediately after birth. ..Researchers are using functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, to study infant brain activity in res...

Drug Used To Improve Lung Function In Infants Could Slow Down Motor Coordination

A therapy routinely given to newborns to prevent or treat chronic lung disease may result in slower neuromotor and cognitive // functioning by school age say researchers based on findings of a recent study . ..Studies in the past have shown that dexamethasone, a drug known as glucocorticoid, often improves lung function in the short-term and allows for early weaning from mechanical ventilation. A...

Infants going to day-care may have lower risk of leukemia

British scientists have found that increased exposure to infections in early infancy, as staying in a day-care //center, may reduce the risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ....The study results were compiled from 6305 children across ten regions of UK of age 2 to 14 yrs without cancer and 3140 children with cancer, of whom 1286 had acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Day care and social ac...

Inhaled nitric oxide therapy does not reduce death risk of infants

Premature infants with lung problem are often treated with inhaled nitric oxide// therapy. A recent study had brought out the fact that this therapy does not reduce the chances of death or further lung infections. ....Researchers for the study are of opinion that premature babies who weigh less than 1.5kgs need not be given inhaled nitric oxide therapy unless they are the part of a study. Inhaled...

Sharing a bed with infants may raise the risk for SIDS

A new research had come out with the starling fact that parents who share their beds// with their newborn babies can unknowingly increase the risk of SIDS for their children. ....Sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS is one of the major reasons of infant mortality for infants in the age group of one month to a year. SIDS is a disorder that seems to have no reasons leading to it and yet there are c...

Infants at lower risk from digestive disease if introduced to cereal early

Infants may have lower risk for the disease of the intestine called celiac disease// if they are introduced to cereals at the age of 4 to 6 months. ....Researchers from University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center had reported that celiac disease, also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy, might have less chances of happening to children who are genetically more susceptible to this...

Hyaluronic Acid – A Boon To The Problem Of Premature Infant

The complexity of the brain and its function has always left man dazzled for generations. In a key to solving this puzzle, some key factors// have been identified that could answer the question regarding what prevents brain damage repair in premature babies and hence help treat prematurity. ..Identification of some of the key factors that also prevent brain damage repair in neurological diseases...

New Blood Test To Detect Iron Level In Infants

A new blood test is all set to measure the iron deficiency in infants earlier than other blood tests, reports the recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association... ..Iron deficiency is estimated to affect nearly 10 percent // of children of one to two years of age. Early detection and treatment are critical because iron deficiency can impair infant mental development, possibly pe...

Amoxicillin use in infancy linked to dental fluorosis in later life

The feasibility of administering antibiotics to children to combat minor infections has always been a contentious point among the medical fraternity. But among the antibiotics that are generally used, amoxicillin was considered // the relatively safest one. Not any longer, if researchers from the University of Iowa have their way. .. ..These researchers found that using amoxicillin to combat infa...

Infants must be put to sleep in separate beds to prevent SIDS

SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant. It is the leading cause of death among infants who are 1 month to 1 year old. SIDS should be diagnosed only when all other possible causes of death have been ruled out by a detailed evaluation of the medical history//. ....There is no specific symptom to diagnose the condition. A new study conducted shows that the condition can be prevented b...

Whole-body hypothermia reduces risk of death in Encephalopathy in infants

Among infants, hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy due to acute perinatal asphyxia remains an important cause of neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood//. ..Infants with moderate encephalopathy have a 10% risk of death, and those who survive have a 30% risk of disabilities. 60% of infants with severe encephalopathy die, and many, if not all, survivors are handicapped. ..Treatment is currently limi...

Plump Infants Getting Obese Later In Life In More Cases

..Large infants, and those who grow rapidly during the first two years of life, are at increased risk of obesity in childhood and adulthood, a study reveals. ..There is an urgent need to tackle rising levels of obesity in the population. However it is not clear how early in life prevention could begin. This study examines the relation between infant size and growth and later obesity. ..Researche...

Time magazine has recognized efforts of two Indian doctors towards reducing infant mortality rate

Two Indian doctors have been featured in the South Asian feature in Times Magazine’s list of Heroes of Global health. These two doctors have put in their sincere efforts towards reducing infant mortality rate in the country by initiation of a n innovative program. // ....Abhay Bang and Rani Bang, who are founders of the Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health (SEARCH), are...

Effect of Maternal Diet on Colic Among Breastfed Infants

Recent research suggests that maternal intake of food allergens is an important factor in the pathogenesis of infantile colic among breastfed infants. ..Infantile colic affects up to 28% of infants in the first months of life//. Colic symptoms usually peak at 6 weeks of age and improve gradually over the following weeks...In the study, which appears in the current issue of the journal Pediatrics,...

Gujarat Seeks To Scale Down Infant Mortality Rate

The Gujarat Government seeks to bring down infant and mortality rates through the launch of its new health program. As many as 5,000 // mothers and 72,000 babies die every year during delivery in the State. ....Through this new program named Chiranjeevi, the government aims to bring the maternal mortality rates down from the present 3.89 to one. Similarly, the Health Department expects the inf...

New Technique Enables Better Nursing Of Robin Sequence Infants

A considerable improvement in the oral feeding habits of infants with breathing problems was observed in less than 11 days following institution of feeding facilitating techniques. // ..The only option for such infant’s had been the use of a feeding tube. Prolonged use of this was however was associated with an increased risk for development of gastroesophageal reflux. With the introduction of t...

Mothers Happy After Exchange Of Swapped Infants

Infants were restored to their respective mothers, after they were swapped due to nursing error that had occurred a week ago//. ..On Jan 17, two women delivered surgical babies in the Ranchi Institute of Medical Science (RIMS). According to doctors, Savitri Devi gave birth to a daughter at 10.30 p.m. and Meena Devi gave birth to a son at 11.01 p.m. .."Savitri delivered a baby just half an hour b...

Infants Need to Be Vaccinated For Hepatitis B

The mother to child transmission of hepatitis B can be prevented by immunizing infants whose mothers suffer from hepatitis B, according to a BMJ published study. The world has a total of 350 million people who are carriers of hepatitis B,// which is transmitted through body fluids and blood. ..As many as 50% of these infections are accounted for by mother to child transmissions. The effects, bo...

Heart transplanted infants better model for developing AIDS treatment

Heart transplanted infants immune system may act as a model for developing better treatment options to patients with AIDS, cancer and other immune disorders. Professor Jeffrey // Plat, Mayo Clinic is to lead a team of researchers which has got a NIH funding of $ 6 million and the research team would be studying the immune system of thymus removed heart transplanted infants. The research team foun...

Saving Infants From The Clutches Of Terror

The fact that terrorism is here to stay has made it necessary for health teams to be prepared for any eventuality. In such a scenario Rush University Medical Center has pioneered the use of a baby simulator in order //to train health care workers to respond quickly to infants in distress from any chemical weapons attacks initiated by terrorists. ..The Chicago Department of Public Health and the...

Causes of Sudden Infant Death Researched

Sudden Infant Death is thought to be spurred by the inability or failure to ‘Gasp’. But now, Scientists from Bristol, England, have been able to ascertain the probable cause of SIDS. // ..University of Bristol researchers have found certain sets of cells in the brain, that are capable of producing nervous impulses on their own , apparently necessary for gasping. These cells are called ‘pacemake...

Relieving the Pain of Infants

Canadian-led researchers say that they have formulated a combination of drugs that could ward off the pain in infants. It was believed for a long time that new borns did not feel any pain. // But this theory has been laid to rest by stringent research. The problem was how to stop this pain without affecting the basic constitution of infants. ..Principal investigator Anna Taddio said that pedia...

Metal traces in infant formula cans responsible for recall.

The infant formula Gentlease is being recalled from the market as stated by the FDA due to presence of presence of metal particles in some cans. // So this brand would not be sold in markets in US. ....The makers of Gentlease powdered infant formula, Mead Johnson Nutritionals of EVANSVILLE, Indiana, initiated the voluntary recall of 24-ounce cans with batch number BMJ19 printed on the bottom of t...

Vaccine to Combat Infant Middle-Ear Infection

According to the study it was found that GlaxoSmithKline Plc which funded the research in the production of vaccine against middle-ear infections in infants// said that the vaccine was viable. GlaxoSmithKline Plc is the world's second-biggest drug maker. ..Roman Prymula, who led the study at the Czech Republic's University of Defense, said that further tests are necessary before the vaccine hits...
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