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Tag: "impairment" at medical news

Inability to Recognize Familiar Smells Could Signal Alzheimers

...e impairment. "Risk of developing mild cognitive impairment increased as odor identification decreased," said the study which is published in the July issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry. "Those who scored below average on the odor identification test were 50 percent more likely to develop the condi...

Impaired Odour Identification Predicts Cognitive Decline for the Elderly

...udied 589 older adults, who did not have cognitive impairment in 1997. The participants, having an average age o... say that 177 individuals developed mild cognitive impairment during the study, and the risk of developing mild cognitive impairment increased as odour identifica...

One-third of Adults Have Had Some Form of Alcohol Use Disorder During Their Lifetimes

...alcohol consumption that contribute to significant impairment or distress. These disorders lead to a variety of negative consequences, including car crashes, domestic violence, birth defects, and economic costs. Dr. Deborah S. Hasin and her colleagues analysed data from face-to-face interviews conducted betwe...

Drinking Problem Plagues 30% Americans

...act on the economy and cause enormous distress and impairment said the researchers who are from Columbia University in New York, New York State Psychiatric Institute, and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Health officials need to determine why increased awareness of the dangers of alcoh...

Efforts on to Tackle Health Problems Faced by US Truck Drivers

..., untreated sleep apnea may be responsible for job impairment and motor vehicle crashes. Truckers pose unique challenges when it comes to improving health, said Ilene Masser, director of such a program for faculty and staff at New York University Medical Center. They sit for long periods, are out on their own...

Visual Impairment Linked to Greater Mortality Risk

...anisms for higher mortality associated with visual impairment remain unclear. It could be attributed to age-rela...markers of biological aging. Alternatively, visual impairment and its related ocular conditions could share a similar pathogenesis with other conditions associate...

C -reactive Protein is the Marker for Cardiovascular Disease

...rdiovascular disease, may also indicate cognitive impairment in children with obstructive sleep apnea. Children with OSA have increased levels of hsCRP [high-sensitivty C-reactive protein] and also exhibit decreased cognitive performances, said lead researcher David Gozal, M.D., of the University of Louisvi...

Eating Fish Oil can Save Eyesight: Study

...dentified retinopathy as a leading cause of vision impairment in children in the developing world. In rich nations, the disease has also become more common with advances in medical care that have vastly improved the survival rates of highly premature infants. In the United States, where the study was conduc...

Early Indicator of Kidney Disease May Also Predict Risk of Pre-Diabetes

...nsidered, he noted. "Pre-clinical signs of renal impairment may occur before or coincidentwith pre-diabetes," Donahue said. "These findings may suggest thatthose who have pre-diabetes also should be screened for early signs ofkidney impairment, which itself is a major chronic illness and cause of much morbidi...

VYVANSE(TM) Drug for the Treatment of ADHD in Adults

...set of which appears before age 7 years; that some impairment from the symptoms is present in two or more settin...x months; and that there is clinically significant impairment in social, academic or occupational functioning and the symptoms cannot be better explained by anoth...

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Associated With Slow Wave Activity During Sleep

...y (SWA) response to sleep challenge, suggesting an impairment of the basic sleep drive. The study, authored by Roseanna Armitage, PhD, and colleagues at the University of Michigan, focused on 13 pairs of identical twins discordant for CFS. Analyses, which were restricted to the first four non-REM periods each...

Like Regular Cigarettes, Low Nicotine Ones also Not Good for Heart

.... It was found that all smokers suffered similar impairment of health irrespective of their choices of cigarettes. The blood pressure and heart rate in both groups of smokers had increased after smoking. Both groups of smokers showed that CFVR, which was already lower in smokers than their non-smoking count...

VA Should Revise Its Methods for Evaluating PTSD in Ex-military Personnel

... is connected to military service and the level of impairment it entails -- can make more consistent and better ... or her ability to work. The focus on occupational impairment in the current rating scheme penalizes veterans who can and do work despite their symptoms, and may ...

Chronic Pain can Impair Memory and Concentration

...participantsa startling 67 per centshowed clinical impairment due to pain on their pain testing day. The remaini...t participants, or 33 per cent, showed no clinical impairment due to pain. And though the number of participants taking part in the study was small, the researc...

A Drink a Day may Delay Dementia Progression

People suffering from mild cognitive impairment can slow their progression to dementia by having u...he American Academy of Neurology. Mild cognitive impairment is an intermediary stage between normal aging and dementia that is used to categorize people with mi...

Researchers Use Gene Therapy to Restore Eyesight in Blind Mice

...to provide corrective genes to mice with a genetic impairment that blocks their vision. Researchers measured the electrical activity in the retinas of mice for two months after the administering the gene therapy injection into the subretinal space of the rodents. Scientists found that 19 out of the 21 treat...

Masimo SET Pulse Oximetry Technology Significantly Reduce the Risk of ROP

...by 40%.(1) One of the most common causes of visual impairment and blindness in premature infants, ROP has been shown to be exacerbated by hyperoxia caused by the excessively high levels of supplemental oxygen often used to treat these patients, due in large part to unreliable oxygen level measurements from puls...

Mouse Model Points to Strategy for Treating Rare Muscle Disease & Kidney Disorders

..., the researchers drew upon previous evidence that impairment of the enzymes that promote sialic acid production causes low sialic acid levels in muscle proteins. They hypothesized that a compound called N-acetylmannosamine, or ManNAc, a sugar that is naturally converted to sialic acid, might have an impact on ...

FPG Receives $8 Million for Autism Research

...omes and communities. Autism is characterized by impairment in communication skills, social interactions and repetitive patterns of behavior. In the past two decades the number of children diagnosed with autism has sky-rocketed 20 fold by some estimates. This rapid increase has placed great demand on early in...

Pessimists may Develop More Memory Problems

...e 40 percent more likely to develop mild cognitive impairment than those who were least prone to negative emotions. Mild cognitive impairment is a transitional stage between normal aging and dementia. People with mild cognitive impairment hav...

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