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PRIMARY PULMONARY HYPERTENSION GENE DISCOVERED

The discovery of the gene associated with the inherited form of primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) by Drs. Jane H. Morse of Columbia University and James A. Knowles of the Columbia Genome Center is indeed a major breakthrough. .. .. ..Their study, funded in part by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health and published in the September issue of the Amer...

Endangered species may be successfully cloned in another animal's womb

Scientists for the first time have found a way for the survival of endangered animal species of the world. ..In a major breakthrough a Massachusetts scientists who engineered the feat has managed to clone cells from an endangered animal (Asian Gaur) and successfully impregnated an Iowa cow with the clone. .. ..The scientific journal Cloning has reported in its upcoming edition that the Iowa cow...

India takes on foot-and-mouth disease by vaccinating animals

While the foot and mouth disease is playing havoc with the economies of..developed countries like the UK, India has been adopting a more conservative..approach of vaccinating the animals for the past three decades. .."Vaccinating the domestic animals against FMD on a regular basis is the best..means of preventing the spread of the disease," says Dr S M Lal, the joint..director of the Bangalore-ba...

IMA wants members not to do sex determination tests during pregnancy

The Indian Medical Association has asked its members to refrain from conducting sex-determination tests and aiding female foeticide. No support would be extended to practitioners caught in the act, the IMA said on Sunday. "We as an organisation should warn our members against aiding in such heinous crimes", said Dr. Vinay Agarwal, joint secretary, IMA headquarters, New Delhi. ..He was speaking a...

IMA to create database on physicians

The Indian Medical Association (IMA) is embarking on an exercise to grade hospital and medical institutions in the country, according to Dr. Sanjiv Malik, Honorary Secretary-General of the IMA. ..Meanwhile, IMA has also entered into an alliance with ORGMARG to create a database on all the medical practitioners in the country, be it allopathy or homeopathy, he said. The process of cataloging medi...

Micro-camera provides new breast imaging technique

A minute endoscope, less than 1mm in diameter, presents a new opportunity for the early detection of breast cancer. The research team included Hollywood film technicians who worked alongside Dr Nicolas Beechey-Newham and colleagues from the Imperial Cancer Research Fund’s clinical oncology unit at Guy’s Hospital in London to produce the “micro-camera”. // ....The camera – small enough to enter...

Animal Fat Enhances Risk Of Stomach

Individuals who enjoy diets rich in meat, cheese and whole milk may be at increased risk of developing cancer of the esophagus and the stomach. The rates of two types of cancer--gastric cardia and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus--have risen rapidly over the past 30 years. To investigate potential links between these and two other types of stomach and esophageal cancers and dietary factors, Dr. Su...

Cancer hazard Found With Animal-Based Nutrients

Researchers have found that a diet high in cholesterol and animal protein is linked to risk of a specific type of cancer of the stomach and esophagus that has been increasing rapidly.// The researchers also found that plant-based nutrients such as dietary fiber, dietary beta-carotene, folic acid, vitamin C and vitamin B6 were associated with lower risk of these kinds of cancers. ....The rate of...

Herbal treatment should be estimated

..According to a new study in Texas, Hay fever sufferers should be turning to their garden for help, not trying to avoid it,. The study has found that a herbal treatment called butterbur is as effective as antihistamines with less side effects. A team headed by Andreas Schapowal, from the Allergy Clinic in Texas, gave 150 participants in Texas and Germany either butterbur extract or cetirizine,...

What Will Primary Care Look Like In England by 2015?

The forthcoming white paper on health and community services in England will radically affect all our futures; so the BMJ asked people with an interest in general practice to predict the future//. ..Senior doctors at the Royal College of General Practitioners predict that general practices will be highly evolved strategic organizations collaborating with one another in a community network. ..Th...

More Youth In Himachal Resort To Suicide

More and more youth belonging to Himachal Pradesh are committing suicide by consuming poison as a result of stress and changing lifestyles.// In the year 2005 alone, as many as 1,254 people committed suicide by consuming poison, according to sources from the State Forensic Laboratory. ......"This figure has been rising each year since 1995 when 841 people died. It rose to 1,123 in 1999 and touc...

Regulators Object Drug Produced from Genetically Engineered Farm Animals

European regulators have not given the green signal to a drug produced in the milk of genetically engineered farm animals// . This is a step retrograde to a budding industry that sought to enable low cost pharmaceutical options from farm animals .. ..GTC Biotherapeutics, proponents of this drug, have decided to appeal the decision, expressing their opinion that the verdict came about only on the...

Animal Fat increases risk Of stomach cancer

Individuals who enjoy diets rich in meat, cheese and whole milk may be at increased risk of developing cancer of the esophagus and the stomach.The rates of two types of cancer--gastric cardia and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus//--have risen rapidly over the past 30 years. To investigate potential links between these and two other types of stomach and esophageal cancers and dietary factors, Dr. S...

Animal insulin product to be discontinued by drug major Eli Lilly

The Chairman and Managing Director of Eli Lilly and Co., India, disclosed on January 3rd, during the announcement of a price cut in the company's human insulin product 'Huminsulin', that its animal insulin product 'Iletin' will be phased out from the market by the end of this year. He added that the company// resorted to this move due to the growing use of human insulin products and the phasing o...

New imaging technique for tracking Alzheimer's

Researchers, for the first time, have shown, using a new imaging technique based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI), how Alzheimer's attacks the brain over time. Until now, MRI was used to show how Alzheimer's disease shrinks the hippocampus, a key area of the brain for memory and learning. And post-mortem studies revealed how the disease devastates even larger brain areas. This is the first time...

Breast Cancer in Men Often Underestimated and Under-treated

Male breast cancer occasionally is misdiagnosed as gynaecomastia, which affects about a third of men at some point over the course of a lifetime, thereby causing the diseae to be discovered at later stages in men than in women. "It is perhaps ironic,that tumours in men are easier to feel than they are in women, yet the disease is being discovered at a later stage in men than in women".//Thus men...

SARS research confirms link to animals

Chinese scientists compared the genetic makeup of viral particles isolated from humans with SARS with a virus found in wild animals recently captured //and being held in a retail food market. ..The animals were found to have a corona virus that was 99.8 percent genetically identical to a virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, in humans. ..Their findings suggest that the mar...

Rat joins list of cloned animals

Cloning will aid in the development of genetically modified rat models of greater predictability and quality. ..Scientific results obtained from these models will contribute to the development of innovative therapeutics for major pathologies such as cardiovascular diseases, //cancers, obesity, diabetes and neurological disorders. ..Rats and mice used in labs are inbred or genetically engineered...

Just standing next to a large person can be bad for one's image

"Weight stigma is powerful, pervasive and destructive," said Marlene Schwartz, a Yale psychologist.In the English study, psychologists tested 144 female students reactions to two prom photos.// .. One showed a dapper, thin young man standing next to a svelte ringlet-haired woman. The other was the same photo altered to show the guy arm-in-arm with a very large, nicely dressed woman. ..The volunte...

Animals Can give us a second chance at life

In the 1960s, surgeons experimented by transplanting chimpanzee organs into humans in need of an organ transplant. In 1985, Baby Fae received a baboon heart and survived 20 days. // Since then, doctors have continued to look to animals as a source for organs, tissues and cells to treat various diseases, all with varying degrees of success. Here’s a look at the controversy surrounding cross-specie...

Animals can give us a second chance at life

In the 1960s, surgeons experimented by transplanting chimpanzee organs into humans in need of an organ transplant. In 1985, Baby Fae received a baboon heart and survived 20 days. Since then, doctors// have continued to look to animals as a source for organs, tissues and cells to treat various diseases, all with varying degrees of success. Here’s a look at the controversy surrounding cross-species...

SARS vaccine shows promise in Animal Testing

SARS, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, is a coronavirus. Similar viruses infect the pigs and other animals. It emerged in southern China in late 2002 and spread to more than two dozen countries on four continents before it was contained last summer. // More than 8,000 people worldwide were sickened, and at least 774 died.Civet cats and other mongoose-like animals that are sold in live food m...

Imaging Modality That Might Help Diagnose Depression

Researchers say they may have found a way to diagnose melancholic depression using an imaging technology that allows them to observe // levels of certain substances in the brain. Melancholia is a relatively common form of depression marked by insomnia, loss of appetite, and loss of pleasure. ..Results of the study show low levels of the inhibitory transmitter GABA and high levels of the excitato...

Being Obese Increases Ones Risk Of A wrong Diagnosis During Medical Imaging

In addition to being at-risk for various health conditions, obese people may also be cutting their chance of being accurately diagnosed // during medical imaging. ..According to a recent study researchers say obesity can limit the ability and accuracy of imaging equipment scans, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). ..The number of problems with imaging overweight...

Is caries in primary and permanent tooth related?

According to a study in Journal of Dental Research, caries in primary teeth may cause developmental defects in permanent teeth.// ..A primary tooth can have caries for a wide variety of reasons such as gender, family health or history, socio-economic status, years of exposure to water fluoridation, disturbance to primary teeth, and early loss of primary teeth. Accounting for all these difference...

Hope for Marburg treatment: vaccine successful in primates

The deadly Marburg virus that had affected a total of 423 cases in Angola,// which had left 357 dead, may finally have a treatment in the form of a vaccine. ....A virus causes Marburg hemorrhagic fever from the same family of virus that cause Ebola hemorrhagic fever. The disease is a rare condition but have the potential of causing an outbreak very fast. The symptoms begin with severe headaches a...

The Benefits of abciximab with clopidogrel for percutaneous coronary intervention Questioned

Primary findings from the Intracoronary Stenting and Antithrombotic Regimen-Rapid// Early Action for Coronary Treatment Trial (ISAR-REACT) has indicated that abciximab use in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after pretreatment with 600 mg clopidogrel for less than 2 hours offered no clinically measurable benefit at 30 days. .. ..The trial included 2159 patients undergo...

Estimates For Number Of HIV/AIDS Deaths In India Still Not Available

While India and US jointly trying to develop defense against the growing menace of HIV/AIDS,// UN officials are aware that there are yet no firm estimates of number of people suffering from the disease are available from the Indian officials... ..According to Peter Piot, executive director of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), one of the statistics about the disease not availa...

Doctors Warned by IMA Against Treating Maoist from Nepal

The Bihar unit of the Indian Medical Association (IMA) has today warned its members// all over the state to be extremely careful while treating or dealing with patients who suffer from bullet, knife or other injuries as a result of some of the Maoist violence taking place in the neighboring country Nepal. ....Dr Ajay Kumar Sinha of Muzaffarpur district was arrested in May for treating eight Nepa...

Risk of Breast Cancer Overestimated with Hormone Replacement Therapy(HRT) Treatment

5th August, 2005. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is commonly advocated in menopausal woman. However taking this hormone treatment could be associated with increased chances of breast cancer and recently anxiety has been expressed. ....In a study published in British Medical Journal// the cumulative risk of such a cancer developing in woman on HRT is low and not as high as was previously repo...

Genetic failure in cloned animals

Researchers have found proof that cloned animals tend to harbor genetic defects that will disturb their development and lead to abnormalities, strengthening the rational that reproductive cloning of humans should be banned.// However, the researchers noted the technology still could be used safely for therapeutic cloning techniques, such as producing embryonic stem cells to treat diseases ranging...

Primates reveal a new dimension to human genome

Two laboratories at Berkeley, California have come out with a tremendous technique that would tell out the entire multitude of information held in store in the human genome. This new technique which is called "phylogenetic shadowing". An analysis through this technique helps to elucidate comparisons between the DNA sequences// in humans and primates. Phylogenetic shadowing enables a complete stud...

T-waves to sweep over imaging technology

The 230th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Washington will focus on T-rays that offer the potential to see biological agents through a sealed envelope and detect tumors without harmful radiation. .. ..T-rays are opening the door to a wide variety of // applications and are based on the terahertz (THz) region of the electromagnetic spectrum -- defined by frequencies from 0.1 to...

An Under Estimation Of The Radiation Hazard With The Use Of Mobile Phones

Whenever science makes a discovery, the devil grabs it while the angels are debating the best way to use it. ~Alan Valentine ..Mobile technology, specifically the use of cell phones, has become an internal part of today’s life all around the globe and has permanently changed our perception about life and communication. Very little information is available about the radiation risk associated wit...

Kidneys Can Be Transplanted From Animals Such As Pigs In Future

The idea of transplanting human organs and tissues has captured the imagination of successive generations. The first successful transplantation was a kidney transplantation performed between identical // twins by Joseph Murray and his colleagues. ..With the significant progress, it might even be possible to transplant non-human tissues from animals such as pigs in some 5 years from now. This proc...

Broccoli Found to Block Cancer Progression In Both Animal and Human Studies

Based on findings of a recent study researchers say that certain chemicals found in the vegetable Broccoli might some day be used to help current and former smokers ward off development of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer // death worldwide. ....Researchers say their study provides significant insight into the mechanisms of lung cancer prevention and suggests ways by which the process ca...

Minimally Invasive Ear Implant Procedures Are Better

Cochlear implants for ears, which are done in a minimally invasive procedure, are better than those done following the traditional way. Researchers from University of Texas Health Science Center will present this research finding // at the 109th Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation... ..Traditional cochlear implantation involved a la...

Down syndrome simulated in animal model after successful chromosome transplantation

The field of genetics has been undergoing a revolution with increasing importance being given to genetic mechanisms underlying common disorders and a huge amount of resources allocated to research in specific genetic disorders. // .. ..This has not only added motivation to scientists working in the field of genetics but also helped us replace the existing knowledge with those acquired new. One su...

Overdentures: An Optimal Solution To Edentulousness

One of the main challenges faced by dentists since times immemorial has been the ability to replace missing teeth to the satisfaction of their patients. The problem of missing teeth is compounded// when all teeth are lost either to disease or simply old age. Traditionally, complete dentures have performed the job of replacing missing teeth quite adequately though it must be said that they were a...

Optical Imaging Added To Ultrasound To Improve Imaging Of Breast Cancer

A new study shows that combining a technology called optical tomography with standard ultrasound imaging can help distinguish early-stage breast cancer from non-cancerous lesions--and potentially reduce the number of breast biopsies performed//. ....Only 10 to 15 percent of women who undergo a breast biopsy actually have a malignant tumor, leading many women to experience unnecessary anxiety, di...
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