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Tag: "esi" at medical news

Bypass Heart Surgery Performed Without General Anesthesia

A minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) procedure was performed at Pittsburgh while the patient was awake. The operation was done under thoracic epidural anesthesia. This approach may help in discharging the patient early from the hospital. Dr. Zenati from the team of doctors who performed the surgery said that patients who are operated in this way may not have to go to the in...

First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans

The first AIDS vaccine candidate designed specifically for Africa will enter human trials this summer. .. ..The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) announced on July 11 at the 13th International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, that the Medicines Control Agency (MCA) of the United Kingdom has approved Phase I testing of a DNA vaccine based on HIV subtype A, the most common strain...

Lean Protein Could Be Key to Obesity Drugs

A protein that lets mice eat more but weigh less could prove the magic ingredient for diet drugs of the future.British scientists from drug giant SmithKline Beecham and the University of Cambridge have created mice with a human protein known as Uncoupling Protein 3 (UCP3) that increases their metabolism.In what is every dieter's dream, the mice were able to eat more than normal mice but still wei...

General Anesthesia Safe For Children On Ketogenic Diet Suffering From Epilepsy

Epileptic children have always been ostracized as children of a lesser God. The physical, mental, moral and social ramifications of these hapless children are beyond words. One stumbling handicap in the surgical treatment of such children was the feasibility of administering General Anesthesia to these children. In many cases the anesthesia times ranged from 1 to 10 hours with procedures rangi...

Clinton's new problem - Is the outgoing American president suffering from skin cancer?

The outgoing U.S. president Bill Clinton will be remembered as one of the most controversial presidents ever. He created history by becoming the first American president in history to be impeached by the House of Representatives. Only because he managed to win at the senate did he save himself and his country further damage. ..He has been the center of many burning controversies throughout his te...

Eating disorder in Diabetic girls lead to eyesight damage.

Diabetic girls were more likely to have an eating disorder when compared with non-diabetic girls. Some reported binge eating and used to take less than their prescribed dose of insulin in order to lose weight. Under dosing of insulin lead to early onset of diabetes related complications and are associated with increased risk of permanent eyesight damage. Intensive treatment to diabetes could be t...

New antibiotic already developing resistance

An anti biotic, just a year old, which was developed to fight resistant bacteria, is already becoming stale as the bacteria are showing signs of resistance. ..The drug linezolid is used to treat Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) infections that are resistant to the old standby antibiotic vancomycin. The hope has been that the new drug would help tackle the growing problem of vancomycin-resistant...

Award for TTK Chitra heart valve prosthesis

TTK Healthcare and Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science and Technology have bagged the..National award for successful commercialization of indigenous technology 2001 for developing artificial heart valve prosthesis...It is a tilting disc valve design incorporating a metallic housing, which is integrally machined from a cobalt based wrought alloy. The circular disc inside is made of ultra...

Breast Feeding prevents obesity later on in life

A new research suggests that breast-feeding in infancy reduces the risk of becoming obese in life later on. According to Dr. William H. Dietz of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia, who led the research team, effects of breast milk significantly lowered the odds of being overweight by the early teen years, but showed less effect on weight during early childhood. ..In...

African HIV strains more resistant to anti HIV drugs

Genetic variations in the HIV strains in Africa make it more difficult for the anti AIDS drugs to act on them according to researchers. This however does not mean that these drugs will be powerless against the virus but these drugs find it difficult to latch on to the protease, which is an enzyme useful in the replication of the virus inside the body. ..If the drug attaches itself to the protease...

Analgesic abuse - cause for chronic headache in children

Over the counter pain medications such as aspirin, acetaminophen(paracetamol) etc., is now identified to be the cause of chronic headache in children. ..A team of Israeli researchers who treated 26 adolescents, found that the average number of tablets taken by each patient was 28 each week, with 16 using pain medication daily. They stopped all the analgesic medications and found that the headache...

Obesity raises IVF miscarriage risk

Obese women are far more likely to miscarrry after IVF treatment- but losing even a few kilos could make a huge difference, say doctors. ..They are urging overweight women to change their diets, and take excercise, prior to embarking on fertilty treatments. ..Obese women have long been known to have problems conceiving naturally, and studies have shown that their overall success rates for IVF do...

Moderate Use of Analgesics - Not Associated With Kidney Dysfunction

According to a new study, occasional use of aspirin, acetaminophen, or other pain relievers for everyday aches and pains is not associated with kidney dysfunction among healthy men. ..As analgesic use is so common, even small increases in the relative risk of renal dysfunction could have a significant impact on rates of renal disease. ..Some earlier studies have suggested that regular use of popu...

Obesity a risk for pancreatic cancer

A new study reveals that obesity raises the risk of pancreatic cancer, but this can be modified by exercise.Only one person in 20 can expect to live for more than five years after pancreatic cancer has been diagnosed and little has been known about how to prevent it (although smoking is a risk factor). ....So it's encouraging to learn that you can do something to lower your risk of this highly l...

Starving leads to obesity

Babies whose mothers suffer from lack of proper nutrition while pregnant may be more likely to become obese in later life, researchers have found. ....A team from the University of Amsterdam looked at a group of 741 men and women who were conceived during the Dutch famine of 1944-1945 which followed the Nazi occupation.// ....They found that the rate of obesity among the women, who were aged 50...

Obesity shortens lifespan

According to a research obese heart patients live on average four years less than their slim counterparts.Being seriously overweight also hastens the onset of heart disease by an average of seven years compared to people who stay slim. ....It has long been known that obesity is linked to heart disease, but researchers from Duke University Medical Center, North Carolina, have become the first to...

Antidepressant helps obesity

Obesity is a disease and a growing health threat both in the USA and all over the world. The drug bupropion can help overweight and obese women lose weight in the long-term. It raises the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Weight loss diets don't always work in the long term, and there has seen to be a need, now, to develop drugs which can handle obesity.// ....Res...

Is Obesity a risk factor?

According to a new study obesity does not worsen the outcome in heart failure. Obese people, suffering from heart failure, experience many problems. Generally in such peope the heart does not pump blood around the body as efficiently as it should. Even though there is no cure, it is treatable with drugs.Doctors often advise people with heart failure to lose weight if they are obese. ....Research...

Genesis of SUPAC

Scale-UP and Post Approval Changes (SUPAC) is an integral part of pharmaceutical product development but till a few years ago, no guidance was available, to assure a smooth scale-up operation. US FDA was the first regulatory body to address this issue. // ..Any pharmaceutical product developed by R&D team has to undergo various stages of scale-up from ‘laboratory-scale’ to ‘pilot-scale’ to ‘pr...

E. coli strains resistant to a common antibiotic

Food contaminated with a strain of drug-resistant E. coli has emerged as a possible new source of urinary tract infections. E. coli is a normal inhabitant of the digestive tract that can cause both intestinal upsets and urinary infections. But while E. coli from bad food is a frequent cause of diarrhoea and other digestive miseries, urinary tract infections were thought until now to result mostly...

Better Treatment for obesity

A little-known fatty compound produced in the small intestine could hold the key to permanent weight loss. Oleylethanolamide (OEA) is a type of fatty acid that is produced in the small intestine in response to food. This compound, oleylethanolamide (OEA), could lead to the development of better treatments for eating disorders and obesity. // ....The effects of OEA are striking and profoundly dif...

Asthma linked to obesity

A US study has suggested that the increase in childhood asthma may be explained by the rise in obesity, rates of both have shot up dramatically in recent decades in the West. Over 6million people are currently being treated for asthma, compared to 3.4m in 1999. ....The researchers found the fattest children were 77% more likely to have asthma symptoms...They suggest increased weight might lead t...

Enzyme may be target for obesity drugs

An enzyme involved in hormone production may help explain why obese people who carry most of their extra weight around their waist have such a high risk of heart disease and other health problems. The findings may lead to new approaches to treat obesity and its complications. // ....It is no news that obesity increases the risk of health problems such as heart disease and diabetes, but where the...

New HIV cases resist drugs

About 40,000 people are infected with HIV every year in the US, with half the cases in people under 25. More than three-quarters of all U.S. patients with the AIDS virus have an infection that resists one or more of the drugs used to treat it. // Drug-resistant HIV had spread faster and the lifesaving cocktails of drugs that help many patients lead normal lives were becoming increasingly limited...

Early puberty more resistance

A recent study has found that early puberty and late menopause have better chances of surviving a broken hip.Broken hips are a common symptom of osteoporosis, or brittle bone disease.// Most women who sustain a hip fracture survive, but sometimes death can occur as a result. .. ..Researchers in Norway sought to investigate the impact a woman's reproductive variables, such as age when her periods...

Target for obesity treatment

Obesity is a disease that affects at least 39 million Americans, and public health experts are increasingly using the term "epidemic" to describe the problem. One in five Americans is obese and more than half are overweight. Being fat raises the risk of many potentially fatal health conditions//, including heart disease and diabetes, it's believed that obesity is linked to at least 300,000 deaths...

Magnesium sulfate offers no help in migraine treatment

Addition of intravenous magnesium sulfate to standard emergency department migraine therapy with metoclopramide, appears to reduce rather than enhance the effectiveness of treatment.// Dr. Jill Corbo, and colleagues from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York, note that there is evidence that magnesium may be helpful in the treatment of migraine headache and that studies i...

Undertaking the obesity epidemic

According to a new survey, many people trying to lose weight are not using the right scheme. Researchers phoned 1000 local residents and found that 60 per cent of men and 50 per cent of women said they were overweight or even obese.// Most of these were trying to lose weight or at least not gain any more. ..But only a third of those trying to lose weight and one fourth of those keeping their we...

Obesity a global problem

Obesity is no longer an exclusively Western problem. Researchers say weight problems also pose a serious health threat to people in developing nations, particularly children. Until recently, famine and infectious diseases// have been the biggest threats to the health of poor people in developing countries. Now, rapid shifts in urbanisation, technology, food processing and even leisure time in dev...

Obesity increases health costs

Obese patients spend more for health care and medications than smokers, as the extra weight poses them many more chronic health hazards. While tobacco is still the nation's principal cause of preventable deaths, the surgeon general warned// that obesity was running a close second. ....For a more precise look at the resulting costs, Rand Corp. economist Roland Sturm used data from two national he...

Obesity in children a risk factor for diabetes

One third of obese children are already showing signs of changes that could lead to full-blown diabetes. The finding sustains doctors' fears that many of today's "baked potato generation"// could be falling prey to the disabling disease before they hit their 30s. ....It has been recognised for some time that being obese, or even overweight, can greatly increase the chances of diabetes, but auth...

Training with weights helps building resistance

According to researchers, many people have believed that training with free weights - dumb bells and bar bells is best kept for youthful people.// According to Bruce Craig, of the Human Performance Laboratory at Atlanta University, men and women well past retirement age have much to gain from resistance training. ..Weight work increases your mobility and improves reaction time - both of which wi...

Women need to exercise more to prevent obesity

Researchers think that women should more than double their daily exercise time in order to control their weight. Presently, we are advised to aim for 35 minutes a day// of moderate exercise for health and weight control. But scientists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham now warn that this may not be enough. ....They have studied a group of women who reported a tendency to gain weight. Ph...

Leptin connected to obesity blood clots

According to researchers, increased levels of the hormone leptin may explain why obese people seem to be more at risk of blood clotting// that causes heart attack and strokes.It is well known that being overweight or obese increases the risk of cardiovascular problems.Now researchers at the University of Michigan are one step closer to understanding why. They have turned the spotlight on the role...

Decrease of 'Hunger Hormone' after Obesity Surgery

According to researchers at the Puget Sound Health Care System, obese adults who undergo 'stomach stapling' have much lower levels of a recently discovered 'hunger hormone' than either normal-weight people or those who lose weight by dieting.// ....Dr. David E. Cumming from the Puget Sound Health Care System in Seattle, suggested that drugs that suppress the hormone called ghrelin could curb appe...

Gene researchers make Malaria-resistant mosquito

A team of German and American researchers have used enetic engineering techniques to develop mosquitoes with a severely impaired ability to transmit malaria--at least to mice, new study findings show. The research is a "first step in the right direction" towards combating malaria in humans, study author Dr. Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena, of Case Western Reserve University in Ohio. "We now know it is poss...

Study on obesity and heart failure

Obesity is the most common risk factors for most of the prevailing ailments. A new study finds obesity is an important risk factor for heart failure in both men and women. Till now, doctors identifies extreme obesity as a risk factor for heart failure.// However, it has been unclear if lesser degrees of obesity also pose a risk. Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine investigated t...

Frequent use of antibiotics raises the risk of carrying resistant infections

Antibiotic prescription given within two months of previous prescription of antibiotics increases //the chance of carrying medication resistant bacteria by almost double than in people who were given antibiotics after almost a year. ....It was always suggested that high levels of taking antibiotics are harmful to health as they may encourage the risk of having superbugs. This is the first study t...

Obesity Can Increase The Chances Of Injuries

Extremely obese people are more likely to be injured than the people who have a normal body mass index.// ....A new study on the subject says about one out of every four obese people report personal injuries in men and about one out of every five obese women report the same. This may be compared to the one out of six normal weight men and one out of eight normal weight women who report such injur...

President Bush proposes HSAs scheme for the benefit of both the workers and the country

President Bush in his State of the Union address encouraged Americans to open health savings accounts (HSAs). He said that it would help to fight the nation's out-of-control medical costs. It was // well received by many lawmakers. But the local employers say that HSAs are the means by which the doctors cure the country's health finance ills. ..Gary Laugharn, regional client leader in Houston...
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