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Tag: "epigenetic" at medical news

Inherent similarities in identical twins may not be so strong

...ty, who had conducted the study, had said that the epigenetic effect can alter the genetic expressions in twins ...s of age. The results of the study showed that the epigenetic effect is least when young and increases with age, as the identical twins grow older. Reference: Pr...

Risk of colon cancer to be assessed by simple blood test

...changes associated with IGF-2 levels are linked to epigenetic mechanisms- changes in what is attached to genetic material. An epigenetic process called “imprinting normally controls the IGF-2 gene" in which the level of protein productio...

Cancer Begins With Epigenetic Changes: Study

... researcher suggests that cancers might begin with epigenetic //alterations instead of the traditional view that... in the development of cancers, but there also are epigenetic changes and those come first," said lead author Andrew Feinberg, M.D., M.P.H., King Fahd Professor o...

Smoking Hazard transferred to children from father

...that smoking causes change in your genes and these epigenetic changes are also transferred to your children’s an...Starting smoking and alcohol at a small age causes epigenetic changes in the genes and is responsible for diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure and obesity ea...

Non-Coding RNA Vital For Gene Activation And Protein Expression

...ience journal. The research unravels how certain epigenetic activators, in this case Ash1 bind to the target D...on of a specific DNA sequence (target gene) by the epigenetic factors followed by binding and expression has remained poorly understood as of now. The gene Ultr...

Prostate Cancer Risk Linked To Early Estrogen Exposure

...nate's prostate cells, a phenomenon referred to as epigenetic reprogramming. In epigenetic reprogramming, gene expression is altered without changing DNA sequences or content. Several of the ...

Cell Survival Depends on Chromosome Integrity

...re critical for many biological processes, such as epigenetic control of gene expression, which itself dictates the expression of the proteome in all cells. Other lysine modifications include acetylation, methylation, ubiquitylation and sumoylation. The researchers were funded by the Ministry of Education, Cu...

Protein Involved In Embryo Formation Found In Malignant Cells

...tal factors as well as influencing other cells via epigenetic (other than genetic) mechanisms, a quality known a...e developing zebrafish as a model for studying the epigenetic modulation of tumor cells. Melanoma is one of the deadliest forms of cancer. The five-year surviva...

Human Embryonic Stem Cells Could Be Later Used In Therapeutic Cloning

...or example, DNA methylation is one of the critical epigenetic events leading to the inactivation of one X chromo...hundreds of genes at a time opens a new window for epigenetic research,’ says Dr. Jian-Bing Fan, director of molecular biology at Illumina. ‘Exciting insights int...

Environmental Toxin Causes Heritable Adult-Onset Diseases

... The study shows the potential impact of so-called epigenetic inheritance, which refers to the transmission from...methyl groups, that become attached to the DNA. In epigenetic transmission, the DNA sequences – the genes – remain the same, but the chemical modifications change...

Biomarkers Found Harmful For Human Lupus

...t he is continuing to pursue resetting part of the epigenetic code as a way to improve lupus treatment. 'We de...al byproducts induce B-cell activation through the epigenetic mechanism,' he said. These changes lead to activation of the histone deacetylase enzymes. The HDIs s...

Epigenetics to Shape Stem Cell Future

...Before then, it may be necessary// to decipher the epigenetic signals that give stem cells their unique ability ...rm them into different cell types. The hype over epigenetic research is because it opens up the possibility of reprograming cells. By manipulating epigenetic ma...

Stem Cells in Liposuctioned Fat can Heal Injuries

...e hurdle lies not with the genes but with a cell’s epigenetic status, the subtle chemical modifications of DNA a...from one cell type into another. "Look at a cell’s epigenetic profile," says Collas, "and you may be able to predict what that cell is likely to turn into." The...

Ovarian Cancer May Mimic Fallopian Tube Formation

... development that has gone awry due to genetic and epigenetic alterations,” said Nathan Bowen, Georgia Cancer Coalition Distinguished Cancer Scientist at Georgia Tech and the Ovarian Cancer Institute (OCI). Using cancerous and non-cancerous tissue straight from the operating room, Bowen and fellow OCI researc...

Fruit Crop Fungicide Induces Permanent Changes in Mating Behavior

... elements that regulate genes. This is known as an epigenetic change. In the rats studied by Crews and Gore, t... the first time, Crews and Gore show the inherited epigenetic change can affect behavior. “The important thing about this research is that it takes epigenetics ...

Environmental Factors Linked to Increased Risk of Breast Cancer

...on for Cancer Research. To study the effects of epigenetic changes in DNA, a team of researchers from Columbi...m 263 women. Terry and her colleagues looked at an epigenetic effect called DNA methylation, whereby DNA is tagged by a molecular "methyl" fragment, which alters ...

Gene Mutation That Increases the Risk of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia Found

...w that it's important to look for both genetic and epigenetic alterations when identifying problem genes," Plass said. The findings of the study will be published in the June issue of the journal Cell....

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(Date:4/17/2014)... Meaningful long-term survival is possible for selected patients ... treated with cytoreductive surgery with Hyperthermic IntraPeritoneal Chemotherapy, ... physicians at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. , ... experience with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC, said lead ... 20 years, worth of patient data shows that ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Canadians surveyed said they would participate in public health ... genetic conditions, only 80 per cent said they would ... their newborns, genomes.,Most newborns in North America have a ... of life in which a tiny amount of blood ... five to 54 conditions, depending on the state or ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... have called for more research to be carried ... in sub-Saharan Africa. In a paper in ... Stothard, working with colleagues in the department of ... in Cleveland Ohio, University of Cambridge and the ... the joint burden of HIV/AIDS and schistosomiasis of ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Texas (April 16, 2014) A team that includes scientists ... Health Science Center at San Antonio, Johns Hopkins University and ... helps a common fungus to infect the body. , The ... rashes and oral thrush, and is the most common fungal ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Handling frozen fish caused nearly half of all ... the injuries on freezer-longliner vessels operating off the coast ... , Many of those injuries and others aboard the ... right interventions, and the research methods used in the ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... of our ideas about domestication derive from Charles ... by British animal-breeding practices during the 19th century, ... improvement. , It is from Darwin that ... of captive animals from wild species and total ... But animal management in this industrial setting has ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... you cannot move your eyes up, and you cannot lift your ... so that your eyes look straight when they are rolled down ... to allow people a normal position of their head. In order ... happens. , In a paper published in the April 16 print ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Biosciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) ... authority on the evolutionary design principles of cellular networks ... biology, has been named one of six recipients of ... Secretary Ernest Moniz. The E.O. Lawrence Award, the Department ...
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