Tag: "epigenetic" at medical news
Inherent similarities in identical twins may not be so strong
...ty, who had conducted the study, had said that the epigenetic
effect can alter the genetic expressions in twins ...s of age. The results of the study showed that the epigenetic
effect is least when young and increases with age, as the identical twins grow older. Reference: Pr...
Risk of colon cancer to be assessed by simple blood test
...changes associated with IGF-2 levels are linked to epigenetic
mechanisms- changes in what is attached to genetic material. An epigenetic
process called “imprinting normally controls the IGF-2 gene" in which the level of protein productio...
Cancer Begins With Epigenetic Changes: Study
... researcher suggests that cancers might begin with epigenetic
//alterations instead of the traditional view that... in the development of cancers, but there also are epigenetic
changes and those come first," said lead author Andrew Feinberg, M.D., M.P.H., King Fahd Professor o...
Smoking Hazard transferred to children from father
...that smoking causes change in your genes and these epigenetic
changes are also transferred to your children’s an...Starting smoking and alcohol at a small age causes epigenetic
changes in the genes and is responsible for diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure and obesity ea...
Non-Coding RNA Vital For Gene Activation And Protein Expression
...ience journal. The research unravels how certain epigenetic
activators, in this case Ash1 bind to the target D...on of a specific DNA sequence (target gene) by the epigenetic
factors followed by binding and expression has remained poorly understood as of now. The gene Ultr...
Prostate Cancer Risk Linked To Early Estrogen Exposure
...nate's prostate cells, a phenomenon referred to as epigenetic
reprogramming. In epigenetic
reprogramming, gene expression is altered without changing DNA sequences or content. Several of the ...
Cell Survival Depends on Chromosome Integrity
...re critical for many biological processes, such as epigenetic
control of gene expression, which itself dictates the expression of the proteome in all cells. Other lysine modifications include acetylation, methylation, ubiquitylation and sumoylation. The researchers were funded by the Ministry of Education, Cu...
Protein Involved In Embryo Formation Found In Malignant Cells
...tal factors as well as influencing other cells via epigenetic
(other than genetic) mechanisms, a quality known a...e developing zebrafish as a model for studying the epigenetic
modulation of tumor cells. Melanoma is one of the deadliest forms of cancer. The five-year surviva...
Human Embryonic Stem Cells Could Be Later Used In Therapeutic Cloning
...or example, DNA methylation is one of the critical epigenetic
events leading to the inactivation of one X chromo...hundreds of genes at a time opens a new window for epigenetic
research,’ says Dr. Jian-Bing Fan, director of molecular biology at Illumina. ‘Exciting insights int...
Environmental Toxin Causes Heritable Adult-Onset Diseases
... The study shows the potential impact of so-called epigenetic
inheritance, which refers to the transmission from...methyl groups, that become attached to the DNA. In epigenetic
transmission, the DNA sequences – the genes – remain the same, but the chemical modifications change...
Biomarkers Found Harmful For Human Lupus
...t he is continuing to pursue resetting part of the epigenetic
code as a way to improve lupus treatment. 'We de...al byproducts induce B-cell activation through the epigenetic
mechanism,' he said. These changes lead to activation of the histone deacetylase enzymes. The HDIs s...
Epigenetics to Shape Stem Cell Future
...Before then, it may be necessary// to decipher the epigenetic
signals that give stem cells their unique ability ...rm them into different cell types. The hype over epigenetic
research is because it opens up the possibility of reprograming cells. By manipulating epigenetic
Stem Cells in Liposuctioned Fat can Heal Injuries
...e hurdle lies not with the genes but with a cell’s epigenetic
status, the subtle chemical modifications of DNA a...from one cell type into another. "Look at a cell’s epigenetic
profile," says Collas, "and you may be able to predict what that cell is likely to turn into." The...
Ovarian Cancer May Mimic Fallopian Tube Formation
... development that has gone awry due to genetic and epigenetic
alterations,” said Nathan Bowen, Georgia Cancer Coalition Distinguished Cancer Scientist at Georgia Tech and the Ovarian Cancer Institute (OCI). Using cancerous and non-cancerous tissue straight from the operating room, Bowen and fellow OCI researc...
Fruit Crop Fungicide Induces Permanent Changes in Mating Behavior
... elements that regulate genes. This is known as an epigenetic
change. In the rats studied by Crews and Gore, t... the first time, Crews and Gore show the inherited epigenetic
change can affect behavior. “The important thing about this research is that it takes epigenetics ...
Environmental Factors Linked to Increased Risk of Breast Cancer
...on for Cancer Research. To study the effects of epigenetic
changes in DNA, a team of researchers from Columbi...m 263 women. Terry and her colleagues looked at an epigenetic
effect called DNA methylation, whereby DNA is tagged by a molecular "methyl" fragment, which alters ...
Gene Mutation That Increases the Risk of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia Found
...w that it's important to look for both genetic and epigenetic
alterations when identifying problem genes," Plass said. The findings of the study will be published in the June issue of the journal Cell....