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Tag: "determinant" at medical news

Discourage Less Educated Women from Conceiving , Says New Zealand Academic

...said. Flynn argues vigorously that race is not a determinant of IQ, but that class can be. "There is no genetic difference between Maori and Pakeha in terms of genes for intelligence," he said. Flynn, said in a socially mobile society such as New Zealand's, those who remained uneducated had poorer genetic ...

Americans Grow Shorter, Blame It on Weak Healthcare

...en just as they do in adults. Nutrition is a key determinant of height. According to the study, "U.S. children consume more meals prepared outside the home, more fast food rich in fat, high in energy density, and low in essential micronutrients, than do European children." That is ultimately a cultural issue -...

Insights into Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

...ng that RXR is not a silent partner but a critical determinant of transformation. In addition, our observations suggest that dysregulated sumoylation induced by PML/RARA may contribute to altered gene expression and APL pathogenesis," explains Dr. de The. Taken together, results from these studies indicate t...

Extrovert People Drink More Alcohol

...inking behaviour Sex ratio in the group is a major determinant for alcohol use: the more men present, the greater the amount drunk by both men and women. Possibly a process might be initiated in male groups which ensures that men drink more than usual because participants challenge each other or because no one w...

Extroverts are More Likely to Drink Under Pressure

...ver. Dr Bot also noted that sex ratio is a major determinant for alcohol use: the more men present in a group, the greater the amount drunk by both men and women. Possibly a process might be initiated in male groups which ensures that men drink more than usual because participants challenge each other or be...

Nodal Status is the Best Predictor in Esophageal Cancer

...athological response that was the most significant determinant of prognosis. When individuals with complete path...tatus after neoadjuvant treatment is the strongest determinant of outcome, there is no evidence that an assessment of histomorphological response should be incorpo...

Using Portion-control Dishes can Help Obese Diabetics Lose Weight

...in the marketplace. Portion sizes are an important determinant of energy intake; the number of calories ingested by subjects at a meal has been directly correlated with the serving size offered," the authors write. "This is important, as a 5 percent weight loss has been shown to be clinically significant in t...

Weight Control for Obese Diabetics

... the authors write. Portion sizes are an important determinant of energy intake; the number of calories ingested by subjects at a meal has been directly correlated with the serving size offered. Sue D. Pedersen, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., and colleagues at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, conducted a six-mon...

Car Airbags Most Suited To Medium-Built Individuals

... risk" from air bags, says the NHTSA. "The primary determinant as to whether an individual will be injured by a deploying air bag is the distance from which the individual is seated from the air bag." The NHTSA notes that there is also no precise distance guaranteed to avoid air bag injury since all air bags a...

Study Finds Reason About Brains Refusal to Change Brands

...chanism called cognitive lock-in as an influential determinant of peoples choices. We find that consumers typic...ly are not aware that this mechanism is a powerful determinant of the choices they make, write Kyle B. Murray (University of Western Ontario) and Gerald Hubl (Univ...

A Pratical Tool to Detect Bone Mass Deficiencies in Children With Chronic Diseases

...lation of bone mass during childhood -- a critical determinant of whether children are at elevated risk for fracture or osteoporosis, Dr. Kalkwarf said. The research findings will allow physicians to use standardized data on bone mass categorized by sex, age, and race -- and formatted similar to a growth chart -...

Menthol Receptor-A Thermosensitivity Determinant in Cold Temperature

...ld temperatures.TRPM8 is the primary, if not sole, determinant of thermosensitivity in the cool range, the researchers noted. It also contributes to the detection of extreme cold, or temperatures below 15 C degrees. Cold, heat, sound, light, taste, and smell are detected and converted into neural impulses thro...

Food Preparation may Play a Bigger Role in Chronic Disease

...f particular interest was the finding that a major determinant of the blood levels of AGEs is the amount of AGEs in the diet, not dietary calories, sugar, or fat. The study, which was done in collaboration with, and supported by, the National Institute on Aging (NIA), is published in the April issue of the Journ...

Weight Gain in Pregnancy Linked to Overweight in Kids

...ernal weight gain during pregnancy is an important determinant of birth outcomes," says lead author Emily Oken, MD, MPH, instructor in the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention. "These findings suggest that pregnancy weight gain can influence child health even after birth and may cause the obstetric commu...

A Single Biological Mechanism Behind Several Autoimmune Disorders

...e results support a potential role for IGF-1R as a determinant of immune responses through fibroblast and lymphocyte activation and expansion. This further implicates IGF-1R in the pathogenesis of patients with Graves’ disease. Graves' disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, can lead to severe swell...

Mixed HIV Coreceptor Use Associated With Lower CD4 Count

...at “assessment of coreceptor use may be a critical determinant of eligibility for treatment with the CCR5 and CXCR4 receptor inhibitors currently in clinical development”, noting that specialised tests may therefore be necessary before starting treatment with a chemokine-receptor blocking drug. “CD4 cell count a...

Fortified Milk Reduces Morbidity in Preschool Children

...utrients among preschool children are an important determinant of child health in developing countries,” said Sunil Sazawal, MD, MPH, PhD, lead author of the study and an associate professor in the Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of International Health. The authors conducted a randomized, contr...

HIV RNA Level Seen As Little Value In Predicting Treatment

...t least as reflected by plasma levels) is the main determinant of the speed of CD4 cell loss at the individual level. The clinical implications are that in the majority of cases, an individual patient's plasma HIV RNA level at the time of presentation for clinical care cannot predict, to a significant extent, th...

Risk of Malaria treatment failure in some HIV-positive patients

...ther than infection with HIV-1 per se, is the main determinant of malaria treatment outcome," says Dr. Van geertruyden. This finding exposes a danger that implementing new malaria combination therapies to treat the disease in immune-suppressed patients could lead to the emergence and spread of antimalarial dru...

HD Type Plays an Important Role in the Survival of the Patient

...fferences in morphologic case mix are an important determinant of regional survival differences for HD.?...

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(Date:8/20/2014)... John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Biology and Biochemistry at ... the International Society for the Study of the Origin of ... two from the U.S., one from France and one ... elected every three years, and 36 have been named since ... countries, the ISSOL includes researchers from disciplines as varied as ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Tbingen, Arizona State University, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute ... TPH) isolated Mycobacterium pinnipedii from skeletons found ... The pathogen is a relative of the TB bacterium ... humans today. These researchers assume that seals carried the ... to sea lions was unexpected" comments Sebastien Gagneux, from ...
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