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Particulate matter affects lung development

When children living under polluted, hazy skies move away to communities with cleaner air, their lungs begin to grow more quickly, according to a study by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.Preventive medicine researchers followed more than 100 children through their teen years and compared those who moved away to other communities in the West.Resulting changes in air pollution ex...

A Compilation of recent Diabetes Research articles

....A recent article published in 'Diabetes Care' discussed about a study conducted by Dr.Vijay Jayagopal and his colleagues from the Hull Royal Infirmary in the UK, which tried to understand the benefits of dietary supplements on type 2 diabetes patients. The study was conducted on 35 post menopausal women with type 2 diabetes who //either received a placebo or a dietary supplement with phytoes...

Liver cancers which spread are linked to a particular gene

Live cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers worldwide and its incidence is high in the Asian and African countries due to hepatitis infection and aflatoxin contamination of foodstuffs. The cancer is also becoming prevalent in the United States. Researchers in the US and China have been studying gene activity in liver tumors using the new 'gene chip' technology and found a way of detecting t...

Specific Changes In A Particular Gene Found To Increase The Risk of Alzheimer’s Diseas

Researchers say they have now identified a gene variant that may increase the risk of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, // which in turn could lead to improved understanding of the disease and new prevention and treatment developments. According to latest research it was seen that specific changes in the gene in a protein called ubiquilin-1 was associated with an increased incidence of Alzheimer’s....

Gene-Nanoparticle Gene Transfer Is Better Than Viral Vector Transfer System

Nanoparticles can be used in gene therapy to transfer therapeutic genes in to brain cells //and helps in studying genetic mechanism of brain diseases... ..Gene-nanoparticle complexes developed by scientists at the University of Buffalo, has proved to deliver therapeutic genes directly into the brains of living mice, the transfer rate is comparatively higher to transfer rates of viral vectors and...

MRI with nanoparticles highly sensitive in detecting prostate cancer metastases

High-resolution MRI with magnetic nanoparticles is highly sensitive in detecting clinically occult lymph-node metastases in prostate cancer, according to a new report. In fact, routine use of this modality preoperatively could obviate many unneeded surgeries.// ....The nanoparticles, which are given intravenously 24 hours before scanning, work by binding to lymphatic cells. The particles only bin...

Gold Nanoparticles: Agents For Noninvasive Cancer Therapy

Gold nanoparticles are potential and very practical agents in therapeutic applications. Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and Georgia Institute of Technology, writing Cancer Letters // (Available online 28 September) demonstrate the efficiency of gold nanospheres as photothermal agent by selectively delivering gold nanoparticles to oral carcinoma cells that overexpress...

Clinical Renal Trails Do Not Have Sufficient Women Participants

New findings that are being presented during the American Society of Nephrology’s 38th Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, say that women are not being adequately represented during medical trials // more specifically renal trials. Through analyses of the recently conducted renal trials showed this shortcoming. .. ..It is theorized that this may be the reason w...

Sex, Race Influence Lung Cancer Trial Participation

Women and African-Americans are generally reluctant to enroll in treatment trials for lung cancer, according to a new study appearing in the January 15, 2006 issue of CANCER, the journal of the American Cancer Society.// ..Previous studies have found that the drugs that are a part of the chemotherapy regimen are primarily approved after clinical trials that involve more men than women. Lawmakers...

Alzheimer's Can Be Slowed Down By Gold Nanoparticles

A combination of radiation and gold nanoparticles can help in slowing down the progress of Alzheimer's disease, according to a research conducted by scientists from Spain and Chile. The healthy brain // cells will not be affected by this. According to their study, to be published in the American Chemical Society's Nano Letters, the technique, a type of molecular surgery, has the potential to d...

NRIs Called Upon To Participate In AIDS Awareness Programs

People of Indian origin (PIO) and Non-Resident Indians (NRI) have been called upon by Oscar Fernandes, the Minister of State for Overseas Indian Affairs // to take an active part in the AIDS awareness campaigns being conducted in India. The Government is seeking the involvement of related agencies and organizations to contribute towards this effort. ....Fernandes, made this announcement while a...

Like a particular taste and hate the other: Well, Blame it on the Brain!

Scientists have now linked the liking of a taste to the brain and its neurons. So it is not you who will be blamed if you dislike the bitter gourd but just love the chocolate.// ....The study that demonstrated this relation was done on fruit fly Drosophila by Kristin Scott and colleagues. .. ..According to their model the brain has special cells which detect specific tastes. Multiple neurons inte...

PFCAs Detected in the Artic

Fluorinated polymers have become a great danger in the environment and are thought to cause cancer in man. Their ubiquitous presence is seen in microwave popcorn bags, stain-free carpets, fast-food wrappers, denture cleaners, windshield washer fluid. // ......Scott Mabury, at the University of Toronto had led a team which has investigated the effect of these chemicals for the past five years. Th...

Peer Rejection Leads To Reduced Participation In Classroom Activities

Children who do not take an active part in classroom activities are more likely to demonstrate a poor academic performance a new study shows. Furthermore, children excluded from classroom activities by their peers have also been found to show withdrawal symptoms.// The results of this study can be found in the Journal of Educational Psychology, a publication of the American Psychological Associat...

Barbers In Malda Participate In HIV/AIDS Awareness Program

In an attempt to spread awareness about AIDS/HIV, the Rotarians of Malda and the district health officials of the State organized a health awareness program// ('One step for awareness about HIV-AIDS') in the English Bazaar town, targeted specifically at barbers. ....The local barbers, under the guidance of the organizing committee, organized a rally. A special AIDS/HIV awareness session was cond...

Gold Nanoparticles Are Good Detectors Biological Toxins

Researchers at the University of East Anglia have found that gold nanoparticles are very effective detectors of biological toxins//. These particles they say reveal the presence of poisons far faster than existing techniques that often involve shipping samples back to a lab. This they hope would help in aiding investigations at crime scenes. ....Researchers led by Professor David Russell use of...

Scientists To Study Effect Of Nanoparticles On Liver

University of Edinburgh researchers will study the effect of tiny nanoparticles on the health of the liver. These nanoparticles are found in pollution// from traffic exhaust and are also used in making household goods such as paint, sunblock, food, cosmetics and clothes. The scientists will assess if these particles damage liver cells. ..Nanoparticles are atoms and molecules 80,000 times smalle...

Nanoparticles and Their Damage to Liver Cells

According to the Research conducted by the scientists at the University of Edinburgh, it is understood that nanoparticles present in the air may have an adverse// effect on the liver cells. These nanoparticles are mainly found in the pollution from traffic exhaust, household goods such as paint, sunblock, food, cosmetics and clothes. ..Nanoparticles are atoms and molecules 80,000 times smaller...

Effect of Nanoparticles on Liver

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh plan to study how nanoparticles affect the liver. The scientists propose to assess whether the nanoparticles found// in pollution by traffic exhaust as well as in household goods like paint, sunblock, cosmetics, clothes and even food can damage to the cells of the liver. ..Nanoparticles are molecules and atoms about 80,000 times smaller than the thickne...

Cleaning Cathartic?

United Kingdom: Cleaning is doubly beneficial, for it ensures two things – one, the mess all tidied up and Two, mentally cleanses the cleaner //(Lady of the House!) Women, spoke of being in total control when they tidy up and put things in order, but the flip side to it, is that nearly half of the women interviewed confessed that ‘cleaning’ became so obsessive that they could be called “Cleanohol...

Use of Nanoparticles in Sunscreen under Scrutiny

Nanotechnology is the use of particles which are very small. They are submicroscopic particles which are thought to pose a health hazard. // The petition was raised by environmental groups which asked the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to strengthen its regulation of sunscreens that contain nano-sized titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. These particles are thought to cause inflammatory and immun...

Clinicians Participating In the Pharmaceutical-Sponsored Trails Tend To Prescribe Their Drugs

According to a Danish study conducted by Dr. Morten Andersen of the University of Southern Denmark-Odense and colleagues it was found that doctors //who took part in pharmaceutical-sponsored clinical trials tend to prescribe the sponsor’s drugs. The study results appear in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The research team said that this is due to the fact that the doctor knows th...

Corporate Groups To Participate In Jharkhand Health Care Scheme

The Tata group, the Essar group and the Jindal group have committed to contribute in a non-profit charitable trust that would ensure medicare for people leaving Below Poverty Line in Jharkhand. // ....In the country's first public-private partnership, the Sarva Swasthya Mission trust is being formed by Jharkhand Government in partnership with the major corporate groups, an official release said...

University Participating in West Nile Vaccine Trial

Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers, in collaboration with investigators at Johns Hopkins University, are beginning a Phase I trial to test// a new vaccine against the West Nile virus. ....The mosquito-borne virus, which can cause serious illness, is making its yearly appearance in Middle Tennessee. While no human cases of West Nile have been reported in the state so far this season...

Nano-sized inhaled particles traverse quickly from nose to brain

To understand the health implication when tiny particles in the air is inhaled, University of Rochester Medical Center scientists demonstrated that when rats inhale// , nano-sized particles quickly traverse the pathway and make it to many regions in the brain. This study is published in the August issue of Environmental Health Perspectives. There were also evident changes in gene expression, whic...

Tiny Sphere Of Nanoparticles Can Fight Cancer

Researchers have found in a preclinical trail, that siRNA packed as a tiny sphere can shrink ovarian cancer.// ....Researchers from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Centre had reported in the August 15th edition of Clinical Cancer Research, that siRNA that are wrapped up in a tiny sphere infiltrate deeply into ovarian cancer tumour cells, which could thereby oppress the troublesome...

Hybrid Nanoparticles for Multimodal Medical Imaging

Since X-rays were discovered more than a century ago, triggering a revolution in medical imaging, clinicians have sought more powerful ways to "see" into the human body.// ....Now, with a $1.1 million grant from the John R. Oishei Foundation, researchers in the University at Buffalo's Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics are turning their expertise in nanomedicine to the development...

Tallest man to participate in the Guinness day celebrations

Xi Shun, 55, from China is the world’s tallest man alive. He is 7 feet, 8.95 inches tall.// The Guinness Day is to be celebrated across the globe on November 9th. Xi will be sent to Brazil to participate in the celebrations. ..His record will be published in the Guinness Book of Records, 2007, which he will autograph in Rio de Janeiro. He will visit Sao Paulo and enjoy a ride with Sao Paulo's fa...

Nanoparticles Used by Researchers to Attack Brain Tumours

Treating brain tumors is traditionally difficult because of the blood-brain barrier, which prevents harmful substances from traveling //through the bloodstream into the brain. In order for chemotherapy to treat a tumor, it must penetrate this barrier. ....'Thinking outside the box is a must for developing brain cancer treatments. Drugs don't get into the brain when delivered in the normal way, w...

Inhaled Particles Increases the Risk of Lung Cancer

Exposure to certain types of inhaled particles in occupational settings and in the environment has been linked to increases in lung cancer risk. The December// Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM), is a special issue providing updates on particles and cancer. ...."A remarkable consisten...

Link Between Nanoparticles and Kidney Stones

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have successfully isolated nanoparticles from human kidney stones in cell cultures//and have isolated proteins, RNA and DNA that appear to be associated with nanoparticles. ....The findings, which appear in the December issue of the Journal of Investigative Medicine, are significant because it is one step closer in solving the mystery of whether nanoparticles are viabl...

Nanoparticle Uptake Zoom by Repetitive Motion

A recent research by North Carolina State University toxologists and Rice University Chemists// has highlighted the role of repetitive movements, in increasing the intake speed of nanoparticles through the skin. Vitro experiments on animal skin exposed to buckyballs formed the basis of the research. These bucky balls contained amino acids. Experiments showed that amino acid penetrated deeper and...

Activation of a Particular Brain Region Predicts Altruism: Study

Researchers have discovered that activation of a particular brain region predicts whether people tend to be selfish or altruistic.// The results of this Duke University Medical Center study were published in the Sunday, Jan 21 online edition of Nature Neuroscience. .."Although understanding the function of this brain region may not necessarily identify what drives people like Mother Theresa, it...

UC Davis Creates New Nanoparticles

Researchers at UC Davis have created a new type of nanoparticle that could be used in tests for environmental pollution// and contamination of food products, as well as for medical diagnosis. The research appears in the Feb. 7 issue of the journal Nanotechnology. ..Nanoparticles, according to Ian Kennedy, professor in the department of mechanical and aeronautical engineering and senior author of...

Common Ingredient in Big Macs and Sodas Can Stabilize Gold Nanoparticles for Medical Use

The future of cancer detection and treatment may be in gold nanoparticles - tiny pieces of gold so small they cannot be seen by the naked eye.// The potential of gold nanoparticles has been hindered by the difficulty of making them in a stable, nontoxic form that can be injected into a patient. New research at the University of Missouri-Columbia has found that a plant extract can be used to overc...

Nanoparticle Research Offers Hope of Artificial Retinas, Prostheses

Researchers have achieved the world’s first direct electrical link between nerve cells and photovoltaic nanoparticle films. The development opens the door to// applying the unique properties of nanoparticles to the possible development of a nanoparticle-based artificial retina. ....Nanoparticles are artificially created bits of matter not much bigger than individual atoms. The same forces that...

Proteins in Microparticles Identified in Women With Preeclampsia

Proteins released by the placenta may damage blood vessels in women with preeclampsia (PE).// ..In PE, a complication of pregnancy linked to life-threatening increases in high blood pressure after 20 weeks of gestation, it has long been recognized that substances called "microparticles" released by the placenta damage maternal blood vessels. Researchers at Yale School of Medicine, led by Seth Gul...

Nanoparticles can Damage DNA, Increase Cancer Risk

Tissue studies indicate that nanoparticles, engineered materials about a billionth of a meter in size, could damage DNA and lead to cancer, according to research// presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research. ..Nanoparticles are small enough to penetrate cell membranes and defenses, yet they are large enough to cause trouble by interfering with normal cel...

Bengal Teenager to Participate in World Oncology Camp

A Bengali teenager, who won his battle with cancer, is all set to fly to United States to share the story of his recovery from the deadly ailment. ......Bidurin Chakraborty, a class 12 student of Boy's High School in Siliguri, about 600 km from the state capital, is completely cured after three years of treatment against cancer with the financial support of cricketer Sourav Ganguly and his team...

Emory Participates in Study to Slow Progression of Parkinson's Disease

Emory University is participating in one of the largest ever Parkinson's disease (PD) clinical trials to determine if the nutritional supplement creatine can slow the symptom progression of this disorder. ......PD is a degenerative disorder of the brain in which patients develop tremor, slowness of movements and stiffness of muscles. It affects at least one million people in the U.S. Currently,...
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