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Tag: "antimalarial" at medical news

Malarial gene ascertained

...lasmodium falciparum, to develop imperviousness to antimalarial drugs.Plasmodium,is a single-celled organism which...rasitic cell to thrive in higher concentrations of antimalarial drugs by stopping the drugs from accruing within the cell. The mutation helps confer resistance to ...

Old is gold– proved yet another tim

Chloroquine, an antimalarial drug was highly successful in combating the disease when launched in the 1950s.// It soon became useless because of resistance being developed by the malarial parasite. Scientists have found a way to breathe new life into the drug. It has been found...

Infants Malarial Risk Lowered by Preventive Measures

...evention that relied on frequent administration of antimalarial drugs were unaffordable in the long run and might ...in explored the intermittent administration of the antimalarial sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) to infants in their first year. Infants given SP at 3, 4, and 9 month...

Antihistamine Could also be used as a Potential Antimalarial Drug

...till needs to be evaluated for effectiveness as an antimalarial in humans.” For the study, Sullivan and colleagues Curtis Chong and Jun Liu of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine’s Department of Pharmacology first assembled the Johns Hopkins Clinical Compound Library, which is a collection of 2,687 drugs. Seve...

Malaria Truths Discovered By Einstein Researchers

...squito to humans and how it develops resistance to antimalarial drugs.” The research effort was conducted primarily by Louis Nkrumah, an MD/PhD student at Einstein. Central to this effort was a bacterial phage (virus) that Dr. Jacobs isolated from soil in his backyard in the Bronx and dubbed the “Bronx Bomber.” ...

Risk of Malaria treatment failure in some HIV-positive patients

...patients could lead to the emergence and spread of antimalarial drug resistance. "This is a major concern, as antimalarial drug resistance is now generally acknowledged to be one of the greatest threats to our ability to ro...

Malaria: The Invincible Might of a Parasite, Nestled in a 'Mite'

...tated to complex forms, developing a resistance to antimalarial drugs, especially chloroquine. Therefore elaborate, expensive and evolved treatment is required in such cases to kill the parasite. It is estimated that nearly 300 million people worldwide are affected by malaria and between 1 and 1.5 million deat...

Safer Method for Large-Scale Malaria Screening Developed

...at using blood samples. “Programs for monitoring antimalarial drug and vaccine efficacy could therefore adopt such a bloodless method, while maintaining high sensitivity for clinically significant infections,” said Sungano Mharakurwa, PhD, lead author of the study and a researcher with the Malaria Research Inst...

New Compound for Anti-Malarial Prophylaxis

...malaria parasite. This unique specificity in an antimalarial drug makes the development of drug resistance much less likely, and suggests that this compound is a promising new candidate for anti-malarial prophylaxis. Source-Eurekalert SRI...

Scientists Boost Production of Cheap Malaria Drugs

...communities who cannot access or afford to pay for antimalarial products developed by the pharmaceutical industry. A separate study explored new technologies to make extracting artemisinin cheaper and more environmentally friendly.The current process uses the solvent hexane, which is both highly toxic and expl...

Researchers Discover Breakthrough in Malaria Treatment

... herbal extract (artemisinin) with a longer acting antimalarial drug. The researchers found that both treatments provided initial cure from disease. However those receiving a treatment which stayed in the blood stream for longer were three times less likely to have another episode of malaria within 42 days and ...

Single Drug Dose Cures Malaria in Mice

...uable in several ways, from their brisk and potent antimalarial activity to their lack of resistance and cross-resistance with other antimalarial agents," Shapiro said. The Johns Hopkins trioxanes mimic artemisinin, the active agent in a Chine...

Diagnostic Tests for Malaria Underused in Zambia

...lities with artemether-lumefantrine in stock, this antimalarial was prescribed to a large proportion of patients with fever with a positive diagnostic test result, but also to some with a negative diagnostic test result (blood smear, 30.4 percent; RDT, 26.7 percent). "RDTs have been proposed as a cost-effective...

Antifolate Drugs may Be Effective in Treating P Vivax Malaria

...stant to treatment with antifolates, an affordable antimalarial class. The study included 767 patients (315 from Pakistan and 452 from Afghanistan) with P vivax malaria. The researchers found that although chloroquine remains the drug of choice, all three therapies effectively cleared parasites by day 14 and w...

Antibody-based Therapies Effective at Controlling Malaria

...of suitable animal models, according to this study antimalarial efficacy of human antibodies can be determined using rodent malaria parasites transgenic for P. falciparum antigens in mice and humans. An in vivo mouse model has significant advantage over the use of new world primates, the only other model for huma...

Effective Treatment for Malaria Control

...mine is currently the only single-dose long-acting antimalarial drug that has ideal properties (low cost, document...pulation, mostly with artemisinin-based [a type of antimalarial drug] combinations. Reserving the use of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for IPT during pregnancy and fo...

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(Date:7/9/2014)... (PHILADELPHIA) Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine ... Roswell Park Cancer Institute have received an $8 million ... the effects of photodynamic light therapy (PDT) in patients ... cancer that most often manifests itself in the lining ... exposure to asbestos. The grant will fund a clinical ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... network of signals active in almost all types of ... overdrive, and may help fuel a tumour,s uncontrolled growth, ... Cancer Research, London, identified a molecular trigger responsible for ... the cellular factory that makes the building blocks cancer ... the TOR signalling pathway, called SREBP, controls the flow ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... cancer, researchers have uncovered mutations in a cell-signaling pathway ... knowledge may expand treatments for patients because drugs targeting ... are in clinical trials. , Reporting July 9 in ... (TCGA), including researchers at Washington University School of Medicine ... studied tumors from 230 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. , ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Chase Cancer Center paint a relatively optimistic picture of ... that have spread to the chest wall or skin, ... the skin, regardless of size and whether they have ... and called "locally advanced" tumors, suggesting that they ... poor survival. Locally advanced breast cancers of this and ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... used in policing injection drug users in Russia ... , A study, conducted by researchers from ... in collaboration with St. Petersburg Pavlov State University, ... on the health outcomes of a cohort of ... , Those who were arrested by police were ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... on the verge of an economy driven by methane, the ... and is undergoing a production boom. It has poised the ... is casting serious doubts over just how climate-friendly it is, ... (C&EN), the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical ... at C&EN, explains that when burned as a fuel to ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Can thyroid hormone protect neuronal function and increase ... Ailing Fu and her team, School of Pharmaceutical ... in which aged mice were administered with low ... showed that the aged rats exhibited an obvious ... rate from 60% to 93%. The underlying mechanism ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... They are amongst the most numerous inhabitants of the ... . Not visible to the naked eye, when they ... sized patches, they are even visible on satellite images. ... responsible for approximately half of the global photosynthesis output," ... University Jena (Germany). In the process the greenhouse gas ...
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