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Tag: "adipose" at medical news

Scientists Identified Obesity Control Switch

...n mice for the production of brown fat , a type of adipose tissue that generates heat and counters obesity caused by overeating. A team headed by Bruce Spiegelman, PhD, suggests in the July issue of Cell Metabolism that turning up the equivalent switch in people might be a new strategy for treating overwei...

Scientists Identify "master Switch" for Brown Fat in Mice

...switch" for the production of brown fat, a type of adipose tissue that generates heat and counters obesity caused by overeating , by conducting experiments on mice. Dr. Bruce Spiegelman of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute believes that turning up the equivalent switch in humans may be a new strategy for treat...

Insulin Sensitizer- Energy Conserving Signal to Brain

...ity and obesity-linked diseases, he added. White adipose tissue (WAT) is a major site of energy storage and plays an important role in energy balance, the researchers said. It is also recognized as an important endocrine organ that secretes a number of biologically active signaling proteins, called adipoki...

Macrophages may Help Prevent Obesity

...ivation program. "When you lose these cells, the adipose tissue can't deal with incoming lipids properly, a...g anti-inflammatory therapies might be targeted at adipose tissue macrophages to treat obesity and insulin resistance....

Effects of 'starvation Hormone'-Newly Identified in Low-carb Diets

... FGF21 in turn stimulates lipid breakdown in white adipose tissue and ketone body production in the liver. Th...uring fasting, the liver hormone communicates with adipose tissue to send fat to the liver. It turns on the metabolism of fat into ketone bodiesand at the same...

Hot Flashes: Studies Explore the Various Possibilities Involved

...rised by the findings related to estrogen, because adipose tissue produces and stores estradiol, the major estrogen in humans. Most people had assumed that obese women would have higher circulating estrogen levels because of this, Flaws said. That assumption turned out to be incorrect, at least for women in ...

Obesity And Environmental Chemicals: Research Probes Potential Link

...BDEs are doing to stem cell populations within the adipose tissue and the effects of PBDEs on gene expression. Does exposure to PBDEs, which mimic estrogen and thyroid hormones in the body, make cells more likely to develop into fat cells? “Everything I do has to do with how changes in signaling result in ch...

Study Finds Fat Type That can Protect Against Weight Gain and Diabetes

...nergy for future needs, whereas brown fat or brown adipose tissue (BAT) burns energy and generates heat. White fat, which is packed with large lipid droplets, is deposited under the skin, around internal organs and as visceral fat – one of the most harmful forms of abdominal fat. Brown fat, on the other h...

Stem Cells in Liposuctioned Fat can Heal Injuries

...d methods work is not surprising, perhaps, because adipose tissue is closely related to bone, cartilage, muscle and other connective tissue. But some say it is impossible to re-programme adult cells to become nerve or liver cells, for example, without using embryos. Adult stem cells, such as those from fat, ...

A Protein in Brain Cells Controls Obesity: Research

... tissues of the body, including fat cells known as adipose tissue, as well as the liver, heart, pancreas and muscle. Rui and his team also explored the role of SH2B1 in fat cells, finding that the knockout mice that lacked the SH2B1 gene stored away much more fat than normal mice, and had much larger fat ...

Intestinal Bacteria May Cause Obesity

...tein kinase, is involved in accumulation of fat in adipose tissue. The report finds that the bacteria affects production of this enzyme, and also suppresses the body's fasting-induced adipose// factor, causing excess accrual of fat resulting in obesity. It is hoped that the new discovery will motivate re...

Estrogen Curbs Appetite In Same Way as the Hormone Leptin

...petite using the same pathways in the brain as the adipose hormone leptin,” said lead author Tamas L. Horvath, chair and professor of Comparative Medicine and professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine. Horvath and his team studied the regulati...

Estrogen Curbs Appetite: Research

...petite using the same pathways in the brain as the adipose hormone leptin," said lead author Tamas L. Horvath, chair and professor of Comparative Medicine and professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine. Horvath and his team studied the regulatio...

Glucose Sensor That Controls Glucose Metabolism Identified

...ert glucose into fat for the purpose of storage in adipose tissue. This sensor is named Liver X Receptor. Its dual function makes it a potential site that can be targeted to treat clinical disorders such as diabetes and obesity. This research may also be the forerunner for therapies for stroke and other hear...

Tuberculosis: The Bacillus Takes Refuge in Adipose Cells

... for tuberculosis can hide, in a dormant state, in adipose cells throughout the body. The bacterium is protec...st demonstrated, in cell and tissue cultures, that adipose cells served as a reservoir for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and that this protected the bacillus aga...

A Novel Technique That Detects "Cancer Genes" From The Breath Of Smokers

...n normal weight men. Because IL-6 is secreted from adipose (fat) tissue, levels of the cytokine are naturally higher in overweight or obese men. "It is possible that high levels of IL-6 and CRP in men with a healthy body weight may be more indicative of a pro-inflammatory environment in the prostate," she sa...

Stem cells in regeneration of breast tissue in Cancer patients

.... Neither is ideal nor without risk. "The use of adipose or fat-derived stem cells may represent a better solution for soft tissue reconstruction in breast cancer patients." The adaptability of fat-derived stem cells has been established by previous laboratory experiments. These cells develop into cells ...

Breast reconstruction may be possible with fat stem cells

...orted that adult stem cells could be isolated from adipose tissue, more commonly known as fat. Since then, laboratory studies have suggested adipose-derived stem cells have potential for treating heart attack, stroke or bone injury, although there have been no clinical trials in the U.S. to date. Experts est...

Seaweed to fight Obesity!

...e activated by fucoxanthin in obese animals. White adipose tissue that causes the thickening of the girth called "middle-age spread" contains this protein. Heart problems and diabetes are specifically linked with extra fat around the midriff, according to research. The compound also stimulated the producti...

UCLA Researchers Transform Stem cells From Fat tissues Into Smooth Muscle

...st studies in showing that stem cells derived from adipose tissue could be changed to attain the physical and...am cloned one of the primitive stem cells from the adipose tissue and repeated the experiments on a cloned population of cells with similar results. ”We want...

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