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Feeding channel created by malaria parasite - a new target for malaria treatments

Researchers have found pore-like holes in the membranes of red ..blood cells infected by the deadliest form of the malaria parasite. The parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, apparently uses these holes to supply itself with the nutrients it needs to grow and reproduce... .. ..The discovery may lead to the development of new treatments for ..malaria, a widespread and devastating disease. ..Malaria ki...

Mechanical Heart

The world's first self-contained mechanical heart has been implanted and the patient is resting comfortably after the seven hour operation, a US hospital has announced. ..The revolutionary procedure is the first major advance in the development of an artificial replacement heart in nearly two decades. If successful, the device could help thousands of patients who die each year waiting for a heart...

GlaxoSmithKline - Changes Lamictal(R) Label Appearance and Packaging

Lamictal, an antiepileptic drug, is one of the several prescription drugs that has encountered the problem of dispensing errors. ..Dispensing errors are often a result of miscommunication, which can include poor hand writing of the prescription and confusion between drugs with similar names.// ....It is important for patients with epilepsy not to have an interruption in treatment because it could...

Drug abuse leads to long standing changes in the brain

Methamphetamine, a highly addictive stimulant drug, whose abuse has reached epidemic proportions in many parts of the world, causes long-term changes in the human brain that are associated with impaired memory and motor coordination, according to a study published in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry. Researchers found that these effects are seen even in methamphetamine addicts who have been off...

Microchip gives blind a chance of sight

A computer chip implanted near the eye’s retina is well on its way to offering some restored vision. People blinded by eye diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa and age-related degeneration of the eye will be benefitted by the new development. ....The implant works for eye diseases in which healthy retinal neurons remain intact after they lose use of the eye’s photoreceptors.// These receptors co...

Microchip gives blind a chance of sight

A computer chip implanted near the eye’s retina is well on its way to offering some restored vision. People blinded by eye diseases such as Retinitis Pigmentosa and age-related degeneration of the eye will be benefitted by the new development.// .. The implant works for eye diseases in which healthy retinal neurons remain intact after they lose use of the eye’s photoreceptors. These receptors con...

Inspiring positive life changes

Exhibiting people evidence of the harm unhealthy habits do can motivate them to change.Researchers in Texas have reviewed a number of studies on biomarkers indicators of health or disease status to see// if a knowledge of these can affect people's behaviour. ....They learned that if you reveal factors like carbon monoxide levels in blood - increased by smoking it does encourage people to quit...

Changing stem cells to liver cells

According to researchers, this new study shows, for the first time, that stem cells from humans, mice and rats can be turned into functioning liver cells. A team at the University of Texas have been able to treat adult bone marrow stem cells so that they become liver cells.// These cells look, stain and function like authentic liver cells. They produce albumin, the most abundant protein made by l...

FDA changes rules on testing drugs for children

The FDA is suspending a rule that lets the government require safety testing of adult medicines commonly given to children, a move that has drawn the ire of some Democratic lawmakers. FDA says Congress recently reauthorized financial incentives for manufacturers to do those studies. The FDA said it wants to see if the new law makes the old mandate, which drug makers hated, unnecessary.// ....But...

Protection mechanism of fatty acids for Cancer

A recent study by researchers at the University of Texas, have found out how omega-3 fatty acids might protect against colon cancer.Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish oil, have long been known to protect against colon cancer.// They learned that the omega-3s block a molecule called protein kinase C beta II (PKCbII) - which is linked with abnormal cell division. ..In this study, genetic...

Dietary Changes Could Reduce The Risk for Stroke

Dietary modification could be a simple way to reduce the risk of stroke say researchers. The research shows a diet that consists of meats,// refined grains and desserts is associated with a greater risk for stroke than a diet of fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes and whole grains. ..The study included dietary information on 71,768 female nurses between 38 and 63 years old. The women had no history...

Obesity Can Increase The Chances Of Injuries

Extremely obese people are more likely to be injured than the people who have a normal body mass index.// ....A new study on the subject says about one out of every four obese people report personal injuries in men and about one out of every five obese women report the same. This may be compared to the one out of six normal weight men and one out of eight normal weight women who report such injur...

Change In Lifestyle Recommended To Avoid Cardiac Disease

India would have the maximum number of cardiac patients by 2020 if Indians do not resolve to change their lifestyle at the earliest. // The above warning has been issued by leading Cardiologists in the country. ....Stress, bad eating habits and the growing number of diabetic patients are contributing to the increasing incidence of heart ailments. About eight percent of India's population now suf...

Protein can change worn muscle fibres

A protein can change easily worn muscle fibres into energy-producing muscle fibres – mocking the effect of exercise. Recently, researchers at Harvard Medical School discovered a protein in muscle called PGC-10.// Now, with colleagues at the University of Texas, they reveal that the protein has the power to transform muscle fibres. ....There are two types of muscle fibre. Type II is the easily-fa...

Brain changes observed in people with sleep apnoea

Researchers in University of Boston observe that brain imaging sheds new light on the possible causes of sleep apnoea. In sleep apnoea, a person stops breathing, momentarily, many times during the night.// The cause is often a weakening of the muscles at the back of the throat, causing upper airway obstruction. Sleep apnoea is often linked with snoring and, naturally, causes daytime sleepiness. I...

Change in walking might indicate Dementia

According to new research from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, they have observed that doctors have a new tool that may help them predict who will develop a form of dementia later in life.// The research from Albert Einstein College of Medicine finds the presence of an abnormal gait in elderly people without dementia predicts the risk of developing dementia. The form of dementia is non-Alzh...

Memories change with age

On an average younger people remember important events in detail, older people recall more about thoughts, feelings and context. It's known that memory changes with age - some researchers believe that it deteriorates,// others that we start to remember in a different way. Psychologists in Toronto have been comparing how people of different ages remember significant events, like their first kiss....

Change in weight not a risk in healthy men

According to a new study, weight loss followed by weight gain is only a health risk in men with pre-existing disease. The health risks of obesity are now well established to many. But weight, once lost,// is often put on again and some studies have suggested that fluctuating weight may, in itself, predispose to heart disease and other health problems. ....Researchers in London studied a group of...

Lower chance of bone fracture with Vitamin D supplementation

According to a study published in the British Medical Journal, older people taking vitamin D supplements had fewer bone fractures than expected. The researchers from Cambridge, UK, identified a group of 2,686 people aged 65 to 85 living in the community. They sent either one capsule of Vitamin D3 or a placebo every four months for five years. They asked the participants to provide them with infor...

Chance of water births being urged for mums-to-be

A major child birth charity has urged midwives and hospitals in the UK to give mums-to-be the chance of a waterbirth. According to the charity, labour and birth in water offers a number of benefits over conventional practices for healthy women with an uncomplicated pregnancy at term. Past research has also shown that waterbirths tend to make women feel more in control and relaxed, resulting in le...

Changes in cabin pressure pose risks for moms-to-be

One of the more intriguing observations about pregnancy is that births are sometimes reported to increase right about nine months after major weather events, such as hurricanes or snowstorms. While some have speculated that the sudden changes in barometric pressure that precede a storm could boost conception rates, no research has proved any such link. ....Air pressure changes during air travel,...

Teen brain changes increase cigarette addiction

The brain changes that occur during adolescence may mean teenagers smokers are more likely to become seriously hooked than those who take up the habit as adults, suggests a new rat study.//.. ..Previous studies have suggested that the earlier someone starts smoking, the more likely they are to be life-long smokers and the more trouble they have in kicking their addiction, says Edward Levin, who l...

Even mid-life diet change can extend life

A study on diet and life in the journal Science dealt only with laboratory fruit flies, but researchers said some of the same effects may apply to mammals, perhaps even humans.// ....In the study, British researchers compared the effects of different calorie-restricted diets on the mortality of fruit flies. They found that fruit flies on restricted diets lived about 90 days, twice as long as tho...

Women who conceive after a year have a higher chance of giving birth prematurely

The reasons for premature birth are a mystery in nearly half of the cases, Some pre-term births are caused by maternal or fetal stress,// infections, high blood pressure, bleeding or stretching of the uterus. But in the rest, the reason is unknown , experts say fertility troubles could explain part of the problem. ..Premature birth -- when the baby is delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy -- is...

Women who conceive after a year have a higher chance of giving birth prematurely

The reasons for premature birth are a mystery in nearly half of the cases, Some pre-term births are caused by maternal or fetal stress, infections, high blood pressure, //bleeding or stretching of the uterus. But in the rest, the reason is unknown , experts say fertility troubles could explain part of the problem. ..Premature birth -- when the baby is delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy -- is...

Changing Partners may put Expectant Mothers at Risk

New research finds that women who change partners between the births of their first two children are more likely to deliver pre-term babies with a low birth weight than women who have the same partner.// ..Researchers speculate that women who change partners between births may belong to a selected group with characteristics that increase risk or they may...

Animals Can give us a second chance at life

In the 1960s, surgeons experimented by transplanting chimpanzee organs into humans in need of an organ transplant. In 1985, Baby Fae received a baboon heart and survived 20 days. // Since then, doctors have continued to look to animals as a source for organs, tissues and cells to treat various diseases, all with varying degrees of success. Here’s a look at the controversy surrounding cross-specie...

Animals can give us a second chance at life

In the 1960s, surgeons experimented by transplanting chimpanzee organs into humans in need of an organ transplant. In 1985, Baby Fae received a baboon heart and survived 20 days. Since then, doctors// have continued to look to animals as a source for organs, tissues and cells to treat various diseases, all with varying degrees of success. Here’s a look at the controversy surrounding cross-species...

Lifestyle changes Can Delay the Onset Of Dementia

More than 700,000 strokes occur each year in the United States. Investigators have been tracking the health of men and women for // more than 50 years to see how various factors might impact their risk for heart disease and stroke. In this sub-study, researchers compared the rate of dementia in those with and without a history of stroke.About 20 percent of the people who had a stroke developed de...

Lifestyle changes Can Delay the Onset Of Dementia

More than 700,000 strokes occur each year in the United States. Investigators have been tracking the health of men and women for // more than 50 years to see how various factors might impact their risk for heart disease and stroke. In this sub-study, researchers compared the rate of dementia in those with and without a history of stroke.About 20 percent of the people who had a stroke developed de...

Lifestyle changes Can Delay the Onset Of Dementia

More than 700,000 strokes occur each year in the United States. Investigators have been tracking the health of men and women for // more than 50 years to see how various factors might impact their risk for heart disease and stroke. In this sub-study, researchers compared the rate of dementia in those with and without a history of stroke.About 20 percent of the people who had a stroke developed de...

Link Between High Blood Sugar And Behavioral Changes

Low blood sugar levels are known to cause cognitive and behavioral changes in diabetics, but results of a recent study show that high blood sugar // has a similar effect. ..The study showed that type 2 diabetics have impaired cognitive functioning and experience deterioration in mood when their blood sugar is high. Diabetics' bodies have difficulty controlling blood sugar levels due to insulin d...

Improving Lighting Could Bring About A Change In Alzheimer's Patients

A new experiment shows the effect lighting has on Alzheimer's patients. Based on their findings Alzheimer's patients were found to talk to each other more than usual and were also less anxious.// ..Studies in the past have shown that lighting improves mood and nature of Alzheimer’s patients hence researchers used this knowledge to make a dramatic change in an Alzheimer’s center . Researchers ma...

Specific Changes In A Particular Gene Found To Increase The Risk of Alzheimer’s Diseas

Researchers say they have now identified a gene variant that may increase the risk of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, // which in turn could lead to improved understanding of the disease and new prevention and treatment developments. According to latest research it was seen that specific changes in the gene in a protein called ubiquilin-1 was associated with an increased incidence of Alzheimer’s....

Chances are high for Avian Influenza virus altering its form

In a release from World Health Organization (WHO) the apex medical body warns the people of South East Asia against // rapid spread of the avian influenza or bird flu virus in the area. It has also urged the medical bodies in these areas to provide full information to WHO regarding new cases of the disease. The inclusion of every available detail of the disease including their closeness in occur...

FDA to bring about changes in Marketed Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

American drug market watchdog Food and Drug Administration had announced a series of changes to be followed for// the drugs in the class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are sold with or without prescription over the counter. These changes include the withdrawal of the drug Bextra (valdecoxib) from Pfizer, Inc. ....Pfizer, Inc was asked to withdraw the drug Bextra as FDA had reports...

Study shows that interventions from health workers can bring about changes in asthma causes

In a study that was published in American Journal of Public Health, researchers had been able to show that it //is possible to reduce the causes of asthma in children by interventions due to health workers. ..Researchers had identified 274 low-income households having children in the age group of 4 to 12 yrs who have asthma. The study was carried on for a period of one year during which communit...

Strain in marriage may increase chance of heart disease for women

Avoiding confrontations with husbands may mean bad news for married women. The strain of such a marriage may //increase the risk of death from any cause, especially that of a heart condition. ....Researchers from Boston University had collected data on the marital relationships of 1769 men and 1913 women to find out how far the stress in marriages can have an effect on the heart conditions of the...

Harmful chemicals change the genetic response to hormone estrogen

The drug diethylstilbestrol (DES) may lead to different genetic response// to the female hormone estrogen, when exposed to it early in life. ....The drug DES was prescribed to women for prevention of miscarriages, from the year 1938 to 1971. Research says that daughters of women who had used the drug are at increased risk from reproductive tract abnormalities, ectopic pregnancy, pre-term delivery...

Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria

Scientists have discovered why some people are less prone to malaria//. The people with a specific type of hemoglobin — the oxygen-carrying molecule that gives red blood cells their color — are less prone to severe malaria. In a series of experiments, the researchers determined how hemoglobin type C impairs the ability of malaria parasites to cause disease symptoms. ....“This research gives us a...
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