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Worms in Medical News

Worms Control Lifespan at High Temperatures, UCSF Study Finds

... At temperatures of 25 degrees Celsius and above, worms move, eat and digest food faster, mature faster ... or cools. Kenyon said most textbooks explain that worms and other ectotherms cannot do that. “It’s true that worms don’t regulate their body temperature, but ...

Worms Reveal More of Longevity's Secrets

... THURSDAY, April 16 (HealthDay News) -- worms are providing scientists with new insights into ... news release. His team found that nematode worms live longer if they're also able to switch on the ... are now trying to determine how HIF protects the worms from aging. In ...

Hookworms in MS trial

... study the potential health benefits of parasitic worms as part of a study investigating treatments for ... infection with a small and harmless number of the worms can lead to an improvement on the severity of MS ... month period. If the trial is successful, the worms have the potential to provide a simple, cheap, ...

Weight Gain May Not Be Based Just on What You Eat

... fat. The theory is based on research with worms that suggests that the brain chemical serotonin ... Ashrafi and his colleagues noted that, while the worms are obviously smaller and simpler organisms than ... to a human's 25,000 genes. And both humans and worms have genetically evolved to protect and conserve ...

Eating Habits Not Sole Cause of Thinness or Obesity

... thin, according to new research. A study on worms shows that serotonin levels in the nervous system ... origins, you can apply what's learned from the worms to humans. "From a clinical perspective, ... of feeding behavior, Ashrafi said. In the worms and in mammals, high serotonin levels are ...

Tweaking Insulin Might Help Fight Aging

... Studies in worms are shedding new light on the hormone's role in ... early to know if it will translate to humans. But worms whose insulin levels were adjusted lived a week ... -- which explore a genetic pathway in the worms -- provide new information about how insulin and ...

Scientists identify new leads for treating parasitic worm disease

... water inhabited by snails, which serve as the worms intermediate hosts. The microscopic worms enter the human body by boring through the skin ... the intestinal and urinary systems. After the worms mature and reproduce, their eggs are eliminated ...

VA Research Project on NASA Space Shuttle

... and cause disease. To induce these changes, worms will be grown from eggs on-board the space shuttle. While in space, the worms will be fed Salmonella. The extent of damage will be measured when the worms are returned to earth, helping to identify which ...

Proton-powered pooping

... making gut muscles contract in tiny round worms so the worms can poop. There are relatively few molecules ... of their electrons are pumped out of a round worms gut by one kind of protein and then bind to ...

Could Hydrogen Sulfide Hold the Key to A Long Life?

... nervous system and the ability to reproduce. The worms also are ideally suited for studying life span, ... to heat than untreated worms. The H2S-exposed worms lived eight times longer than untreated ... worms," Roth said. The mean life span of worms grown in an atmosphere laced with hydrogen ...

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Worms in Medical Technology

Why Wait for an Anti-Aging Drug? Researchers Interviewed on CBS-TV's 60 MINUTES Discover Longevinex(R) Nutriceutical Matrix Activates 9-Fold More Longevity Genes than Plain Resveratrol

... proposed in 2003. Early on it was shown that resveratrol activated the SIR2 gene in simpler life forms and cause yeast cells, fruit flies and round worms to live longer. SIR2 is a gene that is similar to Sirtuin1 in humans. But only recently have researchers at MIT come to realize the Sirtuin1 ...
Worms in Medical Dictionary

Gastrointestinal

... in proper organ morphogenesis, ... CAUSES" worms live in the gastrointestinal tract or burrow ... muscle s. There are several types of parasitic worms which can live in human intestine s, including tapeworm s, hookworm s, pinworms , whip worms , and roundworms . A new class of NSAIDs ...

Pinworms

... Pinworms Definition: Pinworms are small worms that infect the intestine s. They are common in ... easy to treat. Pinworms : Very tiny white worms , which cause rectal itching at night. ... can be spotted in the anal area, as the worms often lay their eggs there at night. ...

Pinworm

... and reproduce. Pinworm s are small, thin worms that commonly infect young children, although ... and colon . At night, the female adult worms deposit their eggs outside the rectum or anal ... Eggs ... Pinworm s : Very tiny white worms , which cause rectal itching at night. ...

Roundworms

... organ s. Because of the warmth of the bed, worms tend to come out of the anus . So inspect that ... Roundworms may first be suspected when adult worms are seen in the stool or vomit. However, the ... , commonly involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC worms . Infections with roundworms ( NEMATODE ...

Tapeworm

... Category: Pathology name for the parasitic flat worms forming the class Cestoda. All tapeworm s spend ... Tapeworm s (or cestodes) are long ribbon-like worms that may be caught from undercooked meat and ... than they used to be. Tapeworm s: Flat worms contracted from eating poorly cooked meat (beef, ...

Vulva

... failure, ... The main symptom of thread worms is itching around the anus or vulva . This is worse at night when the worms come to the skin surface to lay eggs. The worms may also be seen on faeces. Vulvitis is ...

Worms

... Pin worms Definition: Pin worms are small worms that infect the intestine s. They are common in ...

Aloe

... - Aloe vera, taken in any form, is especially helpful in eliminating worms . - The following herbs help expel worms : cascara sagrada, wormwood, echinacea, goldenseal, burdock, and black ...

Parasites

... many other liver diseases , many in tropical countries being caused by worms and other parasites . Defects of liver structure at birth chiefly ... most often associated with allergic disease s and parasites (such as worms ). Possible disorders include: eczema leukemia autoimmune diseases ...

Parasite

... many other liver diseases , many in tropical countries being caused by worms and other parasite s . Defects of liver structure at birth chiefly ... most often associated with allergic disease s and parasite s (such as worms ). Possible disorders include: eczema leukemia autoimmune diseases ...

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Worms in Biological News

Parasitic worms make sex worthwhile

... range, so the researchers assume that neither the worms nor the snails exchange genetic material between ... The snail's parasite, a genus of trematode worms called Microphallus , can be found in both ... the worms. Inside the ducks' enteric tracts, the worms reach adulthood and mate. The worms' eggs are ...

Recruitment of reproductive features into other cell types may underlie extended lifespan in animals

... A series of experiments demonstrated that worms with increased longevity induced by mutations in ... active only in germline cells. The mutant worms also were protected from stresses that damaged ... germline-expressed genes in the mutant worms eliminated the increased lifespan and that ...

Animals that seem identical may be completely different species

... to discover that one of our most common segmented worms is actually two types of worm. The result is one ... says Professor Christer Ersus. The segmented worms that were studied by Christer Ersus, doctoral ... Europe. But when the researchers examined the worms using advanced methods for DNA analysis, they ...

Research could lead to new non-antibiotic drugs to counter hospital infections

... become lethal. To test this theory, they let worms (Caenorhabditis elegans) feed on "lawns" of P. ... low-phosphate and high-phosphate media. Only the worms that ate P. aeruginosa with low levels of ... since unexpected large red spots appeared on the worms before they died. "These findings provide ...

A worm-and-mouse tale: B cells deserve more respect

... how mice fight off infection by intestinal worms a condition that affects more than 1 billion ... than has long been thought. The work with worms is opening a new avenue of exploration in the ... infects mice. It's a cousin of the scores of worms that infect more than 1 billion people worldwide. ...

Evolution and climate change research advances at Rutgers-Camden

... also researches highly specialized creatures: worms that thrive in the world's most extreme climates. ... indicator species for climate change. "Ice worms have been around at least a few million years and ... identified as housing a plethora of ice worms had sadly receded. "The number of ...

Snails and humans use same genes to tell right from left

... creatures that include everything from worms to humans. "Previous studies indicated that ... are in the clade Ecdysozoa, while snails and worms are members of the clade Lophotrochozoa. ... we find them setting up asymmetry in snails and worms means that is not true; the ancestor of all ...

Earthworm activity can alter forests' carbon-carrying capabilities

... found land devoid of such creatures because the worms never reoccupied soils formed when the glaciers ... of litter on the ground and watch how fast the worms remove it. In some areas of the forest, more than 350 worms can be found in one square meter. "The impact ...

Deprived of a sense of smell, worms live longer

... extend the life spans of roundworms even when the worms are well fed it just takes a chemical that ... didn't quite know what the drugs did to give the worms their longevity. They report their latest ... that are grown in a food-scarce environment, the worms exposed to the anticonvulsant ethosuximide lived ...

Florida's 'worm grunters' collect bait worms by inadvertently imitating mole sounds

... the ground is beaten or otherwise made to tremble worms will believe that they are pursued by a mole and ... His conclusion, that the humans are driving the worms to the surface by unknowingly mimicking the sound ... "The biology story is the question of why the worms behave as they do and the sociology story is the ...

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Worms in Biological Technology

OMT announces a breakthrough in the development of a novel human antibody platform

... pathways and can result in site- specific changes in the DNA sequence. Up to now, ZFNs have been used to edit specific genes in fruit flies, worms (C. elegans), cultured cells and zebrafish embryos, but this is the first example of successful, permanent, heritable gene-editing in a mammal. ...

Novel drug discovery tool could identify promising new therapies for Parkinson's disease

... are easy to examine and count. Those neurons are vulnerable to alpha-synuclein toxicity, but they were less vulnerable and more likely to survive in worms that were genetically modified to make either of the two cyclic peptides. Guy Caldwell, Ph.D., and Kim Caldwell, Ph.D., professors of biology at the ...

Combating infection of crops by nematodes is soon to improve

... withering, seriously retarded growth, and impaired development of flower and fruit. Severely infected plants often do not survive the damage that the worms inflict. Each year, plant-parasitic nematodes cause more than 80 billion euro in agricultural losses worldwide. Plant roots as food factories ...

Queen's secures £25M for UK's cyber safety

... for conventional security at airports." Queen's is also working on powerful computer processors capable of detecting and filtering viruses and worms to protect mass information databases like financial records from malicious attack and to facilitate high definition streaming video services. ...

Queen's 'secures' £25m for UK's cyber-safety

... for conventional security at airports." Queen's is also working on powerful computer processors capable of detecting and filtering viruses and worms to protect mass information databases like financial records from malicious attack and to facilitate high definition streaming video services. ...

LF Elimination Program Treats Over Half Billion People and Protects Millions More From Debilitating Disease

... these drugs can effectively stop transmission of LF. The drugs used to eliminate LF are the same medications used to treat a number of intestinal worms and parasitic skin diseases, which infect hundreds of millions of people in developing countries and are major contributors to malnutrition, ...

In vivo visualization of alternative splicing

... in live C. elegans worms. The splicing of let-2 changes during the lifetime of the worm: Embryos and early larvae express exon 9, while adult worms express exon 10. By linking exons 9 and 10 with differently colored fluorescent proteins (green and red, respectively). Drs. Kuroyanagi & ...

Pasteuria Bioscience Taps New CEO David N. Duncan

... Partner at LSP BioVentures and Pasteuria board member. Plant-parasitic nematodes are agriculture's largest unmet pest problem. These microscopic worms attack plant roots, causing an estimated $100 billion in worldwide crop damage annually. Pasteuria has developed a patented, cost- effective ...

Enzyme promotes fat formation

... now show that it may be even more deeply involved in causing obesity. The team found that TPPII actually stimulated the formation of fat cells in worms and mammalian cells and that by reducing it, fat stores decreased. Mice with lower levels of TPPII were thinner than their wild type littermates, ...

Transformation of Nematodes With the Helios Gene Gun

... agar plates (Brenner, 1974). Wild-type worms (strain N2 var. Bristol) are fed on Escherichia ... movement phenotype of transformed worms (already in F1 generation) and is easily ... possible to use a couple of hundred target worms of C. elegans and proceed in ...

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Worms in Biological Definition

Charles Darwin

... 7 Orchids, Variation, Descent of Man and worms 8 Views on religion 9 Legacy 10 ... Orchids, Variation, Descent of Man and worms The classic image of Darwin as an ... to Variation and Darwin from Descent of Man to worms for detail of this period. While illness ...

Animal

... instance adult echinoderms are radially symmetric, and certain parasitic worms have extremely simplified body structures. Genetic studies have ... graptolites may belong to this group. The Chaetognatha or arrow worms may also be deuterostomes, but this is less certain. Platyzoa The ...

Endosymbiont

... survive without the other. One example is represented by gutless marine worms which can not survive without their endosymbiotic bacteria. However, not ... extracellular and they fill the entire body of their host. These marine worms are nutritionally dependent on their symbiotic chemoautotrophic bacteria ...

Endosymbiont

... survive without the other. One example is represented by gutless marine worms which can not survive without their endosymbiotic bacteria. However, not ... extracellular and they fill the entire body of their host. These marine worms are nutritionally dependent on their symbiotic chemoautotrophic bacteria ...

Animal

... instance adult echinoderms are radially symmetric, and certain parasitic worms have extremely simplified body structures. Genetic studies have ... graptolites may belong to this group. The Chaetognatha or arrow worms may also be deuterostomes, but this is less certain. Platyzoa The ...

Nervous system

... as well as the stimulus of the animals' reflexive mechanical response.The worms and flukes of the phylum platyhelminthes possess a network of nerves ... like a more conventional nervous system, but lack a brain. Annelid worms and tunicates have a primitive brain called a ganglionic mass, which ...

Abiogenesis

... common opinion on abiogenesis held until about two centuries ago. Ross wrote: "So may he (Sir Thomas Browne) doubt whether in cheese and timber worms are generated; or if beetles and wasps in cows' dung; or if butterflies , locusts , grasshoppers , shell-fish , snails , eels , and such like, ...

Excretion

... to others and they may also contain virulent and even deadly pathogens in the form of bacteria, viruses , amoebae , and various parasitic worms . Urine, on the other hand, contains excess water, salt, and protein waste in the form of urea as uric acid, and seldom any pathogens; should a ...

Insulin

... as a medication Principles Insulin is absolutely required for all animal (including human) life. The mechanism is almost identical in nematode worms (ie, C. elegans ), fish, and in mammals. In humans, insulin deprivation due to the removal or destruction of the pancreas leads to death in days ...

Marine biology

... in the sea, where mangroves or cordgrass might grow. Other sea life Cnidarias such as Jellyfish and sea anemone , Ctenophoras, sea worms including phylums : Plathyhelminthes, Nemertea, Annelida, Sipuncula, Echiura, and the Phoronidas; Mollusca including shellfish and squid and ...

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Worms in Biological Dictionary

Turbellarian

... . [NL. See Planary .] (Zoöl. ... (Zoöl.) Any species of turbellarian worms belonging to Planaria, and many allied genera. ... turbellarian ... Turbellaria ... The term " turbellarian " can still be applied to those worms that were formerly ... Links to other databases on turbellarian ...

Trematode

... examples and trematode quotes. ... between two species of larval trematode in the same snail. ... The hermaphroditic, adult trematode worms mature in the intestines of definitive ... As to why trematode cercariae typically manifest abundantly more sense organs ... trematode . ...

Shotgun sequencing

... of the centers involved in the work ... To the great surprise of researchers, the number of genes in model organisms like mice, flies, and worms turned out to be ... whole-genome shotgun sequencing . ... ... Human Whole-Genome Shotgun . Sequencing . Although there are ... Whole-genome ...

Phylum

... and fast entity, no ... phylum ... phylum Platyhelminthes, Platyhelminthes - flatworms ... phylum Pogonophora, Pogonophora - beard worms ... An introduction to the biology, classification and ecology of sponges, the phylum Porifera ... The Phylum Porifera. Etymology:- From the ...

Parasites

... are insidious because of the common misconception among ... deeper into what parasite are and what they ... Intestinal parasites and worms may cause many different health problems. ... Eliminate harmful parasites ... susceptible to contracting parasites in the future. ... ...

Decomposers

... QuickTime Video ... recycling, kids, games, reuse, paper, banana slug, ecosystem, water cycle, ... Decomposers , which include bugs, mushrooms, worms and bacteria, are nature's recyclers. ... Decomposers are vital components of the nutrient cycle. Without decomposers , nutrients would not ...

Chordate

... 43,700 living species are known, making the chordates the third largest animal phylum. ... closest relatives of the chordates , the acorn worms (see ACORN ... Dr Chordate MP3 - Sign up now for a Free 14 Day Trial. Get unrestricted legal access to over 6 Million songs, MP3s, and music ...

Cestoda

... A class of ... Cestoda ... In biology, Cestoda is the class of parasitic flatworms, called cestodes or ... In a tapeworm infection, adult worms absorb food predigested by the host, so the ... In biology, the Cestoda is the class of tapeworms, parasitic flatworms that live ... There are ...

Ascaris

... Ascaris is a genus of parasitic nematode worms known as the giant intestinal roundworms. One species, A. suum, typically infects pigs, while another, A. lumbricoides, affects human populations, ...

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