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Retardation in Medical News

Gene Mutation Tied to Majority of Cases of Mental Retardation

... Children who have the most common form of mental retardation -- called nonsyndromic mental retardation -- appear to have a genetic mutation that may ... the researchers said. "Nonsyndromic mental retardation is a very common problem -- it involves about 3 ...

St. Jude Scientists Discover a New Mechanism Controlling Neuronal Migration

... insights into how malfunctions in the machinery cause epilepsy and mental retardation MEMPHIS, Tenn., July 15 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The ... of this brain-patterning machinery can cause epilepsy and mental retardation and understanding its function could give new insight into such disorders. ...

Findings in Epilepsy Gene in Animals May Guide Treatment Directions for Infants

... epilepsy. The neurological problems included varying degrees of mental retardation or other learning disabilities. These findings, said Golden, will immediately change the evaluation and testing of women with mental retardation and epilepsy, particularly in families with other affected individuals. ...

Findings in epilepsy gene in animals may guide treatment directions for infants

... epilepsy. The neurological problems included varying degrees of mental retardation or other learning disabilities. These findings, said Golden, will immediately change the evaluation and testing of women with mental retardation and epilepsy, particularly in families with other affected individuals. ...

BioMarin Receives 2009 Corporate Award for the Development of Kuvan

... brain, resulting in a variety of complications, including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors and limited cognitive ... genetic metabolic disorder that, when left untreated, can result in mental retardation and other neurological problems. Individuals with PKU cannot metabolize ...

Study IDs Variations in Black, White Genomes

... in 8 percent of the 435 blacks. This region has been implicated in mental retardation caused by the deletion of two genes due to duplication. The two genes ... disease. It is also interesting to find out whether the type of mental retardation associated with this locus is more common in whites than in Africans or ...

Justice Department Reaches Settlement to Improve Conditions at a Nebraska Developmental Center

... operated residential facility that serves almost 300 persons with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities. The agreement, submitted to and ... include nursing homes, residential facilities serving people with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities, mental health facilities, jails, ...

Mutant gene causes epilepsy, intellectual disability in women

... A mutated gene has been discovered as the key behind epilepsy and mental retardation specific to women, thanks to new research at Adelaides Womens & Childrens ... known as protocadherins with a condition known as epilepsy and mental retardation limited to females (EFMR). Although a relatively uncommon disorder, the ...

Drosophila drug screen for fragile X syndrome finds promising compounds and potential drug targets

... reverse the features of fragile X syndrome -- a frequent form of mental retardation and one of the leading known causes of autism. The discovery sets the ... X syndrome is caused by the functional loss of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). Currently there is no effective drug therapy for fragile X ...

Fragile X Syndrome Corrected in Mice

... may lead to treatments for the genetic disease, a leading cause of mental retardation ,,,, WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- By targeting one ... Fragile X syndrome is caused by loss of the gene for "fragile X mental retardation protein" (FMRP). It affects about 100,000 people in the United States and ...

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Retardation in Medical Technology

Quest Diagnostics Introduces ClariSure(TM) Test for Identifying Chromosome Abnormalities Associated With 85 Developmental Disorders in Children

... blood test to diagnose patients with mental retardation and dozens of other disorders, including Down, ... by the end of this year. About Mental retardation Mental retardation and developmental delay are characterized ...

In Rare Disorder, a Familiar Protein Disrupts Gene Function

... children with the condition live into adulthood. CdLS has a wide range of severity, with the mildest form manifesting as apparent isolated mental retardation and/or autism. Krantz and colleagues investigated cohesin, a protein complex consisting of at least four proteins that form a ring that ...

Progress Against Malaria and Other Infectious Diseases Among Highlights at Annual Vaccine Conference

... the countries are home to more than 400 million people at risk of meningitis, which kills one in 10 and leaves many others with hearing loss, mental retardation and epilepsy. Until now, public health officials have been offering a polysaccharide vaccine whenever epidemics hit, but it provides only ...

One Shot of Gene Therapy Spreads Through Brain in Animal Study

... disease mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII). In people, MPS VII, also called Sly syndrome, is a rare, multisystem disease causing mental retardation and death in childhood or early adulthood. Sly syndrome is one of a class of some 60 disorders called lysosomal storage diseases that collectively ...

Positive Kuvan(TM) Pivotal Phase 3 Trial Results Published in The Lancet

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Researchers Discover Gene For Rare Skin Disorder

... institute that provided funding for the Mental retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Center at ... and the senior author of the paper. Mental retardation is seen in about fifteen percent of patients with ... said Ljubisa Vitkovic, M.D., of NICHDs Mental retardation and Developmental Disabilities Branch. But they ...

Fragile X, Down Syndromes Linked to Faulty Brain Communication, Stanford Researcher Finds

... PhD, studied Fragile X syndrome, which is a leading cause of mental retardation in this country. Affected people tend to have learning disabilities, ... that these reduced-complexity networks are the basis for the mental retardation that occurs with both syndromes," Madison said. If so, the problem is ...

GlaxoSmithKline’s Hib-MenCY-TT Combination Vaccine Meets Phase II Study Endpoints of Immunogenicity and Safety Compared to Licensed Vaccines

... 10% and up to 19% of patients suffering long term effects such as brain damage, amputation, severe skin scarring, kidney damage, mental retardation and deafness. Infants and young children are at the greatest risk for this disease, with approximately 40% of cases occurring in children less than ...

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Retardation in Medical Products

Inherited Mental Retardation

Description: ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu of highly complex and unique medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories' ...
Company:ARUP Laboratories
Retardation in Medical Definition

Atransferrinemia

... 3 Treatment 4 Reference 5 External links Symptoms Severe microcytic hypochromic anemia, growth retardation and recurrent infections are the first clinical signs of the disease. Iron overload occurs mainly in the liver, heart, pancreas , thyroid , ...
Retardation in Medical Dictionary

Birth Defects

... known causes of birth defects and mental retardation . It affects one in 750 babies born—or 5,000 ... (a devastating disorder marked by mental retardation and behavior al problems). HE ALT H RISKS ... , associated with birth defects and mental retardation . A mild childhood disease that causes ...

Deafness

... nervous system that can cause deafness , mental retardation or death . Babies who survive pregnancy ... , speech problems , cerebral palsy , or mental retardation . Extended hydrops fetalis can inhibit lung ... cerebral palsy blindness deafness mental retardation It is important to remember that these are ...

Down syndrome

... birth defects , including some degree of mental retardation , characteristic facial features and, often, ... disorder characterized by mild to severe mental retardation , slow physical development, and characteristic ... usually, although not always, results in mental retardation and other conditions. Down syndrome is the ...

Intrauterine

... your subscriptions ... Intrauterine growth retardation : The growth of the fetus is abnormally slow. ... Alternate Names : Intrauterine Growth retardation , IUGR Definition ... Intrauterine ... complications, such as intrauterine growth retardation (a slowing of growth of the fetus ) or birth ...

Mental retardation

... Mental retardation Related Category: Psychology and Psychiatry ... the skills necessary for daily living. Mental retardation with optic atrophy , deafness & seizures ... colleagues as a newly recognized X-linked mental retardation syndrome . ...

Retardation

... Mental retardation Related Category: Psychology and Psychiatry ... skills necessary for daily living. Mental retardation Symptoms: Note: Deviations in normal adaptive ... s depend on the severity of the condition. Mild retardation may be associated with a lack of curiosity and ...

Seizures

... healthcare professional. Definition of Mental retardation , blindness , deafness , seizures Mental retardation with optic atrophy , deafness & seizures ... colleagues as a newly recognized X-linked mental retardation syndrome . There's no evidence that energy ...

Syndrome

... following abnormalities: Intrauterine growth retardation : growth deficiency in the fetus and newborn ... disorder characterized by mild to severe mental retardation , slow physical development, and characteristic ... physical development, moderate to severe mental retardation , and facial features which are somewhat ...

Trisomy 18

... of birth defects including severe mental retardation , as well as health problems involving nearly ... have multi ple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. Trisomy ... , aniridia, ambiguous genitalia , and mental retardation (WAGR) syndrome ; Bloom's syndrome , ... ...

Developmental Disabilities

... now to have a safe pregnancy and healthy baby. Children with mental retardation can receive help from an array of public, private and non-profit agencies that specialize in developmental disabilities . Mental retardation is a lifelong condition for which there is no cure. room personnel ...

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Retardation in Biological News

Measuring intellectual disability

... and quantitative means of measuring levels of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) protein (FMRP), which is mutated in fragile X syndrome. The ... by Iwahashi et al, "A quantitative ELISA assay for the fragile X mental retardation 1 protein," appears in the July 2009 issue of the Journal of Molecular ...

UC Davis researchers define characteristics, treatment options for XXYY syndrome

... percent had autism spectrum disorders. In the previous literature, mental retardation was the norm. This study, however, found that only 29.1 percent had IQ scores within the mental retardation range. Learning disabilities were the more common cognitive impairments, ...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... brains of newborns suffering from oxygen and blood flow deprivation stops a type of brain damage that is a leading cause of cerebral palsy, mental retardation and death, according to researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Reporting their results in the Journal of Neuroscience , ...

Powerful nutrient cocktail can put kids with Crohn's into remission

... Gastroenterology and Nutrition . Eating Like an Astronaut Dr. Shamir's research was inspired by the problem of malnutrition and growth retardation in children battling IBD. Steroids and other biological agents, the most common treatment for IBD, were having an adverse affect on the children's ...

Protein linked to mental retardation controls synapse maturation, plasticity, CSHL team finds

... disorders. "Great progress has been made in recent years in the identification of chromosomal abnormalities and genetic changes involved in mental retardation (MR)," says Professor Linda Van Aelst, Ph.D., who led the CSHL research team. "We know of at least 280 genes that are implicated, in fact. But what ...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

... cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of lifetime health challenges, such as breathing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestation, also known as late preterm birth) have higher rates of death and ...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

... University Medical Center and the University of North Carolina have discovered in mice how a single disrupted gene can cause a form of severe mental retardation known as Angelman syndrome. In a study published in the journal Nature Neuroscience , they found that the gene, UBE3A, is needed so that ...

Regulation of cell proliferation by the OGF-OGFr axis is dependent on nuclear localization signals

... the nuclear compartments. The OGF-OGFr axis is known to regulate cell proliferation by modulating cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors, resulting in a retardation of cells at the G1-S interface of the cell cycle. To address the question of the location and temporal relationships of OGFr nucleocytoplasmic ...

Consumers desire more genetic testing, but not designer babies

... diseases and enhancements. The study found that the majority of respondents would elect for the screening of the following conditions: mental retardation (75%), deafness (54%), blindness (56%), heart disease (52%), and cancer (51%). The results indicate that less than half of population (49.3%) would ...

New technology aims to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths

... of all maternal deaths, 80,000 premature births and associated neonatal complications, which can have life-long impact such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and blindness. Screening and early detection are key given that there are no known cures for preeclampsia, and the only treatment available to ...

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Retardation in Biological Technology

Discovery of new cause of mental retardation simplifies search for treatments

... that, in a portion of these patients, the mental retardation is caused by a twofold production of two proteins ... Defects on the X-chromosome Mental retardation occurs in 2 - 3% of our population. This can be ... underlying cause. This is called X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). In over half of the XLMR patients, the ...

Kuvan Receives Priority Review Status From Health Canada

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

International science consortium publishes analysis of domestic cattle genome sequence

... two locations in a genome. Segmental duplications in the human genome are associated with a variety of human disorders, including a form of mental retardation and other neurological and birth defects. In the domestic cattle genome, researchers found that some of these chromosomal rearrangements affect ...

BioMarin Receives Notice of Allowance for Once Daily Dosing Patent for Kuvan

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Kuvan Receives Marketing Approval in the European Union

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

Agent in red wine found to keep hearts young

... In short, a glass of wine or food or supplements that contain even small doses of resveratrol are likely to represent "a robust intervention in the retardation of cardiac aging," the authors note. That finding may also explain the remarkable heart health of people who live in some regions of France where ...

Synchrotron radiation illuminates how babies' protective bubble bursts

... When the protective sac raptures during labour this is when the mothers waters burst; if premature rupture occurs it can result in death or mental retardation of the child. Currently premature birth is increasing and 40% are attributed to the early rupture of amniotic membranes. Thus, a better understanding ...

Netsmart Technologies Customer in Pennsylvania Recognized for Achieving Data Benchmarking Milestones

... Thomas, CPA, chief fiscal officer for Dickinson Mental Health, which is located in Ridgway, Pa. and provides a wide range of mental health and mental retardation related services to residents of Elk, Cameron, Potter and McKean counties. In its second year, the PCPA Benchmarking Initiative encompasses a total ...

Exclusive Rights to Kuvan(TM) Data Licensed to Asubio Pharma in Japan

... accumulates to abnormally high levels in the blood and becomes toxic to the brain, resulting in a variety of complications including severe mental retardation and brain damage, mental illness, seizures, tremors, and limited cognitive ability. As a result of newborn screening efforts implemented in the 1960s ...

NIH grants $750,000 to develop device to determine temperature of neonate's brain

... damage from oxygen-deprivation during birth. About half of the infants born with the condition will die or suffer severe handicaps such as mental retardation or cerebral palsy. Historically, doctors tended to keep newborns warm, at incubator-like temperatures, and treated the hypoxic infants with ...
Retardation in Biological Definition

X chromosome

... (48,XXYY) in each cell. The extra genetic material may lead to mental retardation and other medical problems. Klinefelter syndrome can also result from ... these conditions are rare. The extra genetic material may lead to mental retardation and other medical problems. Turner syndrome : This results when ...

Chromosome

... retarded. Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome , which is caused by partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4. It is characterized by severe growth retardation and mental defect. Down syndrome (extra chromosome 21). This is also known as mongolism or trisomy 21 . Symptoms are decreased muscle tone, ...

Nutrition

... Walter C. Willett and Meir J. Stampfer, Rebuilding the Food Pyramid , Scientific American January 2003. Weindruch R, et al. The retardation of aging in mice by dietary restriction: longevity, cancer, immunity and lifetime energy intake. (Journal of Nutrition, 116(4), pages 641-54.,April, ...

Patau syndrome

... , is a chromosomal aberration, a disease in which a patient has an additional chromosome 13 . Patau syndrome is associated with severe mental retardation , small eyes that may exhibit a split in the iris ( coloboma ), a cleft lip and/or palate , weak muscle tone (hypotonia), an increased risk ...
Retardation in Biological Dictionary

Band shift assay

... shift assay , gel mobility shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay , is a common affinity electrophoresis technique used ... ... referred to as a gel shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay . EMSA is used to study protein ... DNA Band Shift Assay ....

Triplet repeat expansion

... ... dystrophy is caused by expansion of a GCG repeat that places additional alanine ... A second triplet repeat disorder that causes mental retardation was recently ... 1.1 Triplet Repeat Expansion ... The triplet repeat expansion is sometimes called a dynamic or unstable mutation ......

Nondisjunction

... risk factors for maternal nondisjunction of chromosome 21 are increased ... As nondisjunction is the leading cause of pregnancy loss, mental retardation and ... Meiotic nondisjunction is the failure of homologous chromosomes ... The other maintains that the frequency of nondisjunction ...

Gel shift assay

... assay (EMSA) or mobility shift electrophoresis, also referred as a gel shift assay , gel mobility shift assay , band shift assay , or gel retardation assay , is a common affinity electrophoresis technique used to study protein-DNA ... The gel . shift assay is performed by incubating a ...

Familial

... with classic familial adenomatous polyposis, the number of polyps ... (Also called sociocultural or cultural- familial retardation) Mild mental retardation attributed to environmental causes and generally involving some degree of ... ... and project group dedicated to providing information for ...
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