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Rectum in Medical News

March is National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month: Do You Know What Your Screening Options Are?

... allows the physician to look at the inside of the rectum and lower part of the colon for cancer or polyps. ... most thorough method for evaluating the colon and rectum High detection rate for polyps, including ... colonoscopy) A small tube is placed in the rectum and air is pumped into the colon to inflate the ...

Cancer death rates dropping among African Americans but survival rates still low

... (34 percent), lung (16 percent), and colon and rectum (10 percent). Among African American women, the ... (25 percent), lung (12 percent), and colon and rectum (11 percent). Cancer of the lung will be the most ... in women (19 percent). Cancer of the colon and rectum and cancer of the pancreas are expected to be the ...

A feasible, simple and convenient model for study of rectal carcinoma

... model by injecting the cell suspension of VX2 cells into the wall of the rectum guided by X-ray fluoroscopy is feasible. The advantages of the model are ... model by injecting the suspension of VX2 cells into the wall of the rectum guided by X-ray fluoroscopy is feasible. The advantages of the rectal VX2 ...

Helping hand of hybrid surgery benefits colorectal patients

... surgical option across the United States for people with diseases of the rectum and colon. A newer, third option is a hybrid -- hand-assisted ... cancer may be candidates for partial or total removal of the colon or rectum (colectomy or proctocolectomy). Increasingly, and especially at leading ...

Drinking Raises Cancer Risk for Middle-Age Women

... found that moderate drinking accounts for 13 percent of breast, liver, rectum and upper respiratory/digestive tract cancers among women. The ... day, there would be about 15 extra cases of cancers of the breast, liver, rectum and mouth and throat diagnosed for every 1,000 women up to the age of 75," ...

Cancer Death Rates Decline Among Blacks, But Disparities Linger

... cancers will be prostate (34 percent), lung (16 percent), and colon and rectum (10 percent). Among black women, the most common cancers will be breast (25 percent), lung (12 percent), and colon and rectum (11 percent), the report finds. Cancer of the lung will be the most ...

Study confirms colorectal cancer screening should start at age 50

... to view the right-side of the colon to screen for polyps, only the rectum and the lower end of the colon. If a polyp or abnormality is found, ... Colonoscopies allow gastroenterologists to view the entire colon and rectum for polyps or cancer and during the same exam remove pre-cancerous polyps. ...

Modulated radiotherapy can cut treatment time for cancer of the rectum without increasing toxicity

... radiotherapy in tumours of the rectum. Novelty for cancer of the rectum IMRT (Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy) is a radiotherapy ... limited and smaller. We have now also begun to apply it to tumours of the rectum given that the conventional treatment, combining chemotherapy and ...

Cancer Death Rates Still Declining

... all of the major cancer sites for men and women, which include colon and rectum in both men and women, breast cancer in women, and prostate cancer in ... year's report: In men, cancers of the prostate, lung, colon and rectum represented about half of all newly diagnosed cancers. Prostate cancer ...

The Facts African Americans Need to Know About Colon Cancer

... cancer, also referred to as colon cancer, is cancer of the colon or rectum and is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. for men and ... schedule. Polyps are grapelike growths on the lining of the colon or rectum that may become cancer. These polyps can be removed to prevent cancer ...

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Rectum in Medical Technology

Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Launches Asacol(R) HD (mesalamine) Delayed-Release Tablets

... bowel disease. UC involves inflammation of the lining of the colon and rectum and is typically characterized by flares followed by periods of remission. ... flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, ...

ASGE Encourages Patients to Speak to Their Doctor About Colorectal Cancer Screening Options

... differs from colonoscopy, which provides actual photos of the colon and rectum via a camera attached to a thin, flexible scope that is physically guided ... to remove polyps. -- Requires the insertion of a small tube in the rectum and insufflation of air into the colon. -- Does not require ...

Freezing Prostate Cancer Does a Man's Body Good

... going to have the proper treatment," said Onik. With 3-D transperineal mapping, a grid placed over the perineum (the area of skin between the rectum and the scrotum) allows an interventional radiologist to accurately map the location of each biopsy core removed. The cores are taken through the ...

ASGE Urges Patients to Seek a Qualified Endoscopist Before Undergoing a Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer

... use a flexible tube that has a light and miniature TV camera on the tip. This instrument, often referred to as the "scope," is placed in the rectum and advanced through the colon. It is connected to a television monitor that the physician watches while performing the test. Various miniaturized ...

Despite Advances in the Accuracy of CT Colonography in Detecting Polyps, Digestive Health Experts Urge Patients to Consider Risks and Realities

... the CTC technology requires the same bowel preparation as complete colonoscopy. There is also evidence that due to the insertion of a tube in the rectum and insufflation of the abdomen with air or gas, the patients, who are not sedated and awake, tend to feel discomfort. "It is important for ...

New Eloxatin(R) (oxaliplatin injection) Prescribing Information in the U.S. Includes Six-Year Overall Survival Data

... adverse effects. About Colorectal Cancer Stage II colorectal cancer indicates that the cancer has grown through the wall of the colon or rectum but has not yet spread to nearby lymph nodes. At Stage III, the cancer has invaded one or more of the local lymph nodes but has not spread to distant ...

Safety and Efficacy Results Presented From Largest Prospective Controlled Clinical Study of Ulcerative Colitis

... Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. ...

Study Data Show Asacol(R) (Mesalamine) is Effective in Treating All Extents of Ulcerative Colitis Including Isolated Proctitis

... Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. ...

New England Journal of Medicine Study Shows ERBITUX(R) Improves Survival in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

... regimens. About Colorectal Cancer In the U.S., approximately 154,000 people will be diagnosed with cancer of the colon or rectum this year. More than half of these patients have metastatic disease, or cancer that has spread to other organs, at the time of diagnosis. EGFR is ...

New Analysis of Study Data Shows That Asacol(R) (Mesalamine) Delivers Rapid Symptom Relief for Ulcerative Colitis Patients

... Treatment depends on the extent and severity of disease. UC causes flares followed by periods of remission. During a flare, in which the rectum or colon become inflamed, people experience symptoms such as diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramping and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. ...

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Rectum in Medical Products

VALTRAC™ Devices (Single Use Biofragmentable Anastomosis Ring)

Description:... anastomosis is indicated, e.g., carcinoma, diverticular disease, colostomy closure, etc. Use of the VALTRAC™ Ring in the distal portion of the rectum may be restricted until such time as a transrectal delivery system is ....
Company:Autosuture

TherMatrx® Dose Optimized Thermotherapy™

Features:... or external sphincter which could cause discomfort during treatment and serious side effects. Nor is it directed deep into the prostate towards the rectum and ejaculatory ducts, which also could result in serious side effects. Four treatment coil lengths. Varying coil lengths ensure that each patient ...
Company:AMS
Rectum in Medical Definition

Medicine

... eye , ear , nose , and throat (HEENT) Cardiovascular ( heart and blood vessels ) Respiratory (large airways and lungs ) Abdomen and rectum Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant) Musculoskeletal (spine and extremities) Neurological (consciousness, ...
Rectum in Medical Dictionary

Adenoma

... tous polyp s, may grow in the colon or rectum . In some individuals, these polyp s eventually ... adenoma tous polyp s throughout the colon and rectum . This type of polyp carries a very high risk ... 1 per cent of all cancer s of the colon and rectum . ...

Anal fissure

... of the anus . The anus is the opening of the rectum where bowel movement s (BMs) leave the body. ... lubricated index finger is inserted into the rectum to check for any abnormalities. An anal fissure is a small ulcer in the lining of the rectum . They can cause pain and bleeding during ...

Anoscopy

... An anoscopy is an examination of the rectum in which a small tube is inserted into the anus ... a health professional to look inside the anus , rectum , and the lower part of the large intestine ( ... . Anoscopy : An exam of the anus and lower rectum using a short, lighted tube called an anoscope. ...

Anus

... Anus : The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. The word " anus " ... malformation (a birth defect) in which the rectum is a blind alley (a cul-de- sac ) and there is ... birth defects involving malformation of the rectum and anus . anus - the opening at the end ...

Bleeding

... California ... Rectal Bleeding Overview The rectum is the last portion of the large bowel that ... . (It is called rectal bleeding because the rectum lies immediately above the anus . If the ... the urine ... Bleeding from the anus or rectum . Pain or pressure in the area around the anus ...

Bloating

... severe pain or bloating in your abdomen or rectum . You begin showing signs of water loss ( ... ; or a feeling of incomplete emptying of the rectum are all common. Flatulence is the state of ... increased belching or passing of gas from the rectum . Giardiasis ( Giardia lamblia) Intestinal ...

Bowel

... (large intestine made up of the colon and rectum ) grow in an uncontrolled way. The mass of extra ... and pills. 1. Introduction of fluid into the rectum to bring about a bowel movement . 2. The solution introduced into the rectum to bring about a bowel movement . ENT The ...

Colitis

... of the digestive tract, which leads to the rectum . Ulcerative colitis is a type of ... the large intestine ( colon or bowel ) and rectum become inflamed. Ulcerative Colitis What ... lining of the large intestine ( colon ) and rectum . Ulcerative Colitis Digestive System ...

Colonoscopy

... ) with a soft tube inserted through your rectum . Risks ... Colonoscopy is a test that ... the interior lining of your large intestine ( rectum and colon ) through a thin, flexible viewing ... inserting a fiber optic colon oscope into your rectum and large intestine to view your lower ...

Colon

... ) with a soft tube inserted through your rectum . Risks ... Colon oscopy is a test that ... the interior lining of your large intestine ( rectum and colon ) through a thin, flexible viewing ... the bowel . Polyp s may also occur in the rectum , another section of the large intestine . ...

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Rectum in Biological News

'Normal' cells far from cancer give nanosignals of trouble

... some degree) are expensive and complex. PWS is simple, inexpensive and minimally invasive. In the studies, cells were collected by brushing the rectum (for the colon), the duodenum (for the pancreas) and the cheek (for the lungs). The PWS technique was able to distinguish between the patients with ...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

... Some patients who suffer from ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and sores in the lining of the rectum and colon, are treated with surgical removal of the colon, followed by construction of a pouch to assist the patient with bowel movements. For ...

Freezing prostate cancer does a man's body good

... not going to have the proper treatment," said Onik. With 3-D transperineal mapping, a grid placed over the perineum (the area of skin between the rectum and the scrotum) allows an interventional radiologist to accurately map the location of each biopsy core removed. The cores are taken through the ...

New genetic markers for ulcerative colitis identified, researchers report in Nature Genetics

... specifically target them. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, relapsing disorder that causes inflammation and ulceration in the inner lining of the rectum and large intestine. The most common symptoms are diarrhea (oftentimes bloody) and abdominal pain. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, another ...

Breakthrough optical technology to assess colon cancer risk, accuracy

... polyp detection and could lead to improvements in colon cancer prevention. "Our premise is that since the lining of the large intestine -- rectum and colon -- is contiguous, if you see an abnormality in one part of the colon, then somewhere else in the colon you have a higher likelihood of ...

More than words: childbirth training change improves safety, cuts unnecessary procedures

... number and severity of episiotomies, a surgical procedure in which a doctor or midwife makes an incision in the tissue between the mothers vagina and rectum during childbirth. They were also able to increase the use of the hormone oxytocin which is given to mothers to make their uterus shrink and ...

Coming soon: 3-D imaging that flies 'through' and 'around' cancer

... cancer--a term used to refer to cancer that develops in the colon or rectum and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United ... a procedure where a long, flexible, lighted tube is inserted into the rectum and guided slowly into the colon. The tube or scope transmits an image of ...
Rectum in Biological Technology

New Data Suggest CIMZIA(R) (Certolizumab Pegol) Active in Treating Moderate to Severe Crohn's Patients With Fistulizing Disease

... tunnels or tracts that develop in response to inflammation and ulceration associated with CD. Fistulas may originate from the intestinal tract or rectum and connect to the bladder, vagina, skin or other intestinal areas. If left untreated, fistulas may cause a decrease in absorption of nutrients from ...

ScinoPharm Granted US Patent for Novel Crystal Forms

... for their preparation as well as pharmaceutical compositions containing the new forms and methods of treating metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum using these new forms. This patent is the ninth US patent granted to ScinoPharm and the second patent for one of the company's high demand ...

Cancer Care of Western New York Becomes First Center in Western New York to Treat Cancer with RapidArc(TM) Radiotherapy Technology from Varian Medical Systems

... plans as compared with conventional IMRT for these types of cases, and concluded that the RapidArc approach does a better job of protecting the rectum and the bladder. And with treatments being completed so quickly, these two can get in and out of the office faster and spend more quality time ...

Prominent Urologist Dr. David B. Samadi Presents Breakthrough Robotic Surgery Techniques on OR Live Webcast

... sexual function since severing or damaging the cavernous nerves causes erectile dysfunction. These nerves course laterally along the prostate and rectum and provide nerve connections to the proximal penis deep in the pelvis. If they are damaged, erectile function is, too. Put simply, preserving the ...

FDA Approves EOVIST(R) to Detect and Characterize Focal Liver Lesions

... sti cs_for_liver_cancer_25.asp?sitearea=. Last Accessed on 4/16/08. (2) American Cancer Society. "Overview: Colon and rectum Cancer: How Many People Get Colorectal Cancer?" Available at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_2_1X_How_Many_People_Get_Co lor ...

FDA Clears New Applicators for Endometrial Cancer Treatment With Xoft's Axxent(R) Electronic Brachytherapy System

... Results suggested equivalent target volume coverage for Electronic Brachytherapy while offering increased sparing of healthy bladder and rectum tissue by as much as 54 percent. As a platform technology, the Axxent Electronic Brachytherapy System is designed to address a variety of ...

EntreMed Presents Interim Results for Phase 2 Carcinoid Tumor Study

... rectum. Approximately half of these originate in the appendix, and may metastasize to the liver, while the remaining half develop in the intestine, rectum and lung. Approximately 6,000-7,000 cases of carcinoid cancer are diagnosed in the U.S. annually and their incidence has been increasing over the ...

New 200 mg Vial for Eloxatin(R) (Oxaliplatin Injection) Offers Greater Convenience and Efficiency of Preparation

... with no demonstrated benefit in overall survival after a median follow-up of 4 years -- Treatment of advanced carcinoma of the colon or rectum Clinical Safety Considerations Eloxatin(R) should be administered under the supervision of a physician experienced in the use of cancer ...
Rectum in Biological Definition

Thermoregulation

... such results to be comparable they must be made in the same situation. The rectum gives most accurately the temperature of internal parts, or in women and ... the reading would be from 0.25 C to 1.5 C higher than this; and in the rectum some 0.9 C higher still. The temperature of infants and young children has ...

Anatomy

... Ear Eye Heart Kidney Labia Larynx Liver Lung Nose Ovary Pharynx Pancreas Penis Placenta rectum Skin Small intestine Spleen Stomach Tongue Uterus Bones in the human skeleton : Collar bone (clavicle) ...

Cancer

... disease , non-Hodgkin's lymphoma , multiple myeloma , brain tumor , breast cancer , cervical cancer , colorectal cancer - in the colon , rectum , anus , or appendix , esophageal cancer , endometrial cancer - in the uterus , hepatocellular carcinoma - in the liver , gastrointestinal ...
Rectum in Biological Dictionary

Rectum

... cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per ... most common form of cancer and ... The rectum is part of the body's digestive system. ... The last 6 inches are the rectum and the anal canal. ... of the colon, ...

Anus

... related diseases, ... Anus : The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. ... Defines and ... ... The anus is the opening to the rectum through which ... Imperforate anus may occur ... anal canal, the part of the anus between the rectum and the anal opening, is ... Anus - ...

Colon

... cancer or large bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon , rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per year, it is the third ... . The section of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum ... The colon is usually divided into ascending, ... More about ...

Polyp

... The two primary methods of polyp removal are hot biopsy and snaring. ... A colorectal polyp is a growth on the inner wall of the colon or rectum ... What is the Polyp Prevention Trial? ... who have had a polyp have an increased risk ... ...

Jejunum

... and encyclopedia. ... jejunum - the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum ... For resources and information on rectum and Inflammation of the Jejunum ... Function of Jejunum . J Tube How It Works. Reset Function. Appendix. Human growth hormone ... The ...

Intestine

... . In humans, the small intestine is ... (Click to enlarge) intestine A. stomach B. large intestine C. small intestine D. rectum E. anus F. appendix G ... structure of the intestine varies greatly in ... Small Intestine Cancer Key Terms: Adenocarcinoma , ...

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