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Pentose in Medical Dictionary

Shunt

... pentine; pentitol; pentobarbital; pentoic; pentolinium tartrate; penton; penton base; pentone; pentosan; pentosan sulfuric polyester; pentose; pentose monophosphate shunt ; ... When bleeding is severe or recurs often, you may need a procedure to create a bypass ( shunt ) between the venous ...
Pentose in Biological News

Shared survival mechanism explains why 'good' nerve cells last and 'bad' cancer cells flourish

... metabolic pathway, or series of chemical reactions. This pathway the pentose phosphate biochemical pathway inhibits the activation of a key protein ... glutathione (GSH), which is generated by glucose metabolism through the pentose phosphate pathway. Thus, both neurons and cancer cells are able to resist ...

Burnham researchers present at 100th AACR Meeting

... Colorectal Cancer and Genetic Deletion of FXRα Promotes Colon Tumorigenesis in ApcMin/+ Mice Adam Richardson, Ph.D., will present The Role of pentose Phosphate Pathway in the Warburg Effect. ...
Pentose in Biological Definition

Pentose phosphate pathway

... Shunt) is a process that serves to generate NADPH and the synthesis of pentose (5- carbon ) sugars . There are two distinct phases in the pathway. The ... See also G6PDH deficiency - A hereditary disease which disrupts the pentose phosphate pathway. NADPH RNA ...

RNA

... DNA by the presence of an additional hydroxyl group, attached to each pentose ring; as well as by the use of uracil , instead of thymine . One of the ... DNA except for the critical presence of a hydroxyl group attached to the pentose ring in the 2' position (DNA has a hydrogen atom rather than a hydroxyl ...

Carbohydrate

... citric acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation See also Biochemistry Macromolecules Glycolysis Gluconeogenesis pentose phosphate pathway External links IUPAC-IUBMB Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (JCBN): Carbohydrate Nomenclature ...

Metabolism

... pathway , the common glycolysis pathway. Entner-Doudoroff Pathway , an alternative glycolysis pathway in few bacteria . pentose phosphate pathway (hexose monophosphate shunt), generation of NADPH from glucose. Protein catabolism , the hydrolysis of proteins into ...

Nucleotide

... or the structural unit of nucleotide chains forming nucleic acids as RNA and DNA . A nucleotide consists of a heterocyclic nucleobase , a pentose sugar , and a phosphate or polyphosphate group . Nucleotides also play important roles in cellular energy transport and transformations ...
Pentose in Biological Dictionary

Ribonucleic acid

... Shopping at mySimon. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is similar to DNA in that it is also a chain (or polymer) ... Ribonucleic Acid is made up of a pentose group, which is a five carbon sugar, a ... Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Ribonucleic acid (RNA): A ...

Phosphodiester Bond

...... phosphodiester bond n. The covalent chemical bond that holds together the polynucleotide chains of RNA and DNA by joining a carbon in the pentose The phosphate groups in the phosphodiester bond are negatively-charged. ... A phosphodiesterase is any enzyme that breaks a phosphodiester ...

Phosphate group

... (CID 1003) Table of Contents ... SID 3071 - External ID: PHOSPHATE - GROUP . Physical Properties: 1 Link ... Linear (oxidative) portion of the pentose Phosphate Pathway ... See notes on Pyruvate Dehydrogenase, which also utilizes TPP as prosthetic group . ... There are 2 ways to increase our ...

NADPH

... electrons) ... In plants, photosynthesis is another source of NADPH . ... CDP + NADPH <=> dCDP + NADP ... NADPH , a product of the pentose Phosphate ... As NADPH is utilized in reductive synthetic pathways, the increasing ... The pathway also produces some NADPH . ... Information ...

Adenosine diphosphate

... ADP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine . ADP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. Aspects of the topic adenosine - diphosphate are discussed in the following places at Britannica. ...

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