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Offspring in Medical News

Unlocking the key to human fertility

... match, however similar their DNA is, no viable offspring can be born. Occasionally, for example, with horses and donkeys, offspring are produced - but because the sperm and egg ... their development as embryos is abnormal and any offspring are almost always infertile. The research ...

Postpartum Anxiety May Delay Puberty in Kids

... anxiety after giving birth and that their female offspring had delayed onset of puberty. Prolactin, which ... groups, mothers with low prolactin raising female offspring of mice with normal prolactin levels, and mothers with normal prolactin levels raising the female offspring of mice with low levels of prolactin. Puberty ...

Outgoing Nature Could Get You to 100

... Perls and his colleagues decided to look at 246 offspring of those who lived to 100 to see if their ... norms for each trait. They found that the offspring of centenarians were more extraverted than the ... sources of help when needed, Perls said. The offspring of centenarians scored lower than the norms on ...

Researchers identify personality traits

... Society . Previous research on siblings and offspring of centenarians have documented that exceptional ... runs strongly in families. Studies of the offspring of centenarians showed that their mortality is ... be important to the healthy aging observed in the offspring of centenarians. Using the NEO-Five-Factor ...

What Moms Learned May Be Passed to Offspring

... exercise. These mice later gave birth to offspring with the same genetic mutation. But the offspring showed no signs of memory problems even though ... effect reached into the next generation. The offspring had improved memory even without an enriched ...

Smoking during pregnancy fosters aggression in children

... light up during pregnancy can predispose their offspring to an additional risk: violent behaviour. ... Another risk factor for aggressive behaviour in offspring was smoking mothers with a history of antisocial ... 18 months to three and a half years. Aggressive offspring were characterized by their mothers as quick to ...

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Offspring in Medical Technology

deCODE and SGENE Consortium Discover Deletions in the Human Genome Linked to Risk of Schizophrenia

... first analyzed the genomes of a total of approximately 15,000 parents and offspring taking part in deCODE gene discovery programs and who had been genotyped ... 66 de novo CNVs, that is, CNVs present in the genomic DNA of the offspring but not in that of their parents. deCODE then tested these variants for ...

Researchers Create First Targeted Knockout Rats Using Zinc Finger Nuclease Technology

... scientists used ZFNs to knock out an inserted reporter gene and two native rat genes without causing measurable effects on other genes. Importantly, offspring of the ZFN-mutated rats also carried the modifications, demonstrating the genetic changes were permanent and heritable. Together, these results ...

Molecular Marker Identifies Normal Stem Cells as Intestinal Tumor Source

... Next, the researchers switched on cancer-producing machinery in the Prominin1 intestinal stem cells and used a fluorescent tracer to follow the offspring of these cells. Those studies revealed that the stem cells stopped making normal intestine and made tumors instead. "We saw a dramatic change in ...

Women Who Gain Excessive Weight During Pregnancy More Likely to Have Overweight Children

... add that more research is necessary to clarify whether the association between greater gestational weight gain and increased odds of overweight in offspring is causal, and whether it exists in today's environment of increasing obesity. Dr. Wrotniak's coauthors were Justine Shults, Ph.D., of the Center ...

Quest Diagnostics Introduces ClariSure(TM) Test for Identifying Chromosome Abnormalities Associated With 85 Developmental Disorders in Children

... better diagnostic insights, parents can provide their child with appropriate schooling and social support, and understand the likelihood that other offspring may have the same disorder." Quest Diagnostics owns the intellectual property underlying its microarray technology, which is used to analyze ...

Framingham Study Shows Parents Who Live Long Pass On Lower Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

... to examine cardiovascular risk factors in the offspring of longer-lived individuals using independent and ... family history. "Characteristics of Framingham offspring Participants with Long-Lived Parents, appears in ... . In the study, researchers examined 1,697 offspring age 30 and older (average age 40) whose parents ...
Offspring in Medical Dictionary

Birth Defects

... arthritis that may cause or contribute to abnormal foot motion. Heredity may also play a role. TERATOGEN ICITY: Producing physical defects in offspring in utero (ie, birth defects ). Teratogen icity is a potential side effect of some drugs, such as thalidomide. IMPORTANT NOTICE: vitamin A ...

Delirium tremens

... help you stay sober during recovery include: 5 ... Delirium tremens (DTs) Depression Erectile dysfunction Fetal alcohol syndrome in the offspring of alcoholic women High blood pressure Increased incidence of cancer Insomnia Nutrition al deficiencies Suicide Wernicke-Korsakoff ...

Endemic

... that's often fatal, is endemic in many countries in Africa, Europe and Asia. It's spread by ticks , some of which transmit the virus to their offspring via eggs. A disease that tends to be restricted to a particular region ( endemic disease ) can become epidemic if non immune persons are ...

Marfan syndrome

... most people with Marfan syndrome can live fully productive lives. Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder. This means that each offspring of an affected parent will have a 50 percent chance of also being born with the disorder. Marfan syndrome Dr Trisha Macnair Marfan syndrome is ...

Roundworms

... microscopic examination of a stool sample for roundworm eggs. Hookworm s are also diagnose d in this manner. The roundworms then produce offspring that migrate through the gut wall and into the blood stream. These parasites tend to invade muscle tissue s, including the heart and ...

Teratogen

... is one which does not cause birth defects . Examples include the following: Sperm icides ... TERATOGEN ICITY: Producing physical defects in offspring in utero (ie, birth defects ). Teratogen icity is a potential side effect of some drugs, such as thalidomide. A teratogen is any substance to ...

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Offspring in Biological News

Spread your sperm the smart way

... per mating to maximise their chances of producing offspring across a range of females, according to a new ... of resources into each mating he will get more offspring per mating, but at the expense of fewer matings. ... fertility per mating, it maximises the number of offspring he sires overall. Less attractive males secure ...

Key to evolutionary fitness: Cut the calories

... while food was plentiful and produce as many offspring as this would allow them to. However, recent ... due to active control of maternal investment in offspring in order to maintain long-term reproductive ... when their energy reserves are low or when their offspring are kept in cooler temperatures, Brown hares are ...

Bisphenol A exposure in pregnant mice permanently changes DNA of offspring

... known to cause a fertility defect in the mother's offspring in animal studies, and now researchers have found ... the scientists analyzed the uterus of female offspring and extracted DNA. They found that BPA ... The permanent DNA changes in the BPA-exposed offspring were not apparent in ...

Hatchery fish may hurt efforts to sustain wild salmon runs

... if they survive and reproduce in the wild, their offspring will also be significantly less successful at ... to survive and reproduce of the wild-born offspring of hatchery fish means that adding hatchery fish ... study found that a fish born in the wild as the offspring of two hatchery-reared steelhead averaged only 37 ...

The importance of being helpful -- Cooperative cichlids boost their own reproductive success

... pair by helping to raise the dominant pair's offspring and this has been shown to occur among ... (Neolamprologus pulcher) often help to raise the offspring of unrelated dominant females (a form of ... in exchange for the care they provided for the offspring of dominant pairsa behaviour that enhanced their ...

Mothers give interloper's offspring a head start in life

... paternity in which the interloper's 'extra pair' offspring often outperform their half brothers and sisters. While the superiority of these extra-pair offspring has generally been attributed to improved ... more to do with mothers giving these 'extra pair' offspring a head start. The team from the Universities ...

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Offspring in Biological Technology

First documented case of pest resistance to biotech cotton

... susceptible insects from the refuges. The hybrid offspring of such a mating generally would be susceptible to the toxin. In most pests, offspring are resistant to Bt toxins only if both parents are resistant. In bollworm, however, hybrid offspring produced by matings between susceptible and ...

Animal Protection Groups Condemn FDA's Endorsement of Animal Cloning

... to endorse the sale of cloned animals and their offspring for food. The agency moved forward with the ... mandatory moratorium on cloned animals and their offspring to be established immediately. The FDA's ... 50 percent of all calf clones suffer from Large offspring Syndrome, in which the animal is grossly ...

Honey bee invaders exploit the genetic resources of their predecessors

... When the European old-timers mixed with the African newcomers, their offspring looked, and in most respects behaved, like the African honey bees. ... had been in South America for centuries, one might expect that the hybrid offspring would randomly pick up both the functional and nonfunctional parts of the ...

OMT announces a breakthrough in the development of a novel human antibody platform

... Inc. to knockout a gene encoding rat immunoglobulin. The mutations in rat immunoglobulin caused no off-target effects in other genes, and offspring of the ZFN-edited rats carried the mutated genes. Together, these results demonstrate the ability to generate heritable, specific and permanent ...

Microbix Files First Patent Applications On Novel Technology Platform For Large Semen Sexing Market

... billion Artificial Insemination (AI) market. Semen sexing is instrumental to the dairy industry due to the growing international demand for female offspring and the negligible value of dairy bull calves. "This market is attractive for its size and the absence of regulatory barriers, and importantly, our ...

Morphotek(R), Inc. Announces Initiation of MORAb-009 Phase II Study in First- Line Treatment of Mesothelioma

... gene evolution technology. The technology has been successfully applied to a broad variety of cell lines and organisms to yield genetically diverse offspring that are suitable for pharmaceutical product development in the areas of antibody therapeutics, protein therapeutics, product manufacturing, drug ...
Offspring in Biological Definition

Reproduction

... unless raised in an artificial environment, most offspring do not survive to adults . A rabbit (mature after 8 months) produces 10 - 30 offspring per year, a Nile Crocodile (15 years) produces ... can be favoured by evolution : animals with few offspring can spend time nurturing and protecting them, ...

Genetic drift

... the role of random sampling in the production of offspring . Like selection, it acts on populations , ... Therefore the frequency of an allele among the offspring often differs from its frequency in the parent generation. In the offspring generation, the allele might therefore have a ...

Genetic recombination

... which the combination of genes in an organism's offspring becomes different from the combination of genes ... alleles are different. This process explains why offspring from the same parents can look so different. In ... the fact that two alleles appear together in one offspring does not have any influence on the statistical ...

Muller's ratchet

... of insects, which is only transmitted to offspring from the mother. Another example is ... allows most plants and animals to create offspring with good copies of two genes via crossover. ... the gene, a mating of these animals can produce offspring with the advantageous mutation and without the ...

Natural selection

... If a particular variation makes the offspring which manifest it better suited to survival or to successful reproduction, that offspring and its descendants will be more likely to survive than those offspring without the variation. The original traits, as ...

Parthenogenesis

... which may have both benefits and costs, is that offspring are typically genetically identical or nearly ... parthenogensis is gynogenesis . In gynogenesis, offspring are produced by the same mechanism as in ... material to the offspring. But when the female offspring produce their own eggs, the eggs contain no ...

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Offspring in Biological Dictionary

Outbreeding

... outbreeding depression refers to cases when offspring from crosses between individuals from different ... online English ... Outbreeding often produces offspring of superior quality because it increases ... ... , outbreeding depression refers to cases when offspring from crosses between individuals from different ...

Offspring

... The offspring is an American punk rock band formed in ... interest in punk rock ... In biology, offspring is the product of reproduction, a new organism ... one or more parents. Stay current on new The offspring Music Videos, News, Photos, Ringtones, Tour ...

Heredity

... Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring . This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism acquires or becomes ... your questions with heredity experts. The offspring tends to resemble, sometimes with extraordinary ...

Dihybrid cross

... A dihybrid cross is a cross between F1 offspring of two individuals that differ in two traits of ... For example: RRyy rryy parents result in F1 offspring that are heterozygous for both R & Y. ... for the dihybrid cross the proportion of offspring which are purple ... Inheritance of two ...

Parthenogenesis

... this success has ... This process is called parthenogenesis , and the offspring are clones of the ... Just what is " parthenogenesis ? ... ... be parthenogenesis , while regulations for the other forms of ... The offspring produced by parthenogenesis are always female in species that use ... ...

Inbreeding depression

... ... Inbreeding depression , the reduction in fitness in the offspring of matings of ... An official journal of the Genetics Society, ... Inbreeding depression refers to the reduction in the fitness of offspring ... Inbreeding depression is expected to play an important but ...

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