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Nematode in Medical News

New devices to boost nematode research on neurons and drugs

... flows through it. We can change the solution the nematode is exposed to in ways that are relevant to the ... amplitudes and wavelengths to manipulate how a nematode moves. Instead of using posts to mimic real soil, ... said. At least 50 percent of the proteins in the nematode brain are identical to those in human brains. "C. ...

The onchocerciasis parasite showing signs of resistance

... caused by Onchocerca volvulus, a parasite nematode worm transmitted to humans by a species of black ... as a marker of resistance to ivermectin in other nematode species parasitic on cattle. As a control, they ... These results could be the sign of adaptation of nematode worm populations to repeated treatments using ...

Researchers gain ground in efforts to fight parasite infection

... author of the new study in PNAS, had made the discovery in C elegans, a nematode about the size of a pinhead. In the new study, the UT Southwestern ... source the host is available," Dr. Mangelsdorf said. Many infectious nematode larva live in the soil, often in areas where proper sanitation is lacking. ...

Researchers ID Suite of Genes in Aging Process

... these biomarkers to test anti-aging drugs. The study, which included nematode worms, microarrays that measure changes in gene expression, and complex ... while other 70-year-olds seem prematurely aged. The same is true of the nematode worms used in the study. The Buck Institute team conducted individual ...

Key protein may explain the anti-aging and anti-cancer benefits of dietary restriction

... targets for both designing and testing drugs which could mimic the effects of dietary restriction in humans," said Kapahi. The research involved nematode worms that were genetically altered to both under and over-express HIF-1. The animals, which are the most-often used model to study aging, were fed ...

Worms Reveal More of Longevity's Secrets

... Kaeberlein, an assistant professor of pathology at the University of Washington, Seattle, said in a university news release. His team found that nematode worms live longer if they're also able to switch on the hypoxic response when oxygen levels are normal. In addition, the worms' cells contain fewer ...

New research on mutation in yeast can enhance understanding of human diseases

... a fundamental question: "What is the baseline rate and spectrum of mutation in yeast?" They found that, like the previously studied mutations in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae had a very high rate of mutation from generation to generation. Its patterns of ...

Nuvelo Announces Presentations on NU206 and rNAPc2 at 2008 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting

... and therapeutic potential of NU206 (R-spondin1) for chemotherapy or radiation-induced oral mucositis, and preclinical data evaluating recombinant nematode anticoagulant protein c2 (rNAPc2) in mouse models of colorectal cancer, will be presented at the 2008 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) ...

Could Hydrogen Sulfide Hold the Key to A Long Life?

... to put mice into a state of reversible metabolic hibernation -- has now been shown to significantly increase life span and heat tolerance in the nematode worm, or C. elegans. These findings by Mark Roth, Ph.D., a member of the Center's Basic Sciences Division, and Dana Miller, Ph.D., a postdoctoral ...

A longer-living, healthier mouse that could hold clues to human aging

... on Ageing, led by Professor Linda Partridge. The teams at the Centre analyse the cellular and biochemical mechanisms of ageing in fruit flies, nematode worms and mice, and in particular the role of insulin signalling. Their work was recognised in June 2007 by a Strategic Award from the Wellcome Trust ...

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Nematode in Medical Technology

Nuvelo Announces Presentation on rNAPc2 at American College of Cardiology 56th Annual Scientific Session

... today announced that clinical data from the ANTHEM (Anticoagulation with rNAPc2 To Help Eliminate MACE)/TIMI 32 Phase 2 trial looking at recombinant nematode anticoagulant protein c2 (rNAPc2) in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) will be presented in a V-poster presentation ...

Nuvelo Announces Presentations on rNAPc2 and NU172 at the XXIst Congress of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis

... NUVO) today announced that data from the ANTHEM (Anticoagulation with rNAPc2 To Help Eliminate MACE)/TIMI 32 Phase 2 trial looking at recombinant nematode anticoagulant protein c2 (rNAPc2) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), preclinical data evaluating rNAPc2 in mouse models of ...
Nematode in Medical Dictionary

Nematode

... nematode Roundworm. Organ ismA single, independent life ... a plant or an animal. OXYURIASIS - Small nematode , Entero bius vermicularis, that is responsible ... in length. any of a number of blood sucking nematode s in the phylum Nematoda, order Strongiloidae ...

Intestine

... GI tract will appear on the film. any of a number of blood sucking nematode s in the phylum Nematoda, order Strongiloidae that live as parasites in ... involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC WORMS . Infections with roundworms ( nematode INFECTIONS ) and TAPEWORM S (CESTODE INFECTIONS ) are also known as ...

Parasite

... ectopagus; ecto parasite ; ... any of a number of blood sucking nematode s in the phylum Nematoda, order Strongiloidae that live as parasite s ... of the lungs with a parasite . They are caused most commonly by nematode s ( roundworms ). Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused ...

Roundworms

... they can grow to be 25 feet or longer. The disease is caused by nematode s ( roundworms ) of the genus Trichinella. In tropical countries the ... involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC WORMS . Infections with roundworms ( nematode INFECTIONS ) and TAPEWORM S (CESTODE INFECTIONS ) are also known as ...

Endemic

... that stems from enjoying sex at the cost of feeling "dirty" is a common one endemic to our culture . Pinworm Enterobius vermicularis, a nematode worm of the family Oxyuridae that causes parasitic infestation of the intestine s and cecum . Pinworm is endemic in both temperate and ...

Entero

... blood flow to the intestine s) ... The only common worm in the UK is the threadworm (known in the US as the pinworm and formally called the nematode Entero bius vermicularis). Threadworm is rarely so serious that it causes a child major health problems, but it can be very itchy. Breathing ...

Hookworm

... Hookworm Related Category: Pathology any of a number of blood sucking nematode s in the phylum Nematoda, order Strongiloidae that live as parasites in humans and other mammals and attach themselves to the host 's intestine s ...

Host

... parasigmatism; parasinoidal; parasinoidal sinus es; parasita; parasital; parasite ; parasite - host ... any of a number of blood sucking nematode s in the phylum Nematoda, order Strongiloidae that live as parasites in humans and other mammals and attach themselves to the host 's intestine s ...

Intestinal Diseases

... , Parasitic - Infections of the INTESTINE S with PARASITES , commonly involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC WORMS . Infections with roundworms ( nematode INFECTIONS ) and TAPEWORM S (CESTODE INFECTIONS ) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS. Fortunately, unlike more serious intestinal diseases such ...

Liver disease

... most commonly by trematodes (flukes). Lung Disease s, Parasitic - Infections of the lungs with a parasite . They are caused most commonly by nematode s ( roundworms ). liver disease Who is affected by hydrops fetalis ? Immune hydrops is not as common as it used to be since the widespread ...

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Nematode in Biological News

Computers aid in cracking deception in plants

... the soybean cyst nematode. The soybean cyst nematode is a small parasitic roundworm that infects the ... soybean plant. As part of its modus operandi, the nematode secretes proteins into the soybean that change ... it to create a specialized cell from which the nematode feeds. Scientists think molecular mimicry may be ...

Worm genome offers clues to evolution of parasitism

... they have decoded the genome of the worm, a tiny nematode called Pristionchus pacificus . "We found a ... estimate there are tens of thousands of nematode species. The worms are typically just one ... humans as well as animals and plants. One nematode in particular is well known in scientific ...

NC State researchers get to root of parasite genome

... co-director of the Center for the Biology of nematode Parasitism and the corresponding author on a ... so other researchers interested in the root-knot nematode - how it develops, establishes a host-parasite ... about the parasite. The northern root-knot nematode is the smallest multicellular animal genome ...

ISU researchers help map first plant-parasitic nematode genome sequence

... one of, if not the most important plant-parasitic nematode species across the world," said Thomas Baum, ... on which plant they attack," said Baum. "This nematode has a huge host range. For us nematologists, it ... "Also, because it is the first plant-parasitic nematode to have its sequence released, people are very ...

Caltech researchers find dual-use sexual attraction and population-control chemicals in nematodes

... found a rare kind of signaling molecule in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans that serves a dual ... discovery offers hope for a solution to a global nematode scourge. Hundreds of thousands of nematode species occupy the earth, and many are pests or ...

Soybean varieties viable in southern Indiana, resistant to root-knot nematode

... verified that resistance in soybeans to one nematode parasite doesn't predict how well the plant will fight off another nematode species, said Andreas Westphal, assistant ... lines that will grow in Indiana and are root-knot nematode resistant," said Westphal, who is senior author ...

Ant parasite turns host into ripe red berry, biologists discover

... "It's just crazy that something as dumb as a nematode can manipulate its host's exterior morphology and ... that the red abdomen was full of hundreds of nematode eggs. "Like other ant biologists, I initially ... birds, the biologists quickly suspected that the nematode had found a unique way to guarantee its ...

Insight into the evolution of parasitism

... Ralf J. Sommer's department in Tbingen have shown that the genome of the nematode consists of a surprisingly large number of genes, some of which have ... have developed independently from one another. One member of the nematode group has acquired a certain degree of fame: due to its humble lifestyle, ...

Deep-sea species' loss could lead to oceans' collapse, study suggests

... species. In the new study, Danovaros team examined the biodiversity of nematode worms and several independent indicators of ecosystem functioning and ... life at the bottom of the sea. Earlier studies have also suggested that nematode diversity is a good proxy for the diversity of other deep-sea species. ...

New research to decode the genetic secrets of prolific potato pest

... being thrown at a parasitic worm less than 1mm long. The potato cyst nematode (PCN), Globodera pallida, attacks potato crops all over the world and is ... unique cell from which it feeds via a specialised tube. By doing this, the nematode stunts root growth and deprives the potato plant of essential nutrients, ...

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Nematode in Biological Technology

Syngenta and Evogene to Collaborate on Soybean Nematode Resistance

... on identifying plant genes related to soybean nematode resistance. Under the agreement, Syngenta will ... by Evogene for use in soybean. Soybean nematode is a soil parasite which attacks the roots of ... it are limited. It is estimated that soybean nematode causes losses in the United States alone ...

Pasteuria Bioscience Receives EPA Registration for Nematode Control

... and an environmentally-friendly agent for sting nematode control." Pasteuria spp. was first ... ago and identified as an effective agent for nematode control. Scientists have considered Pasteuria ... environmentally safe, cost-effective and reliable nematode control products helping to fill the niches that ...

Montana State University lab gives early warnings about biological invaders

... in areas neighboring Montana (the pale cyst nematode in Idaho and the golden cyst nematode in Alberta) but not yet in Montana. "Say the ... out that Montana had either golden or pale cyst nematode in potatoes," Burrows says. "If that got into the ...

Dow AgroSciences, NemGenix Establish New Collaboration in Plant Biotechnology

... team is excited to have the opportunity to build on our expertise in nematode control with the strength and capabilities of a partner such as Dow ... of Education, Science and Training to undertake the development of nematode resistant wheat. See www.nemgenix.com . About Dow ...

Divergence Receives $1.2 Million in Grants, Including NSF Grant to Fund Continuing Nematode Research in Corn

... (NSF) to further the company's work on biotech traits for lesion nematode control in crops such as corn. The Phase II grant, "Control of ... demonstrated that RNA interference (RNAi) can substantially reduce lesion nematode reproduction resulting in a larger, healthier root system for a plant. The ...

Growing old together: Yeast, worms and people may age by similar mechanisms

... a genome-wide analysis of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans , to identify genes that may regulate aging ... functional pathways. We find that there is significant overlap between nematode and yeast aging genes, particularly those in nutrient-response pathways, ...

Divergence Raises $11.8 Million in Series C Financing

... will be used to advance Divergence's nematicide program. The company is developing molecules for the control of plant parasitic nematodes. nematode control is the largest unsolved pest problem in agriculture limiting the yield of crops worldwide and causing billions of dollars in crop damage ...

Combating infection of crops by nematodes is soon to improve

... cells and to start producing food for the nematode. This plant cell − which can become as large as 200 normal plant cells − is called the nematode feeding site. Nematodes trick the plant Research has revealed that nematodes mislead the plant by disrupting its hormonal regulation. The plant ...

DuPont and Athenix Collaborate to Advance Insect Control in Corn, Soybeans

... microbes, genes, enzymes, and processes with emphasis on two major markets: 1) novel agricultural traits for growers such as insect resistance, nematode resistance, herbicide tolerance, and their use for the crop production industry; and 2) the discovery of genes and proteins for use in the ...

Mechanism for the in-vivo transport of siRNA

... established the technique of RNA interference, in which double-stranded RNA switches genes off efficiently and specifically. The scientists used the nematode (roundworm) Caenorhabditis elegans to study this. Subsequently, however, considerable problems arose in the attempt to transfer the strategy used by ...
Nematode in Biological Products

Soil Nematode microRNA Microarray from LC Sciences

Description:... microRNA Expression Profiling Service. Probe Content The Soil nematode microRNA Microarray contains all known soil nematode microRNAs (114 unique mature sequences). The comprehensive probe content ...
Company:LC Sciences
Nematode in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

... of Molecular Biology (LMB) in Cambridge, UK. It was at this lab that during the 1970s and 80s, a team led by John Sulston succeeded in tracing the nematode C. elegan's entire embryonic cell lineage. In other words, Sulston and his team had traced where each and every cell in the roundworm's embryo ...

Genome project

... corn) Escherichia coli bacterium E.coli SARS virus Arbacia punctulata the purple-spined sea urchin Caenorhabditis elegans a nematode worm Brachydanio rerio Zebrafish Xenopus laevis The African clawed toad Oryzias latipes A medakafish Takifugu rubipres A ...

Insulin

... Insulin as a medication Principles Insulin is absolutely required for all animal (including human) life. The mechanism is almost identical in nematode worms (ie, C. elegans ), fish, and in mammals. In humans, insulin deprivation due to the removal or destruction of the pancreas leads to death in ...

Neuron

... byproduct of synthesis of catecholamines) and lipofuscin (yellowish-brown pigment that accumulates with age). Neurons of the brain The nematode worm ( Caenorhabditis elegans ) has 302 neurons. Scientists have mapped all of the nematode's neurons. The human brain has about 100 billion ( ...
Nematode in Biological Dictionary

Ascaris

... Ascaris is a genus of parasitic nematode worms known as the giant intestinal roundworms. ... lumbricoides is a helminth or more specifically a nematode (roundworm) ... Feces from a human infected ... ... Ascaris /As·ca·ris/ (-ris) a genus of nematode parasites of the large intestine. ... ...

Post-meiotic segregation

... dictionary,biology terminology,biology terms,biology abbreviations ... Post - meiotic segregation ... Slide 26 of 27 ... nematode protein-coding gene pms-2. Represented by 28 ESTs from 5 cDNA libraries. ... PMS ( Post Meiotic Segregation ) family member (pms-2) (pms-2) ...

Phage

... antibacterial treatment that harnesses the bacteria ... These concentrated, polyvalent phage preparations are typically comprised of ... The nematode acts as a vector for the phage , facilitating the spread of its own competitor. ... We employed the segmented RNA phage 6 and Pseudomonas ...

Parthenogenesis

... is ... Parthenogenesis summary with 18 pages of encyclopedia entries, essays, summaries, research ... Meiotic Parthenogenesis in a Root-Knot nematode Results in ... Jacques Loeb\'s research on fertilization was part of a larger agenda that he ... Artificial parthenogenesis brought Loeb ...

Microtubules

... is concerned with the progression from molecules to multicellular organisms. ... The microtubules in six specialized touch-sensitive neurons in the nematode ... With respect to microtubules , what is dynamic instability and why is it important to the cell? ... How might microtubules organize ...

Maternal effect

... Fasting During Pregnancy. Douglas Almond. and ... fasted: "the effect on maternal glucose levels during Ramadan fasting is cumulative. ... nematode protein-coding gene mes-4. Represented by 10 ESTs ... Caenorhabditis elegans Maternal Effect Sterile family member (mes-4) (mes-4) mRNA, ...

Endosymbiont

... Jun 06, 2008 - Where do you get your genes? ... endosymbiont that somehow transfers bits of its genome into yours (which is a ... Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is an important yield limiting pest of soybean in ... Candidatus paenicardinium endoi', an endosymbiont of the plant-parasitic ... PLoS ...

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