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lobes in Medical News

Several Therapies Show Promise for Vascular Depression

... abnormalities, mainly in the brain's frontal lobes and in subcortical areas. Some of these ... abnormalities in several areas of the frontal lobes and in subcortical structures. "With further ... are currently studying how parts of the frontal lobes are activated when depressed patients do ...

Sex difference on spatial skill test linked to brain structure

... was already known to differ between men and women, with women's parietal lobes having proportionally thicker cortexes or "grey matter." But this ... for women. "It's likely that the larger surface area in men's parietal lobes leads to an increase in functional columns, which are the processing unit ...

Lung volume reduction surgery shown to prolong and improve life for some emphysema patients

... year for medically treated patients and two years for patients who had undergone LVRS. Patients whose emphysema was predominantly found in the upper lobes of their lungsabout 65 percent of emphysema patients also showed quality of life and survival benefits greater than survival benefits alone, ...

PET scans may improve accuracy of dementia diagnosis

... life. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. Other types include frontotemporal dementia, which affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, and Lewy body dementia, which involves degeneration of dopamine nerves in addition to the temporal and parietal lobes. Although these ...

First Brain Training Consumer's Guide Debunks Ten Brain Health Myths and Reviews 21 Products

... Medicine and Diplomat of The American Board of Professional Psychology in Clinical Neuropsychology. He is the author of The Executive Brain: Frontal lobes and The Civilized Mind and The Wisdom Paradox: How Your Mind Can Grow Stronger as Your Brain Grows Older. Table of Contents ...

Future for radioembolisation in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

... study. Y-90 microsphere radiotherapy was performed in a lobar fashion via the right or left hepatic artery. In bilobar disease, right and left liver lobes were treated with 4-6 weeks intervals in between. The mean radiation dose was 115 (23) Gy per treatment. Response rate was assessed according to ...

MRI shows brain atrophy pattern that predicts Alzheimer's

... primary motor and sensory information. However, most indicative of future cognitive decline were atrophy in parts of the medial and lateral temporal lobes and in the frontal lobes. This pattern was also present in the patients with mild Alzheimer's disease. "Although these individuals are reporting ...

Department of Health Urges Pennsylvanians to Prepare For Dangerously Cold Weather

... warmer. Watch for signs of frostbite. These consist of loss of feeling and white or pale appearance in extremities such as fingers, toes, ear lobes and the tip of the nose. If symptoms are detected, get medical help immediately. While hypothermia is generally associated with being outdoors, ...

VIDA Diagnostics Gains FDA Approval for Comprehensive Lung Analysis Software

... VIDA CEO. "Since these diseases often affect specific regions of the lung, the ability to individually and objectively measure each of the five lobes and 25 major airways should fast become an invaluable complement to existing systemic measures like pulmonary function tests." VIDA's PW2 ...

Simple brain mechanisms explain arbitrary human visual decisions

... delegated responsibility for the decision to premotor brain regions as the volunteers learned the task. But once the task was learned, the frontal lobes were silent. "Even for arbitrary and somehow complex visual decisions, it seems to be purely a matter of the amount of sensory information ...

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lobes in Medical Technology

Autism Genes Discovered; Help Shape Connections Among Brain Cells

... with ASDs may have reduced connectivity among neural cells, and with anatomy studies that have found abnormal development of the brain's frontal lobes in patients with autism. "Many of the genes we identified concentrate their effects in brain regions that develop abnormally in autistic ...

Adlyfe Strikes Translational Medicine Partnership With Wyeth Pharmaceuticals for Alzheimer's Biomarker Assay

... impairment extends to the domains of language, skilled movements, recognition, and those functions closely related to the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. This pathological process consists principally of neuronal loss or atrophy, principally in the temporoparietal cortex but also in the ...
lobes in Medical Dictionary

Temporal

... disorders that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, which control speech and ... can be localized to the frontal and/or temporal lobes of the brain. Pick disease usually affects only the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, the part from the forehead back to ...

Lobe

... to regulate and mediate the higher intellectual functions. The frontal lobes have intricate connections to other areas of the brain. FRONTAL LOBE - The frontal lobes are responsible for higher cognitive thought processes. [ Med Help ...

Alveoli

... ends of bronchi oles where gas exchange takes place. Anatomy of the respiratory system, showing the trachea and both lungs and their lobes and airway s. Lymph node s and the diaphragm are also shown. Oxygen is inhaled into the lungs and passes through the thin membrane s of the ...

Insidious

... course. The onset is usually slow and insidious . The disorder involves shrinking of the tissue s ( atrophy ) of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, "fronto- temporal dementia . CELL -MEDIATED IMMUNITY (CMI): This branch of the immune system exists primarily to deal with ...

Lobar pneumonia

... Exercise special care, to prevent lung congestion due to exposure of shoulder s or chest to chill by evaporation. When one or more entire lobes of the lung are involved, the infection is considered a lobar pneumonia . When the disease is confined to the air spaces adjacent to the ...

Lobectomy

... , and localized pulmonary tuberculosis . [ Med Help International ] [ Search ] [ Ask the Doctor Forums ] ... Lobectomy . Removal of one of the lobes of the lung is called lobectomy . The patient's lung function must be adequate before undergoing this procedure. Lobectomy or segmental, wedge, ...

Medulla

... s originate from a specific type of glial cell known as an astrocyte. Medulla ry thyroid cancer This type of cancer usually occurs in both lobes of the thyroid gland and often involves multi ple tumor s. For that reason, the best treatment is total thyroidectomy. Medulla ry thyroid ...

Thyroid cancer

... is important to the normal regulation of the metabolism of the body. Medulla ry thyroid cancer This type of cancer usually occurs in both lobes of the thyroid gland and often involves multi ple tumor s. For that reason, the best treatment is total thyroidectomy. Types of Thyroid ...

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lobes in Biological News

Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory

... (fMRI) has revealed that the frontal and parietal lobes are activated when a sequence of two pictures is ... to suggest in their article that the frontal lobes might be able to regulate the memory capacity of ... that increased activation of the frontal lobes will improve working memory," continues Dr Edin. ...

Like eavesdropping at a party

... protein, explains Yue, is made of two ball-like lobes, and it's these two lobes that act as the different calcium-sensing "ears." The C lobe listens ... globally, across the whole cell. To figure out how calmodulin's two lobes can sense different sources of calcium, the team took a two-pronged ...

Swine flu: What does it do to pigs?

... seen by the naked eye were observed. According to Thanawongnuwech, "These lesions were characterized by dark plum-colored, consolidated areas on lung lobes and were most severe two days after infection, especially in the H1N1-infected pigs, where approximately a third of the lung was covered". The course ...

£2 million study to reveal workings of dementia genes

... award from the Medical Research Council. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a group of dementias that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain and are characterised by behaviour and language dysfunction, rather than the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). ...

Odd protein interaction guides development of olfactory system

... way. The receptor is actually regulating the ligand. The researchers made this discovery when they compared the development of normal antennal lobes to those that formed when Wnt5 or derailed were missing, present at very low levels, or present at extremely high levels. When Wnt5 was absent, ...

Endobronchial valve significantly improves emphysema

... of treated patients, the results were even more dramatic, Dr. Sciurba added. For example, patients who had a fissure completely separating the lobes of the lung and whose endobronchial valves were placed to exclude the entire diseased lobe had changes in FEV-1 of greater than 20 percent, he said. ...

Memory loss affects more of the brain than previously thought

... functionality in both the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Previous studies looking at ... "Involvement of both the frontal and temporal lobes in the earliest stages of AD suggests the ... level of activation in the posterior frontal lobes (during retrieval). "These findings suggest ...

Brain activity related to processing faces is similar in people with, without autism

... with a deficit in "executive function" in portions of the brain's frontal lobes than with a selective deficit in the brain's processing of information from faces. These portions of the frontal lobes are where "executive" tasks, such as sifting through complex information, ...

Stroke study sheds light on left-right brain divide

... who most frequently failed to spot their errors and had difficulty keep track of the changing task rules. The group with damage to the left frontal lobes corrected 68% of mistakes in the test, whereas people with right-brain damage only made corrections to 30% of their errors. This suggests that people ...

Imaging pinpoints brain regions that 'see the future'

... that the neural network underlying future thought is not isolated in the brain's frontal cortex, as some have speculated. Although the frontal lobes play a well-documented role in carrying out future-oriented executive operations, such as anticipation, planning and monitoring, the spark for these ...

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lobes in Biological Technology

AGA Medical Corporation Receives FDA and CE Mark Approvals for the AMPLATZER Vascular Plug II

... in the targeted blood vessel. Once positioned, the cable is unscrewed and the device is released. The vascular plug II is designed with multiple lobes to facilitate rapid clotting. "I have used the new Amplatzer Vascular Plug and I found it to be very easy to use and very effective in causing a ...
lobes in Biological Definition

Brain

... The arthropod brain consists of a large opitical lobes behind each eye for visual processing and a ... The cephalopod brain has a central group of lobes known as circumesophageal lobes that are flanked by two large ...

Leaf

... one of deeply divided lobes, but the gaps between lobes do not reach to the vein. Compound leaves ... shaped like an halberd and with the basal lobes pointing outward. oblique: slanting. ... shaped like an arrowhead and with the acute basal lobes pointing downward. truncate: ending abruptly ...

Liver

... gross anatomy divided the liver into four lobes based on surface features. The falciform ... (the visceral surface), there are two additional lobes between the right and left. These are the caudate ... below this the quadrate lobe. From behind, the lobes are divided up by the ligamentum venosum and ...

Olfaction

... of the brain. The antennae have the sensory neurons in the sensilla and they have their axons terminating in the antennal lobes. These antennal lobes have two kinds of neurons, projection neurons (spiking) and local neurons (graded junction). The projection neurons send their axon terminals to ...
lobes in Biological Dictionary

Optic lobes

... Optic lobe ) ... The four solid optic lobes help to decussate several fibres of the optic ... stainings ... differentiation of the optic lobes in Drosophila melanogaster. ... optic lobe n. Either of two lobes of the dorsal part of the midbrain, containing ...

Thymus gland

... free online ... endocrine gland . genus Thymus . immune system. Mother-of-thyme. T cell. throat sweetbread ... The thymus consists of two lobes enclosed in a capsule and is further divided ... The primary function of the thymus is the processing and maturation of special ... ...

Radial canal

... Ring Canal | 13. Stone Canal . Observing Internal ... Oesophagus, stomach, radial canals, ring- canal and tentacle-canals, constitute ... lobes extending to the ring- canal , so that radial canals may be very short ... ... (f34) anastomoses in the radial canals that are circumscribed ...

Parathyroid glands

... to the thyroid gland in lizards, some birds, ... ... glands are two small, oval-shaped glands located adjacent to the two thyroid gland lobes ... Parathyroid Tumor. Reproductive Glands . Type 1 Diabetes ... Home. What are parathyroids? What can go wrong with them? What are the ...

Mammary gland

... mammals containing more than two breasts are ... mammary gland n. Any of the milk-producing glands in female mammals, consisting of lobes containing clusters of alveoli with a system of ducts to mammary adj. Of or relating to a breast or mamma. ... Mammary gland . ... m. ...

Lungs

... on either side ... The human lungs are the organs of respiration in humans. Humans have two lungs , with the left being divided into two lobes and the right into three lobes. Together, the lungs contain approximately 1500 miles (2,400 km) of airways and 300 to 500 million alveoli, having ....

Lobule

... A hepatic lobule is a small division of the liver defined at the histological scale. It should not be confused with the anatomic lobes of the liver, or any of the functional lobe classification systems. lobule - small lobe: a small lobe - section of lobe: a section or division ...

Grana

... for the purpose, rather ... grana ( ′gränə ) ( cell and molecular biology ) A multilayered membrane unit formed by stacks of the lobes or branches of a chloroplast Grana (cheese) This article needs additional citations for verification. ... Grana originally referred to a ...

Cerebellum

... with other brain areas. ... The cerebellum is a cauliflower-shaped brain structure located just above the brainstem, beneath the occipital lobes at the base of the skull. List of 42 disease causes of Underdeveloped cerebellum , patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, ...

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